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FEDOR (robot)

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FEDOR (callsign:Skybot F-850)
ManufacturerAndroid Technics
Year of creation2015-2019
TypeHumanoid robot
PurposeSpace exploration
Derived fromAlyosha (callsign:MPM-100)

FEDOR or Fyodor (Russian: Фёдор) is a Russian humanoid robot that replicates movements of a remote operator and can perform some actions autonomously.[1] Originally intended for rescue operations, it was sent on an experimental mission to the International Space Station in 2019.[2] FEDOR is a Russian given male name and an acronym for "Final Experimental Demonstration Object Research".[3]

History

The robot, originally called Avatar, was funded by the Ministry of Emergency Situations and intended for rescue operations but its role was later expanded to include space missions.[4] The new name, FEDOR, was announced in 2017 by then Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin.[5] FEDOR is intended to be a platform for development of a series of robots, although the first model was often called FEDOR in news media.[6]

In April 2017, a video of FEDOR shooting guns caused a media alarm.[7] Rogozin insisted Russia was not creating a Terminator.[7] After the video was posted, one of the parts suppliers cancelled their relationship with the project.[5]

On 22 August 2019, a FEDOR robot was launched on Soyuz MS-14 to the International Space Station. The plan was for the robot to spend a week and a half aboard the orbital outpost.[8] The model going to space was given the name Skybot F-850.[9]

On 24 August 2019, the Soyuz failed to dock as scheduled with the station, due to a fault with its rendezvous system.[10]

On 27 August 2019, it successfully docked with the Zvezda module of the station.[11]

On 30 August 2019, FEDOR successfully matched plug connectors while weightless, simulating the repair of cables on the station's exterior surface during a spacewalk.[12]

On 6 September 2019, the reentry capsule of the Soyuz MS-14 spacecraft, with FEDOR on board but no crew, landed in the designated area in the steppes of Kazaskhtan, south-east of the city of Zhezkazghan.[13]·[14]·[15]

On 11 September 2019, "Russian robot Fedor cannot fulfill his mission to replace human astronauts on space walks", Yevgeny Dudorov, executive director of robot developers Androidnaya Tekhnika said.[16]·[17]

On 14 December 2019, Russia's Androidnaya Tekhnika [18] and Japan's GITAI[19] startup plan to create a robot to operate on the lunar surface, the Russian company's executive director, Yevgeny Dudorov, told TASS.[20]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Fedor - Первый российский антропоморфный робот" [FEDOR - The first Russian anthropomorphic robot] (in Russian). Russian Foundation for Advanced Research Projects in the Defense Industry. 2017-12-21.
  2. ^ "Skybot FEDOR, Flying to ISS, is Very Sociable, Has Sense of Humour – August 05, 2019, 11:42 UTC - State space corporation ROSCOSMOS". Roscosmos. 2019-08-05. Retrieved 5 August 2019.
  3. ^ "Russian android robot Fedor to acquire self-learning abilities - Science & Space - TASS". TASS. 2016-12-09. Retrieved 7 September 2019.
  4. ^ "Russia creating combatant androids of Avatar type - TASS". TASS. 2014-03-22. Retrieved 7 September 2019.
  5. ^ a b "Аватар для МЧС: как создавали робота-спасателя по имени Федор" [Avatar for Ministry of Emergency Situations: the story of rescue robot Fedor creation] (in Russian). РБК. 2017-12-21.
  6. ^ "Аватар для МЧС: как создавали робота-спасателя по имени Федор" [Avatar for Ministry of Emergency Situations: the story of rescue robot Fedor creation] (in Russian). Russian Foundation for Advanced Research Projects in the Defense Industry. 2017-12-21.
  7. ^ a b Aatif Sulleyman (14 April 2017). "Robot being trained to shoot guns is 'not a Terminator', insists Russian deputy Prime Minister". The Independent.
  8. ^ "Soyuz MS-14 launched to the ISS – August 22, 2019, 03:48 GMT - State space corporation ROSCOSMOS". Roscosmos. 2019-08-22. Retrieved 22 August 2019.
  9. ^ Ackerman, Evan (19 August 2019). "Russian Humanoid Robot to Pilot Soyuz Capsule to ISS This Week". IEEE Spectrum. IEEE. Retrieved 27 August 2019.
  10. ^ "Regarding the Soyuz spacecraft docking – August 25, 2019, 06:00 GMT - State space corporation ROSCOSMOS". Roscosmos. 2016-08-25. Retrieved 25 August 2019.
  11. ^ "Soyuz MS-14 docked to the ISS – August 27, 2019, 03:10 UTC - State space corporation ROSCOSMOS". Roscosmos. 2019-08-27. Retrieved 27 August 2019.
  12. ^ "Skybot F-850 at the ISS – August 30, 2019, 15:00 GMT - State space corporation ROSCOSMOS". Roscosmos. 2019-08-30. Retrieved 30 August 2019.
  13. ^ "Soyuz MS-14 in autonomous flight – September 06, 2019, 18:15 GMT - State space corporation ROSCOSMOS". Roscosmos. 2019-09-06. Retrieved 6 September 2019.
  14. ^ "Soyuz MS-14 spacecraft returned to Earth – September 06, 2019, 21:35 GMT - State space corporation ROSCOSMOS". Roscosmos. 2019-09-06. Retrieved 6 September 2019.
  15. ^ "Журнал «Русский космос» (Сентябрь 2019)" [Russian Space Magazine (September 2019)] (PDF) (in Russian). Roscosmos. 2019-09-13.
  16. ^ "Russia terminates robot Fedor after space odyssey". AFP. 2019-09-12. Retrieved 12 September 2019.
  17. ^ "Журнал «Русский космос» (Октябрь 2019)" [Russian Space Magazine (October 2019)] (PDF) (in Russian). Roscosmos. 2019-10-25.
  18. ^ SPA «Android Technics»(in English)
  19. ^ – Robotics Startup for Space Development(in English)
  20. ^ "Russian, Japanese companies plan to jointly design moon robot - Science & Space - TASS". TASS. 2019-12-14. Retrieved 14 December 2019.

External links