Fürstenau, Switzerland

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Fürstenau
Fürstenau.jpg
Coat of arms of Fürstenau
Coat of arms
Fürstenau is located in Switzerland
Fürstenau
Fürstenau
Location of Fürstenau
Karte Gemeinde Fürstenau 2016.png
Fürstenau is located in Canton of Graubünden
Fürstenau
Fürstenau
Fürstenau (Canton of Graubünden)
Coordinates: 46°43′N 9°26′E / 46.717°N 9.433°E / 46.717; 9.433Coordinates: 46°43′N 9°26′E / 46.717°N 9.433°E / 46.717; 9.433
Country Switzerland
Canton Graubünden
District Viamala
Area[1]
 • Total 1.32 km2 (0.51 sq mi)
Elevation 650 m (2,130 ft)
Population (Dec 2016[2])
 • Total 345
 • Density 260/km2 (680/sq mi)
Postal code 7414
SFOS number 3633
Surrounded by Almens, Cazis, Pratval, Scharans, Sils im Domleschg, Thusis
Website www.fuerstenau.ch
SFSO statistics

Fürstenau (Romansh: Farschno) is a municipality in the Viamala Region in the Swiss canton of Graubünden and the smallest town to hold city rights with a market right received from Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor in 1354.

History[edit]

Fürstenau is first mentioned in 1257 as Fúrstenowo and Furstinowe. Originally there were two medieval tower houses or guard towers and a bishop's house in the area that became Fürstenau.[3] The Bishop's summer residence is of course the reason for the city right.

Geography[edit]

Fürstenau village and surrounding valley

Fürstenau has an area, as of 2006, of 1.3 km2 (0.50 sq mi). Of this area, 52.3% is used for agricultural purposes, while 32.3% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 9.2% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (6.2%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[4]

Before 2017, the municipality was located in the Domleschg sub-district of the Hinterrhein district, after 2017 it was part of the Viamala Region.[5] It consists of the village of Fürstenau and Fürstenaubruck, on the right side of the valley.

Demographics[edit]

Fürstenau has a population (as of 31 December 2016) of 345.[2] As of 2008, 8.1% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 12.5%.[4]

As of 2000, the gender distribution of the population was 49.4% male and 50.6% female.[6] The age distribution, as of 2000, in Fürstenau is; 29 people or 9.3% of the population are between 0 and 9 years old. 16 people or 5.1% are 10 to 14, and 13 people or 4.2% are 15 to 19. Of the adult population, 27 people or 8.7% of the population are between 20 and 29 years old. 51 people or 16.4% are 30 to 39, 36 people or 11.6% are 40 to 49, and 44 people or 14.1% are 50 to 59. The senior population distribution is 25 people or 8.0% of the population are between 60 and 69 years old, 28 people or 9.0% are 70 to 79, there are 33 people or 10.6% who are 80 to 89, and there are 9 people or 2.9% who are 90 to 99.[7]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SPS which received 32.5% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SVP (30.4%), the FDP (27.2%) and the CVP (9.5%).[4]

In Fürstenau about 81% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[4]

Fürstenau has an unemployment rate of 1.85%. As of 2005, there were 11 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 4 businesses involved in this sector. 2 people are employed in the secondary sector and there is 1 business in this sector. 133 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 15 businesses in this sector.[4]

The historical population is given in the following table:[3]

year population
1803 107
1850 304
1900 235
1950 253
1980 198
2000 311

Sights[edit]

Fürstenau has three Swiss Heritage Sites of National Significance.

Heritage sites of national significance[edit]

The Haus Stoffel, Oberes Schloss (Upper Castle) and Unteres Schloss (Lower Castle, also known as the Bishop's Castle) are listed as Swiss heritage sites of national significance.[8] As of 2014, the Oberes Schloss is an inn with a Michelin 3-star restaurant.

Languages[edit]

The municipality is predominantly German-speaking, with a small Romansh-speaking minority. As of 2000, 92.3% speaks German, with Romansh being second most common ( 3.2%) and Italian being third ( 1.9%).[4]

Languages in Fürstenau
Languages Census 1980 Census 1990 Census 2000
Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
German 170 85.86% 243 89.66% 287 92.28%
Romanish 13 6.57% 15 5.54% 10 3.22%
Italian 10 5.05% 4 1.48% 6 1.93%
Population 198 100% 271 100% 311 100%

References[edit]

  1. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  2. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB, online database – Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit (in German) accessed 30 August 2017
  3. ^ a b Fürstenau in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ a b c d e f Swiss Federal Statistical Office Archived January 5, 2016, at the Wayback Machine. accessed 02-Oct-2009
  5. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz - Mutationsmeldungen 2016 accessed 16 February 2017
  6. ^ Graubunden in Numbers Archived September 24, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. (in German) accessed 21 September 2009
  7. ^ Graubunden Population Statistics Archived August 27, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. (in German) accessed 21 September 2009
  8. ^ Swiss inventory of cultural property of national and regional significance Archived May 1, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. 21.11.2008 version, (in German) accessed 02-Oct-2009

External links[edit]