FC Vaduz

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FC Vaduz logo.png
Full nameFussball Club Vaduz
Nickname(s)Residenzler (Resident)
Fürstenverein (Princely club)
Stolz von Liechtenstein (Pride of Liechtenstein)
Short nameFCV
Founded14 February 1932; 87 years ago (14 February 1932)
GroundRheinpark Stadion
Vaduz, Liechtenstein
Capacity7,584 (5,873 seated)
Coordinates47°08′25″N 9°30′37″E / 47.1403°N 9.5103°E / 47.1403; 9.5103Coordinates: 47°08′25″N 9°30′37″E / 47.1403°N 9.5103°E / 47.1403; 9.5103
ChairmanRuth Ospelt
ManagerMario Frick
LeagueSwiss Challenge League
2017–18Swiss Challenge League, 4th
WebsiteClub website

Fussball Club Vaduz (Football Club Vaduz) is a Liechtenstein football club from Vaduz that plays in the Swiss Football League. The club plays at the national Rheinpark Stadion, which has a capacity of 5,873 when all seated but has additional standing places in the North and South ends of the ground, giving a total stadium capacity of 7,838.[1] They currently play in the Swiss Challenge League following relegation from the Swiss Super League after a poor 2016–17 season. Vaduz is unique in that it represents its own national association in the UEFA Europa League when winning the domestic cup, whilst playing in another country's league. This is due to Liechtenstein not organising its own league.

Vaduz have historically had many players from Liechtenstein, many of whom have played for the Liechtenstein national team, but nearly all these players have moved abroad, and now the majority of the first team squad are foreign players from different areas of the world. The signing of experienced goalkeeper Peter Jehle from Tours and Franz Burgmeier from Darlington boosted the Liechtensteiner contingent to six by the start of the 2009–10 season.[2]


Chart of FC Vaduz table positions in the Swiss football league system

Fussball Club Vaduz was founded on 14 February 1932 in Vaduz, and the club's first chairman was Johann Walser. FC Vaduz is the only professional football club in Liechtenstein. In its first training match, which Vaduz played in Balzers on 24 April of that year, the newly-born team emerged as 2–1 winners. The club played in Vorarlberger Football Association in Austria for the 1932–33 season. In 1933, Vaduz began playing in Switzerland. Over the years Vaduz struggled through various tiers of Swiss football and won its first Liechtensteiner Cup in 1949. Vaduz enjoyed a lengthy stay in the Swiss 1. Liga from 1960 to 1973, which is the third tier of the Swiss football league system.

Vaduz has been required to pay a fee to the Swiss Football Association in order to participate as a foreign club, around £150,000 a year. There have been calls for this agreement to be revoked, but discussions have meant that a permanent arrangement has now taken place for a Liechtenstein representative to be allowed to participate in the Challenge League or Super League in future.[3]

From the 2001–02 season, Vaduz played in the Swiss Challenge League (formerly called Nationalliga B), the second tier of the Swiss league system. Since then, Vaduz have been one of the best teams in the Challenge League and gave serious challenges towards promotion to the Super League, especially in 2004 and 2005, playing two-leg play-offs in both cases. In the 2007–08 season, Vaduz secured promotion to the Swiss Super League on 12 May 2008 by winning the Challenge League on the final day of the season, giving Liechtenstein a representative at the highest level of Swiss football for the first time. Vaduz, however, were relegated back to the Challenge League after one season in the top flight. Vaduz finally returned to top level after five years in the Challenge League.

In May 2010, the two Liechtenstein teams FC Vaduz and USV Eschen/Mauren decided on a better cooperation, especially on the exchange and the development possibilities of the players of both teams. In principle, the agreement should replace the missing substructure at FC Vaduz and promote cooperation in the sense of Liechtenstein football. FC Vaduz is the first address for professional footballers.

In 1992, Vaduz qualified for European football for the first time, entering the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup as Liechtenstein Cup winners, but lost 12–1 on aggregate to Chornomorets Odesa of Ukraine in the qualifying round. In 1996, Vaduz qualified for the first round proper with their first European victory, winning 5–3 on penalties against Universitate Riga of Latvia, after a 2–2 aggregate scoreline, although Vaduz lost their first round tie to Paris Saint-Germain of France 7–0 on aggregate.

After the Cup Winners' Cup was abolished, Vaduz have annually entered the UEFA Cup (now the UEFA Europa League) as a result of winning the Liechtenstein Cup every year since 1998 due to being the top team, and only team, in Liechtenstein. However, they have never got past the qualifying rounds to date.

However, Vaduz did come within one second of reaching the first round proper of the UEFA Cup in 2002. With the aggregate scores level, and with opponents Livingston scheduled to go through on away goals, Vaduz won a late corner. The ball was sent into the box, and Marius Zarn hit a goal-bound shot. However, the referee (Luke Harrington) blew the whistle for full-time just before the ball crossed over the line, and Livingston progressed through in controversial circumstances.

For the 2005-06 season, Mats Gren was a coach. In the first round of the 2005–06 UEFA Cup qualifying, FC Vaduz defeated Moldovan opponent FC Dacia Chişinău. In the second round they met the Istanbul club Beşiktaş J.K., against which they have been eliminated.

FC Vaduz started their European campaign in 2009–10 by beating Scottish side Falkirk in the second qualifying round of the Europa League. However, they lost 3–0 on aggregate[4][5] to Czech side Slovan Liberec in the third qualifying round.

In the 2014–15 Swiss Super League season, Vaduz survived for the first time in their history in the Swiss Super League. They finished in 9th place with 31 points won. They also won their 43rd Liechtenstein cup, becoming world record holders of a domestic cup in the process.

In season 2015-16 FC Vaduz started their European campaign in the 2015–16 UEFA Europa League by beating S.P. La Fiorita from San Marino in the first qualifying round of the Europa League. In the second round, Vaduz progressed against Nõmme Kalju FC to progress into the third qualifying round of the Europa League where they were drawn against fellow Swiss Super League club FC Thun. FC Thun won 2–2 on the away goals rule.

Vaduz won their domestic cup for the forty-fourth time and were eighth in the Swiss Super League. They won a team record thirty-six points. Vaduz player Armando Sadiku represented Albania at Euro 2016.

The team appeared for the first time appear in a popular sports video game FIFA 17. This is the first time in history that a team from Liechtenstein appeared in the sports video game series.

After three years in the elite Swiss competition, the only and most awarded Liechtenstein team relegated. It was not a good season 2016–17, where they even changed the coach Giorgio Contini after almost 5 years at the helm, and in his place came the German coach Roland Vrabec, but Vaduz has not succeeded to survive in Swiss Super League.

On 5 September 2018, they terminated the agreement with Roland Vrabec. On September 17, they presented a new coach Mario Frick. He is a first coach from Liechtenstein in history.

Legal status[edit]

Vaduz is one of several expatriate European football clubs, including Swansea City and Cardiff City playing in the English Football League, AS Monaco playing in France, San Marino Calcio playing in Italy and some other minor clubs doing likewise in different leagues. The difference between Vaduz and the aforementioned clubs is that its status in Switzerland is a "guest club", and as such it does not participate in the Swiss Cup and cannot represent Switzerland internationally, which makes Champions League qualification from league football impossible under current rules other than by winning the Europa League or the Champions League itself. Since Vaduz has never won the Swiss league and therefore could not be argued to have qualified, such a situation has not occurred.

Rheinpark Stadion[edit]

Main stand of the Rheinpark Stadion with Vaduz Castle in the background.

The Rheinpark Stadion in Vaduz is the national stadium of Liechtenstein. It plays host to the home matches of the Liechtenstein national football team, and is also the home of Liechtenstein's top football club, FC Vaduz. It lies on the banks of the River Rhine, just metres from the border with Switzerland. The stadium has a fully seated capacity of 5,873, plus additional standing places, giving it a total capacity of 7,584. The building of the stadium cost roughly 19 million CHF.

The stadium was officially opened on 31 July 1998 with a match between FC Vaduz, the Liechtenstein Cup holders at the time, and 1. FC Kaiserslautern, the then Bundesliga champions. Kaiserslautern won the match 8–0. Liverpool F.C. played here against Olympiacos F.C. in a friendly in 2005. Rheinpark Stadion hosted the likes of FC Chornomorets Odesa and Paris Saint-Germain F.C. in this tournament but failed to progress past the qualification rounds.

The construction of the stadium became necessary because the FIFA World governing body FIFA and the European association UEFA threatened not to allow more European and international matches in Liechtenstein if the country did not provide a modern venue in accordance with international standards. In Liechtenstein, no own championship is played, but a cup competition is organized. Its series winner FC Vaduz is therefore represented in the Europa League almost every year. The national team has not been represented in any major competition such as the World or European Championship, but in the qualifications to do so.

Rheinpark Stadion sits less than 1 km west of Vaduz city centre on the eastern bank of the Rhein River. Vaduz holds the distinction of being one of the few capitals in the world to lack its own airport and railway station.

Rheinpark Stadion consists of four stands: North, East, South and West.

Although you should be able to purchase FC Vaduz Merchandise from Rheinpark Stadion on matchdays there doesn’t appear to be a permanent club shop which is open during the week. You could always check out FC Vaduz online store instead.

Sadly there aren’t any stadium tours available of the current facilities, maybe one day.

There are a limited number of free parking spaces located at Rheinpark Stadion on matchdays which are allocated on a first-come first-served basis.

Current sponsorship[edit]

Companies that FC Vaduz currently has sponsorship deals with include:

  • Liechtenstein Liechtensteinische Landesbank – main sponsor
  • Liechtenstein MBPI AG – main sponsor
  • Germany Adidas – kit manufacturer
  • Switzerland Accurata Treuhand und Revisions AG – official sponsor
  • Switzerland Brauerei Schützengarten AG – official sponsor
  • Switzerland Heim Bohrtechnik AG – official sponsor
  • Switzerland Kibernetik AG – official sponsor
  • Switzerland Hirslanden Private Hospital Group – medical partner
  • Switzerland Orthopädie St. Gallen – medical partner


Domestic competitions[edit]

Cup Winner.png Winners (2): 1932,[6] 1936
Cup Winner.png Winners (47) (World Record[7]): 1949, 1952, 1953, 1954, 1956, 1957, 1958, 1959, 1960, 1961, 1962, 1966, 1967, 1968, 1969, 1970, 1971, 1974, 1980, 1985, 1986, 1988, 1990, 1992, 1995, 1996, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019
Cup Finalist.png Runners-up (13): 1946, 1947, 1948, 1950, 1951, 1955, 1972, 1977, 1984, 1987, 1991, 1997, 2012

Switzerland competitions[edit]

Cup Winner.png Winners (3): 2003, 2008, 2014
Cup Finalist.png Runners-up (2): 2004, 2005

European record[edit]

Season Competition Round Opponent Home Away Aggregate
1992–93 European Cup Winners' Cup Qualifying round Ukraine Chornomorets Odesa 0–5 1–7 1–12 Symbol delete vote.svg
1995–96 UEFA Cup Winners' Cup Qualifying round Czechoslovakia Hradec Králové 0–5 1–9 1–14 Symbol delete vote.svg
1996–97 UEFA Cup Winners' Cup Qualifying round Latvia Universitāte Rīga 1–1 1–1 2–2 (4–2 p) Symbol keep vote.svg
First round France Paris Saint-Germain 0–4 0–3 0–7 Symbol delete vote.svg
1998–99 UEFA Cup Winners' Cup Qualifying round Sweden Helsingborg 0–2 0–3 0–5 Symbol delete vote.svg
1999–00 UEFA Cup Qualifying round Norway Bodø/Glimt 0–1 1–2 1–3 Symbol delete vote.svg
2000–01 UEFA Cup Qualifying round Poland Amica Wronki 0–3 3–3 3–6 Symbol delete vote.svg
2001–02 UEFA Cup Qualifying round Croatia Varteks Varaždin 3–3 1–6 4–9 Symbol delete vote.svg
2002–03 UEFA Cup Qualifying round Scotland Livingston 1–1 0–0 1–1 (a) Symbol delete vote.svg
2003–04 UEFA Cup Qualifying round Ukraine Dnipro Dnipropetrovsk 0–1 0–1 0–2 Symbol delete vote.svg
2004–05 UEFA Cup First qualifying round Republic of Ireland Longford Town 1–0 3–2 4–2 Symbol keep vote.svg
Second qualifying round Belgium Beveren 1–3 1–2 2–5 Symbol delete vote.svg
2005–06 UEFA Cup First qualifying round Moldova Dacia Chișinău 2–0 0–1 2–1 Symbol keep vote.svg
Second qualifying round Turkey Beşiktaş 0–1 1–5 1–6 Symbol delete vote.svg
2006–07 UEFA Cup First qualifying round Hungary Újpest 0–1 4–0 4–1 Symbol keep vote.svg
Second qualifying round Switzerland Basel 2–1 0–1 2–2 (a) Symbol delete vote.svg
2007–08 UEFA Cup First qualifying round Georgia (country) Dinamo Tbilisi 0–0 0–2 0–2 Symbol delete vote.svg
2008–09 UEFA Cup First qualifying round Bosnia and Herzegovina Zrinjski Mostar 1–2 0–3 1–5 Symbol delete vote.svg
2009–10 UEFA Europa League Second qualifying round Scotland Falkirk 0–1 2–0 (aet) 2–1 Symbol keep vote.svg
Third qualifying round Czech Republic Slovan Liberec 0–1 0–2 0–3 Symbol delete vote.svg
2010–11 UEFA Europa League Second qualifying round Denmark Brøndby 0–0 0–3 0–3 Symbol delete vote.svg
2011–12 UEFA Europa League Second qualifying round Serbia Vojvodina 0–2 3–1 3–3 (a) Symbol keep vote.svg
Third qualifying round Israel Hapoel Tel Aviv 2–1 0–4 2–5 Symbol delete vote.svg
2013–14 UEFA Europa League First qualifying round Georgia (country) Chikhura Sachkhere 1–1 0–0 1–1 (a) Symbol delete vote.svg
2014–15 UEFA Europa League First qualifying round Gibraltar College Europa 3–0 1–0 4–0 Symbol keep vote.svg
Second qualifying round Poland Ruch Chorzów 0–0 2–3 2–3 Symbol delete vote.svg
2015–16 UEFA Europa League First qualifying round San Marino La Fiorita 5–1 5–0 10–1 Symbol keep vote.svg
Second qualifying round Estonia Nõmme Kalju 3–1 2–0 5–1 Symbol keep vote.svg
Third qualifying round Switzerland Thun 2–2 0–0 2–2 (a) Symbol delete vote.svg
2016–17 UEFA Europa League First qualifying round North Macedonia Sileks 3–1 2–1 5–2 Symbol keep vote.svg
Second qualifying round Denmark Midtjylland 2–2 0–3 2–5 Symbol delete vote.svg
2017–18 UEFA Europa League First qualifying round Wales Bala Town 3–0 2–1 5–1 Symbol keep vote.svg
Second qualifying round Norway Odds BK 0–1 0–1 0–2 Symbol delete vote.svg
2018–19 UEFA Europa League First qualifying round Bulgaria Levski Sofia 1−0 2−3 3–3 (a) Symbol keep vote.svg
Second qualifying round Lithuania Žalgiris 1−1 0–1 1–2 Symbol delete vote.svg
2019–20 UEFA Europa League First qualifying round
Competition Matches W D L GF GA +/-
UEFA Cup Winners' Cup 10 0 2 8 4 40 −36
UEFA Cup / UEFA Europa League 60 19 13 28 72 83 −11
Total 70 19 15 36 76 123 −47

Biggest win in UEFA competition:

Season Match Score
UEFA Cup / UEFA Europa League
2006–07 Hungary Újpest FC – Liechtenstein FC Vaduz 0–4
2014–15 Liechtenstein FC Vaduz – Gibraltar College Europa 3–0
2015–16 San Marino S.P. La Fiorita – Liechtenstein FC Vaduz 0–5
2015–16 Liechtenstein FC Vaduz – San Marino S.P. La Fiorita 5–1
2017–18 Liechtenstein FC Vaduz – Wales Bala Town F.C. 3–0

Club records[edit]

Individual awards[edit]


The player of the year in Liechtenstein has been announced as the season 1980/81 to 2007/08 as of the end of the season. The open for all election was organized by media house Vaduz. Since 2009, the Liechtenstein Football Association draws the title holder of its own. To this end, the LFV-Award has been launched, annually awarded a title in which professional bodies and public in three categories. The categories are Footballer of the Year, Young Player of the Year and Coach of the Year.


Swiss Challenge League top scorers

Season Name Goals
2008 Brazil Gaspar Odirlei 31
2010 Germany Nick Proschwitz 23

Swiss Challenge League dream team

Season Name
2013 Germany Markus Neumayr
2013 Switzerland Nick von Niederhäusern
2013 Liechtenstein Peter Jehle
2018 Switzerland Philipp Muntwiler


To celebrate the Union of European Football Associations (UEFA)'s 50th anniversary in 2004, each of its member associations was asked by UEFA to choose one of its own players as the single most outstanding player of the past 50 years (1954–2003).

Golden Player

Year Name
2004 Liechtenstein Rainer Hasler

Team awards[edit]

Fairplay Trophy

Season League Points
2013–14 Switzerland Swiss Challenge League 65


Swiss Super League history[edit]

In the 2007–08 season, for the first time in their history, FC Vaduz earned promotion to Swiss Super League. Two times before was relegated in Barrage in the season 2003–04 against Neuchâtel Xamax and 2004–05 against FC Schaffhausen. In the 2015–16 season they finished on the 8th place in front of FC Lugano and FC Zürich who is that season relegated in Swiss Challenge League. After two seasons FC Vaduz was relegated in Swiss Challenge League.

Season Pos Pld W D L GF GA Pts Att.[10]
2008–09 10Arrow-down.gif 36 5 7 24 28 85 22 2,177
2014–15 9 36 7 10 19 28 59 31 4,152
2015–16 8 36 7 15 14 44 60 36 4,006
2016–17 10Arrow-down.gif 36 7 9 20 45 78 30 4,086
Total 144 26 41 77 145 282 119 3,606

Current squad[edit]

As of 30 March 2019.

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1 Switzerland GK Andreas Hirzel
2 Switzerland DF Sadik Vitija (on loan from Switzerland Grasshoppers U21)
3 Liechtenstein DF Manuel Mikus
5 Turkey DF Berkay Sülüngöz
7 Austria MF Christopher Drazan
8 Switzerland MF Gabriel Lüchinger
9 Switzerland FW Boris Babić (on loan from Switzerland St. Gallen)
10 Senegal FW Mohamed Coulibaly
11 Serbia FW Igor Tadić
12 Switzerland DF Gianni Antoniazzi
13 Croatia DF Tomislav Puljić
14 Serbia MF Milan Gajić
15 Liechtenstein GK Justin Ospelt
16 Liechtenstein MF Aron Sele
No. Position Player
18 Austria FW Manuel Sutter
19 Switzerland DF Nils von Niederhäusern
20 Benin MF Jodel Dossou
22 Liechtenstein GK Benjamin Büchel
23 Liechtenstein MF Sandro Wieser
24 Switzerland MF Maurice Brunner
25 Liechtenstein MF Noah Frick
26 Liechtenstein FW Ferhat Saglam
27 Switzerland MF Philipp Muntwiler (captain)
28 Slovakia MF Boris Prokopič
29 Switzerland DF Mario Bühler
33 Liechtenstein DF Maximilian Göppel
Liechtenstein DF Jens Hofer

Out on loan[edit]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
Liechtenstein GK Armando Majer (on loan at Liechtenstein USV Eschen/Mauren until 30 June 2019)

Technical staff[edit]

Mario Frick is the current manager of the club.
Current technical staff

  • President: Liechtenstein Ruth Ospelt
  • Board member: Liechtenstein Matthias Biedermann
  • Board member: Liechtenstein Bruno Vogt
  • Board member: Liechtenstein Lorenz Gassner
  • Board member: Liechtenstein Christopher Holder
  • Board member: Liechtenstein Michael Baum
  • Finance director: Liechtenstein Brigitte Löscher
  • Chief marketing officer: Liechtenstein Mathias Hagmann
  • Secretary: Liechtenstein Carmen Alabor
  • Announcer: Liechtenstein Maximilian Vogt

FC Vaduz U23[edit]

FC Vaduz U23 is the reserve team of FC Vaduz. They currently play in the 2. Liga (sixth tier of the Swiss football league system). In the season 2014–15 they played semi-finals in Liechtenstein Cup against FC Triesenberg and they lost 1–0 after extra time.

Current squad[edit]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1 Switzerland GK David Weber
2 Liechtenstein DF Roman Spirig
3 Romania DF Giovanny Popescu
4 Bosnia and Herzegovina DF Suad Gerzić
5 Liechtenstein DF Jonas Hilti
6 North Macedonia MF Emir Muratoski
7 Liechtenstein FW Pascal Koller
8 Switzerland MF Yago Gomes do Nascimer
9 Montenegro FW Luka Tiganj
10 Serbia MF Besart Bajrami
11 Liechtenstein MF Menderes Caglar
12 Switzerland GK Fabian Lüchinger
No. Position Player
13 Switzerland FW Barna Fenyvesi
14 Republic of Ireland MF Brian Allen
15 Liechtenstein MF Benjamin Vogt
16 Switzerland DF Luca Giorlando
17 Bosnia and Herzegovina MF Dejan Đokić
18 Switzerland MF Agon Topalli
19 Liechtenstein DF Lukas Graber
20 Liechtenstein DF Noah Graber
22 North Macedonia MF Elton Aliji
24 Switzerland DF Noah Birchmeier
25 Liechtenstein GK Justin Ospelt

Technical staff[edit]

Current technical staff

Recent seasons[edit]

Recent season-by-season performance of the club:

Season Division Tier Position
2003–04 Challenge League II 2nd
2004–05 2nd
2005–06 8th
2006–07 9th
2007–08 1st ↑
2008–09 Super League I 10th ↓
2009–10 Challenge League II 8th
2010–11 4th
2011–12 8th
2012–13 9th
2013–14 1st ↑
2014–15 Super League I 9th
2015–16 8th
2016–17 10th ↓
2017–18 Challenge League II 4th
2018–19 6th
Promoted Relegated

Former players[edit]

A few former players are considered by the fans to be especially memorable because of their long and outstanding contributions towards the club, to some degree even decades after the end of their careers. Therefore, they have a very special status with the fans. The following are a few examples:

Yann Sommer in the Switzerland national football team

Yann Sommer[edit]

During the summer of 2007, Sommer signed a new contract, and was loaned out to Liechtensteiner club FC Vaduz to gain first-team experience in an environment somewhat more competitive than the reserves in the Swiss 1. Liga. He was made the first-choice goalkeeper and played 33 matches over the course of the 2007–08 Swiss Challenge League season, playing a major part in Vaduz's promotion to the Swiss Super League. His loan deal was then extended to last until January 2009. He made his Super League debut for Vaduz on 20 July 2008 in the 2–1 away win against Luzern.

Players of Vaduz at major international tournaments

Australia AFC Asian Cup 2015 North Korea Pak Kwang-Ryong
France UEFA Euro 2016 Albania Armando Sadiku
Albania Naser Aliji
Egypt Africa Cup of Nations 2019 Benin Jodel Dossou

Former managers[edit]


Former presidents[edit]

FC Vaduz Red Pride Rugby[edit]

On 12 March 2012 the new club FC Vaduz Rugby was founded. The rugby union club is involved in the grassroots of the FC Vaduz. Rugby union in Liechtenstein is a minor but growing sport. Liechtenstein has no national governing body of its own, but comes under the Swiss Rugby Federation.


  1. ^ Facts & Figures Archived 2010-06-30 at the Wayback Machine FC Vaduz
  2. ^ Squad Archived 2009-08-02 at the Wayback Machine FC Vaduz
  3. ^ "FCV is still playing in Swiss League (German)". Volksblatt. 23 December 2009. Retrieved 23 December 2009.
  4. ^ FC Vaduz – FC Slovan Liberec : 0–1 Match report from Scorespro.com
  5. ^ FC Slovan Liberec – FC Vaduz : 2–0 Match report from Scorespro.com
  6. ^ "Fußballturnier in Mühleholz (near Vaduz, Liechtenstein) 1932". rsssf.com. Retrieved 16 February 2018.
  7. ^ "Domestic Cups Trivia". www.rsssf.com. Retrieved 16 February 2018.
  8. ^ Kassies, Bert. "UEFA Team Ranking 2015". kassiesa.home.xs4all.nl. Retrieved 16 February 2018.
  9. ^ "CLUB WORLD RANKING 2015 - IFFHS". 7 January 2016. Retrieved 16 February 2018.
  10. ^ "Super League 2008/2009 - Attendance". worldfootball.net. Retrieved 16 February 2018.

External links[edit]