Francis Graham Crookshank

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Francis Graham Crookshank (1873, Wimbledon – 27 October 1933, Wimpole Street) was a British epidemiologist, and a medical and psychological writer.

Crookshank was educated at University College London, and trained in medicine at University College Hospital.[1] He was an enthusiast for both the individual psychology of Alfred Adler and the thought of Friedrich Nietzsche.[2] His The Mongol in our Midst (1924) aroused publicity with its degenerationist fears about Down syndrome.[3]

He committed suicide in 1933,[2] dying at his house in Wimpole Street.[1]


  • Flatulence and shock, London: Lewis, 1912.
  • Chapter on medico-legal aspects. etc., in L. W. Harrison, The diagnosis and treatment of venereal diseases in general practice, London: H. Frowde and Hodder & Stoughton, 1921
  • ‘The importance of a theory of signs and a critique of language in the study of medicine’, in C. K. Ogden and I. A. Richards, The Meaning of Meaning, London, 1923. The International Library of Psychology, Philosophy and Scientific Method.
  • The Mongol in our Midst: A Study of Man and his Three Faces, 1924.
  • Migraine and other common neuroses; a psychological study, London: Paul, Trench, Trubner, 1926.
  • Introduction to Paul Masson-Oursel, Comparative philosophy, London: Paul, Trench, Trubner, 1926. The International Library of Psychology, Philosophy and Scientific Method.
  • ‘The relation of history and philosophy to medicine’, in Charles Greene Cumston, An introduction to the history of medicine, from the time of the pharaohs to the end of the XVIIIth century, London: K. Paul, Trench, Trubner & co, 1926
  • 'Individual Psychology: A Retrospect (and a Valuation)', prefatory essay to Alfred Adler, Problems of neurosis: a book of case-histories, ed. Philip Mairet, London: K. Paul, Trench, Trubner, 1929, pp. vii-xxxvii
  • Epidemiological essays, 1930


  1. ^ a b "Francis Graham Crookshank, M.D.". Journal of nervous and mental disease. 79: 122. 
  2. ^ a b Thomson, Mathew (2006) Psychological subjects: identity, culture, and health in twentieth-century Britain, Oxford University Press, ISBN 0199287805, p. 86.
  3. ^ Howells, John G. and Osborn, M. Livia (1984) A reference companion to the history of abnormal psychology, vol. 1, Greenwood Press, ISBN 0313242615, p. 217.