Red Star F.C.
|Full name||Red Star Football Club|
|2015–16||Ligue 2, 5th|
|Website||Club home page|
Red Star Football Club, also known simply as Red Star (French pronunciation: [ʁɛd staʁ futbɔl klœb]), is a French association football club founded in Paris in 1897. The club currently play in Ligue 2. As of 2016 Red Star plays its home matches at the Stade Jean-Bouin as their traditional home, Stade Bauer in Saint-Ouen does not meet the necessary requirements of a French second tier stadium. The team is managed by former Sporting Braga assistant coach Rui Almeida and captained by Danilson da Cruz.
Despite the club's long spell under a semi-pro status, Red Star has a rich history. The club was founded in 1897 under the name Red Star Club Français by French football legend Jules Rimet. Rimet later went on to serve as president of both the French Football Federation and FIFA. The original FIFA World Cup trophy was named in his honour. Red Star is one of the founding members of Ligue 1 and have spent 19 seasons in the first division; the club's last stint being in 1974–75. In cup competitions, the club has won five Coupe de France titles, which is tied for fifth-best among clubs.
Red Star Football Club was founded on 21 February 1897 in a Parisian café by Jules Rimet and Ernest Weber under the name Red Star Club Français. The name is derived from the red star of Buffalo Bill or possibly in reference to Miss Jenny, a British governess who was adopted as the godmother of the club, who recommended the club be named after the historic shipping line, the Red Star Line. Upon its creation, Rimet installed Jean de Piessac as club president and one of his younger brothers as club secretary. The club was officially inaugurated on 12 March 1897 after Rimet signed the club's statutes and sent them to the USFSA, which, during this time, served as the head of French football. Members of the club were required to pay ₣100 a month to help the club meet its daily quota. Red Star officially joined the USFSA in 1898 and was inserted into the third-tier of the association's football league system. In the club's infancy, the team played in navy blue and white at the Champ de Mars. However, soon after, Red Star moved to Meudon playing on a terrace overlooking the Seine Valley. Midway through the year, de Piessac left his post as club president. Rimet quickly succeeded him and, by 1904, Red Star were playing in the first division of the USFSA league.
In 1907, Red Star changed its name to Red Star Amical Club after merging with Amical Football Club. Due to the merger, the club departed Meudon and moved to Grenelle. After three years in Grenelle, the club moved to Saint-Ouen in Seine-Saint-Denis to play in the newly built Stade de Paris. On 25 October 1909, the stadium was inaugurated following a match between Red Star and English club Old Westminsters. The stadium was later renamed to its present name today. With the USFSA becoming disorganised in the early 1900s, Red Star joined the newly created Ligue de Football Association (LFA) in 1910. In 1912, the club earned its first honour after winning the association's Ligue Nationale. In the same year, the club also finished runner-up to Étoile des Deux Lacs in the Trophée de France.
In 1919, the French Football Federation was created and months later, the Coupe de France. From 1920–34, Red Star embarked on a remarkable uprising in which the club won four Coupe de France titles, achieved professional status, and were founding members of the French Division 1. The club's first Coupe de France victory came in 1921, when the club, led by French internationals Pierre Chayriguès, Paul Nicolas, Juste Brouzes, Lucien Gamblin and Maurice Meyer, defeated Olympique de Paris 2–1, courtesy of goals from Marcel Naudin and Robert Clavel. In the ensuing two seasons, Red Star won back-to-back Coupe de France titles. In 1922, the club defeated Stade Rennais UC 2–0 and, in 1923, Red Star beat Cette 4–2 to complete the hat trick. In 1926, Red Star completed a second merger, this time with its local rivals Olympique de Paris whom it had defeated just five years ago in a Coupe de France final. Due to the merger, Red Star changed its name to Red Star Olympique and dropped its navy blue and white combination for a simple white blouse. In 1928, Red Star won its fourth Coupe de France title of the decade defeating CA Paris 3–1 at the Stade Olympique Yves-du-Manoir in Colombes.
In July 1930, the National Council of the French Football Federation voted 128–20 in support of professionalism in French football. Red Star were among the first clubs to adopt the new statute and, subsequently, became professional and were founding members of the new league. In the league's inaugural season, Red Star were relegated after finishing in the bottom three of its group. As a result, the club played the following season in the inaugural season of the Division 2. Red Star won the league and returned to the first division for the 1934–35 season. Following the club's return to Division 1, Red Star switched its colours from white to the green and white that exists today. In 1967, they merged with Toulouse FC (not the current club) out of the latter club's financial reasons and bought Toulouse's place in the top division. The merged club last played in first division in the 1974–75 season.
Divisional Movements of Red Star
(Italics indicates winning seasons)
- Ligue 1: 1932–33, 1934–38, 1939–50, 1965–66, 1967–73, 1974–75
- Ligue 2: 1933–34, 1938–39, 1952–60, 1961–65, 1966–67, 1973–74, 1975–78, 1982–87, 1989–99, 2015–
- Third Level: 1950–52, 1960–61, 1981–82, 1987–89, 1999–01, 2011–15
- Fourth Level: 1980–81, 2001–02, 2006–11
- Fifth Level: 1978–80, 2002–03, 2005–06
- Sixth Level: 2003–05
- Red Star Club Français (1895–04)
- Red Star Amical Club (1904–25)
- Red Star Olympique (1925–44)
- Red Star Olympique Audonien (1944–46)
- Stade Français-Red Star (1946–48)
- Red Star Olympique Audonien (1948–55)
- Red Star Football Club (1955–66)
- AS Red Star (1976–82)
- AS Red Star 93 (1982–01)
- Red Star Football Club 93 (2001–10)
- Red Star Football Club (2010–)
Red Star unearthed several talented players during its early existence, most notably Paul Nicolas, who spent nine years at the club, Nicolas later became a catalyst towards the development of professional football in France and was partly responsible for the creation of the Ligue de Football Professionnel. Football manager Roger Lemerre started his managerial career with the club before leading France to titles at UEFA Euro 2000 and the 2001 FIFA Confederations Cup.
Red Star's youth academy was still very productive until recent years and the likes of Alex Song, Moussa Sissoko and Abou Diaby, all renowned players in English football, came through the club's youth system. As a matter of fact, no less than five players at the 2014 World Cup had played in the club's youth teams.
The club has a relatively modest but loyal support, mostly centred around Saint-Ouen and the northern suburbs of Paris. Although officially apolitical, most of the fans are left-wing, and the club identifies itself as a banlieue working-class club. Attendances usually oscillate between 1000 and 2000 spectators per match.
The club has three ultras groups; "Gang Green", "Perry Boys" and the smaller "Splif Brothers". Red Star have rivalries with fellow Parisian derby rivals; with US Créteil and a fierce rivalry with Paris FC.
As of 21 July 2016.
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
Below are the notable former players who have represented Red Star in league and international competition since the club's foundation in 1897. To appear in the section below, a player must have played in at least 100 official matches for the club or have played for his country's team.
For a complete list of Red Star players, see Category:Red Star F.C. players.
Management and staff
- Owner and President: Patrice Haddad
- Acting Head Coach: Sébastien Robert
- Assistant Manager: Patrick Colleter
- Ligue 2
- Championnat National
- Champions (1): 2014–15
- Championnat de France amateur 2
- Champions (1): 2006 (Group A)
- Division d'Honneur (Paris Île-de-France)
- Champions (4): 1920, 1922, 1924, 2005
- Coupe de France
- Ligue de Football Association (LFA) Championship
- Champions (1): 1912
- Challenge de la Renommée
- Champions (1): 1919
- Trophée de France
- Runners-up (1): 1912
- – official club website listing name as "Red Star" rather than "Etoile Rouge"
- "The football club founded by Jules Rimet battles its way back". bbc.com. BBC. 4 May 2016. Retrieved 4 May 2016.
- Collectif, Red Star histoire d'un siècle, Red Star, Paris, 1999, p.12. ISBN 2-95125620-5
- Collectif, Red Star histoire d'un siècle, Red Star, Paris, 1999, p.13. ISBN 2-95125620-5
- Collectif, Red Star histoire d'un siècle, Red Star, Paris, 1999, p.14. ISBN 2-95125620-5
- fr:Bilan saison par saison du Red Star
- http://www.redstar.fr/actualites/lire/du-red-star-au-bresil.html – A listing of ex Red Star players at the 2014 World Cup by club official website
- "Équipes". Retrieved 21 July 2016.
- "Staff et Organigramme". Red Star Football Club 93. Retrieved 28 December 2010.
- France – Trainers of First and Second Division Clubs
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