FC Dynamo Moscow
|Full name||Футбольный клуб Динамо Москва
(Football Club Dynamo Moscow)
Great and Mighty
|Founded||18 April 1923|
|Owner||Dynamo Sports Society|
|League||Russian Premier League|
|Website||Club home page|
FC Dynamo Moscow (Dinamo Moscow, FC Dinamo Moskva, Russian: Дина́мо Москва́ [dʲɪˈnamə mɐˈskva]) is a Russian football club based in Khimki, Moscow Oblast, currently playing in the Russian Premier League. Dynamo's traditional kit colours are blue and white. Their crest is of a blue letter "D," written in a traditional cursive style, on a white background with the name of their hometown "Moscow" written in front of a football underneath. The club's motto is "Power in Motion," which was initially proposed by Maxim Gorky, the famous Russian author who once was an active member of the Dynamo sports society.
Dynamo is the oldest Russian football club and the only one that has always played in the top tier of the Soviet (for the Soviet era – sharing this achievement jointly with Dynamo Kyiv) and the Russian football competitions, having never been relegated to the lower divisions. Despite this, it has never won the modern Russian Premier League title.
During the Soviet era, it was affiliated with the MVD (Ministry of Internal Affairs – The Soviet Militia) and with the KGB and was a part of Dynamo sports society. Chief of the Soviet security and secret police apparatus NKVD, Lavrentiy Beria, was a patron of the club until his downfall.
From 10 April 2009 VTB Bank is the owner of Dynamo after acquiring 74% of the stock in the club. Boris Rotenberg Sr. was appointed as a chairman, while he was listed by the Russian edition of Forbes magazine as the 100th wealthiest person in Russia in 2010, with a net worth of US$700 million. In 2014, he ranked 27th on the list with a net worth of US$4 billion. He has been a friend of the Russian President Vladimir Putin since the 1960s, when they took judo lessons together. Boris Rotenberg Sr. was put into sanctions list from the United States and European Union sides as the result of Russian military intervention in Ukraine. On 17 July 2015, Rotenberg resigned as the president of the club.
- 1 History
- 2 Rivalries
- 3 Stadium
- 4 Honours
- 5 Seasons from 1992 to present
- 6 European campaigns
- 7 Players
- 8 Coaching and medical staff
- 9 Personnel
- 10 References
- 11 External links
Dynamo Moscow has its roots in the club Morozovtsi Orekhovo-Zuevo Moskva founded as a factory team in 1887. The team was renamed OKS Moskva in 1906 and won a series of Moscow league championships from 1910 to 1914.
After the Russian Revolution, the club eventually found itself under the authority of the Interior Ministry and its head Felix Dzerzhinsky, chief of the Soviet Union's first secret police force, the notorious Cheka. The club was renamed Dynamo Moscow in 1923 and developed some infamy for its intimidating association with the Interior Ministry, often being referred to as Garbage, a Russian criminal slang term for police, by the supporters of other clubs.
Dynamo won the first two Soviet Championships in 1936 and 1937, a Soviet Cup in 1937 and another pair of national titles in 1940 and 1945. They were also the first Soviet club to tour the West and put on an impressive display during a goodwill visit to the United Kingdom in 1945. Complete unknowns, the Soviet players delivered a surprising performance, first drawing 3–3 against Chelsea before beating Cardiff City 1–10. They also defeated an Arsenal side reinforced by the presence of Stanley Matthews, Stan Mortensen and Joe Bacuzzi by a score of 3–4 in a match played in thick fog at White Hart Lane, also drawing 2–2 against Scottish side Rangers.
They continued to be a strong side at home after World War II, and enjoyed their greatest success through the 1950s. Dynamo captured another five championships between 1949 and 1959, as well as their second Soviet Cup in 1953. Honours were harder to come by after that time. The club continued to enjoy some success in the Soviet Cup, but has not won a national championship since 1976. Even so, Dynamo's 11 national titles make it the country's third-most decorated side behind Dynamo Kyiv (13 titles) and Spartak Moscow (12 titles).
Dynamo's greatest achievement in Europe to this day was in the 1971–72 European Cup Winners' Cup, where they reached the Final at Camp Nou in Barcelona, losing 3–2 to Rangers. This was the first time a Russian side had reached a final in a European competition, until CSKA Moscow won the UEFA Cup in 2005.
At the end of the 2008 season, Dynamo finished third, thus qualifying for the 2009–10 Champions League preliminary round. This was the first time that the club had taken part in the competition since its re-branding from the European Cup in 1992. On 29 July 2009, Dynamo recorded an 0–1 away win against Celtic at Celtic Park, which gave them a strong advantage going into the second leg. However, Celtic comfortably defeated Dynamo 0–2 in Moscow to progress, sendin them crashing into the Europa League play-off round, where Dynamo were eliminated by Bulgarian side CSKA Sofia after a 0–0 away draw in Sofia and a 1–2 home defeat in Moscow.
In 2012, after a poor start to the season in which Dynamo lost its first five league games, the club replaced interim manager Dmitri Khokhlov with the Romanian Dan Petrescu, who managed to pull Dynamo out of the relegation zone to a position in the upper-half of the league table. For some time, the team was in a position to qualify European competition for next season, but a failure to win in the last matchday left them in seventh, just two points below the last Europa League qualifier position. Despite his salvaging of the season, on 8 April 2014, Petrescu's contract was terminated by mutual agreement after a heavy loss to league outsiders Anzhi Makhachkala 0–4. As Dynamo Director of Sports Guram Adzhoyev stated, "Last year Dan drew the team from the complicated situation, lifted it to the certain level, but recently we have seen no progress." Petrescu was replaced by Stanislav Cherchesov as manager. Under his management, Dynamo qualified for the group stage of the 2014–15 UEFA Europa League in which they won every game, though they were eliminated by Napoli in the Round of 16. Although they were contending for the UEFA Champions League spot up until mid-season, Dynamo was only able to finish in fourth place in the 2014–15 season after a string of poor results in the latter stages of the season.
In June 2015, Dynamo were excluded from 2015–16 Europa League contention for violating Financial Fair Play break-even requirements. As a result, VTB Bank proposed to transfer 74 percent of the shares of the club to the Dynamo sports society. Under the proposed plan, the society will own 100 percent of shares of Dynamo as it did back in 2009, while the shares of the VTB Arena will still be held by the Bank. The move will allow the club to comply with the requirements of Financial Fair Play, and VTB Bank will continue to provide support to Dynamo to the extent consistent with Financial Fair Play regulations.
Manager Stanislav Cherchesov was replaced by the returning Andrey Kobelev, and many foreign players, such as Mathieu Valbuena, Balázs Dzsudzsák and Kevin Kurányi, subsequently left Dynamo. Several young Dynamo prospects, such as Grigori Morozov, Aleksandr Tashayev and Anatoli Katrich, which won the Under-21 competition of the 2014–15 season, were introduced to the first-team squad.
On 22 December 2015, Chairman of Dynamo's board of directors Vasili Titov announced that the shares have not been transferred to the Dynamo society yet, and the share transfer is not the high-priority task. The top priority for the club is FFP compliance, which he expected the club to achieve by April 2016.
Since its establishment in 1923, Dynamo's historical rival is Spartak Moscow. Originating in the 1923 Moscow Championship, it was the most important game in the Soviet Union for more than three decades, attracting thousands of fans to every game. Ironically, on New Year's Day in 1936, a combined Dynamo-Spartak team traveled to Paris to face Racing Club de France, then one of Europe's top teams. Shortly after, Dynamo clinched the first-ever Soviet League by beating Spartak 1–0 at Dynamo Stadium in front of 70,000 spectators. Spartak responded by winning the next championship, thus beginning one of the biggest sporting and political rivalries in world football. Following Dynamo's decline in the late 1970s, however, the heated rivalry has faded. After the collapse of the Soviet Union, CSKA Moscow has emerged as a top rival of Spartak. There has also been a recent growing rivalry with Zenit Saint Petersburg and, to a lesser extent, with Moscow neighbours Lokomotiv.
Dynamo's ground used to be the historic Dynamo Stadium in Petrovsky Park, which seats 36,540. In 2008, it was closed for demolition. It is to be replaced by VTB Arena in 2016, which will have a capacity of 27,000 (adjustable up to 45,000). Until its completion, Dynamo has been sharing Arena Khimki with rivals CSKA Moscow since 2010, as the latter are too awaiting the completion of their own new ground, CSKA Moscow Stadium.
- Champions (11): 1936 (spring), 1937, 1940, 1945, 1949, 1954, 1955, 1957 1959, 1963, 1976
- Runners-up (11): 1936 (autumn), 1946, 1947, 1948, 1950, 1956, 1958, 1962, 1967, 1970, 1986, 1994
- Champions (7): 1937, 1953, 1967, 1970, 1977, 1984, 1994-95
- Runners-up (8): 1945, 1949, 1950, 1955, 1979, 1996-97, 1998-99, 2011-12
- Champions: 1973, 1981, 1986
- Runners-up: 1971-72
- Champions: 1976
Seasons from 1992 to present
|Domestic and international results since 1992|
|Season||Div.||Pos.||Pl.||W||D||L||GS||GA||P||Domestic Cup||Europe||Top Scorer||Head Coach|
|1992||1st||3||26||14||6||6||55||29||34||UC||3rd round (Last 16)||Gasimov – 16||Gazzaev|
|1993||1st||3||34||16||10||8||65||38||42||Semi-finals||UC||3rd round (Last 16)||Simutenkov – 16|| Gazzaev
|1994||1st||2||30||13||13||4||55||35||39||Semi-finals||UC||1st round||Simutenkov – 21||Beskov|
|1995||1st||4||30||16||8||6||45||29||56||Winner||UC||2nd round (Last 32)||Terekhin – 11|| Beskov
|1996||1st||4||34||20||7||7||60||35||67||Semi-finals||CWC||Quarter-finals||Cheryshev – 17||Golodets|
|1997||1st||3||34||19||11||4||50||20||68||Runner-Up||UC||1st round||Terekhin – 17||Golodets|
|1998||1st||9||30||8||15||7||31||30||39||Quarter-finals||Terekhin – 12|| Golodets
|1999||1st||5||30||12||8||10||44||41||44||Runner-Up||UC||2nd round (Last 32)||Terekhin – 14|| Yartsev
|2000||1st||5||30||14||8||8||45||35||50||Quarter-finals||Gusev – 12||Gazzaev|
|2001||1st||9||30||10||8||12||43||51||38||Round of 16||UC||1st round||Khazov – 10|| Gazzaev
|2002||1st||8||30||12||6||12||38||33||42||Quarter-finals||UC||2nd round||Koroman – 6|| Novikov
|2003||1st||6||30||12||10||8||42||29||46||Round of 32||—||Bulykin – 9|| Prokopenko
|2004||1st||13||30||6||11||13||27||38||29||Round of 16||—||Korchagin – 4|| Hřebík
|2005||1st||8||30||12||2||16||36||46||38||Round of 16||—||Derlei – 13|| Romantsev
|2006||1st||14||30||8||10||12||31||40||34||Quarter-finals||—||Derlei – 7|| Semin
|2007||1st||6||30||11||8||11||37||35||41||Quarter-finals||—||Kolodin – 9||Kobelev|
|2008||1st||3||30||15||9||6||41||29||54||Round of 16||—||Kerzhakov – 7||Kobelev|
|3rd qualifying round
|Kerzhakov – 12||Kobelev|
|2010||1st||7||30||9||13||8||39||31||40||Round of 8||—||Kurányi – 9|| Kobelev
|2011/12||1st||4||44||20||12||12||66||50||72||Runner-Up||—||Kurányi – 13|| Božović
|2012/13||1st||7||30||14||6||10||41||34||48||Quarter-finals||EL||PO|| Kurányi – 10
Kokorin - 10
|2013/14||1st||4||30||15||7||8||54||37||52||Round of 32||—||Kokorin – 10|| Petrescu
|1972||RU||Cup Winners' Cup||Rangers||2–3||Camp Nou, Barcelona|
|1978||SF||Cup Winners' Cup||Austria Wien||3–3 on aggregate, 4–5(p)||Two-legged|
|1985||SF||Cup Winners' Cup||Austria Wien||2–4 on aggregate||Two-legged|
- As of 30 August 2015
The following players are registered with the RFPL and are listed by club's website as youth players. They are eligible to play for the first team.
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
Dynamo's reserve squad played professionally as FC Dynamo-d Moscow (Russian Second League in 1992–1993, Russian Third League in 1994–1997) and FC Dynamo-2 Moscow (Russian Second Division in 1998–2000). A separate team called FC Dynamo-2 Moscow played in the Soviet Second League in 1986–1989, Soviet Second League B in 1990–1991, Russian Second League in 1992–1993 and Russian Third League in 1994–1997.
For details of Dynamo Moscow players with a Wikipedia article, see List of FC Dynamo Moscow players.
Coaching and medical staff
|Head coach||Andrei Kobelev|
|Assistant manager||Nikolai Gontar|
|Assistant manager||Aleksandr Smirnov|
|GK coach||Roman Berezovsky|
|Team manager||Dmitry Balashov|
|Administrative Manager||Gennady Samodurov|
|Press Office||Konstantin Alekseev|
|Youth team head coach||Sergei Chikishev|
|Fitness coach||Vladimir Panikov|
|Physiotherapist||Sergio de San Martin|
Former head coaches
|FC Dynamo Moscow coaching history from 1936 to present|
|Chairman of the Board of directors||Vasily Titov|
|First Vice-President||Gennady Solovyev|
|Executive Director||Sergei Sysoev|
|Deputy Executive Director||Dmitry Ivanov|
|Deputy Executive Director||Alexei Smertin|
In the Dynamo organization, the position of "president" has not always been present; several times the head of the club was titled as "chief executive officer (CEO)."
- uefa.com FC Dinamo Moskva
- James Appell (14 August 2008). "Kiev make mincemeat of Spartak". ESPN Soccernet. Retrieved 22 December 2010.
- Franklin Mossop, Lawrence Booth and Matthew Cunningham (8 May 2003). "Men behaving badly". The Guardian. Retrieved 22 December 2010.
- ВТБ получил 74 процента акций московского "Динамо"
- Борис Ротенберг покидает пост президента (in Russian). FC Dynamo Moscow. 17 July 2015.
- McDaid, David (29 July 2009). "Celtic 0–1 Dynamo Moscow". BBC Sport (British Broadcasting Corporation). Retrieved 26 May 2012.
- McDaid, David (5 August 2009). "D'mo Moscow 0–2 Celtic (agg 1–2)". BBC Sport (British Broadcasting Corporation). Retrieved 26 May 2012.
- "Match protocol" (in Russian). Russian Football Premier League. 6 April 2014.
- "Динамо" расторгло контракт с Даном Петреску (in Russian). FC Dynamo Moscow. 8 April 2014.
- "FC Dinamo Moskva referred to Adjudicatory Chamber for break-even requirement breach". UEFA. 24 April 2015.
- УЕФА отстранил "Динамо" от участия в ЛЕ-2015/16 за нарушение финансового fair play (in Russian). Rossiya Segodnya. 19 June 2015.
- Василий Титов: ФК "Динамо" будет соответствовать правилам финансового fair-play к апрелю (in Russian). Russian News Agency TASS. 22 December 2015.
- "USSR (Soviet Union) - List of Champions". rsssf.com.
- "USSR (Soviet Union) - List of Cup Finals". rsssf.com.
- "Russia - Cup Finals". rsssf.com.
- UEFA Club Coefficients – UEFA.com