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|Full name||Football Club Orenburg|
|Owner||Gazprom (through subsidiaries)|
|League||Russian Premier League|
|2017–18||FNL, 1st (promoted)|
It played professionally from 1976 to 1982 and from 1989 on. Before 1976 another Orenburg team, Lokomotiv Orenburg, played professionally, including 3 seasons in the second-highest Soviet First League in 1960–62. In 1989 Gazovik was called Progress Orenburg. Gazovik began Russian League at Zone 5 of Second League and relegated from Zone 6 from one to Third League in 1993. They stayed in Zone 5 of Third League until 1997 season, when they returned to third level. They finished Ural Povolzhye (Volga Region in Russian) as runner-up in 2006, 2007 and 2008 seasons and finally promoted to the Russian First League in 2010.
On 2 May 2016, the club secured top-two finish in the 2015–16 Russian National Football League and with that, the promotion to the Russian Premier League for the 2016–17 season for the first time in club's history.
On 25 May 2016, the club was renamed from its historical name FC Gazovik Orenburg to FC Orenburg.
The club was relegated back to the second tier at the end of the 2016–17 season after losing a penalty shootout in the relegation playoffs to FC SKA-Khabarovsk. It was promoted back to the Russian Premier League after one season in the second tier.
As of 7 August 2018, according to the official RPFL website.
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
- Valeri Bogdanov (1997–98)
- Aleksandr Korolyov (1999–01)
- Andrei Piatnitski (2003)
- Yevgeni Smertin (2004)
- Aleksandr Averyanov (2006–09)
- Ilshat Aitkulov (interim) (2009)
- Robert Yevdokimov (2012–)
Had international caps for their respective countries. Players whose name is listed in bold represented their countries while playing for Orenburg.
- «Газовик» в Премьер-лиге! (in Russian). Russian National Football League. 2 May 2016.
- Футбольный Клуб "Оренбург" (in Russian). FC Orenburg. 25 May 2016. Archived from the original on 29 July 2016.
- "Orenburg and Krylia Sovetov promoted to Premier League" (in Russian). Russian Football National League. 6 May 2018.