FC Sachsen Leipzig
|Founded||1899 as Britannia Leipzig
1938 as Tura 1899 Leipzig
1950 first named BSG Chemie Leipzig
1990 as Sachsen Leipzig
2011 re-founded as BSG Chemie Leipzig
BSG Chemie Leipzig is a German football club from the Leutzsch district of Leipzig, Saxony. The prewar identity of the club is rooted in the establishment of Britannia Leipzig in 1899 and its successor TuRa Leipzig. During the Soviet era the traditions of the club were continued in the East German teams BSG Chemie Leipzig and Lokomotive Leipzig before the emergence of FC Sachsen Leipzig following German reunification.
After World War I, a 1919 merger between Britannia Leipzig and FC Hertha 05 Leipzig (FC Hohenzollern 1905 Leipzig from 1905–18) created Leipziger Sportverein 1899. Only Britannia was of any note competitively, playing in senior level city competition from 1908 to 1910. The club re-emerged there in 1922 as SV 1899, but finished at the bottom of the table the next season. Predecessor Sportverein für Turnen- und Rasensport Leipzig was formed in 1932 and six years later, in 1938, joined with 1899 to create Turn und Rasensportverein 1899 Leipzig.
German football was reorganized in 1933 under the Third Reich into 16 premier divisions. Newcomer SV TuRa 32 joined the top flight Gauliga Sachsen in 1936 and following its merger with SV 1899 in November 1938, continued in the top flight as SV TuRa 1899. The team escaped relegation in 1939 only because of the restructuring of the Gauliga Sachsen into two divisions. In 1940, the club made its only appearance in play for the Tshammerspokal, predecessor to the modern-day DFB-Pokal (German Cup), and was put out in the second qualifying round. By 1942 the club's continued lacklustre performance saw them in last place and relegated from the top flight. They earned a return in 1943, but World War II made play untenable and the Gauliga Sachsen broke up into a number of small local city-based leagues. TuRa merged with Sportvereinigung Leipzig to briefly form the wartime side Kriegspielgemeinschaft TuRa/SpVgg Leipzig.
Postwar play in East Germany
Following the war, Germany was divided into eastern and western zones of occupation by the victorious allies, and eventually, a separate football competion emerged in Soviet-occupied East Germany. New sports and football clubs were formed, often built around the cores of pre-war clubs: SG Leipzig-Leutzsch was the closest descendant of the old TuRa side. In March 1949, Leutzsch, SG Lindenau-Hafen, SG Lindenau-Aue, SG Leipzig-Mitte, and SG Böhlitz-Ehrenberg were united to form ZSG Industrie Leipzig. In August the next year, the club was renamed BSG Chemie Leipzig. They promptly finished atop the Oberliga der DDR and continued to deliver good results over the next few seasons. Chemie was dissolved in September 1954 when its players were assigned to Lokomotive Leipzig. Over the next decade, Lok was a middling Oberliga side with their best results being third place finishes in 1956 and 1960.
In 1963, East German football was re-organized with a view towards fostering the development of talent for the country's national side. This time Lok was disassembled to help re-create the club BSG Chemie Leipzig. Once again, the remade side captured the Oberliga title before following with a string of uneven results that saw the club moving between first and second division play into the early 1980s. After a two year stint in the Oberliga in 1983-85, "Chemie" settled into the tier II DDR-Liga.
Post reunification era
The reunification of East and West Germany saw significant change in football in the eastern half of the country. At the end of May 1990, the club was renamed FC Grün-Weiß Leipzig and quickly merged with SV Chemie Böhlen (formerly BSG Chemie Böhlen) to create FC Sachsen in August of that year and took up play in the Oberliga Nordost (III). They took part in qualification play for the 2. Bundesliga at the end of 1990-91, but failed in their attempt to advance. Sachsen captured the Oberliga title in 1992-93, but were denied an opportunity to again take part in the promotion round because of financial problems. After another season at the Oberliga level, they slipped to the Regionalliga Nordost where they remained through 2001 before again collapsing into bankruptcy.
In 2006, Red Bull tried to purchase FC Sachsen Leipzig and make it part of its sports portfolio with a long term view of an advance to the Bundesliga. Despite the fact that the club was plagued by constant financial trouble, and the prospect of financial stability and sporting success, fans throughout the country strongly opposed what was viewed an overtly commercial approach. After months of protests which deteriorated into violence, the company abandoned the plan, opting instead to buy the licence of SSV Markranstädt as their entrée to German football, leading to the establishment of RB Leipzig in 2009.
Sachsen continued to struggle and, in March 2009, the club had to declare bankruptcy for the second time in its history before folding on 30 June 2011. Two new sides soon appeared, both claiming to be the rightful heirs of the tradition of FC Sachsen. Founded on 21 May 2011, SG Leipzig Leutzsch took up the place of Sachsen in league play and moved into the ground at Alfred-Kunze-Sportpark. In mid-2013 the club re-adopted the name SG Sachsen Leipzig, but their financial difficulties continued and in May 2014 the association was again bankrupt.
A new BSG Chemie Leipzig team began play in the lowest tier city competition, 3. Kreissklasse Leipzig, in 2008-09. That club won successive promotions and quickly advanced to 6th tier play and by 2011-12 was playing alongside SG Sachsen in the regional Sachsenliga. Their progress stalled in 2013 when they slipped to Bezirkliga play for a single season.
Despite the fact that both clubs see themselves as the sole legitimate successors to the club that failed in 2009, they have agreed to cooperate at the youth level to help ensure that sporting opportunities remain available to area youth. They also hope to preserve and build on the historical tradition represented by Chemie and Sachsen.
FC Sachsen Leipzig
BSG Chemie Leizig
|2008/09||3. Kreisklasse||12||1. Platz||158:18||76|
|2009/10||2. Kreisklasse||11||1. Platz||105:19||74|
|2010/11||1. Kreisklasse||10||1. Platz||99:27||79|
|2013/14||Bezirksliga Sachsen Nord||7||1. Platz||56:17||60|
- Past players who are the subjects of Wikipedia articles can be found here.
The club's honours:
- Champions: 1951, 1964
- Champions: 1993, 2003
- Winners: 1957, 1966
- Saxony Cup
- Winners: 1993, 1994, 1995, 2005
- Runners-up: 2008
- Grüne, Hardy (2001). Enzyklopädie des deutschen Ligafußballs 7. Vereinslexikon. Kassel: Agon-Sportverlag. ISBN 9783897841475.
- Red Bull Wants to Caffeinate Small Soccer Club Spiegel online, published: 19 June 2009, accessed: 25 June 2009
- "Sachsen Leipzig stellt den Spielbetrieb ein". Kicker (in German). 19 May 2011. Retrieved 20 May 2011.
- SG Sachsen Leipzig: Aus und vorbei
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to FC Sachsen Leipzig.|
- Official website (German)
- The Abseits Guide to German Soccer
- Information about the 1963-64 championship team