FARC dissidents

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FARC dissidents
Participant in the Colombian conflict
At least some dissident groups use the regular flag of Colombia[1]
At least some dissident groups use the regular flag of Colombia[1]
Active 2016 – present
Ideology
Political position Far-left
Leaders Gentil Duarte (alleged)[2]
"The Poet"[1]
Rogelio Guerrero[1]
Originated as FARC
Allies
Opponents

FARC dissidents refers to a group, formerly part of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, who have refused to lay down their arms after the FARC-government peace treaty came into effect in 2016 or resumed their insurgency afterwards.[1] The dissidents number some 1,200[3][4] to 2,500[2] armed combatants with an unknown number of civilian militia supporting them. The FARC dissidents have become "an increasing headache" for the Colombian armed forces, as they have to fight them, the EPL, ELN and Clan del Golfo at the same time.[3]

The FARC dissidents have been responsible for several attacks on the Colombian armed forces.[5][6][7] These fighters are believed to be heavily involved in the production and sale of cocaine.[8]

Organization[edit]

Leadership and membership[edit]

FARC dissidents are lead by former mid-level commanders such as alias Gentil Duarte, alias Euclides Mora, alias Jhon 40, alias Giovanny Chuspas and alias Julián Chollo. The group has attempted to recruit locals in the Putumayo Province in Peru to take up their cause.[9]

Locations[edit]

Dissidents of FARC’s 1st Front are located in the eastern plains of Colombia. Jhon 40 and their dissident 43rd Front moved into the Amazonas state of western Venezuela where they can operate with Colombian allies. Venezuela has served as the primary location for many FARC dissidents.[2] Other dissidents hide in the mountains north of Medellín.[1]

Aims and ideology[edit]

Despite claiming to still follow the Leftist ideology of FARC, many dissidents are more motivated in their continuing struggle against the government by their inability to reintegrate into civilian society, a desire to protect themselves from other paramilitary or crime groups, and criminal connections. Dissident groups would become part of the rivalries between the different drug cartels, allying with some and fighting against others.[1]

Events[edit]

FARC dissidents arrested in Putumayo, Peru during Operation Armageddon

On 15 July 2018, the Colombian and Peruvian governments launched a joint military effort known as Operation Armageddon to combat FARC dissidents. Peru issued a 60-day state of emergency in the Putumayo Province, an area bordering both Colombia and Ecuador. On the first day alone, more than 50 individuals were arrested in the operation, with the majority being Colombian nationals, while four cocaine labs were dismantled.[9]

References[edit]