FC Girondins de Bordeaux

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Girondins de Bordeaux
F.C. Girondins de Bordeaux logo.png
Full nameFootball Club des Girondins de Bordeaux
Nickname(s)Les Girondins (The Girondins),
FCGB,
le club au Scapulaire (the Scapular club),
les Marines et Blanc (the Marines and Whites)
Founded1 October 1881; 139 years ago (1 October 1881)
StadiumNouveau Stade de Bordeaux (42,115 seats)[1]
OwnerSpainLuxembourg Gérard López[2]
PresidentFrance Frédéric Longuépée
Head coachVladimir Petković
LeagueLigue 1
2020–21Ligue 1, 12th of 20
WebsiteClub website
Current season

Football Club des Girondins de Bordeaux (French pronunciation: ​[ʒiʁɔ̃dɛ̃ də bɔʁdo]), commonly referred to as Girondins de Bordeaux (Occitan: Girondins de Bordèu) or simply Bordeaux, is a French professional football club based in the city of Bordeaux in Gironde, Nouvelle-Aquitaine. The club currently play in Ligue 1, the top division of French football. The team is currently coached by Jean-Louis Gasset and captained by Laurent Koscielny.[3][4]

Bordeaux was founded on 1 October 1881 as a multi-sports club and is one of the most successful football clubs in France. The club has won six Division 1/Ligue 1 titles, the last in 2009. Bordeaux have also won four Coupe de France titles, three Coupe de la Ligue titles, and three Trophée des champions titles as well. Bordeaux also reached the Uefa Cup final in 1996. From a year to its inception, the club's stadium was the Stade Chaban-Delmas, though since 2015, Bordeaux's home ground has been the Matmut Atlantique.[3][4]

History[edit]

Beginnings[edit]

The club took its name Girondins from the demonym for people from the region, and was founded on 1 October 1881 as a gymnastics and shooting club. The club, chaired by André Chavois, later added sports such as rowing, equestrian, and swimming, among others. It was not until 1910 when football was officially introduced to the club following strong urging from several members within the club, most notably club president Raymond Brard, though it was only available on a trial basis. The experiment with football lasted only a year before returning almost a decade later in 1919. The club contested its first official match in 1920 defeating Section Burdigalienne 12–0.[5]

Bordeaux achieved professional status in football on 2 July 1936, partly due to the club's merger with fellow Bordelais outfit Girondins Guyenne Sport, which resulted in the club that exists today. Bordeaux's rise to professionalism came about alongside the French Football Federation's plea to increase professionalism in French football, which prior to 1932, had been non-existent. The club was inserted into the second division of French football and made its debut appearance during the 1937–38 season. The club's first manager was Spaniard Benito Díaz. Diaz brought fellow Spanish players Santiago Urtizberea and Jaime Mancisidor to the team with the latter serving as captain. The club's most prominent Frenchmen on the team were homegrown attacker Henri Arnaudeau and goalkeeper André Gérard. Bordeaux played its first official match on 23 May 1937 defeating Rhône-Alpes-based FC Scionzier 2–1 at the Stade de Colombes. The club's first ever league match was contested on 22 August losing away to Toulouse 3–2. Bordeaux recorded its first league win against Nîmes. Unfortunately for the club, the team finished 6th in the Southern region of the division. Bordeaux's disappointing finish inserted the club into the relegation playoff portion of the league where the team finished a respectable 3rd. A year later, Bordeaux moved into a new home, the Stade Chaban-Delmas, which had previously been known as, simply Parc Lescure. The facility was built specifically for the 1938 FIFA World Cup and, following the competition's completion, was designated to Bordeaux. The club had formerly played its home matches at the Stade Galin, which today is used as a training ground.[5]

Success and stability[edit]

Trophy of the centenary tournament of Girondins de Bordeaux

On 15 October 1940, Bordeaux merged with local club AS Port and took on one of the club's most prestigious traditions, the scapular. Bordeaux ASP, which the club was now known, adorned the scapular during its run to the 1941 edition of the Coupe de France final. The match, played in occupied France at the Stade Municipal in Saint-Ouen, saw Bordeaux defeat SC Fives 2–0 with Urtizberea netting both goals. The Coupe de France triumph was the club's first major honour. Following the liberation of France, Bordeaux returned to league play and earned promotion to the first division following its 2nd-place finish during the 1948–49 season. After the season, André Gérard, now manager of the club, signed Dutchman Bertus de Harder. Led by the three-headed monster of De Harder, Édouard Kargu, and Camille Libar, Bordeaux captured its first-ever league championship, in just the club's first season in the first division, winning by six points over second place Lille. The league success led to Bordeaux being selected to participate in the second edition of the Latin Cup. In the competition, Bordeaux reached the final drawing 3–3 with Portuguese outfit Benfica. The draw forced a second match with Benfica claiming victory following an extra time goal after over two hours and 25 minutes of play.[5]

Bordeaux maintained its title-winning aspirations finishing runners-up to Nice two seasons after winning its first title. The club also performed well in cup competitions reaching the Coupe de France final in 1952 and 1955. In 1952, Bordeaux suffered defeat to the team it finished runner-up to the same year, Nice, following a thrilling match in which eight goals were scored with five of them coming in the first 40 minutes. Bordeaux drew the match at 3–3 following a 55th-minute goal from Henri Baillot, but Nice countered minutes later with two goals in a span of four minutes to go up 5–3, which was the final result. In 1955, Bordeaux were trounced 5–2 by Lille who went up 4–0 within 35 minutes. The resulting struggles in the cup competitions led to struggles domestically with the club suffering relegation in the 1955–56 season. The club returned to the first division for the 1959–60 season, but failed to make an impact falling back to Division 2 after finishing last in the standings with 21 points.[5]

Bordeaux returned to its former selves in the 1960s under new manager and former player Salvador Artigas. Under the helm of Artigas, Bordeaux returned to the first division and finished in a respectable fourth place for the 1962–63 season. The following season, Bordeaux returned to the Coupe de France final where the club faced off against Lyon. Bordeaux, once again, were defeated 2–0 courtesy of two goals from the Argentine Nestor Combin. The club's runner-up finish resulted in the team qualifying for the 1964–65 Inter-Cities Fairs Cup. The appearance was brief with the club losing 4–3 on aggregate to German club Borussia Dortmund. Four seasons later, Bordeaux again reached the final of the Coupe de France, the club's seventh appearance overall. The team faced Saint-Étienne and, again failed to match the achievement reached in 1941 losing 2–1. The following season, Bordeaux earned another appearance in the final, but again, failed to win the trophy losing 2–0 to Marseille. The team suffered an extreme decline during the 1970s, despite the arrival of Alain Giresse. The club played under seven different managers during the decade and consistently finished at the bottom half of the table. In 1979, the club was sold to the influential and ambitious real estate mogul Claude Bez, who positioned himself as president of the club. In the summer of 1983, Girondins de Bordeaux organised a centenary tournament; Bordeaux won a 2–0 victory over Barcelona in the semi-finals of this tournament, and in the final, the club was defeated by VfB Stuttgart.[5][6]

Return to prominence in the 1980s[edit]

Bordeaux's home kit of their victorious 1984–85 Division 1 season
Alain Giresse, influential Bordeaux player in the '70s and '80s and the club's all-time top scorer.

Under the helm of Claude Bez, who injected millions into the club, Bordeaux flourished winning three league championships, two Coupe de France titles, and also performed well in European competitions. During Bez's run presiding over the team, he recruited several French internationals such as Bernard Lacombe, Jean Tigana, René Girard, Jean-Christophe Thouvenel, and Thierry Tusseau. Bez also brought in established manager Aimé Jacquet. Led by 1970s mainstays Giresse and Gernot Rohr, Bordeaux captured its first league championship since 1950 in the 1983–84 season finishing equal on points with Monaco, however, due to having a better head-to-head record, Bordeaux were declared champions. The next season, Bordeaux again won the league claiming the title by four points over second place Nantes. In Europe, Bordeaux played in the 1984–85 European Cup and reached the semi-finals, defeating Spanish club Athletic Bilbao, Romanian club Dinamo București, and Soviet outfit Dnipro Dnipropetrovsk before losing to Italian club Juventus. In the Coupe de France, Bordeaux finally achieved cup glory defeating Marseille 2–1 in the 1986 edition of the final with Tigana and Giresse recording both goals. The Coupe de France trophy was the club's first since 1941 after eight agonising attempts in finals. The following year the club responded by winning the trophy again; in a re-match with Marseille, Bordeaux won its second consecutive cup courtesy of goals from Philippe Fargeon and Zlatko Vujović. Bordeaux then capped off the 1986–87 Division 1 season by winning its fourth league title and achieving the double as well.

In 1989, Bordeaux ended the decade with a consecutive runners-up medal in their 1989 Ligue 1 campaign and getting up towards the semi-final in a strong European Cup run that season.[7]

Rising from the ashes in the 1990s[edit]

Due to administrative problems, the club was relegated just two years thereafter. In 1992, however, Les Girondins won that year's Division 2 title, thus being elevated to the top tier of French football. In the emergence of young and exciting players such as playmaker Zinedine Zidane, striker Christophe Dugarry and left back Bixente Lizarazu, the club ascended even higher to win the UEFA Intertoto Cup in 1995. With this talented trio, the club defeated FC Rotor Volgograd (the 1995 King's Cup Winner), Real Betis, Milan and Slavia Prague in the second, third, quarter- and semi-finals respectively to reach the UEFA Cup final of 1996. Bordeaux witnessed even further glory only three years later, winning their fifth title in that of the 1999 Ligue 1 with winger Sylvain Wiltord winning the Golden Boot of that season with 22 goals.[7]

Into the 2000s[edit]

During the 1999–2000 season, the club played in the new UEFA Champions League for the first time. In two seasons time Bordeaux won another piece of silverware, beating Lorient 3–0 in the 2002 Coupe de la Ligue final. Le club au scapulaire then two seasons later defeated Club Brugge 4–1 on aggregate in the fourth round to reach the 2004 UEFA Cup quarter-finals, where the club fell to eventual winners Valencia.[7] Bordeaux got to another final in 2007 where there were eventually victorious in winning the Coupe de la Ligue of that year. Bordeaux then achieved further honours in winning the Ligue 1 and Coupe de la Ligue titles of the 2008–09 French footballing season thus achieving the first ever double in the club's history.[8] In 2013, Bordeaux won the Coupe de France defeating Evian 3–2 in the final.[9] In the 2013–14 Ligue 1 season, Bordeaux finished 7th in the table.[10] In 2015, Bordeaux appointed Willy Sagnol but in 2016 Sagnol was terminated after only winning one match in the first eight games of the season and was replaced by Ulrich Rame.[11] On 27 May 2016, Rame was replaced by Jocelyn Gourvennec.[12] On 20 January 2018, Gourvennec was terminated and was replaced by Gus Poyet. Poyet guided Bordeaux to a 6th-placed finish at the end of the season.[13]

In July 2018, General American Capital Partners's CEO Joseph DaGrosa pursued the purchase of the French professional football team for €70 million after 19 years of M6's ownership.[14][15]

On 18 August 2018, Poyet was suspended by Bordeaux after labelling the situation as "embarrassing" when Gaëtan Laborde was sold to Montpellier without his knowledge or consent. On 5 September 2018, Ricardo Gomes was appointed as "General Manager" — he did not possess the necessary coaching badges to be officially appointed the first-team coach.

On 23 April 2021, citing decreased revenue due to the COVID-19 pandemic and loss of income when Mediapro, TV rights holder, went bankrupt and missed payments last year, the club was placed in administration when American owners King Street stated they would no longer support the club financially.[16]

Rivalries[edit]

Bordeaux have two main rivalries, firstly the Derby de la Garonne with Toulouse FC, so named because Bordeaux and Toulouse are the two major clubs that play in cities that are along the Garonne River. The consistency and competitiveness of the rivalry developed following Toulouse's return to Ligue 1 after being administratively relegated to the Championnat National in 2001. Les Girondins also contest the Derby de l'Atlantique with their other main rival FC Nantes with the derby's name stemming from the two clubs' proximity to the Atlantic Ocean. The history of this rivalry also transcends to over 50 years and 90 derby games played between the two clubs altogether.[17][18][19] Bordeaux also holds a 44-year-old record against another big rival, Olympique de Marseille. Bordeaux has not lost a single Ligue 1 home game to Marseille since October 1, 1977.

Sponsors[edit]

Since July 2020, the equipment manufacturer of the Girondins de Bordeaux is Adidas.[20] The club's main sponsors are the restaurant chain Bistro Régent, the online betting company Betclic and the car dealership SEAT Cupra.

Other sponsors are UNMI, Abatilles, Carlsberg, Mumm, Coca-Cola, La Bordelaise de Lunetterie, TBM, Bordeaux City Council, Gironde General Council, New Aquitaine Region.

Players[edit]

Current squad[edit]

As of 20 July 2021.[21]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
1 GK France FRA Benoît Costil (vice-captain)
4 DF Mozambique MOZ Mexer
5 MF Brazil BRA Otávio
6 DF France FRA Laurent Koscielny (captain)
7 FW France FRA Jimmy Briand
8 MF Spain ESP Rubén Pardo
9 FW Nigeria NGA Josh Maja
10 MF Nigeria NGA Samuel Kalu
16 GK France FRA Gaëtan Poussin
17 MF Algeria ALG Mehdi Zerkane
18 FW South Korea KOR Hwang Ui-jo
19 MF France FRA Yacine Adli
No. Pos. Nation Player
21 DF Togo TOG Loïc Bessilé
23 DF Switzerland  SUI Loris Benito
24 DF France FRA Paul Baysse
25 DF France FRA Enock Kwateng
26 MF Croatia CRO Toma Bašić
27 MF France FRA Tom Lacoux
28 FW France FRA Rémi Oudin
31 MF France FRA Amadou Traoré
32 FW France FRA Dilane Bakwa
GK France FRA Tidiane Malbec
DF Italy ITA Raoul Bellanova
DF France FRA Alexandre Lauray
DF Algeria ALG Abdel Medioub
DF France FRA Malcom Bokele Mputu

On loan[edit]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
No. Pos. Nation Player

Reserve squad[edit]

As of 18 July 2020[22]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
GK France FRA Tidiane Malbec
GK Belgium BEL Corentin Michel
DF Algeria ALG Aïssa Boudechicha
DF France FRA Marly Rampont
DF France FRA Thomas Carrique
DF France FRA Karamba Keita
MF France FRA Logan Delaurier
MF France FRA Emeric Depussay
MF Morocco MAR Yanis Hamoudi
MF France FRA Brendan Lebas
MF Mali MLI Issouf Sissokho
No. Pos. Nation Player
MF France FRA Tom Lacoux
MF Haiti HAI Johab Pascal
MF France FRA Abdoulaye Bomou
MF France FRA Koren Kerkour
FW France FRA Daouda Diallo
FW Ghana GHA Jamal Haruna
FW Belgium BEL Gabriel Lemoine
FW France FRA Sékou Mara
FW France FRA Sie Malama Ouattara
FW France FRA Manuel Semedo


Club records[edit]

Most appearances[edit]

# Name Matches
France Alain Giresse 592
France Ulrich Ramé 525
France Jean-Christophe Thouvenel 490
France Guy Calléja 441
Germany Gernot Rohr 430
France René Gallice 390
France Marc Planus 381
France Edouard Kargulewicz 341
France Jean Tigana 326
10° France Christophe Dugarry 324

Top Scorers[edit]

# Name Goals
France Alain Giresse 182
France Edouard Kargulewicz 151
France Bernard Lacombe 138
France Laurent Robuschi 130
Portugal Pauleta 91
Netherlands Johannes Lambertus de Harder 90
France Didier Couécou 89
Morocco Marouane Chamakh 76
Argentina Hector De Bourgoing 72
10° France Lilian Laslandes 70

[23]

Management and staff[edit]

Club Management[24]
  • President: Frédéric LONGUEPEE
  • Director of Football: Alain Roche
  • Secretary General in charge of Legal Affairs: Heidi VERDET
  • Deputy General Director: Thomas JACQUEMIER
  • Administrative and Financial Director: Axel CORNIER
  • Sales Director: Thomas DE CORGNOL
  • Chief Revenue Officer: Rafael DE LOS SANTOS
  • Events Director & Stadium Manager: Hervé FALEYEUX
  • Director of Information Systems: Eric JARLAND
  • Customer Director: Maïa LABERRONDO
  • Director of Internal Communication and CSR: Sylvie PEPIN
  • HR Director and Technical Resources: François PERROY
  • Safety and Security Director: Arnaud POUPARD
  • Director of Football Operations: Ulrich RAME
  • Stadium Business Strategy Director: /
  • Sponsorship Director: /
Men's Football / Professional Squad[24]
  • Head Coach: Jean-Louis GASSET
  • Assistant Coach: Ghislain PRINTANT and Jaroslav PLASIL
  • Goalkeeping Coach: Fabrice GRANGE
  • Physical Conditioning Coaches / Fitness Coaches: Eric BEDOUET
  • Doctors: Thierry DELMEULE & Hervé PETIT
  • Physios: Jacques THEBAULT, David DAS NEVES, Fabien BOUSCARRAT, Alexandre RENOUX, Sébastien ORIA, François PUCHEU, David DUBOURDIEU & Bastien AYÇAGUER
  • Press Relations: Aurélie CARREY & Margaux ANGLADE

Coaching history[edit]

In its history, Bordeaux have had 37 coaches. The first was the Spaniard Benito Díaz. Díaz was the first Bordeaux coach to achieve an honour when, in 1941, the club won the Coupe de France. The first Bordeaux coach to win the league was André Gérard. Gérard led the team to the league crown in 1950. He also has the honour of being the club's longest-serving coach having spent a decade with the club from 1947 to 1957. Gérard is followed by Aimé Jacquet who spent nine seasons with the club in the 1980s. Under Jacquet, Bordeaux won three league titles and two Coupe de France titles.

Affiliated clubs[edit]

Honours[edit]

Domestic competitions[edit]

[5][7]

International competitions[edit]

[5][7]

FC Girondins de Bordeaux in European football[edit]

FC Girondins de Bordeaux first competitive European match was in the 1968–69 European Cup Winners' Cup, beating 1. FC Köln 2–1 before ultimately losing 2–4 on aggregate. Since then, the club has participated in 30 UEFA competitions, its peak being the co-champions of the 1995 UEFA Intertoto Cup and the final game of the 1995–96 UEFA Cup.

UEFA club coefficient ranking[edit]

As of 28 July 2020[25]

Rank Team Points
117 France Lille 11.849
118 France Strasbourg 11.849
119 France Bordeaux 11.849
120 France Nice 11.849
121 Croatia Rijeka 4.975

Media[edit]

From 14 August 2008 to 30 October 2018, the M6 Group carried a network about the club's activity known as Girondins TV.[26] It carried pre-recorded matches during the season, reserve team games, training session rundowns, and a daily talk show.

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://www.girondins.com/en/stadium-0
  2. ^ https://www.girondins.com/en/news/31786/communique-du-club
  3. ^ a b "FC Girondins de Bordeaux". Girondins.com.
  4. ^ a b "FC Girondins de Bordeaux: Profile". UEFA.com.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g "Les Girondins: Historie". Girondins.com. Archived from the original on 5 December 2016.
  6. ^ "Centenary of Girondins de Bordeaux 1983". rsssf.com. Retrieved 31 March 2012.
  7. ^ a b c d e "Club History". Girindons.com. Archived from the original on 2 April 2016.
  8. ^ "FC Girondins de Bordeaux". Football History.org.
  9. ^ http://frenchfootballweekly.com/2013/06/01/bordeaux-win-the-coupe-de-france-in-thrilling-final/
  10. ^ http://frenchfootballweekly.com/2014/05/26/girondins-de-bordeaux-201314-season-review/
  11. ^ http://www.getfootballnewsfrance.com/2016/bordeaux-sack-willy-sagnol/
  12. ^ http://www.skysports.com/football/news/11808/10296395/jocelyn-gourvennec-takes-over-at-bordeaux-after-guingamp-exit
  13. ^ https://www.bbc.co.uk/sport/football/42762184
  14. ^ Rondeau, Pierre. "Le foot français, nouvel eldorado des investisseurs étrangers".
  15. ^ "Bordeaux, le rachat américain qui coince, mauvaise ou bonne nouvelle ?". SOFOOT.com.
  16. ^ "Bordeaux enter administration after US owners King Street pull out of investment". espn.com.
  17. ^ "Didot-Gourcuff, le duel breton du derby de la Garonne" (in French). Fédération Internationale de Football Association. 5 March 2009. Retrieved 6 August 2010.
  18. ^ "Football en chiffres : 50 ans de derby de l'Atlantique Bordeaux-Nantes". France Bleu.fr (in French).
  19. ^ "Ligue 1 : Nantes-Bordeaux, l'une des 5 rivalités qui ont fait l'histoire du championnat". Europsort.fr (in French).
  20. ^ "Découvrez les nouveaux maillots du Club !". Girondins.com (in French). 22 July 2020. Retrieved 28 July 2020.
  21. ^ "Effectif". Retrieved 13 January 2017.
  22. ^ "Effectif Equipe Réserve". girondins.com. Retrieved 15 April 2019.
  23. ^ "Les Milleurs Buteurs". La Legende Des Girondins.com (in French).
  24. ^ a b "About the Club". Girondins.com. 11 March 2019. Retrieved 28 July 2020.
  25. ^ UEFA.com. "Coefficients Des Clubs | Coefficients UEFA". UEFA.com (in French). Retrieved 28 July 2020.
  26. ^ RTL Group. "Football 24/7 - Jean-Phillipe Doux on the launch of Girondins TV" (PDF). www.rtlgroup.com. Retrieved 2 June 2017.

External links[edit]