Fátima Madrid competed for her native country at the 1996 Summer Olympics in Atlanta, Georgia. There she was eliminated in the qualifying heats of the 4 × 100 m Freestyle Relay, alongside her teammates Blanca Cerón, Susanna Garabatos, and Claudia Franco. A year later the Spanish relay team including Blanca Cerón, Fátima Madrid, Ana Belén Palomo, and Claudia Franco finished first at the Mediterranean Games.
She was a member of the swimming club Club Natación Los Palacios in Seville. In 2000, she started a new career as personal coach, and in 2010 she published a book on health and prevention.
- Fátima Madrid Calancha. En salud, más prevenir que curar. Guía práctica para un bienestar físico y sobrevivir al S.XXI. Publicaciones Vértice SL, 2010, 90 p., ISBN 978-84-9931-062-6
- Spanish Olympic Committee: Atlanta games
- Spanish Olympic Committee, personal data
- "Fátima Madrid". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Archived from the original on 2012-12-15.
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