FIA Formula 3 Championship
The FIA Formula 3 Championship is an upcoming third-tier single-seater racing championship based in the International and organised by the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA). The championship will launch in 2019 as a feeder series for the FIA Formula 1 World Championship and FIA Formula 2 Championships. It will be a result of a merger between two existing third-tier single-seater racing championships, the GP3 Series and the FIA Formula 3 European Championship as it was announced on 10 March 2018. The championship is part of the FIA Global Pathway consolidation project plan. Unlike its predecessor, the Formula 3 European Championship, the series will exclusively run in support of Formula 1 races.
The FIA Formula 3 Championship car is used by all of the teams, and features a Dallara carbon-fiber monocoque chassis powered by a Mecachrome naturally-aspirated direct-injected V6 engine and Pirelli dry slick and rain treaded tyres.
The F3 Championship will use 2019 specification F3 2019 car which has been designed by Dallara Automobili. The new FIA Formula 3 Championship chassis material is Carbon/aluminium honeycomb structure and also Carbon Aramid honeycomb bodywork structure. The new FIA Formula 2 Championship car's front wings are slightly wider and also wider-lower rear wing.
Transmission, gearbox and clutches
The current gearbox has been manufactured by Hewland and features an 8-position barrel with ratchet body and software upgrades as well as a new transverse shafts fixing system designed to facilitate improved gear selection. Currently, the FIA Formula 2 Championship gearbox uses a 6-speed semi-automatic configuration with electronically-controlled paddle shifters with reverse operated by Reverse button on the steering wheel. The clutches of all FIA Formula 3 Championship cars are supplied by AP Racing with the multi-plate clutch operated by a hand-paddle lever.
O.Z. Racing exclusively supplies wheel rims for all FIA Formula 3 Championship cars.
The suspension of all FIA Formula 3 Championship cars is upper and lower steel wishbones, pushrod operated, coupled with twin Koni dampers and torsion bars suspension (front) and spring suspension (rear) similar to current Formula One car suspension.
From the 2019 season, all FIA Formula 3 cars will utilize all new XAP steering wheels with a larger dash screen as well as three new rotary switches (similar to the current FIA Formula E steering wheel).
The current safety innovation of FIA Formula 3 Championship is the top priority. Front, side, rear and steering column impact tests are the FIA safety standards. All of the FIA Formula 3 Championship cars include front and rear roll hoop, impact structures and monocoque push tests. Anti-intrusion survival cell protection panels are also featured since 2019. Wheel retainer safety cables are also featured to avoid wheel flying similar to Formula One, IndyCar Series (known as SWEMS) and other single-seater Formula racing series. The seat belts of all FIA Formula 3 Championship cars are supplied by Sabelt with 6-point seat belt configuration similar to Formula One. From 2019 onwards, the “halo” cockpit protection system would be introduced to avoid the series of fatal crashes.
All FIA Formula 3 cars carry a Magneti Marelli-provided electronic control unit as well as Magneti Marelli power supply management unit. Live telemetry is used only for television broadcasts, but the data can be recorded from the ECU to the computer if the car is in the garage and not on the track.
Rear view mirrors for all FIA Formula 3 cars are fully mandated for easy viewing of opponents behind.
The series will remain use the 3.4-litre V6 naturally-aspirated direct-injected engines supplied by Mecachrome until at least 2021 season. The horsepower will be scaled down from 400 to 380 hp (298 to 283 kW).
Mecachrome V634 F3 V6 engines were crated and shipped to all FIA Formula 3 Championship teams on a serial-number basis as determined by the sanctioning body (FIA) to ensure equality and fairness in distribution.
Fuel and lubricants components
All Formula 3 cars currently use ordinary unleaded racing gasoline as fuel (similar to commercial vehicle unleaded street gasoline), which has been the de facto standard in third tier single-seater formula racing since the introduction of GP3 Series in 2010. Current Elf LMS 102 RON unleaded gasoline resembles ordinary unleaded gasoline but produces better mileage while being environmental-friendly and safer than other fuels. Since 2019, Elf exclusively continues providing the LMS 102 RON unleaded fuel and also Elf HTX 840 0W-40 lubricants for all FIA Formula 3 Championship cars.
The car also features internal cooling upgrades, a new water radiator, radiator duct, oil/water heat exchanger, modified oil degasser, new oil and water pipes and new heat exchanger fixing brackets.
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- Hewitt, Chloe. "World Motor Sport Council Confirms New Formula 3 Category For 2019". thecheckeredflag.co.uk. Retrieved 22 September 2017.
- "Formula 1 to promote the FIA Formula 3 Championship". formula1.com. Retrieved 10 March 2018.
- "New International F3 car set to use GP3 engine". Motorsport.com. Retrieved 5 July 2018.