F-sharp major

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F-sharp major
F-sharp-major d-sharp-minor.svg
Relative keyD-sharp minor
Parallel keyF-sharp minor
Dominant keyC-sharp major
SubdominantB major
EnharmonicG-flat major
Component pitches
F, G, A, B, C, D, E

F-sharp major (or the key of F) is a major scale based on F, consisting of the pitches F, G, A, B, C, D, and E. Its key signature has six sharps.[1]

The F-sharp major scale is:

\override Score.TimeSignature #'stencil = ##f
\relative c' {
  \clef treble \key fis \major \time 7/4 fis4 gis ais b cis dis eis fis eis dis cis b ais gis fis
  \clef bass \key fis \major
} }

The direct enharmonic equivalent of F-sharp major is G-flat major, a key signature with six flats. Its relative minor is D-sharp minor (or enharmonically E-flat minor) and its parallel minor is F-sharp minor.

Music in F-sharp major[edit]

F-sharp major is the key of the minuet in Joseph Haydn's "Farewell" Symphony, of Beethoven's Piano Sonata No. 24, Op. 78, of Chopin's Barcarolle, of Verdi's "Va, pensiero" from Nabucco, of Liszt's Hungarian Rhapsody No. 2, of Mahler's unfinished Tenth Symphony, of Erich Korngold's Symphony Op. 40, of Scriabin's Fourth Sonata. The key was the favorite tonality of Olivier Messiaen, who used it repeatedly throughout his work to express his most exciting or transcendent moods, most notably in the Turangalîla-Symphonie.

In writing music for transposing instruments in B or E, it is preferable to use G-flat major rather than the F-sharp key signature. If F-sharp major must absolutely be used, one should take care that B wind instruments be notated in A-flat major, rather than G-sharp major (or A instruments used instead, giving a transposed key of A major).


  1. ^ Frederic Woodman Root (1874). The Song Era: A Book of Instruction and Music for Elementary and Advanced Singing Classes, Choirs, Institutes and Conventions. John Church. p. 9.

External links[edit]