FIFA U-17 World Cup

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FIFA U-17 World Cup
Founded 1985; 31 years ago (1985)
Region International (FIFA)
Number of teams 24
Current champions  Nigeria (5th title)
Most successful team(s)  Nigeria (5 titles)
Website U-17 World Cup
2017 FIFA U-17 World Cup

The FIFA U-17 World Cup, founded as the FIFA U-16 World Championship, later changed to the FIFA U-17 World Championship and known by its current name since 2007, is the world championship of association football for male players under the age of 17 organized by Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA).

The FIFA U-17 World Championship is a competition that was inspired by the Lion City Cup that was created by the Football Association of Singapore in 1977. The Lion City Cup is the first under-16 football tournament in the world. Following FIFA's then secretary-general Joe Blatter's recommendation after he was in Singapore for the 1982 Lion City Cup, FIFA created the FIFA U-16 World Championship.[1]

The first edition was staged in 1985 in China, and tournaments have been played every two years since then. It began as a competition for players under the age of 16 with the age limit raised to 17 from the 1991 edition onwards. The most recent tournament was hosted by Chile and won by Nigeria, with the next edition being hosted by India in 2017.

Nigeria is the most successful nation in the tournament's history, with five titles and three runners up. Brazil is the second-most successful with three titles and two runners-up. Ghana and Mexico have won the tournament twice.

A corresponding tournament for female players, the FIFA U-17 Women's World Cup, began in 2008, with North Korea winning the inaugural tournament.

Structure[edit]

Each tournament consists of a group phase, in which four teams play against one another and standings in the group table decide which teams advance, followed by a knockout phase of successive matches where the winning team advances through the competition and the losing team is eliminated. This continues until two teams remain to contest the final, which decides the tournament winner. The losing semi-finalists also contest a match to decide third place.

From 1985 to 2005 there were 16 teams in the competition, divided into four groups of four teams each in the group phase. Each team played the others in its group and the group winner and runner up qualified for the knockout phase. From 2007 the tournament was expanded to 24 teams, divided into six groups of four teams each. The top 2 places in each group plus the four best third-placed teams advanced to the knockout phase.

Competition matches are played in two 45-minute halves (i.e., 90 minutes in total). In the knockout phase, until the 2011 tournament, if tied at the end of 90 minutes an additional 30 minutes of extra time were played, followed by a penalty shoot-out if still tied. Starting with the 2011 tournament, the extra time period was eliminated to avoid player burnout, and all knockout games progress straight to penalties if tied at the end of 90 minutes.

Qualification[edit]

The host nation of each tournament qualifies automatically. The remaining teams qualify through competitions organised by the six regional confederations. For the first edition of the tournament in 1985, all of the teams from Europe plus Bolivia appeared by invitation of FIFA.

Confederation Championship
AFC (Asia) AFC U-16 Championship
CAF (Africa) African Under-17 Championship
CONCACAF (North, Central America and Caribbean) CONCACAF Under-17 Championship
CONMEBOL (South America) South American Under-17 Football Championship
OFC (Oceania) OFC U-17 Championship
UEFA (Europe) UEFA European Under-17 Football Championship

Results[edit]

Summaries[edit]

FIFA U-16 World Championship[edit]

Year Host Final Third Place Match Number of teams
Champion Score Second Place Third Place Score Fourth Place
1985
Details
 China
Nigeria
2–0
West Germany

Brazil
4–1
Guinea
16
1987
Details
 Canada
Soviet Union
1–1 a.e.t.
(4–2 PSO)

Nigeria

Ivory Coast
2–1 a.e.t.
Italy
16
1989
Details
 Scotland
Saudi Arabia
2–2 a.e.t.
(5–4 PSO)

Scotland

Portugal
3–0
Bahrain
16

FIFA U-17 World Championship[edit]

Year Host Final Third Place Match Number of teams
Champion Score Second Place Third Place Score Fourth Place
1991
Details
 Italy
Ghana
1–0
Spain

Argentina
1–1 a.e.t.
(4–1 PSO)

Qatar
16
1993
Details
 Japan
Nigeria
2–1
Ghana

Chile
1–1 a.e.t.
(4–2 PSO)

Poland
16
1995
Details
 Ecuador
Ghana
3–2
Brazil

Argentina
2–0
Oman
16
1997
Details
 Egypt
Brazil
2–1
Ghana

Spain
2–1
Germany
16
1999
Details
 New Zealand
Brazil
0–0 a.e.t.
(8–7 PSO)

Australia

Ghana
2–0
United States
16
2001
Details
 Trinidad and Tobago
France
3–0
Nigeria

Burkina Faso
2–0
Argentina
16
2003
Details
 Finland
Brazil
1–0
Spain

Argentina
1–1 a.e.t.
(5–4 PSO)

Colombia
16
2005
Details
 Peru
Mexico
3–0
Brazil

Netherlands
2–1
Turkey
16

FIFA U-17 World Cup[edit]

Year Host Final Third Place Match Number of teams
Champion Score Second Place Third Place Score Fourth Place
2007
Details
 South Korea
Nigeria
0–0 a.e.t.
(3–0 PSO)

Spain

Germany
2–1
Ghana
24
2009
Details
 Nigeria
Switzerland
1–0
Nigeria

Spain
1–0
Colombia
24
2011
Details
 Mexico
Mexico
2–0
Uruguay

Germany
4–3
Brazil
24
2013
Details
 UAE
Nigeria
3–0
Mexico

Sweden
4–1
Argentina
24
2015
Details
 Chile
Nigeria
2–0
Mali

Belgium
3–2
Mexico
24
2017
Details
 India 24
  • Key:
    • aet - after extra time
    • PSO - match won on penalty shootout

Performances by countries[edit]

Team Titles Runners-up Third-place Fourth-place Medals
 Nigeria 5 (1985, 1993, 2007, 2013, 2015) 3 (1987, 2001, 2009) 8
 Brazil 3 (1997, 1999, 2003) 2 (1995, 2005) 1 (1985) 1 (2011) 6
 Ghana 2 (1991, 1995) 2 (1993, 1997) 1 (1999) 1 (2007) 5
 Mexico 2 (2005, 2011) 1 (2013) 1 (2015) 3
 Soviet Union 1 (1987) 1
 Saudi Arabia 1 (1989) 1
 France 1 (2001) 1
  Switzerland 1 (2009) 1
 Spain 3 (1991, 2003, 2007) 2 (1997, 2009) 5
 Germany 1 (1985) 2 (2007, 2011) 1 (1997) 3
 Scotland 1 (1989) 1
 Australia 1 (1999) 1
 Uruguay 1 (2011) 1
 Mali 1 (2015) 1
 Argentina 3 (1991, 1995, 2003) 2 (2001, 2013) 3
 Ivory Coast 1 (1987) 1
 Portugal 1 (1989) 1
 Chile 1 (1993) 1
 Burkina Faso 1 (2001) 1
 Netherlands 1 (2005) 1
 Sweden 1 (2013) 1
 Belgium 1 (2015) 1
 Colombia 2 (2003, 2009)
 Guinea 1 (1985)
 Italy 1 (1987)
 Bahrain 1 (1989)
 Qatar 1 (1991)
 Poland 1 (1993)
 Oman 1 (1995)
 United States 1 (1999)
 Turkey 1 (2005)

Performances by continental zones[edit]

Africa is the most successful continental zone with 7 tournament wins (5 for Nigeria, 2 for Ghana) and 6 times as runner up. Notably the 1993 final was contested by two African teams, when the final has been contested by two teams from the same confederation. The African teams repeated the 1993 final with Mali replacing Ghana (Disqualified for age violation) in 2015 when Nigeria and Mali made it to the last two standing and Nigeria got their fifth win.

South America has 3 tournament wins and has been runner up three times. Additionally Argentina has finished in third place on 3 occasions, Chile has done so on one occasion and Colombia has finished in fourth place twice, but neither of the latter two have ever appeared in the final.

Europe has 3 tournaments wins (1 each for France, USSR and Switzerland) and has been runner up 5 times. Spain has been runner up on 3 occasions. Additionally Portugal and Netherlands have won third-place medals in 1989 and 2005 respectively.

The CONCACAF zone has 2 tournament wins (for Mexico in 2005 and 2011), this confederation has reached the final three times (with Mexico).

Asia has 1 tournament win (for Saudi Arabia in 1989), the only time that a team from this confederation has reached the final and the only time an Asian team won a FIFA tournament in male category. (Australia was runner up in 1999 but at that time was in the Oceania Football Confederation).

Oceania has no tournament wins and 1 occasion as runner up (for Australia in 1999). Australia has since moved to the Asian confederation.

This tournament is peculiar in that the majority of titles have gone to teams from outside the strongest regional confederations (CONMEBOL and UEFA). Of the fifteen editions held so far, nine (60 percent of the total) have been won by teams from North and Central America, Africa and Asia.

Confederation (continent) Performances
Winners Runners-up Third Fourth
CAF (Africa) 7 times: Nigeria (5), Ghana (2) 6 times: Nigeria (3), Ghana (2), Mali (1) 3 times: Ghana (1), Côte d'Ivoire (1), Burkina Faso (1) 2 times: Ghana (1), Guinea (1)
UEFA (Europe) 3 times: France (1), Soviet Union (1), Switzerland (1) 5 times: Spain (3), Germany (1), Scotland (1) 8 times: Germany (2), Spain (2), Belgium (1), Netherlands (1), Portugal (1), Sweden (1) 4 times: Germany (1), Italy (1), Poland (1), Turkey (1)
CONMEBOL (South America) 3 times: Brazil (3) 3 times: Brazil (2), Uruguay (1) 5 times: Argentina (3), Brazil (1), Chile (1) 5 times: Brazil (1), Argentina (2), Colombia (2)
CONCACAF (North, Central America and Caribbean) 2 times: Mexico (2) 1 time: Mexico (1) 0 time: 2 times: Mexico (1), United States (1)
AFC (Asia) 1 time: Saudi Arabia (1) 0 time: 0 time: 3 times: Bahrain (1), Qatar (1), Oman (1)
OFC (Oceania) 0 time: 1 time: Australia (1) 0 time: 0 time:

Awards[edit]

At every tournament three awards are presented:

  • The Golden Shoe is awarded to the top goalscorer of tournament.
  • The Golden Ball is awarded to the most valuable player of the tournament.
  • The Fair Play Award is presented to the team with the best disciplinary record in the tournament.
Tournament Golden Ball Golden Shoe Award Goals Golden Glove Fair Play Award
China 1985 China Brazil William West Germany Marcel Witeczek 8 Not Awarded  West Germany
Canada 1987 Canada Nigeria Philip Osundu Ivory Coast Moussa Traoré 5  Soviet Union
Scotland 1989 Scotland Scotland James Will Guinea Fode Camara 3  Bahrain
Italy 1991 Italy Ghana Nii Lamptey Brazil Adriano 4  Argentina
Japan 1993 Japan Ghana Daniel Addo Nigeria Wilson Oruma 6  Nigeria
Ecuador 1995 Ecuador Oman Mohamed Kathiri Australia Daniel Allsopp 5  Brazil
Egypt 1997 Egypt Spain Sergio Santamaría Spain David 7  Argentina
New Zealand 1999 New Zealand United States Landon Donovan Ghana Ishmael Addo 7  Mexico
Trinidad and Tobago 2001 Trinidad and Tobago France Florent Sinama Pongolle France Florent Sinama Pongolle 9  Nigeria
Finland 2003 Finland Spain Cesc Fàbregas Spain Cesc Fàbregas 5  Costa Rica
Peru 2005 Peru Brazil Anderson Mexico Carlos Vela 5  North Korea
South Korea 2007 South Korea Germany Toni Kroos Nigeria Macauley Chrisantus 7  Costa Rica
Nigeria 2009 Nigeria Nigeria Sani Emmanuel Spain Borja 5 Switzerland Benjamin Siegrist  Nigeria
Mexico 2011 Mexico Mexico Julio Gómez Ivory Coast Souleymane Coulibaly 9 Uruguay Jonathan Cubero  Japan
United Arab Emirates 2013 United Arab Emirates Nigeria Kelechi Iheanacho Sweden Valmir Berisha 7 Nigeria Dele Alampasu  Nigeria
Chile 2015 Chile Nigeria Kelechi Nwakali Nigeria Victor Osimhen 10 Mali Samuel Diarra  Ecuador
India 2017 India

Records and statistics[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]