|Full name||Football Club København|
|Nickname(s)||Byens Hold (The City's Team)
Løverne (The Lions)
|Founded||1 July 1992|
|Ground||Telia Parken, Copenhagen|
|Owner||Parken Sport & Entertainment|
|Website||Club home page|
Football Club Copenhagen (Danish: F.C. København, or FCK in short) (Danish pronunciation: [kʰøb̥m̩ˈhɑʊ̯ˀn]) is a professional Danish football club in Copenhagen, Denmark. F.C. Copenhagen has won ten Danish National Championships, six Danish Cups and the Scandinavian Royal League twice which makes F.C. Copenhagen the most successful club in Danish football history. FC Copenhagen is also the highest-ranking Scandinavian club in the UEFA team rankings list, currently ranked 83rd in Europe.
In 1992, F.C. Copenhagen was founded through the amalgamation of 15-time Danish football champions Kjøbenhavns Boldklub and seven-time Danish football champions Boldklubben 1903. Copenhagen plays its matches at the Telia Parken, which also serves as the venue for Denmark national football team matches. Since its founding, Copenhagen has had a fierce rivalry with Copenhagen suburban club Brøndby IF, and the so-called "New Firm" games between the two sides have attracted some of the biggest crowds in Danish football history. Copenhagen qualified for the 2006–07 edition of the UEFA Champions League, the first time in the club's history. Three years later, they became the first Danish club ever to reach the knockout stage of the Champions League.
- 1 History
- 2 Stadium
- 3 Supporters
- 4 Honours
- 5 Players
- 6 Staff
- 7 Records
- 8 Season results
- 9 Footnotes and references
- 10 Further reading
- 11 See also
- 12 External links
Football Club Copenhagen is, in many ways, both an old and a new club. Even though that the club was established in 1992, it is rooted in more than 100 years of club tradition. The club's first team represents two separate clubs: Kjøbenhavns Boldklub (continental Europe's oldest football club) founded in 1876 and Boldklubben 1903 founded in 1903. The two Copenhagen clubs merged their first teams to found Copenhagen on 1 July 1992. Copenhagen used Boldklubben's club license to play in the Danish Superliga championship, while Kjøbenhavns Boldklub became the official reserve team of the club. With the rebuilding of the Parken Stadium, Denmark's national team stadium, the new club had a modern stadium to play at from the beginning. The initial ambition of the club was continually to qualify for one of the European competitions each season. To reach this goal, the club needed a solid economy, a relatively big fan base and an "attractive and positive style of football."
Benny Johansen managed the club and started its maiden season well. FCK made its first appearance in the European tournaments when it beat Swiss team Grasshoppers 2–1 in the 1992 UEFA Intertoto Cup. FCK won the Intertoto Cup that year and thereby qualified for the UEFA Cup, where it was eliminated in the second round by French team Auxerre. The club won the 1992–93 Superliga season one point ahead of Odense Boldklub and two points ahead of third-place Brøndby IF. For the 1993–94 Superliga season, expectations were high. The season opened with a 0–6 thrashing at the hands of Italian team Milan in the 1993–94 Champions League qualification. FCK went on winter break after the first half of the Superliga season in third place. In the spring of 1994, Copenhagen gained on leading team Silkeborg IF. In the penultimate match of the season, the two teams met at the Parken Stadium. In front of a record-setting attendance of 26,679, FCK won the match 4–1. The club was one point ahead of Silkeborg, but because FCK lost 3–2 to Odense in the final game of the season, it had to settle for second place.
Years of underachievement
For the next three seasons, Copenhagen had little success in the Superliga, despite winning two Danish Cups. The team won the 1995 Cup final against Akademisk Boldklub with a 5–0 win, qualifying for European football once again, despite mediocre results in the league. Kim Brink took over as manager in 1996, but despite winning the second Cup trophy for the club, the eighth-place finish in the 1996–97 Superliga season prompted another change in managers.
Flemming Østergaard joins the board
In February 1997, Flemming Østergaard, later given the ironic nickname "Don Ø," joined the board of the club as vice chairman and CEO. After a successful IPO, generating DKK 75 million, FCK was introduced on the Copenhagen Stock Exchange in November 1997. The 1997–98 season marked the first season that Copenhagen averaged more than 10,000 spectators at home, and the club bought their stadium Parken for DKK 138 million in June 1998. The self-acclaimed "best manager in Denmark," Christian Andersen, began managing the club in January 1999. After 75 controversial days, however, he was fired in March 1999; Sports Director Niels-Christian Holmstrøm explained Andersen had created frustration among the players.
In 1999, Copenhagen made its impact in Europe when it faced English side Chelsea in the second round UEFA Cup Winners' Cup. In the first leg away at Stamford Bridge, Bjarne Goldbæk gave Copenhagen the lead nine minutes before the end of the match, but Chelsea scored in the last minute of the game. Chelsea later won the second game at Parken with a goal by the Dane Brian Laudrup, knocking out FCK. At the post-match press conference, it was announced that Chelsea's Brian Laudrup was signing with Copenhagen in January 1999, with Bjarne Goldbæk moving in the other direction for Chelsea. A four-time Danish Player of the Year award winner, Laudrup, however, could not help Copenhagen improve their league position, and the club ended the year in seventh in the 1998–99 Superliga season. Laudrup only stayed for just six months at the club before signing for Ajax at the end of the season. In the 1999–2000 season, F.C. Copenhagen struggled to make any significant impact and finished eighth in the league.
In the winter 2000 transfer window, South African striker Sibusiso Zuma was signed from South African side Orlando Pirates, and in May 2000, English manager Roy Hodgson became the new manager. From the 2000–01 season, the club started to improve. The club won its second Superliga championship, winning 3–1 in the last New Firm derby match of the season, at the Parken Stadium. The 2–0 goal was a bicycle kick by Zuma, who received the ball at his chest, bounced it in the air and in the same motion executed the overhead kick, volleying the ball into the far corner out of Brøndby goalkeeper Mogens Krogh's reach. This was later voted the Danish goal of the year, and was voted the best Superliga goal of the decade in December 2009 and was in 2013 voted as the greatest moment in the history of FCK. Hodgson broke his contract with Copenhagen a few weeks after having won the championship, signing with Italian team Udinese, and he was replaced by Swede Kent Karlsson.
Copenhagen faced Italian team Lazio for qualification to the 2001–02 Champions League qualification. A 2–1 win for FCK in the first game proved moot, as Lazio ultimately progressed with a 5–3 aggregate score. Copenhagen thus entered the 2001–02 UEFA Cup, where it defeated Dutch giants Ajax 1–0 on a goal from left back Niclas Jensen. In the next round, however, German team Borussia Dortmund eliminated Copenhagen. The 2001–02 Superliga season also ended in disappointment for København, as Brøndby won the championship on goal difference after FCK had caught up with Brøndby's ten-point lead after the first half of the season. In the second-last round of the 2002–03 Superliga season, FCK faced Brøndby at Brøndby Stadium. In extra time, Hjalte Nørregaard scored his first goal for Copenhagen and brought the championship back to Parken.
In the Champions League second qualifying round in 2004–05, FCK won the first match against Slovenian club ND Gorica 2–1, but later lost at Parken 0–5. Under Backe, Copenhagen went on to win the 2004 and 2006 Danish championships and the 2004 Danish Cup. Copenhagen also won the inaugural 2004–05 edition of the Royal League tournament, beating Swedish team IFK Göteborg on penalty shootout in the 2005 final. Copenhagen repeated the achievement in the 2006 edition of the tournament, this time beating Norwegian team Lillestrøm SK 1–0 in the 2006 final. Backe became the longest-serving coach for FCK before leaving the club in December 2005. Former Copenhagen player Ståle Solbakken took over as manager.
For the 2006–07 season, Danish national team player Jesper Grønkjær reinforced Copenhagen. FCK looked forward to the 2006–07 Champions League qualifiers, where it beat Ajax. For the first time in the club's history, FCK entered the group stage of the Champions League, being grouped with Celtic, Benfica and Manchester United, all former winners of the trophy. Despite not losing a game at Parken (Benfica 0–0, Manchester United 1–0 and Celtic 3–1), FCK failed to qualify from the Champions League group stage after losing all of its away games. On 9 May, Copenhagen defeated Brøndby 1–0 and won its fifth Danish championship in seven years with four games to spare in the league.
In the 2007–08 season, Copenhagen lost the third qualification round of the Champions League with a 1–3 aggregate score to Benfica. After beating Lens 3–2, FCK qualified for the group stages of the 2007–08 UEFA Cup, where it played Panathinaikos (H), Lokomotiv Moscow (A), Atlético Madrid (H) and Aberdeen. Copenhagen fell to Panathinaikos and Atlético, but a win against Lokomotiv meant that the club needed only a draw against Aberdeen to qualify for the next round. However, a 0–4 defeat to Aberdeen put them out of the tournament. In the 2007–08 Superliga season, Copenhagen finished third, with AaB taking the title.
In the 2008–09 season, Copenhagen began strong. The team qualified for the 2008–09 UEFA Cup group stage by eliminating North Irish club Cliftonville, Lillestrøm and FC Moscow. In the group, FCK lost at home to Saint-Étienne and drew 1–1 against Valencia. With a 1–1 draw against Rosenborg and a win over Club Brugge, Copenhagen qualified for the knockout phase of the competition, where it drew 2–2 in the first leg of the round of 32 against Manchester City on 19 February 2009. The club lost 1–2 in the second leg, a loss that ended its European season. In the domestic league, FCK battled for first place with Brøndby and Odense. Eventually, Copenhagen won the Cup final against AaB and claimed the league title with one game to spare in the tournament, thus securing the Double for the second time in the club's history. 2010 proved to be yet another European success. Even though the team lost the
2009–10 Champions League playoff match to APOEL with a 2–3 aggregate loss, the team had already qualified to the 2009–10 Europa League group stage by eliminating FK Mogren and Stabæk. Copenhagen lost away to CFR Cluj, won 1–0 at home against Sparta Prague, 0–1 away loss against PSV and by beating Cluj at home 2–0 and 3–0 away over Sparta, Copenhagen qualified for the round of 32 to face Marseille. The match-up, however, resulted in two 1–3 losses for Copenhagen, thus eliminating them from the competition.
The team's qualification to the 2010–11 Champions League was secured after it beating BATE Borisov (0–0 / 3–2) and Rosenborg (1–2 / 1–0). The team thus entered the group stage in Group D and met Barcelona, Panathinaikos and Rubin Kazan. After a 3–1 win against Panathinaikos in their last group stage match, they qualified for the round of 16—thereby becoming the first-ever Danish club to reach the stage in the Champions League—where Chelsea defeated them.
Copenhagen won the 2012–13 Danish Superliga to secure a direct place in the group stage of the 2013–14 Champions League. However, after a horrific start to the 2013–14 Danish Superliga season, FCK fired manager Ariël Jacobs, rehiring Ståle Solbakken as his replacement. Solbakken was given a two-year contract with the option for a further two-year extension. In the Champions League, the club was placed into Group B alongside Real Madrid, Juventus and Galatasaray. FCK secured four points by drawing 1–1 against Juventus at home and winning 1–0 at home over Galatasaray after a great goal by Daniel Braaten. The club, however, conceded its first-ever Champions League group stage home defeat after falling 0–2 to Real Madrid in the last round of the group stage.
Copenhagen finished the 2013–14 league in second place, despite having been situated third for numerous weeks. A 3–2 away win against FC Midtjylland saw them closing in on the second place. In the last round of the league, FCK beat Odense Boldklub 3–2 at home whilst Midtjylland lost their game 3–1, ensuring Copenhagen's seizure of second place and its subsequent spot in the qualifying round of the 2014–15 Champions League.
After a busy summer transfer window with numerous new players arriving at the club, Copenhagen was drawn against Ukrainian outfit Dnipro Dnipropetrovsk in the third qualifying round of the 2014–15 Champions League. After an aggregate victory of 2–0 over Dnipro, Copenhagen was drawn against German club Bayer Leverkusen in the play-off round. The Germans, however, defeated Copenhagen 7–2 aggregate, dropping Copenhagen to contention in the 2014–15 Europa League.
FCK drew Italian club Torino, Club Brugge and Finnish side HJK Helsinki. Its campaign started well, securing a deserved 2–0 victory over HJK at home from two goals by Nicolai Jørgensen. Copenhagen's next two games were against Torino and Club Brugge respectively; it lost 1–0 against Torino and played to a 1–1 draw against Brugge after conceding a late goal in injury time in both matches. Copenhagen then failed to secure an important win against Brugge at home, a match they lost 0–4, setting up a must-win situation for FCK against HJK to progress to the round of 32. Copenhagen, however, failed—Macoumba Kandji managed to secure the victory for HJK, their second win in the group, with another late goal. The result eliminated Copenhagen. The 2014–15 season ended with Copenhagen winning the Danish Cup and finishing second in the Superliga.
The 2015–16 season began with FCK bringing in six new players, most notably Danish international and former AaB player Kasper Kusk. By placing second in 2014–15, Copenhagen began in the second qualifying round of the 2015–16 UEFA Europa League, where they were drawn against Welsh club Newtown, defeating them 5–1 on aggregate to qualify them for the next round against Czech outfit Baumit Jablonec. The opening game of the 2015–16 Danish Superliga ended in a 2–1 away win for FCK against Esbjerg fB through goals from Marvin Pourié and Nicolai Jørgensen. Despite a 0–1 away win over Baumit Jablonec, Copenhagen lost its home game 2–3, resulting in a 3–3 aggregate loss on the away goals rule. This marked the first time in ten years that Copenhagen failed to qualify for either the Champions League or Europa League.
FCK owns its stadium, the national arena Parken Stadium. It was built in 1992, the same year the club was founded. Until the stadium opened (as Parken) in September 1992, the club played its first home matches at the smaller Østerbro Stadion, which is located adjacent to Parken. Parken has 38,065 seats, 4,000 fewer seats than the original capacity of 42,305.
After 2000, the club has regularly attracted one of the highest attendances in Scandinavia. The official fan club, F.C. København Fan Club, as of March 2009, has more than 20,000 members. "FCKFC" was founded on 24 October 1991, approximately half a year before FCK played its first match. Furthermore, there are many unofficial "factions" connected to Copenhagen, the biggest being Urban Crew, Copenhagen Cooligans and Copenhagen Casuals. These are also reported to have friendships with factions from Hamburger SV, Rangers, IFK Helsinki and Helsingborgs IF. For the 2006–07 season, there were 23,795 spectators on average. For many years, the lower part of the "C-stand" at Parken, Nedre C, has been the main stand for the supporters of FCK. In 2006, a part of the lower "B-stand" was made a fan section and named Sektion 12.
- Danish Football Championship
- DBU Pokalen
- Danish League Cup
- Winners: 1996
- Runner-up (2): 2005, 2006
- Danish Super Cup
- Winners (3): 1995, 2001, 2004
- Ørestad Cup
- Winners (2): 2000, 2002
- Kings Cup
- Winners: 1994
- Royal League
- Copa del Sol:
- Runner-up (1): 2012
- The Atlantic Cup
- Winners: 2014
UEFA club coefficient ranking
(As of 26 June 2014), Source: uefa.com website
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
Players out on loan
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
Reserves and youth teams
|1992–93||Pierre Larsen (DF)|
|1993–94||Palle Petersen (GK)|
|1994–95||Allan Nielsen (MF)|
|1995–97||Iørn Uldbjerg (MF)|
|1997–98||Henrik Larsen (MF)|
|1998–99||Peter Nielsen (MF)|
|1999–01||Michael Mio Nielsen (MF)|
|2001–02||Christian Lønstrup (MF)|
|2002–03||Peter Nielsen (MF)|
|2004–05||Bo Svensson (DF)|
|2005–07||Tobias Linderoth (MF)|
|2007–08||Michael Gravgaard (DF)|
|2008–09||Ulrik Laursen (DF)|
|2009–10||Hjalte Nørregaard (MF)|
|2010–11||William Kvist (MF)|
|2011–12||Mathias Jørgensen (DF)|
|2012–14||Lars Jacobsen (DF)|
|2014–||Thomas Delaney (MF)|
FC Copenhagen All Stars
- In 2014, 32,000 fans participated in a fan vote selecting their 11 all-time favourite Copenhagen players.
- Atiba Hutchinson
- Zdeněk Pospěch
- Michael Gravgaard
- Jesper Grønkjær
- Christian Poulsen
- Brede Hangeland
- Dame N'Doye
- Sibusiso Zuma
- Tobias Linderoth
- Oscar Wendt
- Johan Wiland
Full list of former players
- For full list of players, see List of F.C. Copenhagen players
Current technical staff
Last updated: 19 September 2014
Main article: List of F.C. Copenhagen managers
There have been eight different permanent and two caretaker managers of FCK since 1992. One of the caretakers, Kim Brink, has managed the club during three separate tenures. The longest-running manager is Ståle Solbakken (2006–2011 and from 2013–), who also managed the most games for FCK. The only non-Scandinavian to manage FCK was Roy Hodgson, before Ariël Jacobs took over in the start of the 2012–13 season. The most successful permanent manager, in terms of winning percentage, is Ståle Solbakken, at 58.47%; Christian Andersen is FCK's least successful, at 0%. Andersen is also the shortest-running permanent manager of FCK and led the team for just a single match before he was fired.
See also: List of F.C. Copenhagen players
(In brackets debut year)
Biggest victory in the Superliga
Biggest defeat in the Superliga
Biggest victory in European cups
Biggest defeat in European cups
Youngest and oldest player playing in the Superliga
For more details on this topic, see F.C. Copenhagen seasons.
Footnotes and references