FIA Formula 3 Championship

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FIA Formula 3 Championship
CategorySingle-seaters
CountryInternational
Inaugural season2019
ConstructorsDallara
Engine suppliersMecachrome
Tyre suppliersPirelli
Teams' championPrema Racing
Official websitefiaformula3.com
Motorsport current event.svg Current season

The FIA Formula 3 Championship is a third-tier single-seater racing championship based in the International and organised by the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA). The championship launched in 2019 as a feeder series for the FIA Formula 1 World Championship and FIA Formula 2 Championships. It was the result of a merger between two third-tier single-seater racing championships, the GP3 Series and the FIA Formula 3 European Championship as it was announced on 10 March 2018.[1][2] The championship is part of the FIA Global Pathway consolidation project plan.[3] Unlike its predecessor, the Formula 3 European Championship, the series will exclusively run in support of Formula 1 races.

Origins and history[edit]

The car[edit]

The FIA Formula 3 Championship car is used by all of the teams, and features a Dallara carbon-fiber monocoque chassis powered by a Mecachrome naturally-aspirated direct-injected V6 engine and Pirelli dry slick and rain treaded tyres.[4]

Chassis[edit]

The F3 Championship will use the 2019 specification F3 2019 car which has been designed by Dallara Automobili. The new FIA Formula 3 Championship chassis material is Carbon/aluminium honeycomb structure and also Carbon Aramid honeycomb bodywork structure. The new FIA Formula 3 Championship car's front wings are slightly wider and also wider-lower rear wing.

Transmission, gearbox and clutches[edit]

The current gearbox has been manufactured by Hewland and features an 8-position barrel with ratchet body and software upgrades as well as a new transverse shafts fixing system designed to facilitate improved gear selection. Currently, the FIA Formula 3 Championship gearbox uses a 6-speed semi-automatic configuration with electronically-controlled paddle shifters with reverse operated by Reverse button on the steering wheel. The clutches of all FIA Formula 3 Championship cars are supplied by AP Racing with the multi-plate clutch operated by a hand-paddle lever.

Wheel rims[edit]

O.Z. Racing exclusively supplies wheel rims for all FIA Formula 3 Championship cars.

Tyres[edit]

Pirelli will continue supplying tyres for all FIA Formula 3 Championship cars as they have done since the GP3 Series era. The tyre size of all cars will still remain the same as in the GP3 Series. The tyre sizes are 250/575-R13 on the fronts and 290/590-R13 on the rears. The compounds of Pirelli Formula 3 tyres are currently three dry compounds (red soft, yellow medium and white hard) carrying P Zero brand and one wet compound (blue wet) carrying Cinturato brand.

Brakes[edit]

Brembo supplies monobloc brake calipers and disc bells, which are exclusive to the FIA Formula 3 Championship. Carbone Industrie also supplies carbon brake discs and pads for the championship.

Suspension[edit]

The suspension of all FIA Formula 3 Championship cars is upper and lower steel wishbones, pushrod operated, coupled with twin Koni dampers and torsion bars suspension (front) and spring suspension (rear) similar to current Formula One car suspension.

Steering wheel[edit]

From the 2019 season, all FIA Formula 3 cars will utilize all new XAP steering wheels with a larger dash screen as well as three new rotary switches (similar to the current FIA Formula E and FIA Formula 2 steering wheel).

Safety[edit]

The current safety innovation of FIA Formula 3 Championship is the top priority. Front, side, rear and steering column impact tests are the FIA safety standards. All of the FIA Formula 3 Championship cars include front and rear roll hoop, impact structures and monocoque push tests. Anti-intrusion survival cell protection panels are also featured since 2019. Wheel retainer safety cables are also featured to avoid wheel flying similar to Formula One, IndyCar Series (known as SWEMS) and other single-seater Formula racing series. The seat belts of all FIA Formula 3 Championship cars are supplied by Sabelt with 6-point seat belt configuration similar to Formula One. From 2019 onwards, the “halo” cockpit protection system would be introduced to avoid the series of fatal crashes.

Other components[edit]

All FIA Formula 3 cars carry a Magneti Marelli-provided electronic control unit as well as Magneti Marelli power supply management unit. Live telemetry is used only for television broadcasts, but the data can be recorded from the ECU to the computer if the car is in the garage and not on the track.

Rear view mirrors for all FIA Formula 3 cars are mandated for easy viewing of opponents behind.

Engine[edit]

First generation (second-generation overall)[edit]

The series will remain using the 3.4-litre V6 naturally-aspirated direct-injected engines supplied by Mecachrome until at least the 2021 season due to FIA Formula 3 Championship not interested with turbocharged engine. The horsepower will be scaled down from 400 to 380 hp (298 to 283 kW).

Mecachrome V634 F3 V6 engines were crated and shipped to all FIA Formula 3 Championship teams on a serial-number basis as determined by the FIA to ensure equality and fairness in distribution.

Fuel and lubricants components[edit]

All Formula 3 cars currently use ordinary unleaded racing gasoline as fuel (similar to commercial vehicle unleaded street gasoline), which has been the de facto standard in third tier single-seater formula racing since the introduction of GP3 Series in 2010. Current Elf LMS 102 RON unleaded gasoline resembles ordinary unleaded gasoline but produces better mileage while being environmental-friendly and safer than other fuels[citation needed]. Since 2019, Elf exclusively continues providing the LMS 102 RON unleaded fuel and also Elf HTX 840 0W-40 lubricants for all FIA Formula 3 Championship cars.

Other parts[edit]

The car also features internal cooling upgrades, a new water radiator, radiator duct, oil/water heat exchanger, modified oil degasser, new oil and water pipes and new heat exchanger fixing brackets.

Specifications[edit]

  • Engine displacement: 3.4 L (207 cu in) DOHC V6
  • Gearbox: 6-speed paddle shift gearbox (must have reverse)
  • Weight: 1,484 lb (673 kg)
  • Power output: 380 hp (283 kW)
  • Fuel: Elf LMS 102 RON unleaded
  • Fuel capacity: 65 litres (17 US gallons)
  • Fuel delivery: Direct fuel injection
  • Aspiration: Naturally aspirated
  • Length: 4,965 mm (195 in)
  • Width: 1,885 mm (74 in)
  • Wheelbase: 2,880 mm (113 in)
  • Steering: Non-assisted rack and pinion
  • Tyres: Pirelli P Zero dry and Cinturato wet

Seasons[edit]

2019[edit]

The 2019 FIA Formula 3 Championship is currently the inaugural season of the series. The championship was contested sixteen races held at eight rounds only in European continent, beginning on 11 May at Circuit de Barcelona-Catalunya and ending on 29 September at Sochi Autodrom. 2019 marked the debut of new Dallara F3 2019 chassis package but the engine package still remained same as predecessor GP3 Series. Robert Shwartzman and Jehan Daruvala won the inaugural rounds respectively.

Champions[edit]

Teams'[edit]

Season Team Poles Wins Podiums Fastest laps Points Clinched Margin
2019 Italy Prema Racing 3* 7* 20* 7* 446* Race 12 of 16 258*

* Season in progress

References[edit]

  1. ^ Simmons, Marcus. "GP3 and European Formula 3 could merge as F1 support series in 2019". Autosport.com. Retrieved 13 March 2017.
  2. ^ Hewitt, Chloe. "World Motor Sport Council Confirms New Formula 3 Category For 2019". thecheckeredflag.co.uk. Retrieved 22 September 2017.
  3. ^ "Formula 1 to promote the FIA Formula 3 Championship". formula1.com. Retrieved 10 March 2018.
  4. ^ "New International F3 car set to use GP3 engine". Motorsport.com. Retrieved 5 July 2018.

External links[edit]