International Federation of Gymnastics
|This article relies too much on references to primary sources. (July 2014)|
Logo of the FIG
|Formation||23 July 1881|
|Headquarters||Avenue de la Gare 12, Lausanne, Switzerland|
|Affiliations||Longines, VTB, Cirque du Soleil|
The Fédération Internationale de Gymnastique (FIG) or International Federation of Gymnastics (IFG) is the governing body of competitive gymnastics. Its headquarters is in Lausanne, Switzerland. It was founded on July 23, 1881 in Liège, Belgium, making it the worlds oldest existing international sport organisation. Originally called the European Federation of Gymnastics, it had three member countries – Belgium, France and the Netherlands – until 1921, when non-European countries were admitted, and it was renamed to its current name.
The federation draws up the rules, known as the Code of Points, which regulate how gymnast's performance is evaluated. Six gymnastics disciplines are governed by the FIG: Artistic gymnastics (further classified as Men's Artistic Gymnastics – MAG and Women's Artistic Gymnastics – WAG), Rhythmic gymnastics (RG), Aerobic gymnastics (AER), Acrobatic gymnastics (ACRO) and Trampolining (TRA).
Additionally, the federation has been considered the authority responsible for determining whether gymnasts are old enough to participate in the Olympics.
The main governing bodies of the federation are the President and Vice-Presidents, the Congress, held every two years, the Executive Committee, the Council and seven Technical Committees – for each of the disciplines (WAG and MAG have distinct ones; for GG it's called General Gymnastics Committee).
- European Union of Gymnastics (UEG)
- Pan-American Gymnastic Union (PAGU)
- Asian Gymnastic Union (AGU)
- African Gymnastics Union (UAG)
Age eligibility rules
FIG regulates the age at which gymnasts are allowed to participate in senior-level competitions. The purpose is to protect young gymnasts but it has caused some controversy and there have been cases of age falsification.