|Full name||Fenerbahçe Spor Kulübü|
Sarı Kanarya (The Yellow Canary)
|Founded||3 May 1907|
|Based in||Istanbul, Turkey|
|Colors||Yellow and navy blue|
|Active departments of Fenerbahçe|
|Football||Basketball (Men's)||Basketball (Women's)|
|Volleyball (Men's)||Volleyball (Women's)||Table Tennis|
Fenerbahçe Spor Kulübü (Turkish pronunciation: [feˈnɛrbaht͡ʃe], Fenerbahçe Sports Club), known as Fenerbahçe or just Fener or "Moustokoulourou", is a major Turkish multi-sports club, based in Kadiköy, Istanbul, Turkey.
- 1 Early years
- 2 Later years
- 3 2007–2016
- 4 Club crest and colours
- 5 Brotherhoods
- 6 Facilities
- 6.1 Şükrü Saracoğlu Stadium
- 6.2 Ülker Sports Arena
- 6.3 Can Bartu Training Facilities
- 6.4 Lefter Küçükandonyadis Training Facilities
- 6.5 Topuk Yaylası Facilities
- 6.6 Türk Telekom Ankara Facilities
- 6.7 Faruk Ilgaz Social Facilities
- 6.8 Headquarters
- 6.9 Samim Göreç Basketball Hall
- 6.10 Muhtar Sencer Volleyball Hall
- 6.11 Vefa Küçük Swimming Pool
- 6.12 Olympic-sized Swimming Pool
- 6.13 Fikirtepe Facilities
- 6.14 Fenerbahçe Guesthouse
- 6.15 Todori Facility
- 6.16 Entertainment and Recreation Center
- 6.17 Swimming pool for the club members and their families
- 7 Fenerbahçe Museum
- 8 Club officials
- 9 Presidents
- 10 Sponsorship
- 11 Fenerbahçe TV
- 12 Fenerbahçe Radio
- 13 Fenerium
- 14 Supporters
- 15 Departments
- 16 References
- 17 External links
Founded as a football club in 1907 in Istanbul, Ottoman Empire, by Ziya Songülen (then Nurizade Ziya Bey), Ayetullah Bey and Enver Necip Okaner (then Enver Necip Bey). This group of individuals founded the club secretly in order to keep a low profile and not get into any trouble with the strict Ottoman rule. So strict that the Sultan, Abdul Hamid II, forbade the Turkish youth to set up a club or engage in the game of football played by the English families that was watched in envy. The club's name comes from Fenerbahçe, a neighbourhood in Istanbul. Being one of the most supported clubs in Turkey, Fenerbahçe is a multi-sports club and competes in football, basketball, volleyball, athletics, swimming, sailing, rowing, boxing and table tennis with many major honours and titles won in each branch.
The club has 309,026 paid members as of 16 September 2012. Ziya Songülen was elected the first President of the club, Ayetullah Bey became the first General Secretary, and Enver Necip Okaner was given the post of the General Captain. The lighthouse situated on the Fenerbahçe cape was a big influence on the design of the club's first crest, which sported the yellow and white colors of daffodils around the lighthouse. The kits were also designed with yellow and white stripes. The crest and the colors of the club were changed in 1910 when Hikmet Topuzer redesigned the badge and Ziya Songülen changed the colors to yellow and navy, from then on the iconic colors of the club. Fenerbahçe's activities were kept in secrecy until a legislation reform in 1908, when, under a new law, all football clubs had to register to exist legally.
Fenerbahçe joined the Istanbul League in 1909, finishing fifth in their first year. The founding line-up included Ziya Songülen, Ayetullah Bey, Necip Okaner, Galip Kulaksizoglu, Hassan Sami Kocamemi, Asaf Bespinar, Enver Yetiker, Sevkati Hulusi Bey, Fuat Hüsnü Kayacan, Hamit Hüsnü Kayacan, and Nasuhi Baydar. Fenerbahçe played against the staff of the Royal Navy that occupied Istanbul during the Turkish War of Independence. Some British soldiers formed football teams that were named after the players' speciality, for example Essex Engineers, Irish Guards, Grenadiers, and Artillery. These teams played against each other and against local football teams in Istanbul. Fenerbahçe won many of these matches.
The Turkish Football Federation founded a professional national league in 1959, which continues today under the name of the Süper Lig. Fenerbahçe won the first tournament, beating Galatasaray 4–1 on aggregate. The next year, Fenerbahçe participated in the UEFA European Cup for the first time. They qualified through a 4–3 win over Csepel SC. They lost their first round game to OGC Nice 1–5 in a playoff game after drawing on aggregate. They were also runners-up three times.
In the Balkans Cup 1966–67 (a competition set up for Eastern European clubs from Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, Romania, Turkey, and Yugoslavia that existed between the 1960–61 and 1993–94 seasons), Fenerbahçe won the cup after three matches against Greek club AEK Athens, making them the first Turkish club to win a non-domestic competition. This success would remain unparalleled by a Turkish club until Sarıyer and Samsunspor won the cup many years later in the 1990s.
The 1970s saw Fenerbahçe win four more league titles. Fenerbahçe won three titles in the 1980s, while the rivals Galatasaray and Beşiktaş dominated the Turkish League during the 1990s, combining to win nine out of 10 league titles. Fenerbahçe's only Turkish League success during the 1990s came in the 1995–1996 season under Carlos Alberto Parreira. Fenerbahçe won the league title in 2001, denying Galatasaray a fifth consecutive title. They followed up the next season with a runners-up place behind Galatasaray with new coach Werner Lorant.
The next season, however, did not go so well as Fenerbahçe finished in sixth place with Ariel Ortega in the squad. Despite this, that season is memorable to many Fenerbahçe fans due to a 0-6 win against arch-rivals Galatasaray in Şükrü Saracoğlu Stadium on 6 November 2002. After firing Werner Lorant, they hired another German coach, Christoph Daum. Daum had previously coached in Turkey, winning the league with Beşiktaş in 1994–95. Fenerbahçe brought in players including Pierre van Hooijdonk, Mehmet Aurélio, and Fabio Luciano as a rebuilding process. These new players lead Fenerbahçe to their fifteenth title and third star (one being awarded for every five league titles won by a club).
The next year was followed up by a narrow championship over Trabzonspor, winning the then record of sixteen Turkish First Football League championships. Fenerbahçe lost the title in the last week of the 2005–06 season to Galatasaray. Fenerbahçe needed a win, but instead drew 1–1 with Denizlispor while Galatasaray won 3–0 over Kayserispor. Soon after, Christoph Daum stepped down as manager, and was replaced by Zico on 4 July 2006. Zico began his reign by signing two new defenders, highly touted Uruguayan international Diego Lugano, and fellow Brazilian Edu Dracena. Zico also signed two strikers, Serbian international Mateja Kežman, and another Brazilian, Deivid.
Fenerbahçe's 2006–07 domestic season started off with a 6–0 win over relegation candidates Kayseri Erciyesspor. In the 32nd week of the Süper Lig, Fenerbahçe drew Trabzonspor 2–2, while Beşiktaş lost to Bursaspor 0–3, putting the former out of contention for the title. Fenerbahçe won their seventeenth Süper Lig title in 2006–07, the most in Turkey.
On 11 January 2007, Fenerbahçe was officially invited to G-14. G-14 is an association which consists of top European clubs. Fenerbahçe is the only Turkish club that have been invited to this association. On March 2008, Fenerbahçe's record application's accepted by Guinness World Records Menagement Team, which envisages Fenerbahçe to have the highest number of medal and trophy achievements on the planet with its 9 branches entirely, total of 1134 cups and medals. In the UEFA Champions League 1996–97 season Fenerbahçe completed the group stage with seven points and, amongst others, beat Manchester United 1–0 in Old Trafford undoing the record of the English giants being unbeaten for 40 years in their homeground. Under Zico’s command, Fenerbahçe qualified from the UEFA Champions League 2007–08 group stage for the first time in the club's history and went on to beat Sevilla to become a quarter-finalist in the 2007–08 season. So far, Zico is also the most successful manager of the team's history in the European arena. After successful scores both in local league of Turkey and international matches, Zico gained a new nickname from Fenerbahçe fans: Kral Arthur (meaning "King Arthur" in Turkish). Since 2000, Fenerbahçe improved the club's finances and facilities, bringing world stars to the club such as Haim Revivo, Ariel Ortega, Serhiy Rebrov, Pierre van Hooijdonk, Alex de Souza, Stephen Appiah, Nicolas Anelka and lately Mateja Kežman, Roberto Carlos, and Dani Güiza. Fenerbahçe's 2009–10 season ended in shock as they lost the title on the last day. The Fenerbahçe players were told a draw would be enough towards the end of the match only to find out that other games went against their favour as Bursaspor beat Beşiktaş 2-1 to get the title. Despite the title loss, Fenerbahçe ended the season with the highest number of clean sheets (10), as well as the joint longest winning streak (8). In July 2011, Fenerbahçe fans invaded the pitch during a friendly against the Ukrainian champions Shakhtar Donetsk. As punishment, Fenerbahçe was sentenced to two Turkish league games in empty stadia. The TFF later allowed those two games to be filled with spectators; the men were barred while women and children under twelve were admitted for free. On 29 October 2012, Antalyaspor ends Fenerbahçe’s 47-match unbeaten run in the Süper Lig at Şükrü Saracoğlu Stadium in Kadıköy had to come to an end some day with score 1–3. Fenerbahçe had not lost a single match at home in Kadıköy ever since they were beaten 2–3 by eventual champion Bursaspor in week 22, on 22 February 2010. Fenerbahçe won 38 and drew nine in the 47 matches they played within 980 days since 22 February 2010. On 3 November 2012, Fenerbahçe peck Akhisar Belediyespor to break 181-day away jinx. On 2 May 2013, Fenerbahçe was eliminated by Benfica with aggregate score 3–2 in 2012–13 Europa League in semi-final, and this is the biggest success in Fenerbahçe's history to arrive into the Semi-final in European competitions. On 28 June 2013, Ersun Yanal has agreed to take charge of Fenerbahçe, replacing Aykut Kocaman who resigned at the end of May, the club said on Friday. Ersun Yanal's appointment coincides with tough times for Fenerbahçe, who have been banned from European competition for two seasons over their involvement in a domestic match-fixing scandal. Fenerbahçe, who finished second in the Süper Lig last season, will miss out on next season's Champions League which they had been due to enter in the third qualifying round.
In 2016 the club has once again entered Europe wide competition, as it is engaged in the UEFA Europa League competition.
Club crest and colours
Since the club's foundation, Fenerbahçe has used the same badge, which has only undergone minor alterations.
It was designed by Hikmet Topuzer, nicknamed Topuz Hikmet, who played as left winger, in 1910, and had made as lapel pins by Tevfik Haccar Taşçı (then Tevfik Haccar) in London. The crest consists of five colours. The white section which includes the writing Fenerbahçe Spor Kulübü ★ 1907 ★ represents purity and open-heartedness, the red section represents love and attachment to the club and symbolises the Turkish flag. The yellow section symbolises other ones' envy and jealousy about Fenerbahçe, while the navy symbolises nobility. The oak leaf which rises from the navy and yellow section shows the force and the power of being a member of Fenerbahçe. The green colour of the leaf shows the success of Fenerbahçe is imperative. Hikmet Topuzer describes the story of the emblem as below:
|“||After the change of the club’s colours from yellow and white to yellow and navy, it was an issue to create an emblem with our new colours. My friends left the design of this emblem to me. Firstly, I brought together the colours of our national flag, red and white. Then drew a heart shape over the red and gave it a yellow and navy colour, adding an acorn leaf that represents resistance, power and strength. I wrote the club name and foundation date on the white section. When drawing our emblem, I tried to give this meaning: Serving the club with dependence from heart. The design was favored by my friends and our new emblem was made through the guidance of Tevfik Haccar, who was in Germany at time. After the new alphabet was approved, the design was protected, but the club name on the emblem was changed to Fenerbahçe Spor Kulübü ★ 1907 ★.||”|
Şükrü Saracoğlu Stadium
Fenerbahçe's senior football team play their home games at the Ülker Stadyumu Fenerbahçe Şükrü Saracoğlu Spor Kompleksi(simply known as Kadıköy or Mabet ("shrine" in Turkish) among supporters), in Kızıltoprak, Kadıköy, Istanbul. The stadium was opened in 1908 and most recently renovated between 1999 and 2006. Its seating capacity is 50,509. The stadium does not have a running track around the pitch, which is unusual for a typical Turkish stadium.
Ülker Sports Arena
The Ülker Sports Arena is a multi-purpose indoor arena in Ataşehir, Istanbul, with a capacity of 13,800 seats. The arena completed and opened in January 2012 after over two years of construction. Fenerbahçe's senior men's basketball team play their home games at the Ülker Sports Arena.
Can Bartu Training Facilities
The Can Bartu Training Facilities is a training complex located in Samandıra, Sancaktepe, Istanbul. The construction for this training complex began in 1997 during former president Ali Şen’s presidency. The construction was completed in 2000. Fenerbahçe's senior football team use the facilities.
Lefter Küçükandonyadis Training Facilities
The Lefter Küçükandonyadis Training Facilities is a large complex located at Dereağzı, Kadıköy, Istanbul. Re-opened in 1989 and renovated in 1998. Fenerbahçe's A2, U18, U17, U16, U15 and U14 teams play their home games at the complex. Facilities also serve the basketball departments, volleyball departments, athletics department, the boxing department, the rowing department and the sailing department.
Topuk Yaylası Facilities
The Topuk Yaylası Facilities is a training complex near forest and a lake, located in the Topuk Plateau in Kaynaşlı, Düzce Province. The construction began in 2010 and completed in 2011. Fenerbahçe's all teams use the complex for their pre-season trainings.
Türk Telekom Ankara Facilities
The Türk Telekom Ankara Facilities is a complex located in İncek in the suburbs of Ankara in Ankara Province. The complex hosts Fenerbahçe's all teams that visit Ankara or a nearby locality for their games as well as other teams.
Faruk Ilgaz Social Facilities
The Faruk Ilgaz Social Facilities is a social complex with an indoor hall, a restaurant, a patisserie, olympic swimming pool, located next to the club’s headquarters. It was initially opened 15 May 1969 but rebuilt during the presidency of the current president Aziz Yıldırım as a modern complex and re-opened on 21 January 2004.
The club's headquarters were initially located on the Fenerbahçe Isle near to the stadium. But, in 2006, the headquarters moved into the stadium to gather all the sections under one roof.
Samim Göreç Basketball Hall
The Samim Göreç Basketball Hall is a basketball hall with a training facility, located in the Lefter Küçükandonyadis Training Facilities in Dereağzı. First opened in 1982 and refurbished on 24 February 2001. Fenerbahçe's men's basketball and women's basketball teams use the hall and the training facility for their trainings.
Muhtar Sencer Volleyball Hall
The Muhtar Sencer Volleyball Hall is a volleyball hall located in the Lefter Küçükandonyadis Training Facilities in Dereağzı. Fenerbahçe's men's volleyball and women's volleyball teams use the hall for their trainings.
Vefa Küçük Swimming Pool
The Vefa Küçük Swimming Pool is a semi-Olympic-sized swimming pool in the Fenerbahçe Isle. The pool was built by the former vice president Vefa Küçük and opened on 16 July 1999, and serves the swimming department.
Olympic-sized Swimming Pool
The Fenerbahçe Guesthouse is an inn with a capacity of 60 guests. The inn also hosts new transfers.
The Todori Facility is a restaurant owned and operated by the club, located in Kalamış, Kadıköy.
Entertainment and Recreation Center
The Entertainment and Recreation Center is in the Faruk Ilgaz Social Facilities.
Swimming pool for the club members and their families
The swimming pool is located in the Lefter Küçükandonyadis Training Facilities and hosts the club members and their families.
Fenerbahçe Museum (Turkish: Fenerbahçe Müzesi) is devoted to the history of the club. Founded in 1908 by Ali Rıza Bey, the museum is housed in the Şükrü Saracoğlu Stadium. Many of the trophies won by the club are on a display there.There are 426 trophies on exhibition out of 3000 trophies won.
|Deputy Chairman||Mithat Yenigün|
|General Secretary and Press Officer||Mahmut Uslu|
|Investment Projects and Property Officer||Nihat Özbağı|
|Facilities and Fenercell Officer||Ömer Temelli|
|Accountant Member||İlhan Ekşioğlu|
|Financial and Administrative Officer Configuration||Ender Alkaya|
|Vice President||Ali Yıldırım|
|Fenerium Officer||Murat Özaydınlı|
|Legal Affairs and External Relations Officer||Şekip Mosturoğlu|
|Advertising, Marketing and Fundraising||Önder Fırat|
|Legal Affairs||Erhan Türkoğlu|
|Lighthouse and External Relations,Basketball Branch Manager||Salih Ozan Balaban|
|Educational Facilities Officer||Mehmet Tahir Sarıoğlu|
|Volleyball Branch Manager||Hakan Dinçay|
|Advertising, Marketing Manager Assistant||Mehmet Selim Kosif|
|Responsible for Stadium||Metin Doğan|
|Responsible for Health Services||Mustafa Serdar Erkan|
|Deputy Assistant Volleyball Branches||Selim Sapan|
|Stadium, Facilities Assistant Responsible||Ali Cenk Başak|
|Assistant Responsible for Training Facilities||Barış Altuğ Aydil|
Further information: List of Fenerbahçe SK presidents
Companies that Fenerbahçe S.K. currently has sponsorship deals with.
Main article: FB TV
Fenerbahçe TV (FB TV) is the first sports club channel in Turkey. The channel launched in 2004 over satellite (Free-To-Air on Turksat 3A located 42° East, 11957 V 27500 5/6),D-Smart 82. Canal satellite network services and cable service.
FB Radyo is a nationwide FM radio network broadcasting from İstanbul. It is the first sport club radio station in Turkey.Broadcasting Pop Music in other languages than Turkish, FB Radyo can be listened to via terrestrial broadcast, Free-To-Air on Turksat 3A Satellite (located 42° East, 11804 V 24444 5/6, VPID: 516, APID:690, SPID:5), BlackBerry and iPhone applications.
Fenerium has 96 stores in total. 46 in İstanbul, 8 in Ankara, 4 in İzmir, 3 in Antalya, 2 in Adana, Aydın, Gaziantep, Hatay, Konya, Muğla, Sakarya and Samsun. The rest of the stores are in Bursa, Çanakkale, Denizli, Diyarbakır, Düzce, Elazığ, Kahramanmaraş, Kayseri, Kocaeli, Malatya, Manisa, Mersin, Şanlıurfa and Tekirdağ. There are 2 stores serving in abroad; one of them is in Northern Cyprus (North Nicosia Fenerium) and the other one is in Netherlands (Rotterdam Fenerium).
Fenerium sponsors for some of the Fenerbahçe S.K.'s sport branch and teams.
Since rebuilding the Şükrü Saracoğlu Stadium, Fenerbahçe's average attendances have been in the top in Turkey. Fenerbahçe have a number of supporters organisations, including Genç Fenerbahçeliler (GFB), Kill For You (KFY), Antu/Fenerlist, EuroFeb, Group CK (Cefakâr Kanaryalar), 1907 ÜNİFEB, Vamos Bien, and SUADFEB. The supporters motto is Hep Destek Tam Destek, abbreviated as HDTD (Continuous Unwavering Support).
Its aim is to unconditionally support Fenerbahçe and its motto is Orada burada her yerde GFS (English: Over there, here, everywhere: GFB)
Relationships with other clubs
In November 2011, Fenerbahçe's GFB created a friendly relationship with Serbian club FK Novi Pazar's supporters Torcida Sandžak. During a Turkish Süper Lig match against İstanbul Büyükşehir Belediyespor at the Şükrü Saraçoğlu Stadium, the GFB and 1907 Gençlik stand deployed a giant banner reading "Kalbimiz Seninle Novi Pazar" (Novi Pazar, Our Heart Is With You) and after then in Radnicki Kragujevac match of Serbian SuperLiga, Torcida Sandžak stand deployed a giant banner reading "Sancak'ta atıyor, Fenerbahçe'nin kalbi" (Heartbeating of Fenerbahçe in Sandžak).
On March 2, 2012, Fenerbahçe's GFB and 1907 Gençlik supporters groups members invited to FK Novi Pazar for Partizan match in Serbian SuperLiga. Thousands Torcida Sandžak member welcomed GFB and 1907 Gençlik's 17 members.
On 13 May 2013, a Fenerbahce fan was stabbed to death after the Istanbul derby. The Fenerbahce fan was on his way home after the match between Fenerbahçe and Galatasaray, when he and his companions attacked a lone Galatasaray fan at a bus stop, and died in hospital later.
After the 2015–16 UEFA Europa League draw saw Fenerbahce pitted against Ajax Amsterdam of the Netherlands, Molde FK of Norway and Celtic F.C. of Scotland, a large number of Fenerbahce fans attacked the latter club's official and fan-made Facebook pages with images of themselves wielding knives and wearing team scarves around the lower halves of their faces. This caused retaliation from the Scottish club's supporters, but it was through humorous methods, namely the "#That'sNotAKnife" Twitter craze.
For professional football team:
Main article: Fenerbahçe S.K. (football)
For A2 football team:
Main article: Fenerbahçe S.K. A2
For academy football teams:
Main article: Fenerbahçe S.K. Academy
Main article: Fenerbahçe Men's Basketball
Main article: Fenerbahçe Women's Basketball
Main article: Fenerbahçe Men's Volleyball
Main article: Fenerbahçe Women's Volleyball
Main article: Fenerbahçe Athletics
Main article: Fenerbahçe Boxing
Main article: Fenerbahçe Rowing
Main article: Fenerbahçe Sailing
Main article: Fenerbahçe Swimming
Main article: Fenerbahçe Table Tennis