|Country||Republic of Moldova|
|• Raion President||Valeriu Muduc (PCRM), since 2011|
|• Total||1,073 km2 (414 sq mi)|
|• Water||39.0 km2 (15.1 sq mi) 3.63%|
|Elevation||389 m (1,276 ft)|
|• Density||86.1/km2 (223/sq mi)|
|Time zone||EET (UTC+2)|
|• Summer (DST)||EEST (UTC+3)|
|Area code(s)||+373 59|
It borders Romania, in Western Moldova.
District towns, with the earliest historical attestation are Fălești, Scumpia, Călugăr, Horești first attested in the period 1429-1437. Especially in the fifteenth to seventeenth centuries, this region developed economically (trade) and culturally, as there was a significant increase in population. In the 18th century, as a result of the constant wars waged by the Principality of Moldavia and the Ottoman Empire, and later more frequent interventions of the Russian army, the region was in decline. In 1812, following the Treaty of Bucharest, the Russian Empire occupied Basarabia at the expense of the Principality of Moldavia. During this period, czarist government policy was one of Russification of the native population, with many Ukrainians and Russians arriving, whose descendants represent currently 15% of the population of the district. In 1918 after the collapse of Russian Empire, Basarabia decided to unite with Romania. In 1940, following the Molotov-Ribbentrop Treaty, Basarabia again was ceded, this time to the USSR. In the period 1944-1991, the Falesti district center was a part of the MSSR. In 1991 as a result of the proclamation of Independence of Moldova, it was part of the Ungheni County (1991-2003), and in 2003 an administrative unit of Moldova.
Fălești District is located in west-central part of Moldova is nearby with: Glodeni District in north, Bălți municipality in the north-east, Sîngerei District in east, south Ungheni District, and state border with Romania in the west. The landscape is fragmented, in the south of district, split a few branches of the Central Moldavian Plateau. Otherwise the landscape is crossed by many rivers. There's a process with a mild slip. Maximum altitude in the district is isolated hill Magura, reaching 389 meters.
Climatic conditions are characterized by the general movement of atmospheric air masses from west to east. The climate is temperate continental. Four seasons are well defined: summer (21-21.5 °C) and winter (-4.5-5 °C). Yearly precipitation 500–600 mm. Average wind speed 4–6 m/s.
Fauna is represented by hares, foxes, deer, wild boars, wolves rarely wild cats, otters, raccoon dogs, etc. Species of birds seen include storks, wild ducks, woodpeckers, tits, partridges, egrets, gulls, etc.
District is located in the basin of the Prut River, which crosses the district in the west to the border with Romania, but in the eastern, part of the Răut River basin, with its tributaries Ciuluicul Mare and Ciuluicul Mijlociu. Rich in ponds and streams, the district is a source of fish: carp, crucian carp, perch.
- Births (2010): 1098 (11.8 per 1000)
- Deaths (2010): 1301 (14.0 per 1000)
- Growth rate (2010): -203 (-2.2 per 1000)
|Ethnic group||Population||% of total*|
- Christians - 98.0%
- Other - 1.3%
- No Religion - 0.5%
- Atheists - 0.2%
Falesti territory activates: 12,412 active traders, including 10,500 - farms, 1101 - Individual enterprises, 813 - businesses with the right person, and 622 - entrepreneurial patent owners. Main branch of economy is agriculture, is growing cereals (barley, wheat, oats), vegetables, tobacco, sunflower and permanent crops: orchards (apple, cherry, hair) and vines.
During the last three elections AEI had an increase of 137.7%.
|2010||47.81% 19,607||47.65% 19,532|
|July 2009||42.91% 16,828||52.09% 20,434|
|April 2009||21.16% 8,250||58.55% 22,839|
|Parties and coalitions||Votes||%||+/−|
|Party of Communists of the Republic of Moldova||19,532||47.65||−4.44|
|Liberal Democratic Party of Moldova||10,603||25.87||+12.22|
|Democratic Party of Moldova||6,436||15,70||-1.44|
|Party Alliance Our Moldova||1,041||2.54||−2.03|
|Total (turnout 57.65%)||41,326||100.00||
- Ilie Ilașcu - Politician, famous for being sentenced to death by the separatist Transnistrian government for alleged involvement in two murders and for actions which have been described Moldova
- Vadim Vacarciuc - World Champion in weightlifting in 1997, earned a silver medal in 2000 European Weightlifting Championships
- Diana Misnei - Famous fashion star and designer was born in Glijeni, her early career started in Chisinau and after building her portfolio and name she moved to London to conquer the fashion world. Usually Diana is always talking about Glijeni's impact on her lifestyle and how the region is playing a crucial role for her inspiration in future collection.