Félix Malloum

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Félix Malloum
فليكس معلوم
Félix Malloum.jpg
3rd President of Chad
In office
April 15, 1975 – March 23, 1979
Preceded by Noël Milarew Odingar
Succeeded by Goukouni Oueddei
Personal details
Born September 10, 1932
Fort Archambault, Chad
Died June 12, 2009(2009-06-12) (aged 76)
Paris, France
Military service
Allegiance France
Service/branch French Army
Chadian Army
Years of service 1951 - 1960 (France)
1960 - 1979 (Chad)
Rank Brigadier General
Battles/wars First Indochina War

Félix Malloum or Félix Malloum Ngakoutou Bey-Ndi (Arabic: فليكس معلوم‎‎ Filiks Mʿalūm; September 10, 1932 – June 12, 2009) was a Chadian politician. He served as an officer in the Chadian Military and as a member of the ruling Chadian Progressive Party (PPT). He later became the Chief of Staff with the rank of colonel. He was imprisoned by President François Tombalbaye, but was released after a successful coup-d'etat on April 13, 1975. He served as both President and Prime Minister of Chad until August 29, 1978, when Hissène Habré was appointed Prime Minister to integrate armed northern rebels into the government. However, he was unsuccessful and resigned from the presidency on March 23, 1979[1].

Malloum retired from politics and settled in Nigeria. He returned to the Chadian capital N'Djamena on May 31, 2002, after 23 years in exile. Upon his return he was entitled to the various benefits allowed to former presidents; these benefits included a monthly stipend of 3,000,000 CFA francs, a residence, and coverage of his health expenses, along with two vehicles and a driver.[2]

Malloum died from cardiac arrest aged 76 on June 12, 2009 at the American Hospital in Paris, France.[3][4]


  1. ^ Hornburger, Jane (1981). African countries and cultures : a concise illustrated dictionary. New York: D. McKay Co. ISBN 0679205071. 
  2. ^ "Félix Malloum: Retour à N'Djamena de l'ancien président tchadien", Afrique Express, N° 251, June 18, 2002 (in French)
  3. ^ Décès de l'ex-président Félix Malloum, Jeune Afrique, June 13, 2009 (in French)
  4. ^ "Chadians pay last respect to late ex-president Malloum". Retrieved 27 October 2016. 

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Noël Milarew Odingar
Head of State of Chad
Succeeded by
Goukouni Oueddei