Juvisy was founded in 1971 as Étoile Sportive de Juvisy-sur-Orge, the women's football section of local club ES Juvisy, based in Juvisy-sur-Orge. After 14 years, the section split from the club, formed its own club under the name FCF Juvisy, and moved to the commune of Viry-Châtillon. Despite moving from Juvisy-sur-Orge, the women's club retained its name amid financial backing and support from the commune and the General Council of Essonne. In the 1991–92 season, Juvisy won its first ever Division 1 Féminine championship. Between the years 1994–2003, the club won four league titles and later won a Challenge de France title in 2005 making Juvisy one of the most successful clubs in women's French football. Juvisy was a regular participant in the UEFA Women's Cup and, in the 2010–11 season, will be making its first appearance in the re-branded UEFA Women's Champions League.
The club is managed by Emmanuel Beauchet and captained by French internationalGaëtane Thiney. Retired footballer Sandrine Soubeyrand is the all-time leader in caps by a French international and has made more than 200 appearances for Juvisy. One of the club's other notable players include Marinette Pichon. Pichon is the women's national team all-time leading goalscorer.
The current policy of the club is to be more than a club for its players. Indeed, although the club still has an amateur structure, the FCF Juvisy Essonne is working actively with its sponsors and partners to find jobs for its players or to assist them in their study. This way, the club allows its players to keep up with both the top level of women's football and their studies and professional careers.