f(x) (group)

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f(x) performing at Jeju K-pop Festival in October 2015 From left to right: Victoria, Krystal, Amber, and Luna
f(x) performing at Jeju K-pop Festival in October 2015
From left to right: Victoria, Krystal, Amber, and Luna
Background information
OriginSeoul, South Korea
Years active
  • 2009–16[a]
  • 2019
Associated actsSM Town
Past members

f(x) (/ˌɛf ˈɛks/; Korean에프엑스) is a South Korean multinational girl group formed by SM Entertainment. The group is composed of Victoria, Amber, Luna, and Krystal and previously Sulli until her departure from the group in August 2015.[b]

f(x) officially debuted in September 2009 with the release of the digital single "La Cha Ta". Their debut studio album, Pinocchio (2011), and their two extended plays Nu Abo and Electric Shock produced three number-one singles on South Korea's Gaon Digital Chart. Their acclaimed second studio album, Pink Tape (2013), was the only K-pop album on US music channel Fuse's "41 Best Albums of 2013",[2] the only idol album to be featured in Korean critics' definitive list of "Top 100 Classic Albums of All Time",[3] and was named "Greatest K-pop Album of the 2010s" by Billboard.[4] The group's third and fourth albums, Red Light (2014) and 4 Walls (2015), were commercially successful and well-received by music critics. Following the release of the SM Station single "All Mine" in 2016, the group halted group promotions and the members have embarked on individual music, acting, and modelling careers. In August 2019, f(x) officially reunited as a three-piece (without Victoria) and performed at the three-night SM Town Live 2019 in Tokyo concert.

Known for their experimental style and eclectic, electropop-based sound, f(x) is one of the first few recognized K-pop groups internationally, becoming the first K-pop act to perform at SXSW. In 2017, Billboard ranked f(x) at number seven on their "Top 10 K-pop Girl Groups of the Past Decade" list.[5]


f(x) is a function of mathematics, which means that they would carry out various activities, based on the various talents and attractiveness of the members, like the formula whose results change depending on the value of x. In addition, "f" symbolizes flower and "x" symbolizes 'X' on the female chromosome XX which, taken together, symbolizes "flower reminiscent of women."[6]



Krystal was scouted by SM Entertainment in 2000 while on a family visit to Korea, along with her sister Jessica (a former member of Girls' Generation). She subsequently appeared in a small role in Shinhwa's music video for the song "Wedding March" ("너의 곁에서 2").[7][8] Sulli was a child actress, making her first television appearance in 2005 as the young Princess Seonhwa of Silla in SBS's Ballad of Seodong.[9] Luna was recruited by SM following her 2006 appearance on the reality television program Truth Game.[10] Victoria was scouted through a Beijing dance competition in September 2007 after winning first place.[11] In 2008, Amber was cast through S.M. Global Auditions in Los Angeles, California.[citation needed]

2009–2010: Debut and Nu ABO[edit]

f(x) with Girls' Generation at a showcase for the LG Chocolate cellphone

f(x) was first introduced as a five-member dance-focused pop group in a teaser clip released on August 24, 2009. Their debut single "LA chA TA" was released on September 1, with a showcase held the following day at Samseong Fashion Center in Gangnam. The group's broadcast debut was on September 5, on MBC's Music Core. Shortly after their debut, f(x) featured in promotions of the LG Chocolate cell phone alongside Girls' Generation. Both groups released versions of the song "Chocolate Love"; f(x)'s being an electropop version released on October 8. They also released their first physical single, "Chu~♡", on November 9. A month later, the group appeared as special guests at Girls' Generation's Into The New World concert at the Olympic Fencing Gymnasium, Seoul.

At the start of 2010, f(x) collaborated with the Chinese boy band M.I.C. to promote the LG Cyon cell phone, releasing a Chinese cover of "Lollipop". In April they appeared in their documentary reality programme, Hello f(x). On May 4, the group released their first extended play, Nu ABO. The lead single "Nu ABO" was a commercial success in Korea and become a number-one single on the Gaon Chart. In June, Amber went on hiatus due to an ankle injury, while the remaining members continued group activities without her for the remainder of the year. They promoted the single "Mr Boogie" as a follow-up single from their EP and participated in the SMTown Live '10 World Tour, as well as filming their second documentary reality show, f(x)'s Koala. Towards the end of 2010 it was announced that f(x)'s albums would be distributed under Japanese label Avex Entertainment in Japan, Taiwan, China, and Hong Kong. Amber returned to the group in early 2011.

2011–2012: Pinocchio, Hot Summer, and Electric Shock[edit]

f(x) (with the absence of Sulli, who was filming at the time) performing at the Yeosu Expo K-Pop concert in 2012

f(x) released their first full-length studio album Pinocchio in April 2011, with the lead single "Pinocchio (Danger)". The single peaked at number one on the Gaon digital single chart, and the group went on to take eight music show wins. On June 14, Pinocchio was re-released under the title Hot Summer. The repackaged album contained the title track "Hot Summer" (a remake of a Monrose song produced by Thomas Troelsen and Remee), as well as three previously released digital singles: "LA chA TA", "Chu~♡", and "Is It Ok?".[12] "Hot Summer" peaked at #2 on the Gaon digital single chart and was downloaded over 375,000 times in the week of release. The song went on to become one of the most successful singles of 2011 in South Korea, selling 2,909,384 copies by the end of the year. In August, the group released a song called "Garagabana" for the game Bust-a-Move and in December they released a song in English, titled "1, 2, 3", as part of the 2011 Winter SMTown – The Warmest Gift album.

The group released their second EP Electric Shock on June 10, 2012.[13] It was met with critical acclaim and they achieved nine music show wins with the title track "Electric Shock". In November, the group won the 'Best Dance Performance - Female Group' award for "Electric Shock" at the 2012 Mnet Asian Music Awards in Hong Kong. In January 2013, two songs from the EP, "Electric Shock" and "Jet", were nominated for 'Best Dance and Electronic Song' at the 10th Annual Korean Music Awards, with "Electric Shock" going on to win the award.[14][15]

2013–2014: Pink Tape, critical acclaim, and Red Light[edit]

In 2013, f(x) was awarded the Digital Bonsang award at the Golden Disk Awards and Seoul Music Awards, as well as the 'MBC Music Star Award' at the Melon Music Awards. In March they became the first K-pop artists to perform at SXSW in Austin, Texas.[16] During their visit to the US, the group collaborated with actress Anna Kendrick for a comedy skit for Funny Or Die. On July 29, the group released their second full-length album Pink Tape with the lead single "Rum Pum Pum Pum", and held a showcase titled "f(x) Music Spoiler - Play! Pink Tape" through Naver Music. The album was a success both in Korea and the US, peaking at number one on Billboard's K-pop Hot 100 and World Albums Charts[17] and the Gaon Albums Chart.[18][19] It was the only Korean album to appear on Fuse's '41 Best Albums of 2013'.[2] A track from the album, Airplane, was also ranked third on Billboard's '20 Best K-Pop Songs of 2013'.[20]

In 2014, the group won the 'Group Artist' award at the 20th Korean Entertainment Arts Awards, the 'Disk Bonsang' at the 28th Golden Disk Awards, and the 'Best Overseas Artist Performance' award at the Yin Yue Feng Yun Bang Awards in China. On July 7, they released their third studio album, Red Light, with the electronic house title track of the same name. The music video gained 2 million hits on YouTube within a day[21] and was again well-received overseas.[22][23] Shortly after the album was released, it was announced that Sulli was unable to perform with the group for health reasons, and that she would be taking a temporary hiatus.

2015–2016: Sulli's departure, 4 Walls, first concert tour, and hiatus[edit]

F(x) performing as a four-piece group in Trafalgar Square, in August 2015.

On July 22, 2015, f(x) released a Japanese physical single album, Summer Special Pinocchio / Hot Summer, which debuted at #23 on Oricon's weekly chart.[24] In August, it was announced that Sulli had officially left the group to focus on acting.[25] The remaining four members continued as a group, releasing their fourth studio album, 4 Walls, in October. The album sold 66,000 copies upon its first week of release and was well received by critics.[26] To promote the album's release, the group starred in a web reality program titled f(x)=1cm.[27] In December, they released the single "12:25 (Wish List)" as part of S.M Entertainment's Christmas project, Winter Garden. At the year-end 2015 Mnet Asian Music Awards, f(x) performed with Pet Shop Boys, and won the 'Global Fans Choice' award.[28]

In January 2016, the group won the Disk Bonsang award at the 2016 Golden Disk Awards and commenced their first concert tour, Dimension 4 – Docking Station, in Seoul which continued with six concerts in Japan in February. On January 31,they announced their official fan club name, MeU.[29] On July 22, 2016, f(x) released a new single, "All Mine", through the SM Station project.[30] The song was accompanied by a music video, directed and edited by Amber.[31] On November 2, 2016, f(x) released their second Japanese physical single album, 4 Walls / Cowboy, including a Japanese version of "4 Walls", along with a new song titled "Cowboy", which was performed live on the same day at the group's encore concert in Yokohama.[32] On October 16, the music video for "Electric Shock" surpassed 100 million views on YouTube, making f(x) the third Korean girl group, and sixth Korean group overall to reach this milestone.[33]

From 2016, f(x) halted group promotions and the members have embarked on individual music, acting, and modelling careers.

2019–2021: Reunion and departures from SM[edit]

In an interview with Krystal on January 19, 2018, she stated that the members frequently discussed making a comeback but timing never worked out.[34][35][36]

In August 2019, f(x) officially reunited and performed together at the three-night SM Town Live 2019 in Tokyo concert as a three-piece (without Victoria).[37]

On September 1, Amber announced via her social media accounts that she had not renewed her contract with SM Entertainment.[38] On September 5, SM Entertainment shared that Luna had also not renewed her contract with the company; Victoria also announced her departure from SM on her Instagram, but SM instead reported that Victoria's contract with them was still under discussion.[39] Victoria was eventually reported to remain in SM in some capacity.[40]

In an interview with Amber on October 1, she stated that f(x) had no plans to reunite, stating "Whether we do music or not, I think there will be a time when we can but I think right now we’re just figuring ourselves out. We have no plans, but it’s never not an option."[41][unreliable source?]

In October 2020, it was announced that Krystal officially left SM, and had signed an exclusive contract with H& Entertainment.[42]

In April 2021, SM announced Victoria's contract had expired.[43]


In an industry focused more on mini-albums, f(x)'s discography leaned more towards full-length studio albums, releasing four internationally acclaimed albums during their time as a group. In 2015, while reviewing 4 Walls, American music magazine Spin called f(x) the "world’s greatest living pop group" at the time.[44] In 2017, Billboard ranked f(x) at number seven on their "Top 10 K-pop Girl Groups of the Past Decade" list.[45]

"Rum Pum Pum Pum" and "4 Walls" were both included on Billboard's "The 100 Greatest K-pop Songs of the 2010s" staff list, at numbers 33 and 9, respectively. Billboard also noted that "Ice Cream Cake" represents a baton pass from f(x) to Red Velvet as the best idol group alive, meaning that f(x) was the former holder of the title.[46]




Year Title Role Other notes
2012 I Am - SM Town Live World Tour in Madison Square Garden Themselves Biographical film
2015 SMTown: The Stage


Year Network Title Notes
2010 Y-star Hello f(x) Travelled in Africa, Thailand and Japan.
2010–2011 MBC Every1 f(x) Koala Travelled in Los Angeles, Tokyo and other world-famous cities.
Amber was not present due to her ankle injury.
2013 Mnet America Go! f(x)
MBC Music Amazing f(x) Travelled in New Zealand.
2015 NaverTV
f(x)=1 cm First reality show after Sulli's departure



Concert participation[edit]

Awards and nominations[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ After their 2016 concert, the group activities were halted and members focused on individual activities.
  2. ^ Sulli had been absent from group activities since July 2014.[1]


  1. ^ "Sulli, K-pop star and actor, found dead aged 25". Retrieved February 23, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "f(x)′s Album Listed as Fuse TV's 'The 41 Best Albums of 2013'". Mwave. December 20, 2013. Archived from the original on June 4, 2017. Retrieved September 2, 2015.
  3. ^ "한국 대중음악을 빛낸 100대 앨범을 '기다리다'". Naver. August 28, 2018. Retrieved March 3, 2021.
  4. ^ Billboard Staff (December 17, 2019). "The 25 Greatest K-Pop Albums of the 2010s: Staff List". Billboard. Retrieved December 17, 2019.
  5. ^ Tamar Herman (July 12, 2017). "10 Best K-Pop Girl Groups of the Past Decade: Critic's Picks". Billboard. Retrieved April 13, 2019.
  6. ^ "[종합] 에프엑스(f(x)), 언론 첫 공개…끼와 재능으로 뭉친 다섯 멤버 빛났다". mk.co.kr (in Korean). September 3, 2009. Retrieved November 29, 2019.
  7. ^ Studarus, Laura (July 9, 2014). "sister act". NYLON. Retrieved January 3, 2017.
  8. ^ "제시카-크리스탈 9년전 SM 동반 길거리캐스팅 비화 공개". Newsen (in Korean). September 12, 2009. Retrieved June 9, 2014.
  9. ^ Ryu Seung-yoon (March 30, 2010). "Korean-Chinese girl group to debut next week". The Korea Herald. Retrieved February 26, 2015.
  10. ^ Myong Won Cho, May (August 12, 2012). "[Happy Birthday] f(x)'s Luna Turns 19". enewsWorld. Archived from the original on February 26, 2015. Retrieved February 26, 2015 – via Mwave.
  11. ^ "SM力推中国新人 与RAIN 李准基等大牌合作(图)". ifeng (in Chinese). May 12, 2008. Retrieved January 3, 2017.
  12. ^ "f(x), 신곡 'Hot Summer'로 '피노키오' 열기 이어간다". Herald Corp (in Korean). June 8, 2011. Retrieved July 12, 2011 – via Naver.
  13. ^ 에프엑스, '핫 썸머' 이후 다시 돌아온 '일렉트릭 쇼크' 컴백. Nate (in Korean). June 5, 2012. Retrieved June 4, 2012.
  14. ^ Nominees for the 10th Korean Music Awards Announced Archived November 4, 2014, at the Wayback Machine Koreanindie.com (January 29, 2013). Retrieved August 6, 2013.
  15. ^ 한국대중음악상 (In Korean) Koreanmusicawards.com (2013). Retrieved August 6, 2013.
  16. ^ Oak, Jessica (March 26, 2013). "f(x) Talks About Performing as First K-Pop Act at SXSW". Billboard. Retrieved September 2, 2015.
  17. ^ Benjamin, Jeff (September 11, 2013). "Q&A: f(x) Reacts to Topping K-Pop Hot 100 & World Albums Chart (Exclusive)". Billboard. Retrieved May 27, 2014.
  18. ^ "2013년 32주차 Album Chart". gaon music chart. August 3, 2013. Retrieved May 30, 2014.
  19. ^ Kim, Joy (July 31, 2013). "f(x) sweeps the music charts with Rum Pum Pum Pum". Yahoo Lifestyle. Retrieved January 1, 2014.
  20. ^ "20 Best K-Pop Songs of 2013: K-Town Picks". Billboard. December 23, 2013. Retrieved May 27, 2014.
  21. ^ Jackson, Julie (July 4, 2014). "f(x)'s 'Red Light' video surpasses 2m hits on first day". The Korea Herald. Retrieved July 4, 2014.
  22. ^ Dorof, Jakob (August 7, 2014). "20 Essential K-Pop Songs". Pitchfork. Retrieved August 7, 2014.
  23. ^ Benjamin, Jeff (July 3, 2014). "f(x) are K-Pop's Top Hipster With New Single "Red Light"". Fuse. Retrieved July 3, 2014.
  24. ^ "Oricon's Single Chart: July 20–26, 2015". Oricon. July 26, 2015. Archived from the original on March 26, 2016. Retrieved March 26, 2016.
  25. ^ "Sulli leaves f(x) to 'focus on acting'". KpopHerald. August 7, 2015. Retrieved March 26, 2016.
  26. ^ Pearce, Sheldon (November 18, 2015). "f(x): 4 Walls Album Review | Pitchfork". Pitchfork. Retrieved April 28, 2016.
  27. ^ "f(x)'s web variety program, 'f(x)=1cm' becoming a hot issue". Yahoo Entertainment Singapore. November 13, 2015. Archived from the original on November 19, 2015. Retrieved January 3, 2017.
  28. ^ Lee, Nancy (December 2, 2015). "[2015 MAMA] f(x) and EXO Win Global Fans Choice Awards". eNewsWorld. Archived from the original on March 21, 2016. Retrieved March 26, 2016.
  29. ^ Won Ho-jung (February 1, 2016). "f(x) goes all out at first exclusive concert". The Kpop Herald. Retrieved March 27, 2016.
  30. ^ Kim, E. (July 19, 2016). "f(x) Is Up Next On SM STATION". Soompi. Retrieved December 29, 2016.
  31. ^ K, J. (July 21, 2016). "Watch: f(x) Drops "All Mine" MV For SM STATION". Soompi. Retrieved December 29, 2016.
  32. ^ "f(x)、初の日本単独ツアーのアンコール公演を盛況裏に終了…新曲のステージを初披露 - K-POP - 韓流・韓国芸能ニュースはKstyle". Kstyle (in Japanese). November 4, 2016. Retrieved December 29, 2016.
  33. ^ "f(x)'s 'Electric Shock' surpasses 100 million views!". allkpop. October 15, 2016. Retrieved January 3, 2017.
  34. ^ http://mtvdaily.asiae.co.kr/article.php?aid=15163164001317559002
  35. ^ http://m.mydaily.co.kr/new/read.php?newsid=201801190145765600
  36. ^ https://m.star.mt.co.kr/view.html?no=2018011817023801848&ref=
  37. ^ "f(x) band had a raunchy reunion at SMTOWN LIVE 2019 in Tokyo". Tokyo Daily News. August 6, 2019. Retrieved August 6, 2019.
  38. ^ "'에프엑스' 엠버, SM과 계약 종료…"미유, 영원히 사랑해"". dispatch.co.kr (in Korean). September 1, 2019. Retrieved September 1, 2019.
  39. ^ "SM 측 " f(x) 빅토리아는 새 방식 협업, 엠버・루나 계약종료..크리스탈 아직"[공식]". entertain.naver.com (in Korean). September 5, 2019. Retrieved September 5, 2019.
  40. ^ Kim, Sooyoung (August 18, 2020). "SM "크리스탈, 8월 말 전속계약 만료…재계약 논의" [공식]" [SM: "Krystal's contract expires at the end of August, contract renewal in discussion]. Naver (in Korean). Retrieved August 22, 2020.
  41. ^ "Amber Liu admits there are 'no plans' for an f(x) reunion as she talks 'angry' new single Hands Behind My Back". Metro. October 1, 2019. Retrieved February 15, 2020.
  42. ^ "SM 떠난 정수정, H&엔터와 전속계약 체결..정려원 한솥밥(공식)" [Jung Soojung leaves SM, signs exclusive contract with H& Entertainment]. Daum (in Korean). October 12, 2020. Retrieved October 12, 2020.
  43. ^ "SM 측 "에프엑스 빅토리아, 계약 종료"(공식입장)" [SM's "Fx Victoria, contract ended" (official entry)]. Naver (in Korean). April 9, 2021. Retrieved April 9, 2021.
  44. ^ Jakob Dorof (November 27, 2015). "The Ever-Inventive f(x) Are Gunning for World's Greatest Pop Group on '4 Walls'".
  45. ^ Tamar Herman (July 12, 2017). "10 Best K-Pop Girl Groups of the Past Decade: Critic's Picks". Billboard. Retrieved April 13, 2019.
  46. ^ Billboard Staff (November 25, 2019). "The 100 Greatest K-Pop Songs of the 2010s: Staff List". Billboard. Retrieved November 27, 2019.

External links[edit]

Awards and achievements
Preceded by
Girls' Generation
Korean Music Awards: Group Musician of the Year
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Miss A
14th Mnet Asian Music Awards—Best Female Dance Performance
Succeeded by