FC Twente

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Not to be confused with FC Twente (women).
Twente
FC Twente emblem
Full name Football Club Twente
Nickname(s) The Tukkers
Pride of the East
Founded 1 July 1965; 51 years ago (1965-07-01)
Ground De Grolsch Veste
Enschede
Ground Capacity 30,205
Chairman Jan Schutrups
Manager René Hake
League Eredivisie
2015–16 Eredivisie, 13th
Website Club home page
Current season

Football Club Twente (Dutch pronunciation: [ɛfˈseː ˈtʋɛntə]) is a Dutch professional football club from the city of Enschede, playing in the Eredivisie. The club was formed in 1965 by the merger of 1926 Dutch champions, Sportclub Enschede and Enschedese Boys. They were the holders of the 2011 KNVB Cup and Johan Cruijff Schaal trophies, and were Eredivisie champions in the 2009–10 season; the team has also finished as Eredivisie runner-up thrice, was runner-up in the 1974–75 UEFA Cup, and has won the KNVB Cup three times. Twente's home ground since 1998 is De Grolsch Veste.

History[edit]

Foundation and early years[edit]

The club was formed in 1965 as a merger of two professional clubs, Sportclub Enschede and the Enschedese Boys. One of such predecessors, SC Enschede, had also won a single Dutch championship in 1926.[1]

The first successes of the club started just after the merger of 1965, under the innovative coach Kees Rijvers. Twente finished third in 1969, fourth in 1970, fifth in 1971, third in 1972 and once again in 1973. The team's key figures were local heroes, such as Epi Drost, Eddy Achterberg, Kick van der Vall and Theo Pahlplatz. Their finest Eredivisie season was 1973–74, in which Twente battled for the Dutch championship with Feyenoord. A head-to-head confrontation in the very last game of the season, in Rotterdam, where Feyenoord prevailed 3–2, sealed Twente's fate in second. Nonetheless, this earned the side a position in the UEFA Cup.

The Tukkers (as people from the Dutch region of Twente are generally called) nearly made the very most out of that UEFA Cup ticket—after beating Juventus in the semi-finals, Twente lost to German side Borussia Mönchengladbach in the finals (0–0, 1–5).

In 1977, Twente won its first trophy, the KNVB Cup, after beating PEC Zwolle 3–0.[2]

The 1980s and 1990s[edit]

After enjoying some success in the 1970s, prospects went downhill for Twente, with the club ultimately suffering relegation to the Eerste Divisie, the Dutch second division, in 1983. However, Twente returned to the top flight a year later, but the club soon became known for their "impressive" amount of 1–1 and 0–0 draws. This new reputation as "boring Twente" overshadowed the fact that the club kept qualifying for European football on a fairly regular basis, with five times since 1985.

Re-establishment then followed in the 1990s: German coach Hans Meyer led Twente to third-place in the Eredivisie of 1997 and into the third round of the 1997–98 UEFA Cup the next season. On 24 May 2001, Twente clinched their second triumph in the KNVB Cup after beating PSV in the final after being 3–1 down in the penalty shoot-out. The season after, Twente crashed out of the Cup at hand of Ajax's second team. Additionally, results in the league were poor, with hardcore Twente fans Ultras Vak-P eventually going on a rampage at the club's brand-new stadium out of frustration.

From bankruptcy to national champions (2002–2011)[edit]

Steve McClaren, the first manager to win the title for FC Twente.

The club's mother corporation (FC Twente '65) was declared bankrupt in the 2002–03 season, almost leading to the end of the club's existence. The club, now chaired by ambitious businessman Joop Munsterman, survived such problems and made it to another KNVB Cup final in 2004, and then finished in fourth place in the league table in 2006–07. In the 2007–08 season, Twente placed fourth and won the play-offs for a ticket to the Champions League qualifiers by defeating Ajax in the play-off finals.

In the 2008–09 season, Twente hired former England manager Steve McClaren as its new head coach. Under his tenure, unseeded Twente entered the draw for the third qualifying round of the Champions League, being drawn against seeded Arsenal. The two legs were played at home on 13 August and away on 27 August 2008. Twente lost 6–0 on aggregate, resulting in their elimination from the Champions League and subsequent entry of the 2008–09 UEFA Cup first round. At the domestic level, Twente finished second in the Eredivisie, 11 points behind champions AZ, and again secured entry to the Champions League qualifying rounds as Dutch runners-up, as well as KNVB Cup finalists (defeated by Heerenveen).

The 2009–10 season started with Twente being knocked out of the 2009–10 UEFA Champions League third qualifying round after a 1–1 aggregate draw against Sporting CP, which sent the Portuguese side through on away goals.[3] The club was then admitted to the Europa League, where it enjoyed a relatively successful path that ended in a 4–2 aggregate defeat at the hands of Werder Bremen in the round of 32. At the domestic level, Twente won its first Eredivisie title at the end of a campaign in which they lost just twice, winning 16 of 17 at home. The championship was confirmed on the final day of the season when they beat NAC 2–0 away,[4] making Steve McClaren the first Englishman to guide a Dutch team to a national title since Bobby Robson in 1992.[5] The victory qualified Twente for the 2010–11 UEFA Champions League group stage, the club's first appearance in the competition. At the end of the season, McClaren resigned as the manager, moving to German side VfL Wolfsburg, and was replaced by the Belgian Michel Preud'homme. Twente continued their success by having a good run during the 2010–11 KNVB Cup, reaching the final on 8 May 2011 at De Kuip.[6] Twente recovered from 2–0 down to defeat Ajax 3–2 in extra time with a winner from Marc Janko,[7] which claimed the club's third KNVB Cup title.[8] One week later, the two teams faced each other in Amsterdam in the final round of matches in the Eredivisie, with Twente leading by a point. However, Ajax gained revenge for the Cup defeat by winning 3–1 to claim their first title in seven years.[9]

The start of the 2011–12 season, under Preud'homme's successor Co Adriaanse, featured another clash between the duo in the Amsterdam Arena, this time with Twente winning 2–1 in their second successive Johan Cruijff Shield supercup victory.[10]

Financial problems return[edit]

During the 2014–15 Eredivisie season, Twente found themselves in financial trouble again, forcing the Royal Dutch Football Association (KNVB) to deduct the club three points from the side in March 2015.[11] Club President Munsterman, who had announced to leave the club at the end of the season, then already quit the club on 1 April 2015 over allegations of financial mismanagement.[12] The team fired 18 employees[13] and stopped with their scouting department after they received a second three-point penalty in April 2015.[14] They also decided to withdraw Jong Twente from the Eerste Divisie for the 2015–16 season and the women's professional team was relocated in a separate foundation.[15] On 18 May 2016 the KNVB declared its intent to relegate FC Twente to the Eerste Divisie. This was however still subject to appeal by FC Twente[16] and on 17 June 2016 the KNVB appeal committee decided that Twente can remain in the Eredivisie.

Satellite clubs[edit]

The following clubs are affiliated with Twente:

Stadium[edit]

The gate at the stadium symbolizes the history.

De Grolsch Veste, formerly named Arke Stadion, is the official stadium of FC Twente and is owned by the club. It is located at the Business & Science Park, near the University of Twente and between the city centers of Enschede and Hengelo. It has a spectator capacity of 30,205 with a standard pitch heating system and has a promenade instead of fences around the stands.

De Grolsch Veste corner from the outside.

De Grolsch Veste replaced the old Diekman Stadion as Twente's home ground on 22 March 1998. Initially, plans had been afoot to expand and renovate the old and now demolished Diekman stadium. However, with a growing fan capacity and with arguments that the location of the Diekman stadium was not strategic enough, the idea was conceived to build a new arena for the Twente fans. The Diekman ground also faced problems with its seating plans as a result of the FIFA regulations, which impose a requirement to construct a seating stand behind each goal.

The cost of the construction is estimated to be around 33 million guilders, and the stadium took 14 months to complete, with its foundation stone having been laid on 31 January 1997. Due to the tight budget available, the layout of the stadium was constructed so that future expansions are possible without the necessity to tear down entire existing stands.

On 10 May 1998, the first match played at the stadium resulted in a 3–0 victory by the home team against PSV in an Eredivisie match.

Initially, the Grolsch Veste had a capacity of 13,500 spectators, which was later reduced to 13,250. As of the start of the 2008–09 season, the stadium has been expanded with a partial second ring increasing the capacity to 24,000 seats. After a second expansion, completed in 2011, the current capacity became 30,205.

The recording of "You'll Never Walk Alone" by Gerry and the Pacemakers is sung along in the whole stadium before every kick-off.

On 7 July 2011, a section of the stadium roof collapsed whilst expansion work was taking place at the stadium, killing two people.[25]

Current squad[edit]

As of 1 August 2016

For recent transfers, see List of Dutch football transfers summer 2016

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1 Netherlands GK Nick Marsman
2 Netherlands DF Hidde ter Avest
3 Denmark DF Joachim Andersen
4 Greece DF Giorgos Katsikas
5 Germany DF Stefan Thesker
6 Slovenia DF Dejan Trajkovski (on loan from NK Domžale)
7 Germany FW Chinedu Ede
11 Belgium FW Dylan Seys (on loan from Club Brugge)
12 Germany FW Tim Hölscher
13 Netherlands GK Nick Hengelman
14 Ghana FW Yaw Yeboah (on loan from Manchester City)
16 Netherlands GK Joël Drommel
No. Position Player
17 Turkey FW Enes Ünal (on loan from Manchester City)
18 Kosovo MF Bersant Celina (on loan from Manchester City)
19 Finland FW Fredrik Jensen
20 Netherlands GK Sonny Stevens
21 Netherlands MF Kyle Ebecilio
22 South Africa MF Kamohelo Mokotjo (captain)
23 Netherlands MF Jelle van der Heyden
24 Netherlands FW Jari Oosterwijk
25 Netherlands DF Peet Bijen
26 Poland MF Mateusz Klich
28 Netherlands DF Jeroen van der Lely

On loan[edit]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
9 Norway FW Torgeir Børven (at SK Brann until 30 December 2016)
27 Netherlands FW Alessio Da Cruz (at FC Dordrecht until 30 June 2017)

Honours[edit]

National[edit]

International[edit]

Domestic results[edit]

Below is a table with Twente's domestic results since the introduction of the Eredivisie in 1956.

Managers[edit]

Notable (former) players[edit]

For all FC Twente players with a Wikipedia article see: FC Twente players

The players below had senior international cap(s) for their respective countries. Players whose name is listed in bold represented their countries while playing for FC Twente.

Top scorers[edit]

Women's section[edit]

Main article: FC Twente (women)

The women's section of Twente was founded in 2007 for the creation of the Eredivisie as new top level league in the Netherlands. Twente played the opening match of the league. After three midfield positions in the first three years, Twente won the championship in 2010–11 and played the UEFA Women's Champions League in 2011–12.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Netherlands - Champions - RSSSF
  2. ^ Netherlands Cup Finals - RSSSF
  3. ^ "McClaren woe as FC Twente exit Champions League". ESPNsoccernet. ESPN. 4 August 2009. Retrieved 2010-04-27. 
  4. ^ "First title for Twente". ESPNsoccernet. ESPN. 2 May 2010. Retrieved 2010-05-04. 
  5. ^ "Twente Have Made History – Steve McClaren". Goal.com. Ellinton Invest Inc. 3 May 2010. Retrieved 2010-05-04. 
  6. ^ "Dutch Cup glory for FC Twente". TEAMtalk. 
  7. ^ "Barcelona Moves Within a Point of Third Straight Spanish Title; Inter Wins". Bloomberg. 
  8. ^ "Twente clinch the cup". ESPN. 
  9. ^ "Ajax end seven-year itch by lifting title". Independent. 16 May 2011. Retrieved 16 May 2011. 
  10. ^ "Ten-man Twente claim second Dutch Super Cup By Berend Scholten on UEFA.com". 30 July 2011. Retrieved 30 July 2011. 
  11. ^ KNVB straft FC Twente met puntenaftrek - NOS (Dutch)
  12. ^ Joop Munsterman alsnog per direct weg bij FC Twente - RTV Oost (Dutch)
  13. ^ FC Twente: Ontslag voor 18 medewerkers - Tubantia (Dutch)
  14. ^ FC Twente stopt ook profscouting - AD (Dutch)
  15. ^ FC Twente stopt met beloftenteam in Jupiler League - FOXSports (Dutch)
  16. ^ FC Twente face eredivisie relegation of finances - skysports.com
  17. ^ "Dutch Lions Ink 5-Year Partnership". www.uslsoccer.com. 17 January 2011. Retrieved 2011-01-17. 
  18. ^ "DDL & FC Twente 5 Year Contract". www.dutchlionsfc.com. 17 January 2011. Retrieved 2011-01-17. 
  19. ^ Samenwerking met Dutch Lions FC getekend, officiële website (14 januari 2011)
  20. ^ Карабах и Твенте будут сотрудничать. Azerisport.com (in Russian). Retrieved 2009-10-21. 
  21. ^ "Qarabağ" "Tvente" ilə əməkdaşlıq edəcək (Azerbaijani)
  22. ^ `Qarabağ` – `Tvente` : iki qardaş, bir yumruq! (Azerbaijani)
  23. ^ Samenwerking met Koz, officiële website (2 juni 2010)
  24. ^ a b Samenwerking jeugdopleiding voortgezet, officiële website (16 juni 2009)
  25. ^ FC Twente stadium collapses, killing one and hospitalising 10

External links[edit]

Official websites
  • FCTwente.nl Official website of FC Twente (Dutch) / (English) / (German)
  • FC Twente TV Official website FC Twente TV (No membership required)
  • UEFA.com The FC Twente Story
General fan sites
News sites