Jump to content

FCSB

Page extended-protected
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
(Redirected from FC Steaua București)

FCSB
Full nameSC Fotbal Club FCSB SA
Nickname(s)
  • Roș-albaștrii (The Red and Blues)
Short nameFCSB
Founded7 June 1947; 77 years ago (1947-06-07)
as ASA București
GroundArena Națională
Capacity55,634[1]
OwnerGeorge Becali
PresidentValeriu Argăseală
Head coachElias Charalambous
LeagueLiga I
2023–24Liga I, 1st of 16 (champions)
WebsiteClub website
Current season

Fotbal Club FCSB (Romanian pronunciation: [fet͡ʃeseˌbe]), formerly named and still sometimes referred to as FC Steaua București, is a Romanian professional football club based in Bucharest. It has spent its entire history in the Liga I, the top flight of the Romanian football league system.

The original Steaua București football team was founded in 1947 and belonged to the Ministry of National Defence, through the namesake CSA Steaua București sports club. In 1998, the football department and its facilities were separated from the latter and taken over by a group of shareholders in a post-Ceaușescu privatisation scheme, leading to one of the shareholders acquiring full ownership five years later. However, CSA Steaua București has been in conflict with the football club since 2011, claiming that it was a new and separate entity; this resulted in multiple court cases and the forced change of the name from FC Steaua București to FC FCSB in early 2017.[2][3]

Domestically, when taken together with the disputed pre-2003 honours, the club has won the Liga I 27 times, Cupa României 24 times, Cupa Ligii two times, and Supercupa României seven times—all competition records. Internationally, they have won the European Cup and European Super Cup, both in 1986. They reached the European Cup final once again in 1989, when they were defeated by AC Milan. Throughout their history, the Roș-albaștrii also played the final of the Intercontinental Cup, the quarter-finals of the European Cup Winners' Cup, and the semi-finals of the UEFA Cup.

FCSB's home ground is Arena Națională, having moved here from the Ministry of National Defence-owned Stadionul Ghencea. Initially, the club played in the colours of the Romanian tricolour, but the team became associated with the red and blue scheme after yellow soon lost its importance. Recently, some kits have begun reintegrating the latter colour.

The club has a long-standing rivalry with neighbouring Dinamo București, with matches between the two being commonly referred to as the "Eternal derby" or the "Romanian derby". Another notable rivalry is the one against Rapid București, while several milder ones are disputed against teams outside the capital, including a recent one against CFR Cluj that commenced because of the title competitions these teams fought in 21st century.

History

1947–1949: Foundation and early years

ASA București (Asociația Sportivă a Armatei București – "Army Sports Association") was founded on 7 June 1947 at the initiative of several officers of the Romanian Royal House. The establishment took place following a decree signed by General Mihail Lascăr, High Commander of the Romanian Royal Army. It was formed as a sports society with seven initial sections, including football, coached by Coloman Braun-Bogdan.[4] The decision had been adopted on the ground that several officers were already playing for different teams, which was premise to a good nucleus for forming a future competitive team.

Period Name
1947–1948 ASA București
1948–1950 CSCA București
1950–1961 CCA București
1961–1998 CSA Steaua București
1998–2003 AFC Steaua București
2003–2017 FC Steaua București
2017–present0000 FC FCSB

With this squad, Coloman Braun-Bogdan, the first coach in the club's history, went to a sustained training camp in the mountain resort of Sinaia. Although shirts, boots and balls were missing, atmosphere inside the team was rather optimistic. Thanks to sustained efforts, in the shortest time possible, the club soon acquired the first training suits, navy green, duck material of, and the first shirts, blue. The big surprise, however, were the 40 pairs of boots the club had purchased for the 20 selected players. ASA was renamed CSCA (Clubul Sportiv Central al Armatei – "Central Sports Club of the Army") in 1948 and CCA (Casa Centrală a Armatei – "Central House of the Army") in 1950.[4]

1949–1984: CCA Golden Team

In 1949, CSCA won its first trophy, the Cupa României, defeating CSU Cluj 2–1 in the final. Under the name of CCA, the club managed to win three Championship titles in a row in 1951, 1952 and 1953, along with its first Championship–Cup double in 1951. During the 1950s, the so-called "CCA Golden Team" became nationally famous.[5] In 1956, the Romania national team (composed exclusively of CCA players) played Yugoslavia in Belgrade and won 1–0. In the same year, CCA, coached by Ilie Savu, became the first Romanian team to participate in a tournament in England, where it achieved noteworthy results against the likes of Luton Town, Arsenal, Sheffield Wednesday and Wolverhampton Wanderers.[6] After CCA won the 1959–60 title, they were supposed to play in the 1960–61 European Cup against Spartak Hradec Králové who was the champion of Czechoslovakia, but as Romania's national team lost with 5–0 on aggregate against Czechoslovakia in the 1960 European Nations' Cup quarter-finals, when the communist authorities saw that Steaua had to play with the champion of Czechoslovakia in the European Cup, they withdrew the team from the competition, fearing a shameful elimination in front of the Czechoslovakians.[7]

Steaua București squad with the UEFA European Champions Clubs' Cup in 1986.

At the end of 1961, CCA changed its name once again to CSA Steaua București (Clubul Sportiv al Armatei Steaua – "Army Sports Club Steaua"). The club's new name translated to The Star and was adopted because of the presence of a red star, a symbol of most East European Army clubs, on its crest. A poor period of almost two decades followed in which the club claimed only three championships (1967–68, 1975–76, 1977–78). Instead, the team won nine national cup trophies, for which matter it gained the nickname of "cup specialists".[8] Also during this period, on 9 April 1974 Steaua's ground, Stadionul Ghencea, was inaugurated with a friendly match against OFK Belgrade.[9] Internally, fierce rivalry with teams like Dinamo București, Petrolul Ploiești and UTA Arad made it more and more difficult for the military team to reach the title, the 1970s and 1980s seeing them win the title only three times under their new name (1967–68, 1975–76, 1977–78). However, during that same period, Steaua won eight National Cups (1961–62, 1965–66, 1966–67, 1968–69, 1969–70, 1970–71, 1975–76 and 1978–79), ultimately being nicknamed the cup specialists.

The first half of the 1980s was a very poor period for the club, as no trophies were won for six years. However, several prodigies were transferred, such as Helmuth Duckadam, Ștefan Iovan, Miodrag Belodedici, Marius Lăcătuș, Victor Pițurcă, Mihail Majearu, Gavril Balint and Adrian Bumbescu, who would set the basis for the future team. However, these years of search and frustration did no less than to foretell the amazing performances of the 1980s and 1990s.

1984–1990: Champions of Europe

Under the leadership of coaches Emerich Jenei and Anghel Iordănescu, Steaua had an impressive Championship run in the 1984–85 season, which they eventually won after a six-year break. What followed was an absolutely astonishing European Cup season. After eliminating Vejle, Honvéd, Kuusysi Lahti and Anderlecht, they were the first ever Romanian team to make it to a European Cup final. At the final, played on 7 May 1986 at the Ramón Sánchez Pizjuán Stadium in Seville, Spanish champions Barcelona were clear favourites, but after a goalless draw, legendary goalkeeper Helmuth Duckadam saved all four penalties taken by the Spaniards being the first ever Romanian to reach the Guinness Book for that matter, while Gavril Balint and Marius Lăcătuș converted theirs to make Steaua the first Eastern-European team to conquer the supreme continental trophy.

Gheorghe Hagi, Romanian all-time best footballer, joined the club a few months later, scoring the only goal of the match against Dynamo Kyiv which brought Steaua an additional European Super Cup on 24 February 1987 in Monaco, just two months after having lost the Intercontinental Cup 1–0 to Argentinians River Plate in Tokyo. However, that match was marred with a questionable decision by referee José Martínez when he disallowed a clear goal scored by Miodrag Belodedici.[10]

Surprisingly for those who thought of these performances as an isolated phenomenon, Steaua remained at the top of European football for the rest of the decade, managing one more European Cup semi-final against Benfica (1987–88) and one more European Cup final in 1989, which was lost 4–0 in front of Marco van Basten, Ruud Gullit and Frank Rijkaard's Milan. This happened next to their four additional national titles (1985–86, 1986–87, 1987–88, 1988–89) and four national cups (1984–85, 1986–87, 1987–88, 1988–89). In addition, from June 1986 to September 1989, Steaua ran a record 104-match undefeated streak in the championship, setting a world record for that time and a European one still standing.[11]

During these last years of the Communist regime in Romania, dictator Nicolae Ceaușescu's son Valentin was involved in the life of the team. Valentin Ceaușescu admitted in a recent interview that he had done nothing else than to protect his favourite team from Dinamo's sphere of influence, ensured by the Ministry of Internal Affairs.[12] Though contested by some, their five-year winning streak in the championship between 1984–85 and 1988–89 corroborates the notion that the team was really the best during this period.

1990–2002: Post-Revolution era

The Romanian Revolution led the country towards a free open market and, subsequently, several players of the 1980s team left for other clubs in the West. After a short pull-back, a quick recovery followed and Steaua managed a six consecutive championship streak between 1992–93 and 1997–98 to equalize the 1920s performance of Chinezul Timișoara[13] and also three more cups in 1995–96, 1996–97 and 1998–99. At an international level, the club also managed to reach the UEFA Champions League group stage three years in a row between 1994–95 and 1996–97. Other records highly regarded by the fans were the eight-year and six-month long undefeated streak in front of arch-rivals Dinamo București, which counted 19 matches in both the championship and the Romanian Cup, and the 17-year and 7-month long undefeated league run at Ghencea against the same Dinamo. At international level, the club managed to reach the Cup Winners' Cup quarter-finals in 1993, when they lost on away goals to Royal Antwerp, and also to make it to the Champions League group stage three years in a row between 1994 and 1995 and 1996–97. In 1998, the football club separated from CSA Steaua and changed its name to FC Steaua București,[14] being led by Romanian businessman Viorel Păunescu. Păunescu performed poorly as a president and soon the club was plunged into debt.[15] George Becali, another businessman, was offered the position of vice-president in the hope that Becali would invest money in the club.

The Steaua București champion team of 1989.

2002–present: Gigi Becali takeover

In 2003, Becali managed to gain control over the club by turning it from non-profit to a public share company.[16] Because of his controversial character, he has been challenged by the majority of Steaua fans.[17][18][19][20] The team qualified for the UEFA Cup group stage in the 2004–05 season and became the first Romanian team to make it to the European football spring since 1993 (also Steaua's performance). The next season, Steaua reached the UEFA Cup semi-finals in 2005–06, where it was eliminated by Middlesbrough thanks to a last-minute goal. Steaua thereafter qualified for the following Champions League seasons after a ten-year break, and in 2007–08 Steaua again reached the group stage of the Champions League. Nationally, the club won two titles—in 2004–05 and 2005–06—and the Supercupa României in 2006, the latter being the club's 50th trophy in its 59-year history.[21] In 2013, Steaua won its 24th national title, and also subsequently reached the 2013–14 UEFA Champions League group stage. It repeated the former performance in each of the next two years, being awarded the championship in 2014 and 2015.

Steaua București players lining up before a UEFA Europa League match in 2014.

After the Ministry of National Defense sued the club,[22] claiming that the Romanian Army were the rightful owners of the Steaua logo, colours, honours and name,[23] the Executive Committee of the Romanian Football Federation approved an application to modify the name of the club from "FC Steaua București" to "FC FCSB" on 30 March 2017,[24][25] following more judiciary sentences. CSA Steaua București had previously announced they would refound their football department as CSA Steaua București in the summer of the same year.[26] However, owner Becali announced that his team would retain the original honours and UEFA coefficient, and was also hopeful of recovering the name in the near future.[27]

Between 2016 and 2019, FCSB finished each time as runners-up in the league, thus becoming the first club in Romania to do so for four consecutive years.[28] On 5 July 2019, yet another unfavorable ruling was handed out against the team. According to it, CSA Steaua would be the rightful entity to assert the honors up until 2003, however, the decision is not definitive.[29]

Crest and colours

Crests

During its first season, 1947–48, Steaua wore yellow and red striped shirts with blue shorts, to symbolize Romania's tricolor flag.[30] Starting with the following season and with the Army's change of identity from the Royal Army to the People's Army, the yellow was gradually given up, so that the official colors remained, up to this day, the red and the blue.

As communists assumed total control of the country on 30 December 1947,[31] the Royal Army was transformed into the People's Army and ASA automatically with it. Being inspired by the Red Army, the new Ministry of Defence decided to create a crest for the club, along with the change of name to CSCA, consisting in an A-labeled red star (symbol of the Red Army) on a blue disc.

László Bölöni posing in a red-blue training kit in 1986.

Two years later, the change of name to CCA brought with it a new crest consisting of the same red star labeled CCA surrounded by a crown of laurel. The all-present star motif on the crest finally had its saying over the new name of Steaua as up 1961. It was opted for a badge which, redesigned, remains up to this day the club's symbol: the red and blue striped background with a golden star in the middle, to symbolize to Romanian tricolour flag. The shape for the emblem was redesigned in 1974, once the team moved to Stadionul Ghencea.

Following the Romanian Revolution, the Army decided to break all links to the defunct communist regime, so, in 1991, CSA Steaua had a last change of crest with an eagle also present on the Ministry of Defence coat of arms and also on Romania's. As FC Steaua appeared in 1998, the club added two yellow stars on top of the CSA Steaua badge signifying its 20 titles of champions won, along with the Fotbal Club specification.


In 2003, the new Board of Administration run by George Becali decided to change the crest, which was a return to the old emblem of 1974–1991, redesigned with the two yellow stars on top. The club started to use acronym of the name FCSB before the official change of the name in 2017.

The Ministry of National Defense sued Steaua in 2011, claiming that the Romanian Army were the rightful owners of the Steaua logo, among others.[23] The Supreme Court found in the army's favour, and on 3 December 2014 stripped the football club of its badge.[23] Steaua were forced to play their next home game, against CSM Studențesc Iași, without it on the stadium scoreboard.[23] A new badge was unveiled in January 2015, an eight-sided star containing the letters "FCSB", which would eventually become the official name of the club in 2017.[32]

Colours

Steaua has never had a standard playing kit. However, the most widely used throughout time was the combination of red shirts, blue shorts and red socks. Other variants have been all-red, all-blue and also shirts in vertical red and blue stripes during the 1960s and 1970s. Other kit colours have very rarely been used. Exceptions were the 1986 European Cup Final in which Steaua wore, for the only time in their history, an all-white kit, the 1999–00 away kit (yellow and red), the 2005–06 third kit (yellow and black), the 2008–2010 away kit (a shade of neon yellow-green), the 2010–12 and 2014–16 away kit (all-yellow), the 2012–14 away kit ( all-sky blue or sky blue shirts with dark navy blue shorts and socks). For the 2016–17 and 2017–18 seasons, the away kit was all-white. For the 2018–19 and 2019–20 seasons the away kit was ice blue with a darker shade on sleeves. For the 2020–21 and 2021–22 seasons, the kit is all-white again.

1976–1977
1986–87
2005–06
2013–14

Kit manufacturers and shirt sponsors

Its kit is manufactured by Nike, who have held the contract since 2002, after a long partnership with Adidas.[33] First team shirt sponsors have been betting company Betano since 2022.[34] Previous sponsors include Ford,[35] Castrol, Philips, CBS, Bancorex, Dialog, BCR, RAFO, CitiFinancial and City Insurance.[36][34]

Grounds

Stadium

Arena Națională
LocationBasarabia Blvd., Nr. 37-39 Sector 2, Bucharest, Romania
OwnerMunicipality of Bucharest
Capacity55,634
Field size105 m × 68 m (115 yd × 74 yd)
Construction
Broke ground20 February 2008
Opened6 September 2011
ArchitectGerkan, Marg and Partners

Steaua played the first three matches in its history at the defunct Venus stadium. Opened in 1931, the venue had previously been in the property of Venus București, a club disbanded in 1949.[37] After that ground's demolition through order of the Communist regime, Steaua played its home matches at any one of Bucharest's three largest multi-use stadia: ANEF, Republicii (built in 1926 and demolished in 1984 to make room for the erection of the Casa Poporului) and 23 August (built in 1953). Of these two, 23 August (later renamed Național) was mostly used when two matches between Bucharest clubs were scheduled in the same matchday or for important European matches, while Republicii for regular matches in the championship.

From 1974 to 2015, Steaua played its home matches at the Stadionul Ghencea, a football stadium situated in South-Western Bucharest. Part of Complexul Sportiv Steaua, it was inaugurated on 9 April 1974 when Steaua played a friendly match against OFK Beograd,[9] at which time it was the first football-only stadium ever built in Communist Romania, with no track & field facilities. The stadium was built through order of the Ministry of National Defence inside a former military base and was long used by CSA Steaua.

The original capacity was 30,000 on benches. A general renovation occurred in 1991; this included installing seats, which dropped the capacity to 28,365.[38] After a second renovation in 2006,[39] Ghencea was able to host UEFA Champions League events, being a 'Category 3' arena according to the UEFA classification system.[40]

The Romania national team was also a tenant for numerous fixtures.[41]

From 2011, Steaua played European games and its most important domestic games at the newly constructed Arena Națională, and from March 2015, played exclusively at the Arena Națională.[42]

Training facilities

Baza Sportivă ARCOM is a sports complex in Bucharest, Romania. It is currently used only for football matches, is the home ground of FCSB II and FCSB Academy and also used for trainings. The football complex was built by George Becali on the place of the former ARCOM Concrete Plant, after his club was kicked out from Steaua Stadium and Ghencea Sports Complex due to the conflict with Ministry of National Defence and CSA Steaua București. The football complex has 4 grounds (3 with a grass pitch and 1 with an artificial turf) and holds 1,000 people.[43]

Support

Choreography at the Peluza Nord in 2011

Steaua has the largest number of supporters of any team in Romania. A survey conducted in June 2007 suggested that the club accounts for approximately 42% of all Romanian football lovers, far greater than the teams ranked second and third, Dinamo București, with 12%, and Rapid București, with 9%.[44]

The largest concentration of fans are in Bucharest, notably in areas adjacent to the arena, covering the whole southern half of Bucharest, a city geographically divided by the Dâmbovița River.[45] Also, the club has an important fan base inside the country, where several towns are renowned for counting vast majorities of Steaua supporters, and outside the borders, among Romanian emigrants.

The Steaua Ultras movement began in 1995, when the bases of Armata Ultra (AU), the first Ultras group from Bucharest (and second in Romania after Politehnica Timișoara's Commando Viola Ultra Curva Sud),[46] were set. The group quickly reached an impressive number of members, but, in 2001, they dissolved due to internal problems. Steaua's supporters then divided into several groups, some of them being located at the Peluza Nord ("North End" – Titan Boys, Nucleo, Insurgenții 1998, Skins 1996, Combat, Armata 47 Vest), while some other ones taking their place at the Peluza Sud ("South End" – Vacarm, Glas, E.R.A., Hunters, Outlaws, Shadows, Roosters, T.K., Tinerii Sudiști). Several important groups such as Stil Ostil, Ultras, Banda Ultra' and South Boys retired from attending Steaua's matches due to the club's constant abuses towards them and, mainly, to the current ownership of Steaua.[47]

More recently, as of 2006, the supporters have formed their own official association, called AISS (Asociația Independentă a Suporterilor Steliști – "Steaua Supporters' Independent Association"). AISS was formed as a legal entity with its stated goals of "protecting the interests and image of Steaua supporters", as well as "identifying and promoting the club's perennial values".[48]

Steaua's Peluza Nord and Peluza Sud fan groups no longer support the current team, as a sign of protest. The Peluza Sud have instead started to attend the matches of CSA Steaua. However, an online poll conducted by Sport.ro in 2017 has shown that of the 120,000 voters, 95% consider FCSB to hold the real Steaua identity.[49] As soon as the leader of the Skins Berceni group left prison, some fans of Peluza Nord returned to support the team in Liga I, FCSB. So far the groups are: Insurgentii Colentina 1998, Skins Berceni 1996, Titan Boys 1996, North boys 2022 and Nucleo 47.

Peluza Nord in 2008

As Steaua is the most popular club in Romania, there are, besides Bucharest, several cities counting a great majority of red and blue supporters among football lovers. Widely speaking, these cities are predominant in the Eastern half of the country, particularly in the regions of Moldavia, Greater Wallachia and Northern Dobruja. Cities such as Suceava, Piatra Neamț, Bacău, Galați (inside Moldavia), Constanța (Northern Dobruja), Buzău, Brăila, Târgoviște, Călărași (Greater Wallachia), Râmnicu Vâlcea, Târgu Jiu (Oltenia), Brașov, Oradea, Sibiu, Târgu Mureș or Petroșani (Transylvania) enjoy a great majority of Steaua fans which are often well-received even by fans of the local teams.

The club is also popular outside the borders, notably between Romanian emigrants. The Valencian Community in Spain accounts for an important number of supporters, being the most important area for this matter.

Steaua fans are also maintaining good relations with the fans of CSKA Sofia of Bulgaria, with whom they share the common root of once representing the teams of their national armies. The bases of these relations date from a UEFA Cup encounter in 2004 between the two clubs. Some ultras are also friends with the ultras from UTA Arad, Corvinul Hunedoara and Farul Constanța , NEC Nijmegen, PAOK FC, CSKA Moscow and Partizan Belgrade. Also, European encounters against Panathinaikos in 1998 and Slavia Praha in 1999 were premises for setting contacts with rival fans of Olympiacos of Greece and Sparta Prague of Czech Republic respectively.

Club rivalries

Eternul Derby

Steaua's most important rivalry is the one against Dinamo București. Eternul derby ("The Eternal Derby") has been the leading Romanian football encounter since 1948, as Steaua and Dinamo are the two most successful football teams in the country. There have been more than 150 matches played so far between Steaua and Dinamo in the Romanian League, the Romanian Cup and also the Romanian Supercup.[50] With 44 titles combined (Steaua – 26; Dinamo – 18), the two sides have won 36 more than the third-most successful Liga I club, Venus București.[51]

An Eternal derby played at the Arena Națională

It is also a match between the former clubs of the Romanian Army (Steaua) and the Ministry of Internal Affairs (Dinamo). Several clashes between different factions of supporters have often occurred and still occur inside and outside the stadium. The heyday was reached before a match kick-off in 1997, when Dinamo's fans set a sector of Stadionul Ghencea's Peluza Sud, where they were assigned, on fire.[52] On 16 August 2016, during Steaua's Champions League play-off 0–5 loss to Manchester City, undercover Dinamo fans displayed a huge message saying Doar Dinamo București ("Only Dinamo Bucharest"), which was labelled one of the biggest pranks in football history.[53]

Between October 1991 and April 2000, Steaua counted 19 undefeated official matches facing their rivals, both in the championship and the cup. Also, a period of 17 years and 7 months[when?] has been recorded in which Dinamo failed to win away against Steaua in the domestic league.[54]

Bucharest Derby

The second-most important rivalry was with Rapid București, often called Bucharest derby. Several matches throughout the years between Steaua and Rapid have also ended in serious clashes between fans.[citation needed]The two clubs have met over 140 times, starting with Rapid's 1–0 win on 4 November 1947. The conflict has become even fiercer after Steaua outpassed Rapid in an all-Romanian quarter-final of the 2005–06 UEFA Cup.The conflict between the fans has become even fiercer since then. The rivalry also extends to other sports. The local sports newspapers said that the two teams were linked up in this quarter-final by the line of the number 41 tram which links the Ghencea Stadium to the Valentin Stănescu Stadium. The rivalry also extends to other sports.

Milder and historical rivalries are also with non-Bucharest-based teams, such as CFR Cluj, Universitatea Craiova, Politehnica Timișoara, Petrolul Ploiești, Universitatea Cluj and a recent one with Astra Giurgiu.[55]

Ownership and finances

Gigi Becali, the controversial owner of FCSB since 2003.

Steaua has previously been known as the club of the Romanian Army, which founded it in 1947 as a sports society.[4] The Army continues to own the sports society, named CSA Steaua București. The football department, however, separated and turned private in 1998, owned and financed by a non-profit organization called AFC Steaua București, chaired by businessman Viorel Păunescu.[14]

In January 2003, the team turned public under the leadership of investor and former politician George Becali, who had already purchased 51% of the society's shares and later on acquired the rest to become the owner of the club. At present, Becali has no official links with FCSB, as he gradually renounced his shares. However, the facts that the current shareholders, that include several nephews of his,[56] are people loyal to him and that he is still in charge of FCSB are obvious.[57] An unofficial explanation for this situation is represented by the heavy amount of unpaid taxes added up by the former governing company, AFC Steaua București, whose payment towards the tax authority was avoided this way by transferring its assets to the new-formed company, with the old association going on liquidation bankruptcy.[58]

George "Gigi" Becali is a highly controversial figure at FCSB, whose involvement in the life of the club and the team has often been described as authoritarian and dictatorial by both the media and the fans.[59][17][18][19][20]

Statistics and records

FCSB currently boasts itself with the most impressive pedigree in Romania. With 75 seasons spent in Liga I, they are one of only two teams to have played only in the first national league, along with Dinamo București (71 seasons). At the same time, the club is the current record holder for the number of national championships (27), national cups (24), national super cups (6) and the national league cup (2). Between 1993 and 1998, its run of six consecutive national titles won equaled the one of Chinezul Timișoara from the 1920s. Internationally, it is the only Romanian club to have won continental trophies (the European Champions Cup in 1986 and the European Super Cup in 1986) and to have played in the final of the European Cup (in 1986 and 1989). It is the only Romanian club that from 2002 to 2018 managed to qualify in the groups of a European competition

Tudorel Stoica made 370 total appearances for FCSB, a club record.

For three years and three months (June 1986 – September 1989), FCSB counted a number of 104 unbeaten matches in the league, establishing, at that moment, a world record and a European one still standing.[60] Also inside the national league, the club counted 112 matches between November 1989 and August 1996 of invincibility at Stadionul Ghencea in Liga I. Its run of 17-straight wins in 1988 is another record, equal to the one held by Dinamo as of one year later.[61]

Emerich Jenei won the club nine domestic honours and the 1985–86 European Cup.

Tudorel Stoica is the player with the most appearances for FCSB in Liga I, a record unlikely to be broken in the nearby future, as none of the current players have entered the top-ten so far. The club's all-time top scorer in the league is Anghel Iordănescu with 146 goals, a record that also looks solid, out of the same reason as above-mentioned. Other records are currently owned by former players such as Dorinel Munteanu (most national caps – 134) or Gheorghe Hagi (most goals scored for Romania – 35; most appearances of a Romanian player in the European cups – 93).[62] FCSB's longest serving manager is Anghel Iordanescu, with four consecutive years in two spells (1986–1990) and (1992–1993), and Emerich Jenei is the club's most successful manager winning the European Cup in 1986. The most successful FCSB player is Marius Lacatus with 21 trophies, surpassing Tudorel Stoica, with 14 trophies.

FCSB's Arena Nationala is the largest stadium in Romania. The club's highest home attendance was 50,016 in a Europa League quarter-final against Chelsea in 2012–13 season. The modernisation of Ghencea stadium during the 2018–20 and the build of a new stadium make the Ghencea stadium one of the biggest in Romania with a capacity of 31,254 being inaugurated on 7 July 2021, with a match between CSA Steaua and OFK Beograd, the same team with whom they had inaugurated the previous stadium back in 1974. It ended with a 6–0 win for the home team. In August 2018, FCSB signed Florinel Coman from FC Viitorul Constanta for €3 million, the highest transfer fee in club's history. In January 2021, FCSB player Dennis Man transferred to Parma Calcio 1913 for a romanian record transfer fee of €13 million. Other records were set by former player Gheorghe Hagi transfer set the record for the transfer fee from the domestic league to a foreign club, with $4,300,000 paid by Real Madrid CF in 1990. On 18 September 2014, in a 2014–15 UEFA Europa League group stage match against Danish side Aalborg BK , FCSB set two competition records: Claudiu Keșerü scored three goals in a span of only 12 minutes, this being the fastest hat-trick in the history of the competition, and with the 6–0 victory over Aalborg BK , Steaua achieved the highest score in the history of the UEFA Europa League , also being the first team to manages to score 6 goals in one match.

Popular culture

As Steaua is currently the most popular football team in Romania,[44] a good number of musicians or TV and film directors have inspired themselves from ideas linked to the Ghencea-based club. Popular reference, however, appeared only after the Romanian Revolution, as before, mass-media programmes were mostly being controlled by the former communist regime. The 2002 Romanian film Furia depicts scenes in which Steaua and Dinamo gangs of supporters are fighting on the streets after a direct match between the two sides.[63] Prima TV comedy show Mondenii often airs sketches parodying Steaua owner George Becali, the players and other representatives around the club.[64] Pro TV series La bloc aired an episode in which characters Nelu and Costel are displayed as representing Steaua in a parking lot match against two other neighbours representing Dinamo.[citation needed]

Several other examples from music can be attributed as Steaua-related. Apart from club anthems played throughout time by Marcel Pavel, Bere Gratis, Gaz pe Foc, an album was released in 2006 as a compilation by Mircea Vintilă, Chicanos, Bogdan Dima and several other artists.[65] Delikt and Ultras are two former hip hop bands whose members ranked the defunct Armata Ultra' brigade and would always show up displaying fan materials. Also, Voltaj, in their song 'MSD2', make reference to the fans in the line "Poți să fii câine sau poți fi stelist" ("You can be a dog[66] or you can be a Steaua fan").[67]

One of the most famous pop-culture references about the club is the association with Scooter's song Maria, first sung spontaneously in 2003 by the fans in Peluza Nord after the team would score. Ever since, it has been adopted as an unofficial club anthem and is being played at the stadium at every match, sung together by the supporters. Nonetheless, the song is beginning to lose popularity, mainly because it has become too commercial and many fans do not feel bonded with it any more.[68]

Honours

Note: As of June 2018, UEFA and LPF regard FCSB as the continuation of historical FC Steaua București and attribute all honours since 1947 to this entity.[69][70] However, the ownership of the many trophies won between 1947 and 2003 is disputed, with the restarted football department of former parent club CSA Steaua also claiming them[71] following legal disputes between the two organisations.[72][73][74] In July 2019, CSA Steaua won a first court decision regarding the record dispute. However, the ruling is not definitive.[75][76] In June 2021, the Bucharest Court of Appeal decided that CSA Steaua only holds the record from 1947 to 1998 (and not from 1947 to 2003). However, FC FCSB has the right to appeal within 30 days.[77]

Type Competition Titles Seasons
Domestic Liga I 27 1951, 1952, 1953, 1956, 1959–60, 1960–61, 1967–68, 1975–76, 1977–78, 1984–85, 1985–86, 1986–87, 1987–88, 1988–89, 1992–93, 1993–94, 1994–95, 1995–96, 1996–97, 1997–98, 2000–01, 2004–05, 2005–06, 2012–13, 2013–14, 2014–15, 2023–24
Cupa României 24 1948–49, 1950, 1951, 1952, 1955, 1961–62, 1965–66, 1966–67, 1968–69, 1969–70, 1970–71, 1975–76, 1978–79, 1984–85, 1986–87, 1987–88, 1988–89, 1991–92, 1995–96, 1996–97, 1998–99, 2010–11, 2014–15, 2019–20
Supercupa României 7 1994, 1995, 1998, 2001, 2006, 2013, 2024
Cupa Ligii 2 2014–15, 2015–16
Continental UEFA Champions League 1 1985–86
UEFA Super Cup 1 1986
  •   Record
  • S Shared record

Players

Current squad

As of 18 July 2024[78][79]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
1 GK Romania ROU Mihai Udrea
2 DF Romania ROU Valentin Crețu
3 DF Romania ROU Ionuț Panțîru
5 DF Cameroon CMR Joyskim Dawa
6 DF Romania ROU Denis Haruț
8 MF Romania ROU Adrian Șut (vice-captain)
10 MF Romania ROU Octavian Popescu
11 FW Romania ROU David Miculescu
12 DF Benin BEN David Kiki
15 FW Romania ROU Marius Ștefănescu
16 MF Romania ROU Mihai Lixandru
18 MF France FRA Malcom Edjouma
19 FW Romania ROU Daniel Popa
20 DF Ghana GHA Nana Antwi
21 DF Romania ROU Vlad Chiricheș (3rd captain)
No. Pos. Nation Player
22 MF Romania ROU Mihai Toma
23 MF Romania ROU Andrei Pandele
24 MF Belgium BEL William Baeten
25 FW Romania ROU Alexandru Băluță
27 MF Romania ROU Darius Olaru (captain)
28 DF Romania ROU Alexandru Pantea
29 MF Romania ROU Alexandru Musi
30 DF South Africa RSA Siyabonga Ngezana
32 GK Romania ROU Ștefan Târnovanu
33 DF Montenegro MNE Risto Radunović (4th captain)
42 MF Ghana GHA Baba Alhassan
70 FW Brazil BRA Luis Phelipe
98 FW Romania ROU David Popa
99 GK Romania ROU Andrei Vlad

Out on loan

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
GK Romania ROU Alexandru Maxim (to Voluntari until 30 June 2025)
No. Pos. Nation Player
MF Romania ROU Ovidiu Perianu (to Unirea Slobozia until 30 June 2025)

Club officials

Notable coaches

The following coaches have all won at least one major trophy with Steaua București:[82]

Table correct as of 4 July 2024
Name Period Trophies
Romania Colea Vâlcov 08.1948–07.1949 Romanian Cup
Romania Francisc Rónay 03.1950–11.1950
09.1953–11.1953
03.1954–06.1954
Romanian Cup
Romania Gheorghe Popescu 03.1951–08.1953
08.1958–07.1960
03.1962–07.1962
4 Divizia A, 3 Romanian Cups
Romania Ilie Savu 09.1954–11.1955
1958
08.1964–06.1967
3 Romanian Cups
Romania Ștefan Dobay 03.1956–11.1956 Divizia A
Romania Ștefan Onisie 09.1960–06.1961
08.1962–11.1963
08.1970–06.1971
Divizia A, Romanian Cup
Romania Ștefan Covaci 08.1967–07.1970 Divizia A, 2 Romanian Cups
Romania Gheorghe Constantin 03.1973–12.1973
08.1978–06.1981
Romanian Cup
Romania Emerich Jenei 08.1975–06.1978
08.1983–05.1984
10.1984–10.1986
04.1991–12.1991
08.1993–04.1994
10.1998–04.2000
5 Divizia A, 3 Romanian Cups, European Cup
Romania Anghel Iordănescu 10.1986–06.1990
08.1992–06.1993
4 Divizia A, 2 Romanian Cups, European Super Cup
Romania Victor Pițurcă 03.1992–06.1992
08.2000–06.2002
10.2002–06.2004
07.2010–08.2010
Divizia A, Romanian Cup, Romanian Supercup
Romania Dumitru Dumitriu 08.1994–06.1997
05.2005–06.2005
09.2015–12.2015
4 Divizia A, 2 Romanian Cups, 2 Romanian Supercups
Romania Mihai Stoichiță 08.1997–10.1998
09.2009–05.2010
03.2012–05.2012
Divizia A, Romanian Supercup
Romania Cosmin Olăroiu 08.2002–10.2002
03.2006–05.2007
Divizia A, Romanian Supercup
Romania Gabriel Caramarin1 05.2011 Romanian Cup
Romania Laurențiu Reghecampf 05.2012–05.2014
12.2015–05.2017
2 Liga I, League Cup, Romanian Supercup
Romania Constantin Gâlcă 06.2014–06.2015 Liga I, Romanian Cup, League Cup
Romania Anton Petrea 07.2020–05.2021
11.2021–07.2022
Romanian Cup
Cyprus Elias Charalambous 03.2023–present Liga I, Romanian Supercup

See also

References

  1. ^ "Am cucerit Europa şi-n tribune! » Steaua - Chelsea a fost urmărit de cei mai mulţi suporteri dintre meciurile din optimile Europa League". GSP. Archived from the original on 4 April 2024. Retrieved 4 April 2024.
  2. ^ Rosu, Emanuel (27 December 2014). "Where the team has no name: the fight over Steaua Bucharest's identity | Emanuel Rosu". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Archived from the original on 6 April 2019. Retrieved 10 July 2019.
  3. ^ "Belodedici intervine in scandalul FCSB – CSA! "Generalii au fugit cu buzunarele pline si i-au dat echipa lui Becali" Ce spune de proiectul CSA Steaua!". Sport.ro (in Romanian). Archived from the original on 13 January 2023. Retrieved 10 July 2019.
  4. ^ a b c Dida, Alexandru (21–12–2001), Steaua fotbalului românesc, Pro TV Magazin, nr.51/IV, pp.62–63
  5. ^ Brancu, Constantin (1994), Din culisele supercampioanei, Tempus, p.5–8, ISBN 973-95993-1-1
  6. ^ "Întîia cucerire a Occidentului!" (in Romanian). Gazeta Sporturilor. 14 February 2012. Archived from the original on 6 June 2012. Retrieved 21 May 2013.
  7. ^ "FRF a interzis două echipe în cupele europene de frica unei eliminări rușinoase și din cauza "destrăbălării bulevardiste", acum altele nu aplică să joace în Europa și bulversează competiția" [The FRF banned two teams from the European Cups for fear of a shameful elimination and because of "boulevardist disorganization", now others are not applying to play in Europe and are disrupting the competition] (in Romanian). Prosport.ro. 2 May 2023. Archived from the original on 14 May 2023. Retrieved 3 May 2023.
  8. ^ "Cupa Romaniei: STEAUA – Otelul Galati". FCSteaua.ro. Archived from the original on 28 September 2007. Retrieved 27 August 2007.
  9. ^ a b "Ghencea Stadion". StadiumGuide.com. Archived from the original on 1 July 2007. Retrieved 10 June 2007.
  10. ^ River Plate 1 x 0 Steaua Bucuresti ● 1986 Intercontinental Cup Final Extended Goals & Highlights HD (Sports). Archived from the original on 21 May 2023. Retrieved 21 May 2023 – via YouTube.
  11. ^ "Unbeaten". www.rsssf.org. Archived from the original on 16 December 2015. Retrieved 21 May 2023.
  12. ^ "www.ceausescu.org – the leading infosource on the web about Ceausescu and his era!". www.ceausescu.org. Archived from the original on 22 September 2023. Retrieved 21 May 2023.
  13. ^ "Romania – List of Champions". RSSSF. Archived from the original on 9 February 2023. Retrieved 7 July 2007.
  14. ^ a b Besutiu, Andrei. "Politica mineaza sportul românesc". Ziua. Archived from the original on 30 September 2007. Retrieved 10 June 2007.
  15. ^ Petrache, Bogdan; Predan, Cristian. "Conducatorii vor plati cu averea datoriile cluburilor". 9am.ro. Archived from the original on 8 July 2007. Retrieved 7 July 2007.
  16. ^ "Planurile lui Becali". Evenimentul. Archived from the original on 30 September 2007. Retrieved 11 June 2007.
  17. ^ a b Necula, Simona. "Suporterii echipei Steaua au protestat impotriva patronului clubului". Realitatea Românească. Archived from the original on 28 September 2007. Retrieved 7 July 2007.
  18. ^ a b "From racism and homophobia to peace and religion: Is Gigi Becali really a changed man?". Goal.com. 10 April 2015. Archived from the original on 10 September 2017. Retrieved 2 November 2017.
  19. ^ a b "The most offensive owner in world sports is sadly not Donald Sterling". The Washington Post. 28 April 2014. Archived from the original on 13 September 2017. Retrieved 2 November 2017.
  20. ^ a b "Racist, sexist and an MP, meet Gigi Becali, the owner of Steaua Bucharest". Independent.co.uk. 7 March 2013. Archived from the original on 28 October 2022. Retrieved 2 November 2017.
  21. ^ "Steaua a cucerit al 50-lea trofeu din istoria clubului". HotNews.ro. 24 July 2006. Archived from the original on 27 December 2008. Retrieved 7 July 2007.
  22. ^ "Steaua Bucharest change name to FC FCSB". Special Broadcasting Service. 31 March 2017. Archived from the original on 26 April 2017. Retrieved 25 April 2017.
  23. ^ a b c d Rosu, Emmanuel (27 December 2014). "Where the team has no name: the fight over Steaua Bucharest's identity". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 6 April 2019. Retrieved 8 January 2015.
  24. ^ "Deciziile Comitetului Executiv din 30 martie 2017" [The Executive Committee's decisions on 30 March 2017]. Romanian Football Federation. 30 March 2017. Archived from the original on 31 March 2017. Retrieved 30 March 2017. Approves unanimously by votes the change of the name of the club SC FOTBAL CLUB STEAUA BUCUREȘTI SA to SC FOTBAL CLUB FCSB SA.
  25. ^ "Becali a dezvăluit, în direct la Digi Sport, motivul pentru care de mâine echipa sa îşi va schimba numele" [Becali unveiled the reason why his team will change its name tomorrow] (in Romanian). Digi Sport. 29 March 2017. Archived from the original on 30 March 2017. Retrieved 31 March 2017.
  26. ^ "Şi-au pus antrenor, acum aduc jucătorii. Lăcătuş: "Până la jumătatea lunii iulie, vrem să începem pregătirea cu 25–26 de jucători"" [They named a head coach, now they bring players. Lăcătuş: "Until mid-July, we wish to start the training with 25–26 players"] (in Romanian). Pro Sport. 29 March 2017. Archived from the original on 30 March 2017. Retrieved 29 March 2017.
  27. ^ "Ultima zi cu "Steaua" " Anunţ-şoc făcut de Becali: "De mâine e gata" » Anunț IMPORTANT despre palmaresul echipei" [Last day as "Steaua" " Shocking statement made by Becali " Important announcement about the club's honours]. Gazeta Sporturilor (in Romanian). 29 March 2017. Archived from the original on 30 March 2017. Retrieved 29 March 2017.
  28. ^ "Loserii istoriei! FCSB poate bifa o premieră rușinoasă în istoria Ligii 1: singura echipă cu patru locuri 2 la rând" [Biggest losers in history. FCSB could achieve a shameful Liga 1 performance: the only team with four consecutive second places]. Gazeta Sporturilor (in Romanian). 29 March 2019. Archived from the original on 30 March 2019. Retrieved 14 July 2019.
  29. ^ "Reacţia lui Gigi Becali, după ce a pierdut palmaresul de până în 2003. Ce urmează pentru FCSB" [Gigi Becali's reaction, after he lost the honors until 2003. What follows for FCSB] (in Romanian). Digi Sport. 5 July 2019. Archived from the original on 14 July 2019. Retrieved 14 July 2019.
  30. ^ "Zbuciumata infiintare a Stelei". Archived from the original on 23 July 2011.
  31. ^ Mircea Ionnitiu (22 October 2003). "Mircea Ionnitiu : "30 decembrie 1947"". Kent State University. Archived from the original on 25 October 2012. Retrieved 7 July 2007.
  32. ^ "Steaua Bucharest reveal 'Clip Art' logo after being stripped of their name, colours and emblem". Eurosport. Yahoo!. 7 January 2015. Archived from the original on 12 January 2015. Retrieved 8 January 2015.
  33. ^ "Steaua renunta la Adidas pentru Nike". adevarul.ro. Archived from the original on 28 September 2007. Retrieved 12 August 2007.
  34. ^ a b "FCSB are un nou sponsor principal! Suma uriașă pe care o va primi". Eurosport (in Romanian). 7 July 2022. Archived from the original on 7 July 2022. Retrieved 8 July 2022.
  35. ^ "Steaua ca brand". iaa.ro. Archived from the original on 17 June 2008. Retrieved 12 August 2007.
  36. ^ Flintoaca, Diana (18 September 2004). "CU CITIFINANCIAL PE TRICOURI". ProSport. Archived from the original on 21 September 2007. Retrieved 18 September 2007.
  37. ^ "Venus București". romaniansoccer.ro. Archived from the original on 6 February 2013. Retrieved 27 August 2007.
  38. ^ "UEFA Stadium Guide". UEFA.com. Archived from the original on 5 August 2007. Retrieved 17 July 2007.
  39. ^ "Dinamo trebuie sa revina pe Stadionul National in UEFA". onlinesport.ro. Archived from the original on 28 September 2007. Retrieved 4 September 2007.
  40. ^ "Dinamo nu vrea in Ghencea". 9AM. Archived from the original on 6 August 2014. Retrieved 30 July 2014.
  41. ^ "Istoric – PALMARES ALL-TIME". frf.ro. Archived from the original on 28 September 2007. Retrieved 7 July 2007.
  42. ^ "Liga 1 2016/2017 – Attendance". worldfootball.net. 6 August 2020. Archived from the original on 25 September 2017. Retrieved 22 July 2017.
  43. ^ "FOTO Așa arată casa Stelei! Cât a investit Becali în noua bază a FCSB-ului din Berceni și ce facilități are". GSP (in Romanian). Archived from the original on 21 May 2023. Retrieved 21 May 2023.
  44. ^ a b "42% dintre români sunt stelisti". Ziarul. Archived from the original on 28 September 2007. Retrieved 14 July 2007.
  45. ^ "Armata le dadea papara..." FCSteaua.ro. Archived from the original on 7 June 2007. Retrieved 7 July 2007.
  46. ^ "Istoria ultra' incepe cu noi!". FCSteaua.ro. Archived from the original on 14 June 2018. Retrieved 7 July 2007.
  47. ^ "Comunicatele grupurilor Vacarm, Ult*ras, STIL*OSTIL, Banda Ultra". FCSteaua.ro. Archived from the original on 19 December 2005. Retrieved 10 September 2005.
  48. ^ "AISS va prezinta AISS.ro". aiss.ro. Archived from the original on 21 July 2007. Retrieved 7 July 2007.
  49. ^ "Record de voturi intr-un sondaj pe site! 120.000 de oameni au ales: FCSB (Steaua) sau CSA (Steaua)! REZULTATELE SONDAJULUI" [Voting record for an online poll! 120,000 people have chosen: FCSB (Steaua) or CSA (Steaua)! THE RESULTS OF THE POLL] (in Romanian). Sport.ro. 3 April 2017. Archived from the original on 27 October 2017. Retrieved 27 October 2017.
  50. ^ "Marele derby (the great derby)". footballderbies.com. Archived from the original on 27 September 2011. Retrieved 7 July 2007.
  51. ^ "Romania – List of Champions". RSSSF. Archived from the original on 9 February 2023. Retrieved 11 August 2007.
  52. ^ Dulamita, I., Dobre, F. & Popan, C. "Armatele de fanatici din spatele fotbalului". HotNews.ro. Archived from the original on 27 December 2008. Retrieved 14 June 2007.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  53. ^ Steaua Bucharest display sabotaged by Dinamo Bucharest fans Archived 15 April 2021 at the Wayback Machine, The Guardian, 16 August 2016
  54. ^ "Marele derby (the great derby)". footballderbies.com. Archived from the original on 7 June 2007. Retrieved 11 August 2007.
  55. ^ "Lista completa cu derbyurile campionatului". fanatik.ro. Archived from the original on 28 September 2007. Retrieved 7 July 2007.
  56. ^ "Gigi Becali si-a vandut toate actiunile de la Steaua nepotilor sai". Archived from the original on 29 September 2007. Retrieved 6 September 2007.
  57. ^ "Cine mai conduce Steaua". Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 11 June 2007.
  58. ^ Chican, Marius; Focseneanu, Dorin. "Romanii platesc datoriile Stelei". evz.ro. Archived from the original on 13 October 2007. Retrieved 6 September 2007.
  59. ^ Traciuc, Alexandru. "Romanii platesc datoriile Stelei". gardianul.ro. Archived from the original on 3 November 2007. Retrieved 25 September 2007.
  60. ^ "Steaua's series of 104 matches unbeaten in the Divizia A". RSSSF. Archived from the original on 28 October 2022. Retrieved 26 May 2012.
  61. ^ "Inter Milano a egalat recordul tandemului Steaua – Dinamo". 7plus.ro. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 3 September 2007.
  62. ^ Alin Huiu. "Steaua Europeana". onlinesport.ro. Archived from the original on 28 September 2007. Retrieved 11 August 2006.
  63. ^ "Intamplari de la filmari..." cinemagia.ro. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 12 August 2007.
  64. ^ "Mondenii – episodul 1 – secventa cu Gigi Becali si Banel Nicolita cu Gigi Becali de Mondenii". preferate.ro. Archived from the original on 29 September 2007. Retrieved 12 August 2007.
  65. ^ "Compilatie, Forza Steaua (CD)". dol.ro. Archived from the original on 26 September 2007. Retrieved 12 August 2007.
  66. ^ "The Red Dogs" is a common nickname adopted by Dinamo's fans for their team.
  67. ^ "Versuri "Voltaj – Msd2"". versuri.ro. Archived from the original on 18 July 2007. Retrieved 12 August 2007.
  68. ^ "Despre Scooter". fcsteaua.ro. Archived from the original on 23 July 2011. Retrieved 12 August 2007.
  69. ^ "Profile: Fotbal Club FCSB". UEFA.com. Archived from the original on 3 November 2017. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
  70. ^ "Liga 1 Betano: Cifrele vicecampioanei FCSB" [Liga 1 Betano: The records of vice-champion FCSB]. Liga Profesionistă de Fotbal. 4 June 2018. Archived from the original on 18 June 2018. Retrieved 5 June 2018.
  71. ^ "Jocuri sportiveb fotbal" [Sporting departments: football] (in Romanian). CSA Steaua București. Archived from the original on 8 July 2019. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
  72. ^ "S-a stins Steaua lui Gigi Becali. FCSB preia palmaresul din 2003" [Gigi Becali's Steaua is gone. FCSB keeps historical record only as of 2003.] (in Romanian). Evenimentul Zilei. 30 March 2017. Archived from the original on 10 September 2017. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
  73. ^ "Ultima zi cu "Steaua" " Anunţ-şoc făcut de Becali: "De mâine e gata" » Anunț IMPORTANT despre palmaresul echipei" [Last day as "Steaua" " Shocking statement made by Becali " Important announcement about the club's honours]. Gazeta Sporturilor (in Romanian). 29 March 2017. Archived from the original on 29 July 2017. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
  74. ^ "Trofeele Stelei rămân în ceață. Dănilescu: "Aveam aceeași emblemă și dreptul de a folosi palmaresul și marca"" [Steaua Trophies Stay in the Fog. Danilescu: "We had the same emblem and the right to use the record and mark"] (in Romanian). Digisport. 26 September 2017. Archived from the original on 31 October 2017. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
  75. ^ "Tribunalul BUCUREŞTI: Informaţii dosar" [Bucharest tribunals: File information] (in Romanian). Ministerul Justiției al României (Romanian Ministry of Justice). 4 July 2019. Archived from the original on 8 January 2018.
  76. ^ "CSA Steaua a câştigat procesul pentru palmares / Gigi Becali: "Voi ataca decizia la Curtea de Apel"". HotNews.ro (in Romanian). 5 July 2019. Archived from the original on 8 July 2019. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  77. ^ "Curtea de Apel a decis! Ce se întâmplă cu palmaresul Stelei » GSP a obținut clarificări". Gazeta Sporturilor (in Romanian). 28 June 2021. Archived from the original on 29 January 2023. Retrieved 29 June 2021.
  78. ^ "First Team". FCSB. Archived from the original on 21 June 2019. Retrieved 28 June 2019.
  79. ^ "FOTBAL CLUB FCSB" (in Romanian). Liga Profesionistă de Fotbal. Archived from the original on 25 September 2020. Retrieved 28 June 2019.
  80. ^ "Organizare FC FCSB – Liga Profesionistă de Fotbal". lpf.ro. Archived from the original on 3 August 2018. Retrieved 2 August 2018.
  81. ^ "FCSB – Official Site". www.fcsb.ro. Archived from the original on 18 October 2020. Retrieved 3 October 2020.
  82. ^ "Istoric Antrenori". steauafc.com. Archived from the original on 11 March 2013. Retrieved 9 March 2013.

External links