Federal Correctional Institution, Terre Haute
|Location||Terre Haute, Vigo County, Indiana|
|Security class||Medium-security (with minimum-security prison camp)|
|Population||1,190 (455 in prison camp)|
|Managed by||Federal Bureau of Prisons|
The Federal Correctional Institution, Terre Haute (FCI Terre Haute) is a medium-security United States federal prison for male inmates in Indiana. It is part of the Terre Haute Federal Correctional Complex (FCC Terre Haute) and is operated by the Federal Bureau of Prisons, a division of the United States Department of Justice. The facility also has an adjacent satellite prison camp for minimum-security male offenders.
FCC Terre Haute is located 2 miles south of the City of Terre Haute and 70 miles west of Indianapolis.
Communication Management Unit
FCI Terre Haute has a controversial high-security wing known as the Communication Management Unit (CMU) for inmates who were determined to pose a serious threat if their communications were not severely restricted. The CMU at FCI Terre Haute is a 55-cell unit located in the former death row and was opened in December 2006. Prisoners there are under open and covert audio and video surveillance, and all of their phone calls are monitored except for talks with their attorneys. Prisoners are prohibited from touching family members during tightly controlled visits. All telephone calls and mail are monitored, and inmates are required to conduct all conversations in English unless special permission is arranged for conversations in other languages. Without such strong security, the government claims, inmates would be able to conspire with outsiders to commit terrorist or criminal acts. The Federal Bureau of Prisons created the CMU in response to criticism that it had not been adequately monitoring the communications of prisoners. According to the Bureau of Prisons, "By concentrating resources in this fashion, it will greatly enhance the agency's capabilities for language translation, content analysis and intelligence sharing," according to the Bureau's summary of the CMU.
When the CMU at FCI Terre Haute opened, 15 of the first 17 inmates were Muslim. In August 2008, 38 prisoners signed up for Ramadan observances. The disproportionate number of Muslims at the CMU led the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) to raise a concern about racial profiling. The ACLU also charged that the communication restrictions were unduly harsh for prisoners who are not sufficiently serious security threats to warrant placement in USP Florence ADX, the federal supermax facility in Colorado. In response, according to civil rights lawyers, the Bureau of Prisons started moving in non-Muslims. The group included tax resisters, a member of the Japanese Red Army and inmates from Colombia and Mexico. Inmates say the guards there called them "balancers." As of 2011, the Bureau of Prisons says a total of 71 men now live in the units.
Most of the inmates are Arab Muslims convicted of terrorism-related offenses. The CMU population has included men convicted in high-profile post-September 11th cases, as well as defendants from the 1993 World Trade Center bombing, the 1999 "millennium" plot to bomb the Los Angeles airport, and airline hijacking cases from 1976, 1985 and 1996. Also in the CMUs are men who have threatened officials from behind bars, ordered murders using contraband cellphones, or engaged in other communications that officials deem threatening. The population also includes several black Muslims who have been disciplined for alleged radicalization and recruitment while incarcerated for other crimes at other facilities.
Minimum-security prison camp
The minimum-security prison camp at FCI Terre Haute was built in 1960 for the purpose of housing non-violent felons to perform farm and maintenance duties. The camp has two, eight, and twelve-person rooms. Programs provided for inmates in this facility include GED, ESL, and drug education classes. Sports, cards, golf, and crafts are all different recreational activities in which the inmates may take part within the camp. A selected group of inmates at the camp take part in a community talk tour called, "Choices," where these inmates visit schools and speak to children that are already involved in meth. The Federal Bureau of Prisons National Bus Center is operated through this camp.
Notable inmates (current and former)
- American citizens who committed or attempted to commit terrorist attacks against United States citizens and interests.
|Inmate Name||Register Number||Status||Details|
|El-Sayyid Nosair||35074-054||Serving a life sentence.||Al-Qaeda operative and follower of Sheikh Omar Abdel Rahman; convicted in 1996 of seditious conspiracy and other charges for masterminding the foiled NYC landmark bomb plot.|
|John Walker Lindh||45426-083||Serving a 20-year sentence; scheduled for release in 2019.||US citizen; pleaded guilty in 2002 to supplying services to the Taliban and carrying an explosive during the commission of a felony for fighting with Taliban forces during the United States' 2001 invasion of Afghanistan; known as the "American Taliban."|
|Daniel McGowan||63794-053||Released from custody in June 2013; served 7 years.||Member of the ecoterrorist group Earth Liberation Front; pleaded guilty to terrorism conspiracy in 2006 for setting fires at lumber and a genetic engineering companies in 2001; nine co-conspirators were also sentenced to prison.|
|Mohamed Alessa||61801-050||Serving a 22-year sentence; scheduled for release in 2029.||Arrested as part of Operation Arabian Knight; pleaded guilty to conspiracy to murder persons outside the US for attempting to join Al-Shabaab, an terrorist group based in Somalia; co-conspirator Carlos Almonte was sentenced to 20 years.|
|Rezwan Ferdaus||94133-038||Serving a 17-year sentence; scheduled for release in 2026.||Al-Qaeda supporter; pleaded guilty in 2012 to terrorism conspiracy for plotting to attack The Pentagon and the United States Capitol Building with remote-controlled model aircraft packed with C-4 explosives.|
|Farooque Ahmed||77315-083||Serving a 23-year sentence; scheduled for release in 2030.||Al-Qaeda supporter; pleaded guilty in 2011 to performing surveillance, taking videos, and making diagrams as part of a plot to bomb Washington DC Metro stations in 2010.|
|Mohamad Shnewer||61283-066||Serving a life sentence.||Involved in the 2007 Fort Dix attack plot; convicted in 2008 of conspiring to kill US soldiers at the New Jersey military base; four co-conspirators were also sentenced to prison.|
- Foreign citizens who committed or attempted to commit terrorist attacks against United States citizens and interests.
|Inmate Name||Register Number||Status||Details|
|Khalid Aldawsari||42771-177||Serving a life sentence.||Saudi Arabian citizen and former Texas resident; convicted in 2012 of attempted use of a weapon of mass destruction for collecting bomb-making materials and researching possible targets, including the Dallas home of former President George W. Bush.|
|Hysen Sherifi||51768-056||Serving a life sentence.||Member of the Raleigh jihad group; convicted in 2011 of terrorism conspiracy; convicted in 2013 plotting to kill six witnesses who had testified against him at his 2011 trial.|
|Hosam Smadi||39482-177||Serving a 24-year sentence; scheduled for release in 2030.||Pleaded guilty in 2010 to the attempted use of a weapon of mass destruction for plotting to destroy the 60-story Fountain Place office building in Dallas, Texas with a truck bomb in 2009.|
|Inmate Name||Register Number||Photo||Status||Details|
|Aldrich Ames||40087-083||Serving a life sentence.||Former CIA counterintelligence operative; pleaded guilty in 1994 to espionage for passing classified information to the Soviet Union and later to Russia over a 9-year period; compromised more American spies than anyone in US history prior to Robert Hanssen.|
|George Ryan||16627-424||Released from custody in July 2013; served 5 years.||Governor of Illinois from 1999 to 2003; convicted in 2006 of racketeering and fraud for awarding state contracts, including a $25 million IBM computer deal, to his political allies in exchange for hundreds of thousands of dollars' worth of money and gifts.|
|Stewart Nozette||25004-016||Serving a 13-year sentence; scheduled for release in 2021.||Planetary scientist and consultant to NASA and the US Department of Defense; pleaded guilty to attempted espionage for selling classified information to an FBI Agent posing as an Israeli Mossad operative.|
|Seale, James FordJames Ford Seale||09193-043||Died in custody in 2011 while serving a life sentence.||Former Ku Klux Klan member; convicted in 2007 of conspiracy and kidnapping charges for his role in the 1964 abduction and murder of two 19-year-old African-Americans, Henry Dee and Charles Moore.|
|Mufid Abdulqader||32590-177||Serving a 20-year sentence; scheduled for release in 2026.||Former Chief Fundraiser for the Holy Land Foundation, once the largest Islamic charity in the US; convicted in 2008 of providing material support for terrorism for funneling money to the terrorist organization Hamas. Four co-conspirators were also sentenced to prison.|
|Rivera, Oscar LopezOscar Lopez Rivera||87651-024||Serving a 70-year sentence; scheduled for release in 2023.||Leader of the Fuerzas Armadas de Liberación Nacional Puertorriqueña (FALN), a Puerto Rican militant group which carried out bombings in Chicago, Washington, DC, Newark, and Miami between 1974 and 1980.|
|Abduwali Muse||70636-054||Serving a 33-year sentence; scheduled for release in 2038.||Somali pirate leader; pleaded guilty to hijacking in 2010 for leading a group who seized the Merchant Vessel Maersk Alabama and took the captain hostage in 2009; US Navy SEALs killed the three other pirates involved in the hijacking and rescued the captain.|
|Russell Wasendorf||12191-029||Serving a 50-year sentence; scheduled for release in 2056||Peregrine Financial Group founder; pleaded guilty in 2012 to mail fraud, embezzlement and making false statements for stealing over $100 million from the clients over a 20-year period and falsifying documents to cover up the fraud.|
In popular culture
The song "1st Day Out the Feds" by rapper Gucci Mane is a reference to Terre Haute Federal Correctional Institution, where he served out most of a 3 year 3 month sentence for firearm possession. His radically altered appearance, mannerisms, and demeanor upon exiting the prison in May 2016 led many to speculate that he was subjected to an experimental government program at Terre Haute and possibly even cloned by the Central Intelligence Agency. A spokesperson for the CIA dismissed these theories as mere internet rumors and refused to comment on them.
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