Yanglan Lake in central Ezhou
Location in Hubei and the PRC
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|• Prefecture-level city||1,593.54 km2 (615.27 sq mi)|
|• Urban||1,593.54 km2 (615.27 sq mi)|
|• Metro||963.4 km2 (372.0 sq mi)|
|Population (2010 census)|
|• Prefecture-level city||1,048,668|
|• Density||660/km2 (1,700/sq mi)|
|• Urban density||660/km2 (1,700/sq mi)|
|• Metro density||1,100/km2 (2,800/sq mi)|
|Time zone||China Standard (UTC+8)|
Ezhou (Chinese: 鄂州; pinyin: Èzhōu) is a prefecture-level city in eastern Hubei Province, China. As of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 1,048,668, of which 668,727 lived in the core Echeng District. The Ezhou - Huanggang built-up (or metro) area was home to 1,035,496 inhabitants from the Echeng and Huangzhou, Huanggang Districts.
Ezhou lies on the southern bank of the Yangtze River east of the southern section of Wuchang, across the river from the city of Huanggang, to which it is connected by the Ehuang Bridge. Sandwiched between the cities of Wuhan and Huangshi, Ezhou has a relatively small area of 1,504 square kilometres (581 sq mi).
There are many lakes in Ezhou, including the Liangzi Lake and Yanglan Lake, along with more than 133 lakes and pools. The city is the origin of Wuchang Bream and as a result is nicknamed "City of one hundred lakes" and "The land of fish and rice".
The name "Ezhou" dates to the Han Dynasty (206 BCE – 220 CE) and derives from the nearby ancient Zhou Dynasty (1046–256 BCE) vassal State of E. Although the administrative seat of the city changed several times, the name remained unchanged until the Three Kingdoms era (220−280) at which time it became the capital of the state of Eastern Wu ruled by Sun Quan and was renamed "Wuchang". This name remained in use as late as 1915, which proved confusing to travellers as it was also applied to the much larger city of Wuchang, itself shortly to become part of Wuhan.
Throughout China's history Ezhou has remained an important city politically, economically, and militarily with its strategic position along the middle part of the Yangtze River. It is also an important location in the history of the Pure Land Sect of Buddhism.
Ezhou has three districts.
Ezhou has six ports on the Yangtze including one than can handle up to 10,000-tonne (9,800-long-ton; 11,000-short-ton) vessels. Many important rail lines and national highways cross the area. This infrastructure make it a major logistics and distribution center. Important industries include metallurgy, construction materials, textiles, chemicals, and machinery.
Ezhou is served by the E-Huang Expressway, China National Highways 106 and 316, the Wuhan–Jiujiang Railway and the Wuhan-Huangshi Line of the Wuhan Metropolitan Area Intercity Railway. Ezhou has two two bridges over the Yangtze.
The Ezhou Railway Station (鄂州站, ), located southwest of downtown, has an interesting layout, somewhat similar to that of the Secaucus Junction in New Jersey. Until 2014, there was just one rail line there: the north-south Wuhan–Jiujiang Railway, which is served by a large number of trains traveling from Wuhan to Nanchang and points further east and south (Fujian, Zhejiang, etc). Until 2013, there were no commuter trains in per se in Hubei, but it took only about one hour (usually, with a stop at Huarong) to reach one of Wuhan's train stations (such as Wuchang Railway Station) train station from Ezhou using any of those trains. The distance from the Ezhou station to Wuchang by rail is 82 kilometres (51 mi). In 2014, the Wuhan-Huangshi Line of the Wuhan Metropolitan Area Intercity Railway, the region's new commuter line system, was opened. This line, which runs east-west in the area, has crossed the Wuhan–Jiujiang Railway tracks at the right angle just south of the previously existing Ezhou station. To accommodate the new line, the Ezhou Station was expanded in 2013-2014, with platforms constructed on the new commuter line, providing a possibility for an easy transfer between the two lines. This is said to be the first station in China with this layout.
The trains on the commuter line travel to the Wuhan Railway Station (56 km, 30-40 min from Ezhou).
The commuter line has one more station in Ezhou, farther to the east. It is Ezhou East (64 km from the Wuhan Railway Station).
Ezhou has several sites noted for their natural beauty. The West Hill is in the heart of the city and Lotus Hill nearby. There are also three lakes, Liangzhi, Yanglang, and Honglian.
- Location of Ezhou 鄂州地理位置 (Chinese)
- "鄂州历史纪要". 新华网. Retrieved 30 September 2007.
- Ezhou (鄂州) schedule search at tielu.org
- 武黄城铁预计5月开通 武汉到黄石仅30分钟票价35元 (The Wuhan-Huangshi Intercity Line expected to open in May. Wuhan to Huangshi in 30 minutes; 35 yuan fare), 2014-04-27
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