FC Dinamo București
|Full name||Fotbal Club Dinamo București|
|Founded||14 May 1948|
|Head coach||Ioan Andone|
|2015–16||Liga I, 4th|
|Website||Club home page|
Fotbal Club Dinamo București (Romanian pronunciation: [diˈnamo bukuˈreʃtʲ], commonly known as Dinamo) is a Romanian professional football club based in Bucharest. Dinamo is one of the two most successful football teams in Romania, having won 18 Romanian Liga I titles, 13 Romanian Cups and 2 Romanian Supercups. They became the second Romanian team to reach the European Champions' Cup semifinals in 1983–84.
Founded in 1948, Dinamo has spent its entire history in Liga I, the top league of Romanian football.
The team's traditional home colours are white and red. The current crest is a modified version of the one adopted in the 1998. Dinamo Bucharest's home ground is the 15,032-seater Dinamo Stadium in Bucharest's city centre, where it has played since 1951.
- 1 History
- 2 Colours and badge
- 3 Stadiums
- 4 Supporters
- 5 Rivalries
- 6 The Academy
- 7 Honours
- 8 European record
- 9 Players
- 10 Club officials
- 11 Notable players
- 12 Notable managers
- 13 References
- 14 External links
Dinamo was founded on 14 May 1948, when "Unirea Tricolor MAI" — newly entered, in January 1948, under the umbrella of the Communist regime's Internal Affairs Ministry — merged with "Ciocanul București". The sporting club represented the above-mentioned institution. The "Dinamo" name was used for the very first time on 1 May 1948. Nevertheless, the real debut of Dinamo was on the 1947-48 Divizia A edition (finishing 8th). Some of the team's players were Ambru, Angelo Niculescu, Teodorescu, Siclovan, Bartha, Sârbu. In 1955, Dinamo won their first championship. With Angelo Niculescu as head coach, Dinamo impressed mainly in the offensive, with an attack formed by Ene I, Neaga and Suru. The defense, with players like Băcuț I, Băcuț II, Szoko, Călinoiu, was the best in the championship – only 19 goals received.
In the fall of 1956, the team make its debut in the European Champion Clubs' Cup (competition created a year before). Dinamo was the first Romanian team to play in the European competitions. The debut game was played on 26 August 1956, in front of 32,000 spectators. Dinamo defeated Galatasaray with 3–1. In the second leg, Dinamo lost in Istanbul with 1–2, and moved forward.
The following years, Dinamo met famous teams in Europe, such as Real Madrid (a team with Di Stefano and Gento - The game played in Bucharest took place at „23 August” Stadium, and established a new record for this arena: 100,000 spectators), Inter Milan and Feyenoord: 0–3 and 0–2.
In 1973, in the European Cup, Dinamo surpass Northern Ireland's Crusaders Belfast. The 11–0 home game against Northern Ireland's team is still the biggest margin of victory in the history of the European Cup.
The autumn of 1983–84 was going to represent a valuable step into the international arena. The "European Champions Cup campaign" started with the Finnish team, Kuusysi Lahti (1–0 and 3–0). The second round pushes Dinamo against the current champion, Hamburger SV – team of Stein, Kalz and Magath. At Bucharest, Augustin, Multescu and Orac score for 3–0. The thrilling second leg finishes 3–2 (goals Talnar and Multescu). In order to accede in the semifinals of CCE, Dinamo had to defeat another top team: Dinamo Minsk, with Aleinikov, Zigmanatovich and Gurinovich. The first leg was 1–1 (Rednic equalizing in the 87th minute), and it was followed by a 1–0 victory at Bucharest (with Augustin scoring). Dinamo was the first Romanian team to reach the European Champions Cup semifinals, where it met Liverpool F.C.. Dinamo lost 1–0 at Anfield and 2–1 in Bucharest, as Liverpool progressed to the 1984 European Cup Final.
In 1986 Dinamo wins the Cup against Steaua, the team that only with a few days before won the European Cup.
In the summer of 1990, Dinamo – with Mircea Lucescu as coach – conquers a new national title, the 13th. Also the team wins the Cup final, against Steaua: 6–4. But the Romanian Revolution from 1989 opened the doors for the Romanian footballers to leave and play abroad and Dinamo lost almost its entire team, thus a downfall regarding the results came the following years.
Dinamo managed to win the title in 1992, 2000, 2002, 2004 and 2007, but failed to reach the final phases of the European competitions.
On May 6, 2016, player Patrick Ekeng collapsed on the field and was diagnosed with heart attack. He was declared dead in the hospital 2 hours later.
Colours and badge
Since the beginning, Dinamo's colours were red and white. The current team's badge includes two red dogs, a nickname given to the club when the Nunweiller brothers played here, Radu and Ion, in the 1960s and 1970s.
Dinamo plays its home games at Stadionul Dinamo. The arena was built in 1951, and for the official inauguration Dinamo played a game against Locomotiva Timișoara. Initially, the stadium capacity was 16,000 places, but following seats installment, the capacity was decreased to 15,032 places. The stadium is part of a larger complex which contains another smaller stadium, Stadionul Florea Dumitrache, where the second team, Dinamo II, used to play its matches, but now the rugby team plays its home matches there, a sports hall and a swimming pool.
The stadium is nicknamed "Groapa" (The Hole), because it was built by digging a hole, and not by raising its stands.
Dinamo's fans stay in the North stand, named Peluza Cătălin Hîldan, after a former Dinamo player, deceased at 24.
Dinamo also playes the home and away matches against their biggest rivals, Steaua, as well as other major fixtures at Arena Națională.
Being the second most famous club in the country, Dinamo has an estimated 11% support in Romania, making them the 2nd most supported Romanian club, after Steaua. The largest concentration of fans is in Bucharest, mainly in the North-East and central areas of the city. The club also has important fan bases inside and outside the country.
The roots of the Dinamo ultras movement can be found in 1995 when groups like Dracula or Rams Pantelimon appear in the North End. In 1996 a group called Nuova Guardia is born, composed of young but very devoted men it will become the leading group in the red-white stands and later on in the entire Romanian ultras movement. Following the death of the former captain, Cătălin Hîldan, in 2000, the fans renamed the North End of Dinamo's stadium to Peluza Catalin Hîldan (PCH Stand) in his honor. The majority of supporters are located in the PCH, but several factions have moved to the South End.
Even though Dinamo Bucharest is the 2nd most supported Romanian club, its fans are known for creating great atmosphere and unique choreographies, and they are often regarded as the best and most passionate fans in Romania.
The most emotional of the choreographies was the one Dinamo's fans did in memory of Patrick Ekeng, dead at 26, the second Dinamo player to die on the pitch, after Cătălin Hîldan.
Dinamo's most important rivalry is with Steaua. The match between them, Eternul Derby (The Eternal Derby), has been the leading Romanian football encounter in the last 60 years, as Dinamo and Steaua are the two most successful football teams in the country. Clashes between different factions of supporters have often occurred and still occur inside and outside the stadium. The nadir was reached in 1997 when Dinamo's fans set a sector of Steaua's stadium (Stadionul Ghencea) on fire.
Other important rivalries are shared with Universitatea Craiova and Rapid București. Petrolul Ploieşti, Farul Constanța, FC Argeș, CFR Cluj and Poli Timișoara fans also consider Dinamo to be their rival, although Dinamo fans don't seem to give any special importance to the games against these teams.
Dinamo has an important infrastructure for training and preparing children towards professionalism. The youth center has nine organised groups managed by age categories, for children between nine and 18 years. In total, Dinamo has around 180 juniors.
All the groups play in the competitions organised by the Bucharest Football Association and in those created by the Romanian Federation. Youths around 16–18 years old are promoted in the second team, Dinamo II.
The youth center has its base in the Dinamo Sport Center, where they have eight dressing rooms for the players, one for the coaches, one for the referees, a medical center and a store room for the equipments. Also, the center has many training grounds, among them the Piți Varga field.
- Romanian League Championship: (18)
- Winners: 1955, 1961–62, 1962–63, 1963–64, 1964–65, 1970–71, 1972–73, 1974–75, 1976–77, 1981–82, 1982–83, 1983–84, 1989–90, 1991–92, 1999–00, 2001–02, 2003–04, 2006–07
- Runners-up (20): 1951, 1952, 1953, 1956, 1958–59, 1960–61, 1966–67, 1968–69, 1973–74, 1975–76, 1978–79, 1980–81, 1984–85, 1986–87, 1987–88, 1988–89, 1992–93, 1998–99, 2000–01, 2004–05
- Romanian Cup: (13)
- Romanian Super Cup: (2)
Records in the league:
- Consecutive winning games: 17 games (12 June 1988 – 27 November 1988)
- Best unbeaten run: 47 games (26 May 1991 – 20 September 1992)
- Player with most appearances: Cornel Dinu (454)
- Top scorer: Dudu Georgescu (207)
- Top scorer in international games: Claudiu Niculescu (18)
Records in the European competition:
- Biggest home win: Dinamo 11–0 Crusaders F.C. (1973–74) (still the biggest margin of victory in the history of the European Cup)
- Biggest away win: Alki Larnaca F.C. 0–9 Dinamo (1979–80)
- Heaviest home defeat: Dinamo 0–3 Feyenoord (1971–72), Dinamo 0–3 Galatasaray (2009–10)
- Heaviest away defeat: PFC CSKA Sofia 8–1 Dinamo (1956–57)
Including away match with Metalist Kharkiv.
|UEFA Champions League / European Cup||18||66||24||10||32||96||106||– 10|
|UEFA Cup Winners' Cup / European Cup Winners' Cup||5||20||8||4||8||25||18||+ 7|
|UEFA Europa League / UEFA Cup||23||92||38||14||40||152||128||+ 24|
|UEFA Intertoto Cup||1||4||1||0||3||4||6||– 2|
- As of 19 July 2016
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
Out on loan
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
11 – Cătălin Hîldan, Midfielder (1994–2000) – Posthumous honor. Since "Unicul Căpitan (The Only Captain)" died, no player will wear the number 11 shirt at FC Dinamo, since the club decided to retire the shirt out of respect and posthumous honor for legend Cătălin Hîldan.
14 – Patrick Ekeng, Midfielder (2016) – Patrick Ekeng died at hospital Floreasca after he had come into a coma in a match on 6th of may 2016 against Viitorul Constanța where he joined as a substitute.
Board of directors
Current technical staff
For details see Dinamo Bucharest managers
The most notable managers of Dinamo are Angelo Niculescu with two championship titles in 1955 and 1965; Nicolae Nicusor Dumitru with six championship titles in 1962, 1964, 1971, 1975, 1983 and 1984, and who qualified Dinamo in the European Champions Cup 1983–1984 season reaching the semifinals; Ion Nunweiller who won the championship in 1973 and 1977. Mircea Lucescu who managed Dinamo for five years winning two cups, one title and qualifying Dinamo in the quarter finals of the Cup Winners Cup in the 1988–1989 season, and one year later in 1989–1990 in the same competition reaching the semifinals. Cornel Dinu marked the comeback of Dinamo on the Romanian football stage winning the title in 2000, and the cup in 2001.
- Dinamo (2009). "O POVESTE MEREU FRUMOASA" (in Romanian). fcdinamo.ro.
- Fun Club Dinamo (2009). "Campionat 1955" (in Romanian). fanclubdinamo.freeservers.com.
- Lucian Ionescu (2007). "Istorie stadion Național" (in Romanian). sportm.ro.
- fcdinamo.ro (2008). "VIDEO / Dinamo – Hamburg 3 – 0" (in Romanian). fcdinamo.ro.
- mysport.ro (2008). "Mai buni decît cei mai buni!" (in Romanian). dinamovisti.mysport.ro.
- fcdinamo.ro (2008). "Prima echipă românească în semifinalele CCE" (in Romanian). fcdinamo.ro.
- Ionuț Negoiță este noul ACȚIONAR MAJORITAR de la DINAMO!
- Centrul de Studii si Cercetari Infopolitic (2016). "Studiu: 49% dintre români ţin cu Steaua. Câți au optat pentru Dinamo sau Astra" (in Romanian). www.dolce-sport.ro.
- A.G.M.Dinamo (2009). "La multi ani Nuova Guardia" (in Romanian). agmdinamo48.blogspot.com.
- Ziare.com (2009). "Dinamovistii sarbatoresc 12 ani de la incendierea peluzei din Ghencea" (in Romanian). ziare.com.
- fcdinamo.ro. "CENTRUL DE COPII SI JUNIORI. Viitorul fotbalului dinamovist" (in Romanian). fcdinamo.ro.
- Steaua gave up the trophy in 1990.
- The goal of Gabi Balint was canceled because of an offside, at the signalling of assistant referee George Ionescu. Steaua retired from the field (after the command of Valentin Ceaușescu, the son of president Nicolae Ceaușescu) but the Romanian Football Federation offered the Cup to Steaua București. In 1990, Steaua renounced at this trophy because it was won unjust.
- "Current technical staff" (in Romanian). fcdinamo.ro. 2015-05-06. Retrieved 2015-05-06.