F. Scott Fitzgerald House
F. Scott Fitzgerald House
The F. Scott Fitzgerald House, one unit of a rowhouse
|Location||599 Summit Avenue|
Saint Paul, Minnesota
|Architect||William H. Willcox and Clarence H. Johnston Sr.|
|Architectural style||Late Victorian|
|Part of||Historic Hill District (#76001067)|
|NRHP reference #||71000440|
|Added to NRHP||November 11, 1971|
|Designated NHL||November 11, 1971|
The F. Scott Fitzgerald House, also known as Summit Terrace, in Saint Paul, Minnesota, United States, is part of a rowhouse designed by William H. Willcox and Clarence H. Johnston Sr. The house, at 599 Summit Avenue, is listed as a National Historic Landmark for its association with author F. Scott Fitzgerald. The design of the rowhouse was called the "New York Style", where each unit was given a distinctive character similar to rowhouses in eastern cities. Architecture critic Larry Millett describes it as "A brownstone row house that leaves no Victorian style unaccounted for, although the general flavor is Romanesque Revival." The Fitzgerald house is a brownstone two bays wide, with a polygonal two-story window bay on the right, and the entrance, recessed under a round arch that is flush with the bay front, on the left. At the mansarded roof level there is a gable with two round-arch windows and decorative finials.
Fitzgerald's parents, Edward and Mollie, moved back to St. Paul in 1914 while F. Scott Fitzgerald was a student at Princeton University. They lived in the unit at 593 Summit Avenue for a while, then moved to the 599 Summit Avenue unit in 1918. In July and August 1919, Fitzgerald rewrote the manuscript that became his first novel, This Side of Paradise. He lived here until January 1920, writing short stories, and then moved to New Orleans. Of the several places the Fitzgeralds lived, this one is most closely associated with his literary fame, and typifies the environments of some of his later works.
F. Scott Fitzgerald was noted for disliking Summit Avenue, stating that Summit Avenue is “a mausoleum of American architectural monstrosities.” [citation?]
- List of National Historic Landmarks in Minnesota
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Ramsey County, Minnesota
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. January 23, 2007.
- "F. Scott Fitzgerald House". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. 2007-09-29. Archived from the original on 2007-10-12.
- Hess, Jeffrey A.; Clifford Larson (2006). St. Paul's Architecture: A History. Minneapolis, Minnesota: University of Minnesota Press. p. 60. ISBN 0-8166-3590-0.
- Millett, Larry (2007). AIA Guide to the Twin Cities: The Essential Source on the Architecture of Minneapolis and St. Paul. Minnesota Historical Society Press. p. 142. ISBN 0-87351-540-4.
- Robert Gamble; Edmund Preston. "National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: Summit Terrace / F. Scott Fitzgerald House" (pdf). National Park Service. Cite journal requires
|journal=(help) and Accompanying 6 images (2.03 MB)
- "Historic Hill District". Minnesota National Register Properties Database. Minnesota Historical Society. 2009. Retrieved 2013-01-09.
Media related to F. Scott Fitzgerald House at Wikimedia Commons
- Lavoie, C. (historian) and Lowe, Jet (photographer) (photos 28 October 1987, survey January 1989). "F. Scott Fitzgerald House (Summit Terrace), MN0133, HABS MN-83". Historic American Buildings Survey, National Park Service via Library of Congress. Retrieved 2007-10-25. Check date values in:
|date=(help)CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)