Fürstenwalde

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Fürstenwalde/Spree
Town hall and Cathedral
Town hall and Cathedral
Coat of arms of Fürstenwalde/Spree
Coat of arms
Location of Fürstenwalde/Spree
Fürstenwalde/Spree is located in Germany
Fürstenwalde/Spree
Fürstenwalde/Spree
Fürstenwalde/Spree is located in Brandenburg
Fürstenwalde/Spree
Fürstenwalde/Spree
Coordinates: 52°22′N 14°04′E / 52.367°N 14.067°E / 52.367; 14.067Coordinates: 52°22′N 14°04′E / 52.367°N 14.067°E / 52.367; 14.067
CountryGermany
StateBrandenburg
DistrictOder-Spree
Government
 • MayorMatthias Rudolph
Area
 • Total70.55 km2 (27.24 sq mi)
Elevation
43 m (141 ft)
Population
(2017-12-31)[1]
 • Total32,098
 • Density450/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
15517
Dialling codes03361
Vehicle registrationLOS
Websitewww.stadt-fuerstenwalde.de

Fürstenwalde/Spree (Lower Sorbian: Pśibor pśi Sprjewje)[2] is the most populous town in the Oder-Spree District of Brandenburg, Germany.

Geography[edit]

The town is situated in the glacial valley (Urstromtal) of the Spree river north of the Rauen Hills, about 60 km (37 mi) east of Berlin and 30 km (19 mi) west of Frankfurt (Oder). The district capital Beeskow is about 25 km (16 mi) to the southeast. In the north, the municipal area comprises the village of Trebus. The town is located on the western part of historic Lubusz Land.

Fürstenwalde station is a stop on the railway line from Berlin to Frankfurt (Oder), the former Lower Silesian-Mark Railway. It also has access to the parallel Bundesautobahn 12.

History[edit]

The settlement of Furstenwalde in the Margraviate of Brandenburg was first mentioned in a 1272 deed, founded in the course of the German Ostsiedlung migration at a ford across the Spree River, probably near the site of a former Slavic settlement. Lubusz Land had been acquired from Poland by the Ascanian margraves in 1248/49. The town's importance rose as a staple port and terminal of the transportation of goods on the river.

In 1373 Emperor Charles IV, since 1367 also Margrave of adjacent Lower Lusatia campaigned the Brandenburg lands and enforced the renunciation of the Wittelsbach margrave Otto VII of Brandenburg by the Treaty of Fürstenwalde. As also the collegiate church in Lebus was destroyed, Bishop Wenceslaus moved the official seat of the Bishopric of Lebus to Fürstenwalde, where the St Mary's Church was raised to a cathedral.

The last Catholic bishop was Georg von Blumenthal (1490-1550), who was besieged in his palace by Reformist robbers led by Nickel von Minkwitz. The Bishop had to escape through a window in disguise. The bishopric was secularized during the Reformation in 1555, and was completely disbanded at the ascension of Joachim Frederick as Margrave of Brandenburg in 1598.

Demography[edit]

Fürstenwalde/Spree: Population development
within the current boundaries (2017)[3]
YearPop.±% p.a.
1875 11,929—    
1890 15,783+1.88%
1910 26,286+2.58%
1925 28,369+0.51%
1933 32,081+1.55%
1939 35,842+1.86%
1946 28,993−2.98%
1950 30,815+1.54%
1964 30,849+0.01%
1971 31,296+0.21%
1981 35,566+1.29%
1985 35,443−0.09%
1989 36,083+0.45%
1990 35,214−2.41%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1991 34,572−1.82%
1992 34,350−0.64%
1993 33,984−1.07%
1994 33,539−1.31%
1995 33,628+0.27%
1996 33,823+0.58%
1997 34,085+0.77%
1998 34,157+0.21%
1999 34,167+0.03%
2000 34,044−0.36%
2001 33,981−0.19%
2002 33,726−0.75%
2003 33,639−0.26%
2004 33,374−0.79%
YearPop.±% p.a.
2005 33,336−0.11%
2006 33,121−0.64%
2007 33,104−0.05%
2008 32,867−0.72%
2009 32,576−0.89%
2010 32,468−0.33%
2011 30,910−4.80%
2012 30,885−0.08%
2013 30,967+0.27%
2014 31,236+0.87%
2015 31,741+1.62%
2016 32,025+0.89%
2017 32,098+0.23%

Famous Residents[edit]

Julius Pintsch

Politics[edit]

Seats in the town's assembly (Stadtverordnetenversammlung) as of 2014 local elections:

International relations[edit]

Fürstenwalde is twinned with:

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung im Land Brandenburg nach amtsfreien Gemeinden, Ämtern und Gemeinden 31. Dezember 2017 (Fortgeschriebene amtliche Einwohnerzahlen auf Grundlage des Zensus 2011)". Amt für Statistik Berlin-Brandenburg (in German). 2018.
  2. ^ Sophie Wauer, Klaus Müller: "Die Ortsnamen des Kreises Beeskow-Storkow", pp. 226–228
  3. ^ Detailed data sources are to be found in the Wikimedia Commons.Population Projection Brandenburg at Wikimedia Commons

External links[edit]