International Gymnastics Federation
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|Formation||23 July 1881|
|Headquarters||Avenue de la Gare 12|
|Affiliations||Longines, VTB, Cirque du Soleil|
The Fédération Internationale de Gymnastique (FIG; English: International Gymnastics Federation) is the governing body of competitive gymnastics. Its headquarters is in Lausanne, Switzerland. It was founded on July 23, 1881, in Liège, Belgium, making it the world's oldest existing international sports organisation. Originally called the European Federation of Gymnastics, it had three member countries—Belgium, France and the Netherlands—until 1921, when non-European countries were admitted and it received its current name.
The federation sets the rules, known as the Code of Points, that regulate how gymnasts' performances are evaluated. Seven gymnastics disciplines are governed by the FIG: artistic gymnastics, further classified as men's artistic gymnastics (MAG) and women's artistic gymnastics (WAG); rhythmic gymnastics (RG); aerobic gymnastics (AER); acrobatic gymnastics (ACRO); trampolining (TRA) and tumbling (TUM).
Additionally, the federation is responsible for determining gymnasts' age eligibility to participate in the Olympics.
The main governing bodies of the federation are the president and vice presidents, the Congress held every two years, the Executive Committee, the Council, and technical committees for each of the disciplines.
As of July 2018[update], there were 146 national federations affiliated with FIG, three of which have been suspended, as well as two associated federations and the following four continental unions:
- European Union of Gymnastics (UEG)
- Pan-American Gymnastic Union (PAGU)
- Asian Gymnastic Union (AGU)
- African Gymnastics Union (UAG)
Across all disciplines, participation in FIG sanctioned events exceeds 30,000 athletes, about 70% of whom are female.
According to the technical regulations of the International Gymnastcs Federation, the competitions officially organized by FIG are:
- World Gymnastics Championships
- World Cup series
- World Challenge Cup series
Other official FIG competitions include:
Defunct events formerly organized of sanctioned by FIG:
- Four Continents Gymnastics Championships
- Olympic Games Test Events
Age eligibility rules
The FIG regulates the age at which gymnasts are allowed to participate in senior-level competitions. The purpose is to protect young gymnasts, but it has caused some controversy, and there have been cases of age falsification.
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- "Watanabe elected as president of International Gymnastics Federation". Japan Times. Oct 19, 2016. Retrieved 2018-07-05.
- "Technical Regulations 2018" (PDF). FIG. Retrieved March 1, 2018.
- Elliot, Sarah. "Why Is There an Age Limit for Gymnasts in the Olympics?". LIVESTRONG.COM. Retrieved 2017-05-30.