FC Dynamo Moscow

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For the sports club's departments, see Dynamo Moscow.
Dynamo Moscow
FC Dynamo Moscow crest.png
Full name Футбольный клуб Динамо Москва
(Football Club Dynamo Moscow)
Nickname(s) Belo-golubye (White-blues)
Dinamiki (Loudspeakers)
Musora (Cops)
Founded 18 April 1923; 93 years ago (1923-04-18)
Ground Arena Khimki
Ground Capacity 18,636
Owner VTB Bank
Chairman Yevgeni Muravyov
Manager Yuriy Kalitvintsev
League Russian Football National League
2015–16 Russian Football Premier League, 15th (relegated)
Website Club home page
Current season

FC Dynamo Moscow (Dinamo Moscow, FC Dinamo Moskva,[1] Russian: Дина́мо Москва́ [dʲɪˈnamə mɐˈskva]) is a Russian football club based in Khimki, Moscow Oblast, currently playing in the Russian Football National League.

Dynamo is the oldest Russian football club and it was the only one that has always played in the top tier of Soviet football (along with Dynamo Kyiv) and of Russian football from the end of the Soviet era to 2016. Despite this, it has never won the modern Russian Premier League title.

During the Soviet era, it was affiliated with the MVD (Ministry of Internal Affairs – The Soviet Militia) and with the KGB[2][3] and was a part of Dynamo sports society. Chief of the Soviet security and secret police apparatus NKVD, Lavrentiy Beria, was a patron of the club until his downfall.

From 10 April 2009 the VTB Bank has been the owner of Dynamo after acquiring a 74% share in the club.[4] Boris Rotenberg Sr. was chairman until he resigned on 17 July 2015.[5]

Dynamo's traditional colours are blue and white. Their crest consists of a blue letter "D," written in a traditional cursive style on a white background, with "Moscow" written below it, partially covering a football underneath. The club's motto is "Power in Motion," initially proposed by Maxim Gorky, the famous Russian author, who was once an active member of the Dynamo sports society.

History[edit]

Commemorative coin of Lev Yashin, the legendary goalkeeper of the team.

Dynamo Moscow has its roots in the club Morozovtsi Orekhovo-Zuevo Moskva founded as a factory team in 1887. The team was renamed OKS Moskva in 1906 and won a series of Moscow league championships from 1910 to 1914.

After the Russian Revolution, the club eventually found itself under the authority of the Interior Ministry and its head Felix Dzerzhinsky, chief of the Cheka, the Soviet Union's secret police. The club was renamed Dynamo Moscow in 1923 but was also referred to disparagingly as "garbage", a Russian criminal slang term for "police", by some of the supporters of other clubs.

Dynamo won the first two Soviet Championships in 1936 and 1937, a Soviet Cup in 1937, and another pair of national titles in 1940 and 1945. They were also the first Soviet club to tour the West when it played a series of friendlies in the United Kingdom in 1945. Complete unknowns to the British, the Soviet players first drew 3–3 against Chelsea and then defeated Cardiff City 1–10. They defeated an Arsenal side reinforced with Stanley Matthews, Stan Mortensen and Joe Bacuzzi by a score of 3–4 in a match played in thick fog at White Hart Lane. They drew 2–2 against Scottish side Rangers.

They continued to be a strong side at home after World War II, and enjoyed their greatest success through the 1950s. Dynamo captured another five championships between 1949 and 1959, as well as their second Soviet Cup in 1953. Honours were harder to come by after that time. The club continued to enjoy some success in the Soviet Cup, but has not won a national championship since 1976. Even so, Dynamo's 11 national titles make it the country's third-most decorated side behind Dynamo Kyiv (13 titles) and Spartak Moscow (12 titles).

Dynamo's greatest achievement in Europe was in the 1971–72 European Cup Winners' Cup, where they reached the Final at Camp Nou in Barcelona, losing 3–2 to Rangers. This was the first time a Russian side had reached a final in a European competition, a feat not repeated until CSKA Moscow won the UEFA Cup in 2005.

VTB Bank era 2009–[edit]

At the end of the 2008 season, Dynamo finished third, qualifying for the 2009–10 Champions League preliminary round. On 29 July 2009, Dynamo recorded a 0–1 away win against Celtic at Celtic Park,[6] which gave them a strong advantage going into the second leg. However, Celtic comfortably defeated Dynamo 0–2 in Moscow to progress,[7] sending Dynamo into the Europa League play-off round where the club was eliminated by Bulgarian side CSKA Sofia after a 0–0 away draw in Sofia and a 1–2 home defeat in Moscow.

In 2012, after a poor start to the season in which it lost its first five league games, Dynamo replaced interim manager Dmitri Khokhlov with the Romanian Dan Petrescu, who managed to pull the club out of the relegation zone into a position in the upper-half of the league table. The team was close to qualifying for a place in European competition, but a failure to win in the last matchday left them in seventh, two points below the last Europa League qualifier position. Despite his efforts, Petrescu's contract was terminated on 8 April 2014 by mutual agreement after a heavy loss to league outsiders Anzhi Makhachkala 0–4.[8] As Dynamo Director of Sports Guram Adzhoyev stated, "Last year Dan drew the team from the complicated situation, lifted it to the certain level, but recently we have seen no progress."[9] Petrescu was replaced by Stanislav Cherchesov as manager. Under his management, Dynamo qualified for the group stage of the 2014–15 UEFA Europa League in which they won every game before falling to Napoli in the Round of 16. Dynamo was only able to finish in fourth place in the 2014–15 season after a string of poor results in the latter stages.

In June 2015, Dynamo was excluded from 2015–16 Europa League competition for violating Financial Fair Play break-even requirements.[10][11] As a result, VTB Bank proposed to transfer 74 percent of the shares of the club to the Dynamo sports society. Under the proposed plan, the society would own 100 percent of shares of Dynamo as it did in 2009, while the shares of the VTB Arena would still be held by the Bank. The move would allow the club to comply with the requirements of Financial Fair Play, and VTB Bank would continue to provide support to Dynamo to the extent consistent with Financial Fair Play regulations.

Manager Stanislav Cherchesov was replaced by the returning Andrey Kobelev, and many foreign players, such as Mathieu Valbuena, Balázs Dzsudzsák and Kevin Kurányi, subsequently left Dynamo. Several young Dynamo prospects, such as Grigori Morozov, Aleksandr Tashayev and Anatoli Katrich, who won the Under-21 competition in the 2014–15 season, were introduced to the first-team squad.

On 22 December 2015, Chairman of Dynamo's board of directors Vasili Titov announced that the shares had not been transferred to the Dynamo society; that FFP compliance rather than the share transfer was the top priority for the club; and that he expected the club to achieve compliance by April 2016.[12]

After the winter break of the 2015–16 season, the club results got much worse. Dynamo won only one game out of 12 played in 2016, Kobelev was fired with 3 games left, and on the final day of the season, Dynamo lost 0-3 to FC Zenit St. Petersburg at home, dropped to 15th place in the table and was relegated from the Premier League for the first time in history.

Rivalries[edit]

Main article: Oldest Russian derby
Spartak vs Dinamo in Luzhnikí on 14 March 2010.

Since its establishment in 1923, Dynamo's historical rival has been Spartak Moscow. Clashes between the clubs were seen by their fans and more generally as the most important games in the Soviet Union for more than three decades, attracting thousands of spectators. (Ironically, however, on New Year's Day in 1936, it was a combined Dynamo-Spartak team that traveled to Paris to face Racing Club de France, then one of Europe's top teams.) Dynamo clinched the first-ever Soviet League by beating Spartak 1–0 at Dynamo Stadium in front of 70,000 spectators. Spartak responded by winning the championship the following year. But after Dynamo's decline in the late 1970s, the rivalry has faded. Since the collapse of the Soviet Union, first CSKA Moscow and then Zenit Saint Petersburg have emerged as the top clubs in Russian football, with the rivalries between Dynamo and its Moscow neighbours such as Spartak Moscow and Lokomotiv assuming less significance.

Stadium[edit]

View of the historical Dynamo Stadium, home of Dynamo from 1928 to 2008. In 2011, it was demolished in preparation for a new stadium to be built, which will be known as the VTB Arena.

Dynamo's ground used to be the historic Dynamo Stadium in Petrovsky Park, which seats 36,540. In 2008, it was closed for demolition. It is to be replaced by VTB Arena in 2016, which will have a capacity of 27,000 (adjustable up to 45,000). Until its completion, Dynamo has been sharing Arena Khimki with rivals CSKA Moscow since 2010, as the latter are too awaiting the completion of their own new ground, CSKA Moscow Stadium.

Average attendance[edit]

Year Average
1970 30,331
1971 28,833
1972 21,787
1973 19,967
1974 24,333
1975 23,327
1976 15,529
1977 17,667
1978 8,987
1979 10,147
1980 10,088
1981 10,804
1982 8,853
1983 8,576
1984 9,359
Year Average
1985 9,129
1986 13,527
1987 16,507
1988 11,600
1989 13,813
1990 9,233
1991 7,627
1992 4,323
1993 4,465
1994 2,882
1995 3,713
1996 3,476
1997 6,000
1998 5,127
1999 8,367
Year Average
2000 8,867
2001 6,933
2002 6,800
2003 6,600
2004 5,300
2005 8,500
2006 8,067
2007 9,733
2008 13,067
2009 7,752
2010 7,116
2011-12 10,193
2012-13 7,516
2013-14 7,860
2014-15 8,176

Honours[edit]

Soviet Top League / Russian Premier League[13]
Soviet Cup / Russian Cup[14][15]
Soviet Super Cup / Russian Super Cup
Progress Cup
  • Winners: 1973, 1981, 1986
UEFA Cup Winners' Cup
Ciutat de Barcelona Trophy
  • Winners: 1976

League and cup history[edit]

Season Div. Pos. Pl. W D L GS GA P Domestic Cup Europe Top Scorer Head Coach
1992 1st 3 26 14 6 6 55 29 34 UC 3rd round (Last 16) Soviet Union Azerbaijan Gasimov – 16 Soviet Union Russia Gazzaev
1993 1st 3 34 16 10 8 65 38 42 Semi-finals UC 3rd round (Last 16) Soviet Union Russia Simutenkov – 16 Soviet Union Russia Gazzaev
Soviet Union Russia Golodets
1994 1st 2 30 13 13 4 55 35 39 Semi-finals UC 1st round Soviet Union Russia Simutenkov – 21 Soviet Union Russia Beskov
1995 1st 4 30 16 8 6 45 29 56 Winner UC 2nd round (Last 32) Soviet Union Russia Terekhin – 11 Soviet Union Russia Beskov
Soviet Union Russia Golodets
1996 1st 4 34 20 7 7 60 35 67 Semi-finals CWC Quarter-finals Soviet Union Russia Cheryshev – 17 Soviet Union Russia Golodets
1997 1st 3 34 19 11 4 50 20 68 Runner-Up UC 1st round Soviet Union Russia Terekhin – 17 Soviet Union Russia Golodets
1998 1st 9 30 8 15 7 31 30 39 Quarter-finals Soviet Union Russia Terekhin – 12 Soviet Union Russia Golodets
Soviet Union Russia Yartsev
1999 1st 5 30 12 8 10 44 41 44 Runner-Up UC 2nd round (Last 32) Soviet Union Russia Terekhin – 14 Soviet Union Russia Yartsev
Soviet Union Russia Petrushin
2000 1st 5 30 14 8 8 45 35 50 Quarter-finals Russia Gusev – 12 Soviet Union Russia Gazzaev
2001 1st 9 30 10 8 12 43 51 38 Round of 16 UC 1st round Russia Khazov – 10 Soviet Union Russia Gazzaev
Soviet Union Russia Novikov
2002 1st 8 30 12 6 12 38 33 42 Quarter-finals UC 2nd round Serbia Koroman – 6 Soviet Union Russia Novikov
Soviet Union Ukraine Prokopenko
2003 1st 6 30 12 10 8 42 29 46 Round of 32 Russia Bulykin – 9 Soviet Union Ukraine Prokopenko
Czech Republic Hřebík
2004 1st 13 30 6 11 13 27 38 29 Round of 16 Russia Korchagin – 4 Czech Republic Hřebík
Soviet Union Russia Bondarenko
Soviet Union Russia Romantsev
2005 1st 8 30 12 2 16 36 46 38 Round of 16 Portugal Derlei – 13 Soviet Union Russia Romantsev
Brazil Wortmann
Soviet Union Russia Kobelev
2006 1st 14 30 8 10 12 31 40 34 Quarter-finals Portugal Derlei – 7 Soviet Union Russia Semin
Soviet Union Russia Kobelev
2007 1st 6 30 11 8 11 37 35 41 Quarter-finals Russia Kolodin – 9 Soviet Union Russia Kobelev
2008 1st 3 30 15 9 6 41 29 54 Round of 16 Russia Kerzhakov – 7 Soviet Union Russia Kobelev
2009 1st 8 30 12 6 12 31 37 42 Semi-finals CL
EL
3rd qualifying round
Play-off round
Russia Kerzhakov – 12 Soviet Union Russia Kobelev
2010 1st 7 30 9 13 8 39 31 40 Round of 8 Germany Kurányi – 9 Soviet Union Russia Kobelev
Montenegro Božović
2011–12 1st 4 44 20 12 12 66 50 72 Runner-Up Germany Kurányi – 13 Montenegro Božović
Soviet Union Russia Silkin
2012–13 1st 7 30 14 6 10 41 34 48 Quarter-finals EL PO Germany Kurányi – 10
Russia Kokorin - 10
Soviet Union Russia Silkin
Soviet Union Russia Khokhlov
Romania Petrescu
2013–14 1st 4 30 15 7 8 54 37 52 Round of 32 Russia Kokorin – 10 Romania Petrescu
Soviet Union Russia Cherchesov

European campaigns[edit]

For more details on this topic, see FC Dynamo Moscow in Europe.
Season Round Competition Country Opposing Team Score Venue
1972 RU Cup Winners' Cup Scotland Rangers 2–3 Camp Nou, Barcelona
1978 SF Cup Winners' Cup Austria Austria Wien 3–3 on aggregate, 4–5(p) Two-legged
1985 SF Cup Winners' Cup Austria Rapid Wien 2–4 on aggregate Two-legged

UEFA ranking[edit]

As of 30 August 2015[16]
Rank Country Team Points
70 Portugal Braga 26.416
71 Russia Dynamo Moscow 26.076
72 Bulgaria Ludogorets Razgrad 25.625

Players[edit]

Current squad[edit]

As of 3 September 2016, according to the FNL official website Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1 Russia GK Anton Shunin
2 Russia DF Grigori Morozov
3 Sweden DF Sebastian Holmén
4 Russia DF Vladimir Rykov
7 Belarus MF Stanislaw Drahun
8 Russia FW Kirill Panchenko
9 Russia FW Pavel Pogrebnyak
10 Russia MF Aleksandr Zotov
11 Russia DF Ivan Temnikov
12 Russia DF Dmitri Belorukov
13 Russia DF Sergei Terekhov
14 Russia MF Ivan Markelov
18 Russia MF Vladislav Lyovin
21 Montenegro FW Fatos Bećiraj
22 Russia GK Igor Leshchuk
No. Position Player
23 Russia MF Anton Sosnin
24 Netherlands DF Alexander Büttner
25 Russia DF Aleksei Kozlov
26 Russia DF Nikita Kalugin
29 Australia DF Luke Wilkshire
33 Russia DF Anton Ivanov
41 Russia MF Aleksandr Sapeta
42 Russia GK Sergei Narubin
43 Russia GK Stanislav Cherchesov Jr.
48 Russia FW Yevgeni Lutsenko
77 Russia MF Anatoli Katrich
88 Russia MF Aleksandr Tashayev
90 Russia FW Nikolay Obolsky
96 Russia MF Maksim Kuzmin
98 Russia FW Anton Terekhov

FC Dynamo-2 Moscow[edit]

Following Dynamo's relegation from the Russian Football Premier League (which holds its own competition for the Under-21 teams of the Premier League clubs) at the end of the 2015–16 season, the reserve squad FC Dynamo-2 Moscow received professional license and was registered to play in the third-tier Russian Professional Football League, beginning with the 2016–17 season.

Notable players[edit]

For details of Dynamo Moscow players with a Wikipedia article, see List of FC Dynamo Moscow players.

Most appearances[edit]

R Player Nat. App.
1 Aleksandr Novikov Soviet Union Russia 327
2 Lev Yashin Soviet Union 326
3 Valery Maslov Soviet Union Russia 319
4 Aleksandr Makhovikov Soviet Union Russia 287
5 Gennady Yevryuzhikhin Soviet Union Russia 283
6 Viktor Anichkin Soviet Union 282
7 Sergei Nikulin Soviet Union Russia 280
8 Viktor Tsaryov Soviet Union Russia 279
9 Andrei Kobelev Soviet Union Russia 253
10 Aleksei Petrushin Soviet Union Russia 244

Most goals[edit]

R Player Nat. Goals
1 Sergei Solovyov Soviet Union 127
2 Konstantin Beskov Soviet Union Russia 91
3 Vasili Kartsev Soviet Union 72
4 Valery Gazzaev Soviet Union Russia 70
5 Igor Chislenko Soviet Union Russia 68
6 Oleg Teryokhin Soviet Union Russia 67
7 Vasili Trofimov Soviet Union Russia 67
8 Vladimir Ilyin Soviet Union Russia 63
9 Vladimir Savdunin Soviet Union Russia 62
10 Vladimir Kozlov Soviet Union Russia 54

One-Club Men[edit]

Player Nationality Position Debut Last Match
Vasili Trofimov Soviet Union FW 1931 1949
Lev Yashin Soviet Union GK 1949 1971
Viktor Tsarev Soviet Union Russia MF 1955 1966
Eduard Mudrik Soviet Union Russia DF 1957 1968
Vladimir Kesarev Soviet Union Russia DF 1956 1965
Nikolai Tolstykh Soviet Union Russia DF 1977 1983

Coaching and medical staff[edit]

Role Name
Head coach Ukraine Yuriy Kalitvintsev
Assistant manager Ukraine Hennadiy Lytovchenko
Assistant manager Russia Yuri Kovtun
GK coach Armenia Roman Berezovsky
Director of sports Vacant
Team manager Russia Dmitry Balashov
Administrative Manager Russia Gennady Samodurov
Press Office Russia Konstantin Alekseev
Youth team head coach Russia Sergei Chikishev
Fitness coach Russia Vladimir Panikov
Physiotherapist Argentina Sergio de San Martin

Former head coaches[edit]

FC Dynamo Moscow coaching history from 1936 to present

Gallery[edit]

Personnel[edit]

Club management[edit]

Role Name
Chairman of the Board of directors Vasily Titov
President Vacant
First Vice-President Gennady Solovyev
Vice-President Yuri Belkin
Vice-President Yuri Lyubimov
Executive Director Sergei Sysoev
Deputy Executive Director Dmitry Ivanov
Deputy Executive Director Alexei Smertin

Presidents[edit]

In the Dynamo organization, the position of "president" has not always been present; several times the head of the club was titled as "chief executive officer (CEO)."

Nikolai Tolstykh, president of Russian Football Union since 2012. Tolstykh played his entire professional career for Dynamo from 1974 to his retirement in 1983 after a serious injury. After retiring, he served as the team's president and general director on numerous occasions.
Date Position/name
President
1989—1990 Soviet Union Russia Vladimir Pilguy
President
1991—1992 Soviet Union Russia Valery Sysoev
1993—1997 Soviet Union Russia Nikolai Tolstykh
General director
1998 Soviet Union Russia Nikolai Tolstykh
President
1999 Soviet Union Russia Nikolai Tolstykh
General director
2000—2001 Soviet Union Russia Nikolai Tolstykh
2002 Soviet Union Russia Vladimir Ulyanov
2002—2006 Soviet Union Russia Yuri Zavarzin
2006—2009 Soviet Union Russia Dmitry Ivanov
President
2009—2012 Soviet Union Russia Yuri Isaev
2012—2013 Soviet Union Russia Gennady Solovyov
2013—2015 Soviet Union Russia Boris Rotenberg Sr.

References[edit]

  1. ^ uefa.com FC Dinamo Moskva
  2. ^ James Appell (14 August 2008). "Kiev make mincemeat of Spartak". ESPN Soccernet. Retrieved 22 December 2010. 
  3. ^ Franklin Mossop, Lawrence Booth and Matthew Cunningham (8 May 2003). "Men behaving badly". The Guardian. Retrieved 22 December 2010. 
  4. ^ ВТБ получил 74 процента акций московского "Динамо"
  5. ^ Борис Ротенберг покидает пост президента (in Russian). FC Dynamo Moscow. 17 July 2015. 
  6. ^ McDaid, David (29 July 2009). "Celtic 0–1 Dynamo Moscow". BBC Sport. British Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 26 May 2012. 
  7. ^ McDaid, David (5 August 2009). "D'mo Moscow 0–2 Celtic (agg 1–2)". BBC Sport. British Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 26 May 2012. 
  8. ^ "Match protocol" (in Russian). Russian Football Premier League. 6 April 2014. 
  9. ^ "Динамо" расторгло контракт с Даном Петреску (in Russian). FC Dynamo Moscow. 8 April 2014. 
  10. ^ "FC Dinamo Moskva referred to Adjudicatory Chamber for break-even requirement breach". UEFA. 24 April 2015. 
  11. ^ УЕФА отстранил "Динамо" от участия в ЛЕ-2015/16 за нарушение финансового fair play (in Russian). Rossiya Segodnya. 19 June 2015. 
  12. ^ Василий Титов: ФК "Динамо" будет соответствовать правилам финансового fair-play к апрелю (in Russian). Russian News Agency TASS. 22 December 2015. 
  13. ^ "USSR (Soviet Union) - List of Champions". rsssf.com. 
  14. ^ "USSR (Soviet Union) - List of Cup Finals". rsssf.com. 
  15. ^ "Russia - Cup Finals". rsssf.com. 
  16. ^ UEFA Club Coefficients – UEFA.com

External links[edit]