FC Dynamo Moscow

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Dynamo Moscow
Dynamo Moscow logo.svg
Full nameФутбольный клуб Динамо Москва
(Football Club Dynamo Moscow)
Nickname(s)Belo-golubye (White-blues)
Dinamiki (Loudspeakers)
Menty (Cops)
Musora (Cops)
Founded18 April 1923; 97 years ago (1923-04-18)
GroundVTB Arena, Moscow
OwnerVTB Bank (through "Dynamo Management Company")
ChairmanYury Belkin
ManagerKirill Novikov
LeagueRussian Premier League
WebsiteClub website
Current season

FC Dynamo Moscow (Dinamo Moscow, FC Dinamo Moskva,[1] Russian: Дина́мо Москва́ [dʲɪˈnamə mɐˈskva]) is a Russian football club based in Moscow. Dynamo has returned to the Russian Premier League for the 2017–18 season after one season in the second-tier Russian Football National League.[2]

Dynamo was the only club that had always played in the top tier of Soviet football (along with Dynamo Kyiv) and of Russian football from the end of the Soviet era until they were relegated in 2016. Despite this, it has never won the modern Russian Premier League title and won Russian Cup only once, in the season of 1994–95.

During the Soviet era, it was affiliated with the MVD (Ministry of Internal Affairs – The Soviet Militia) and with the KGB[3][4] and was a part of Dynamo sports society. Chief of the Soviet security and secret police apparatus NKVD, Lavrentiy Beria, was a patron of the club until his downfall.

From 10 April 2009 the VTB Bank has been the owner of Dynamo after acquiring a 74% share in the club.[5] Boris Rotenberg Sr. was chairman until he resigned on 17 July 2015.[6] On 29 December 2016, Dynamo Sports Society agreed to buy VTB Bank shares back for 1 ruble.[7] On 14 February 2019, Dynamo Sports Society agreed to sell the club back to VTB for 1 ruble.[8][9]

Dynamo's traditional colours are blue and white. Their crest consists of a blue letter "D," written in a traditional cursive style on a white background, with "Moscow" written below it, partially covering a football underneath. The club's motto is "Power in Motion," initially proposed by Maxim Gorky, the famous Russian author, who was once an active member of the Dynamo sports society.


Commemorative coin of Lev Yashin, the legendary goalkeeper of the team.

Dynamo Moscow has its roots in the football Club Sokolniki Moscow.

After the Russian Revolution, the club eventually found itself under the authority of the Interior Ministry and its head Felix Dzerzhinsky, chief of the Cheka, the Soviet Union's secret police. The club was renamed Dynamo Moscow in 1923 but was also referred to disparagingly as "garbage", a Russian criminal slang term for "police", by some of the supporters of other clubs.

Dynamo won the first two Soviet Championships in 1936 and 1937, a Soviet Cup in 1937, and another pair of national titles in 1940 and 1945. They were also the first Soviet club to tour the West when it played a series of friendlies in the United Kingdom in 1945. Complete unknowns to the British, the Soviet players first drew 3–3 against Chelsea and then defeated Cardiff City 1–10. They defeated an Arsenal side reinforced with Stanley Matthews, Stan Mortensen and Joe Bacuzzi by a score of 3–4 in a match played in thick fog at White Hart Lane. They drew 2–2 against Scottish side Rangers.

They continued to be a strong side at home after World War II, and enjoyed their greatest success through the 1950s. Dynamo captured another five championships between 1949 and 1959, as well as their second Soviet Cup in 1953. Honours were harder to come by after that time. The club continued to enjoy some success in the Soviet Cup, but has not won a national championship since 1976. Even so, Dynamo's 11 national titles make it the country's third-most decorated side behind Dynamo Kyiv (13 titles) and Spartak Moscow (12 titles).

Dynamo's greatest achievement in Europe was in the 1971–72 European Cup Winners' Cup, where they reached the Final at Camp Nou in Barcelona, losing 3–2 to Rangers. This was the first time a Russian side had reached a final in a European competition, a feat not repeated until CSKA Moscow won the UEFA Cup in 2005.

VTB Bank era (2009–2016)[edit]

At the end of the 2008 season, Dynamo finished third, qualifying for the 2009–10 Champions League preliminary round. On 29 July 2009, Dynamo recorded a 0–1 away win against Celtic at Celtic Park,[10] which gave them a strong advantage going into the second leg. However, Celtic comfortably defeated Dynamo 0–2 in Moscow to progress,[11] sending Dynamo into the Europa League play-off round where the club was eliminated by Bulgarian side CSKA Sofia after a 0–0 away draw in Sofia and a 1–2 home defeat in Moscow.

In 2012, after a poor start to the season in which it lost its first five league games, Dynamo replaced interim manager Dmitri Khokhlov with the Romanian Dan Petrescu, who managed to pull the club out of the relegation zone into a position in the upper-half of the league table. The team was close to qualifying for a place in European competition, but a failure to win in the last matchday left them in seventh, two points below the last Europa League qualifier position. Despite his efforts, Petrescu's contract was terminated on 8 April 2014 by mutual agreement after a heavy loss to league outsiders Anzhi Makhachkala 0–4.[12] As Dynamo Director of Sports Guram Adzhoyev stated, "Last year Dan drew the team from the complicated situation, lifted it to the certain level, but recently we have seen no progress."[13] Petrescu was replaced by Stanislav Cherchesov as manager. Under his management, Dynamo qualified for the group stage of the 2014–15 UEFA Europa League in which they won every game before falling to Napoli in the Round of 16. Dynamo was only able to finish in fourth place in the 2014–15 season after a string of poor results in the latter stages.

In June 2015, Dynamo was excluded from 2015–16 Europa League competition for violating Financial Fair Play break-even requirements.[14][15] As a result, VTB Bank proposed to transfer 74 percent of the shares of the club to the Dynamo sports society. Under the proposed plan, the society would own 100 percent of shares of Dynamo as it did in 2009, while the shares of the VTB Arena would still be held by the Bank. The move would allow the club to comply with the requirements of Financial Fair Play, and VTB Bank would continue to provide support to Dynamo to the extent consistent with Financial Fair Play regulations.

Manager Stanislav Cherchesov was replaced by the returning Andrey Kobelev, and many foreign players, such as Mathieu Valbuena, Balázs Dzsudzsák and Kevin Kurányi, subsequently left Dynamo. Several young Dynamo prospects, such as Grigori Morozov, Aleksandr Tashayev and Anatoli Katrich, who won the Under-21 competition in the 2014–15 season, were introduced to the first-team squad.

On 22 December 2015, Chairman of Dynamo's board of directors Vasili Titov announced that the shares had not been transferred to the Dynamo society; that FFP compliance rather than the share transfer was the top priority for the club; and that he expected the club to achieve compliance by April 2016.[16]

After the winter break of the 2015–16 season, Dynamo won only one game out of 12 played in 2016 and Kobelev was fired with 3 games left in the season. On the final day of the season, Dynamo lost 0-3 to FC Zenit St. Petersburg at home, dropped to 15th place in the table and was relegated from the Premier League for the first time in the club's history.

In October 2016, with Dynamo leading the second-tier Russian Football National League at the time, the newly appointed club president Yevgeni Muravyov claimed that club's debts stand at 13 billion rubles (approximately 188 million euros) and unless a new owner is found shortly or VTB re-commits to covering the club's debts, the club might declare bankruptcy. That would have most likely meant the loss of professional license and relegation to the fourth-level Russian Amateur Football League.[17]

Dynamo Society era (2016 to 2019)[edit]

On 29 December 2016, Dynamo Sports Society agreed to buy VTB Bank shares back for 1 ruble.[7] On 13 January 2017, VTB Bank announced they will sponsor Dynamo Sports Society to the amount of 10.64 billion rubles for the period from 2017 to 2019 (approximately 167 million euros as of that date). HC Dynamo Moscow and other teams of the society were also to be financed under that deal.[18] On 1 February 2017, former club president Boris Rotenberg said that the 75 million euro debt the football club owes to Rotenberg's companies has been restructured and "is not harming anybody".[19] On 12 April 2017, with 7 games left to play in the 2016–17 season, Dynamo secured the return to the top level Russian Premier League for 2017–18. That is the FNL record for the earliest a team secured promotion.[2]

On 14 March 2018, Yevgeni Muravyov was dismissed as the club president due to unauthorized payment made as a "bonus" to a third company during the transfer of Konstantin Rausch from 1. FC Köln.[20]

Return to VTB (from 2019)[edit]

The new stadium for the club, VTB Arena was completed in late 2018. Following that, the stadium majority owner and football club's major sponsor VTB Bank expressed interest in reacquiring the control over the club. On 14 February 2019, Dynamo Sports Society agreed to sell back the club shares to "Dynamo Management Company" (the company that owns the stadium and has VTB bank as the majority owner).[8] The price was the same symbolic 1 ruble.[9] On 26 April 2019, it was reported that the deal is close to be finalized formally, but the price for the stock increased to 10 billion rubles (approximately €138 million). This reported larger number includes accumulated debts and the cost of the club's training centre.[21] On 30 April 2019, VTB confirmed that the deal has been closed and formal price is 1 ruble, the debts outstanding from the football club to Dynamo society has been restructured to an 8-year term, and Yuri Belkin will be appointed club's general director.[22]


Spartak vs Dinamo in Luzhnikí on 14 March 2010.

Since its establishment in 1923, Dynamo's historical rival has been Spartak Moscow. Clashes between the clubs were seen by their fans and more generally as the most important games in the Soviet Union for more than three decades, attracting thousands of spectators. (Ironically, however, on New Year's Day in 1936, it was a combined Dynamo-Spartak team that traveled to Paris to face Racing Club de France, then one of Europe's top teams.) Dynamo clinched the first-ever Soviet League by beating Spartak 1–0 at Dynamo Stadium in front of 70,000 spectators. Spartak responded by winning the championship the following year. But after Dynamo's decline in the late 1970s, the rivalry has faded. Since the collapse of the Soviet Union, first CSKA Moscow and then Zenit Saint Petersburg have emerged as the top clubs in Russian football, with the rivalries between Dynamo and its Moscow neighbours such as Spartak Moscow and Lokomotiv assuming less significance.


View of the historical Dynamo Stadium, home of Dynamo from 1928 to 2008. In 2011, it was demolished in preparation for a new stadium, which has now been built, and is now known as the VTB Arena.

Dynamo's ground used to be the historic Dynamo Stadium in Petrovsky Park, which seated 36,540. In 2008, it was closed for demolition. From 2010 to 2016, Dynamo Moscow played their matches at the Arena Khimki, which they shared with their Moscow rivals, CSKA Moscow. They continued to play at Arena Khimki until the 26th of May, 2019, when FC Dynamo Moscow officially "returned home," as they played their first match at the newly opened VTB Arena.

Average attendance[edit]

Year Average
1970 30,331
1971 28,833
1972 21,787
1973 19,967
1974 24,333
1975 23,327
1976 15,529
1977 17,667
1978 8,987
1979 10,147
1980 10,088
1981 10,804
1982 8,853
1983 8,576
1984 9,359
1985 9,129
1986 13,527
Year Average
1987 16,507
1988 11,600
1989 13,813
1990 9,233
1991 7,627
1992 4,323
1993 4,465
1994 2,882
1995 3,713
1996 3,476
1997 6,000
1998 5,127
1999 8,367
2000 8,867
2001 6,933
2002 6,800
Year Average
2003 6,600
2004 5,300
2005 8,500
2006 8,067
2007 9,733
2008 13,067
2009 7,752
2010 7,116
2011–12 10,193
2012–13 7,516
2013–14 7,860
2014–15 8,176
2015–16 5,956
2016–17 4,089
2017–18 6,795
2018–19 8,446



Soviet Top League / Russian Premier League[23]

Soviet Cup / Russian Cup[24][25]

Soviet Super Cup / Russian Super Cup

  • Winners: 1977
  • Runners-up: 1984

Russian Football National League


UEFA Cup Winners' Cup


Ciutat de Barcelona Trophy
  • Winners: 1976
Atlantic Cup
  • Winners: 2015
Lev Yashin Cup
  • Winners: 2010

League and cup history[edit]

Season Div. Pos. Pl. W D L GS GA P Domestic Cup Europe Top Scorer Head Coach
1992 1st 3 26 14 6 6 55 29 34 UC 3rd round (Last 16) Soviet Union Azerbaijan Gasimov – 16 Soviet Union Russia Gazzaev
1993 1st 3 34 16 10 8 65 38 42 Semi-finals UC 3rd round (Last 16) Soviet Union Russia Simutenkov – 16 Soviet Union Russia Gazzaev
Soviet Union Russia Golodets
1994 1st 2 30 13 13 4 55 35 39 Semi-finals UC 1st round Soviet Union Russia Simutenkov – 21 Soviet Union Russia Beskov
1995 1st 4 30 16 8 6 45 29 56 Winner UC 2nd round (Last 32) Soviet Union Russia Terekhin – 11 Soviet Union Russia Beskov
Soviet Union Russia Golodets
1996 1st 4 34 20 7 7 60 35 67 Semi-finals CWC Quarter-finals Soviet Union Russia Cheryshev – 17 Soviet Union Russia Golodets
1997 1st 3 34 19 11 4 50 20 68 Runner-Up UC 1st round Soviet Union Russia Terekhin – 17 Soviet Union Russia Golodets
1998 1st 9 30 8 15 7 31 30 39 Quarter-finals Soviet Union Russia Terekhin – 12 Soviet Union Russia Golodets
Soviet Union Russia Yartsev
1999 1st 5 30 12 8 10 44 41 44 Runner-Up UC 2nd round (Last 32) Soviet Union Russia Terekhin – 14 Soviet Union Russia Yartsev
Soviet Union Russia Petrushin
2000 1st 5 30 14 8 8 45 35 50 Quarter-finals Russia Gusev – 12 Soviet Union Russia Gazzaev
2001 1st 9 30 10 8 12 43 51 38 Round of 16 UC 1st round Russia Khazov – 10 Soviet Union Russia Gazzaev
Soviet Union Russia Novikov
2002 1st 8 30 12 6 12 38 33 42 Quarter-finals UC 2nd round Serbia Koroman – 6 Soviet Union Russia Novikov
Soviet Union Ukraine Prokopenko
2003 1st 6 30 12 10 8 42 29 46 Round of 32 Russia Bulykin – 9 Soviet Union Ukraine Prokopenko
Czech Republic Hřebík
2004 1st 13 30 6 11 13 27 38 29 Round of 16 Russia Korchagin – 4 Czech Republic Hřebík
Soviet Union Russia Bondarenko
Soviet Union Russia Romantsev
2005 1st 8 30 12 2 16 36 46 38 Round of 16 Portugal Derlei – 13 Soviet Union Russia Romantsev
Brazil Wortmann
Soviet Union Russia Kobelev
2006 1st 14 30 8 10 12 31 40 34 Quarter-finals Portugal Derlei – 7 Soviet Union Russia Semin
Soviet Union Russia Kobelev
2007 1st 6 30 11 8 11 37 35 41 Quarter-finals Russia Kolodin – 9 Soviet Union Russia Kobelev
2008 1st 3 30 15 9 6 41 29 54 Round of 16 Russia Kerzhakov – 7 Soviet Union Russia Kobelev
2009 1st 8 30 12 6 12 31 37 42 Semi-finals CL
3rd qualifying round
Play-off round
Russia Kerzhakov – 12 Soviet Union Russia Kobelev
2010 1st 7 30 9 13 8 39 31 40 Round of 8 Germany Kurányi – 9 Soviet Union Russia Kobelev
Montenegro Božović
2011–12 1st 4 44 20 12 12 66 50 72 Runner-Up Germany Kurányi – 13 Montenegro Božović
Soviet Union Russia Silkin
2012–13 1st 7 30 14 6 10 41 34 48 Quarter-finals EL PO Germany Kurányi – 10
Russia Kokorin - 10
Soviet Union Russia Silkin
Soviet Union Russia Khokhlov
Romania Petrescu
2013–14 1st 4 30 15 7 8 54 37 52 Round of 32 Russia Kokorin – 10 Romania Petrescu
Soviet Union Russia Cherchesov
2014–15 1st 4 30 14 8 8 53 36 50 Round of 16 EL Round of 16 Germany Kurányi – 10 Soviet Union Russia Cherchesov
2015–16 1st 15 30 5 10 15 25 47 25 Quarter-finals EL Disqualified Russia Kokorin – 4
Russia Ionov – 4
Russia Kozlov – 4
Soviet Union Russia Kobelev
2016–17 2nd 1 38 26 9 3 64 25 87 Round of 16 Russia Panchenko – 25 Soviet Union Ukraine Kalitvintsev
2017–18 1st 8 30 10 10 10 29 30 40 Round of 32 Russia Tashayev – 7 Soviet Union Ukraine Kalitvintsev
Soviet Union Russia Khokhlov
2018–19 1st 12 30 6 15 9 28 28 33 Round of 16 Russia Panchenko – 5 Soviet Union Russia Khokhlov

European campaigns[edit]

Season Round Competition Country Opposing Team Score Venue
1972 RU Cup Winners' Cup Scotland Rangers 2–3 Camp Nou, Barcelona
1978 SF Cup Winners' Cup Austria Austria Wien 3–3 on aggregate, 4–5(p) Two-legged
1985 SF Cup Winners' Cup Austria Rapid Wien 2–4 on aggregate Two-legged

UEFA ranking[edit]

As of 30 May 2019[26]
Rank Country Team Points
90 Israel Maccabi Tel-Aviv FC 16.000
91 Russia Dynamo Moscow 16.000
92 Italy Atalanta 13.500


Current squad[edit]

As of 23 June 2020, according to the RFPL official website Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1 Russia GK Anton Shunin
2 Russia DF Grigori Morozov
3 Russia DF Zaurbek Pliyev
4 Russia DF Vladimir Rykov
5 Germany FW Maximilian Philipp
6 Russia MF Artur Yusupov
8 Russia FW Kirill Panchenko
9 Cameroon FW Clinton N'Jie
10 Nigeria FW Sylvester Igboun (on loan from Ufa)
11 Poland MF Sebastian Szymański
15 Russia DF Roman Neustädter
17 Russia DF Sergei Parshivlyuk
18 Ukraine DF Ivan Ordets
19 Russia MF Vladimir Moskvichyov
No. Position Player
20 Russia MF Vyacheslav Grulyov
21 Russia MF Dmitri Skopintsev
22 Russia MF Joãozinho
23 Russia MF Anton Sosnin
24 Russia DF Roman Yevgenyev
27 Russia FW Nikolay Komlichenko
31 Russia GK Igor Leshchuk
34 Russia MF Konstantin Rausch
44 Bosnia and Herzegovina DF Toni Šunjić
76 Russia MF Vladislav Karapuzov
77 Burkina Faso MF Charles Kaboré
88 Sweden MF Oscar Hiljemark (on loan from Genoa)
89 Russia FW Maksim Danilin
Portugal MF Miguel Cardoso

Out on loan[edit]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
Russia DF Igor Kalinin (at Ural Yekaterinburg)
Russia MF Danil Lipovoy (at Orenburg)
Russia MF Anton Terekhov (at Krylia Sovetov Samara)
No. Position Player
Lithuania FW Fedor Černych (at Orenburg)
Russia FW Yevgeni Markov (at Rubin Kazan)

Other players under contract[edit]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
Russia FW Timur Melekestsev

FC Dynamo-2 Moscow[edit]

Following Dynamo's relegation from the Russian Premier League (which holds its own competition for the Under-21 teams of the Premier League clubs) at the end of the 2015–16 season, the reserve squad FC Dynamo-2 Moscow received professional license and was registered to play in the third-tier Russian Professional Football League, beginning with the 2016–17 season. Following main squad's promotion back to the RPL, it stopped playing professionally in the 2017–18 season, with players returning to the RPL U-21 tournament.

Notable players[edit]

For details of Dynamo Moscow players with a Wikipedia article, see List of FC Dynamo Moscow players.

Most appearances[edit]

R Player Nat. App.
1 Lev Yashin Soviet Union 326
2 Valery Maslov Soviet Union Russia 319
3 Aleksandr Makhovikov Soviet Union Russia 287
4 Gennady Yevryuzhikhin Soviet Union Russia 283
5 Viktor Anichkin Soviet Union 282
6 Sergei Nikulin Soviet Union Russia 280
7 Viktor Tsaryov Soviet Union Russia 279
8 Andrei Kobelev Soviet Union Russia 253
9 Aleksei Petrushin Soviet Union Russia 244

Most goals[edit]

R Player Nat. Goals
1 Sergei Solovyov Soviet Union 127
2 Konstantin Beskov Soviet Union Russia 91
3 Vasili Kartsev Soviet Union 72
4 Valery Gazzaev Soviet Union Russia 70
5 Igor Chislenko Soviet Union Russia 68
6 Oleg Teryokhin Soviet Union Russia 67
7 Vasili Trofimov Soviet Union Russia 67
8 Vladimir Ilyin Soviet Union Russia 63
9 Vladimir Savdunin Soviet Union Russia 62
10 Kevin Kurányi Germany 56

One-club men[edit]

Player Nationality Position Debut Last Match
Vasili Trofimov Soviet Union FW 1931 1949
Lev Yashin Soviet Union GK 1949 1971
Viktor Tsaryov Soviet Union Russia MF 1955 1966
Eduard Mudrik Soviet Union Russia DF 1957 1968
Vladimir Kesarev Soviet Union Russia DF 1956 1965
Nikolai Tolstykh Soviet Union Russia DF 1977 1983
Anton Shunin Russia GK 2004 -

Coaching and medical staff[edit]

Role Name
Head coach Russia Kirill Novikov
Assistant manager Russia Aleksandr Novikov
Assistant manager Russia Yuri Bavykin
Assistant manager Russia Vitali Grishin
Goalkeeping coach Russia Dmitry Izotov
Director of sports Bosnia and Herzegovina Željko Buvač
Team manager Russia Aleksandr Udaltsov
Administrative manager Russia Gennady Samodurov
Press office Russia Igor Yershov
Youth team head coach Belarus Alyaksandr Kulchy
Physiotherapist Slovenia Matija Majzen

Former head coaches[edit]

FC Dynamo Moscow coaching history from 1936 to present



Club management[edit]

Role Name
Chairman of the Board of directors Vladimir Pronichev
General Director Yevgeni Muravyov
International Affairs and Development Director Alexey Smertin
Player Development Director Sergei Silkin
Security Director Pavel Konovalov


In the Dynamo organization, the position of "president" has not always been present; several times the head of the club was titled as "chief executive officer (CEO)," or general director.

Nikolai Tolstykh, president of Russian Football Union in 2012–2015. Tolstykh played his entire professional career for Dynamo from 1974 to his retirement in 1983 after a serious injury. After retiring, he served as the team's president and general director on numerous occasions.
Date Position/name
1989–90 Soviet Union Vladimir Pilguy
1991–92 Russia Valery Sysoyev
1993–97 Russia Nikolai Tolstykh
General director
1998 Russia Nikolai Tolstykh
1999 Russia Nikolai Tolstykh
General director
2000–01 Russia Nikolai Tolstykh
2002 Russia Vladimir Ulyanov
2002–06 Russia Yuri Zavarzin
2006–09 Russia Dmitry Ivanov
2009–12 Russia Yury Isayev
2012–13 Russia Gennady Solovyov
2013–15 Russia Boris Rotenberg
Club president
2015–16 Russia Vasily Titov
2016 Russia Vladimir Pronichev
General director
2016–18 Russia Yevgeni Muravyov
2018–19 Russia Sergei Fedorov
2019– Russia Yuri Belkin


  1. ^ uefa.com FC Dinamo Moskva
  2. ^ a b «Динамо-Москва» возвращается в Премьер-лигу с рекордом ФНЛ! (in Russian). Russian Football National League. 12 April 2017.
  3. ^ James Appell (14 August 2008). "Kiev make mincemeat of Spartak". ESPN Soccernet. Retrieved 22 December 2010.
  4. ^ Franklin Mossop, Lawrence Booth and Matthew Cunningham (8 May 2003). "Men behaving badly". The Guardian. Retrieved 22 December 2010.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  5. ^ ВТБ получил 74 процента акций московского "Динамо"
  6. ^ Борис Ротенберг покидает пост президента (in Russian). FC Dynamo Moscow. 17 July 2015.
  7. ^ a b ВФСО "Динамо" приняло решение купить акции одноименного футбольного клуба у банка ВТБ (in Russian). RIA Novosti. 29 December 2016.
  8. ^ a b "Сообщение для прессы" [Press release] (in Russian). Dynamo Sports Society. 14 February 2019.
  9. ^ a b "ФК "Динамо" перейдет в управление ВТБ за один рубль" [FC Dynamo moves to VTB for one ruble] (in Russian). Sport Express. 14 February 2019.
  10. ^ McDaid, David (29 July 2009). "Celtic 0–1 Dynamo Moscow". BBC Sport. British Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 26 May 2012.
  11. ^ McDaid, David (5 August 2009). "D'mo Moscow 0–2 Celtic (agg 1–2)". BBC Sport. British Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 26 May 2012.
  12. ^ "Match protocol" (in Russian). Russian Football Premier League. 6 April 2014. Archived from the original on 8 April 2014.
  13. ^ "Динамо" расторгло контракт с Даном Петреску (in Russian). FC Dynamo Moscow. 8 April 2014.
  14. ^ "FC Dinamo Moskva referred to Adjudicatory Chamber for break-even requirement breach". UEFA. 24 April 2015.
  15. ^ УЕФА отстранил "Динамо" от участия в ЛЕ-2015/16 за нарушение финансового fair play (in Russian). Rossiya Segodnya. 19 June 2015.
  16. ^ Василий Титов: ФК "Динамо" будет соответствовать правилам финансового fair-play к апрелю (in Russian). Russian News Agency TASS. 22 December 2015.
  17. ^ Евгений Муравьев: Не знал, насколько в «Динамо» все сложно (in Russian). Sovetsky Sport. 14 October 2016.
  18. ^ ВТБ предоставляет обществу "Динамо" спонсорский вклад в 10,6 млрд руб (in Russian). RIA Novosti. 13 January 2017.
  19. ^ Ротенберг заявил, что долг ФК "Динамо" перед ним "никому не мешает" (in Russian). Russian News Agency TASS. 1 February 2017.
  20. ^ "Yevgeni Muravyov left Dynamo" (in Russian). FC Dynamo Moscow. 14 March 2018.
  21. ^ "Источник: cтало известно, за сколько банк ВТБ приобрел акции "Динамо"" [Sources: The value of VTB-Dynamo deal announced]. Sport Express. 26 April 2019.
  22. ^ "ВТБ завершил сделку по покупке ФК "Динамо", Белкин станет гендиректором клуба" (in Russian). Sport Express. 30 April 2019.
  23. ^ "USSR (Soviet Union) - List of Champions". rsssf.com.
  24. ^ "USSR (Soviet Union) - List of Cup Finals". rsssf.com.
  25. ^ "Russia - Cup Finals". rsssf.com.
  26. ^ UEFA Club Coefficients – UEFA.com

External links[edit]