FIFA World Player of the Year

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This article is about the current women's World Player of the Year award, formerly presented to men as well. For the new men's World Player of the Year award, see FIFA Ballon d'Or.
Sepp Blatter holds up the agreement creating the FIFA Ballon d'Or in Johannesburg in July 2010

The FIFA World Player of the Year is an association football award presented to the female player voted as best in the world by coaches and captains of international teams. It began in 1991 as an award for the best men's player in the world, and from 2001 to 2009 both men's and women's awards were presented. As of 2010, the equivalent men's award is the FIFA Ballon d'Or.[1] In a voting system based on positional voting, each coach has three votes, worth five points, three points and one point, and the three finalists are ordered based on total number of points.

During the men's era, European-based Brazilian players dominated the award, winning 8 out of 18 times, compared to three wins – the second most – for French players. In terms of the number of individual players who have received the award from each country, Brazil leads with five, followed by Italy and Portugal with two each.[2][3]

The award's youngest male winner was Ronaldo, who won at the age of 20 in 1996.[4] He won it again in 1997 and 2002. Both Ronaldo and Ronaldinho won twice in a row. Ronaldo and Zinedine Zidane won the award three times. The oldest winner is Fabio Cannavaro, who was 33 when he won in 2006.[5]

So far, only seven female players – three Germans, two Americans, one Brazilian, and one Japanese – have won the award. Marta has won it five times in a row, Birgit Prinz won three times in a row, and Mia Hamm won twice in a row. The oldest winner is Nadine Angerer, who was 35 when she won in 2013; she is also the only goalkeeper to win either the women's or men's award. The youngest winner is Marta, who won in 2006 at age 20.

Nomination and selection process[edit]

Following criticism from some sections of the media over nominations in previous years, in 2004 FIFA drew up a short list of 35 men and 21 women from which national team managers and, for the first time, team captains and representatives from FIFPro (the worldwide representative organisation for professional players) could vote.[6]

Winners[edit]

List of male winners[edit]

FIFA World Player of the Year recipients
Year 1st Club 2nd Club 3rd Club
1991  Matthäus, LotharLothar Matthäus (GER) Italy Internazionale  Papin, Jean-PierreJean-Pierre Papin (FRA) France Marseille  Lineker, GaryGary Lineker (ENG) England Tottenham Hotspur
1992  Van Basten, MarcoMarco Van Basten (NED) Italy Milan  Stoichkov, HristoHristo Stoichkov (BUL) Spain Barcelona  Haßler, ThomasThomas Haßler (GER) Italy Roma
1993  Baggio, RobertoRoberto Baggio (ITA) Italy Juventus  Romário (BRA) Spain Barcelona  Bergkamp, DennisDennis Bergkamp (NED) Italy Internazionale
1994  Romário (BRA) Spain Barcelona  Stoichkov, HristoHristo Stoichkov (BUL) Spain Barcelona  Baggio, RobertoRoberto Baggio (ITA) Italy Juventus
1995  Weah, GeorgeGeorge Weah (LBR) Italy Milan  Maldini, PaoloPaolo Maldini (ITA) Italy Milan  Klinsmann, JürgenJürgen Klinsmann (GER) Germany Bayern Munich
1996  Ronaldo (BRA) Spain Barcelona  Weah, GeorgeGeorge Weah (LBR) Italy Milan  Shearer, AlanAlan Shearer (ENG) England Newcastle United
1997  Ronaldo (BRA) Italy Inter Milan  Carlos, RobertoRoberto Carlos (BRA) Spain Real Madrid
 Bergkamp, DennisDennis Bergkamp (NED)

 Zidane, ZinedineZinedine Zidane (FRA)

1998  Zidane, ZinedineZinedine Zidane (FRA) Italy Juventus  Ronaldo (BRA) Italy Inter Milan  Šuker, DavorDavor Šuker (CRO) Spain Real Madrid
1999  Rivaldo (BRA) Spain Barcelona  Beckham, DavidDavid Beckham (ENG) England Manchester United  Batistuta, GabrielGabriel Batistuta (ARG) Italy Fiorentina
2000  Zidane, ZinedineZinedine Zidane (FRA) Italy Juventus  Figo, LuísLuís Figo (POR) Spain Real Madrid  Rivaldo (BRA) Spain FC Barcelona
2001  Figo, LuísLuís Figo (POR) Spain Real Madrid  Beckham, DavidDavid Beckham (ENG) England Manchester United  Raúl (ESP) Spain Real Madrid
2002  Ronaldo (BRA) Spain Real Madrid  Kahn, OliverOliver Kahn (GER) Germany Bayern Munich  Zidane, ZinedineZinedine Zidane (FRA) Spain Real Madrid
2003  Zidane, ZinedineZinedine Zidane (FRA) Spain Real Madrid  Henry, ThierryThierry Henry (FRA) England Arsenal  Ronaldo (BRA) Spain Real Madrid
2004  Ronaldinho (BRA) Spain Barcelona  Henry, ThierryThierry Henry (FRA) England Arsenal  Shevchenko, AndriyAndriy Shevchenko (UKR) Italy Milan
2005  Ronaldinho (BRA) Spain Barcelona  Lampard, FrankFrank Lampard (ENG) England Chelsea  Eto'o, SamuelSamuel Eto'o (CMR) Spain Barcelona
2006  Cannavaro, FabioFabio Cannavaro (ITA) Spain Real Madrid  Zidane, ZinedineZinedine Zidane (FRA) Spain Real Madrid  Ronaldinho (BRA) Spain Barcelona
2007  Kaká (BRA) Italy Milan  Messi, LionelLionel Messi (ARG) Spain Barcelona  Ronaldo, CristianoCristiano Ronaldo (POR) England Manchester United
2008  Ronaldo, CristianoCristiano Ronaldo (POR) England Manchester United  Messi, LionelLionel Messi (ARG) Spain Barcelona  Torres, FernandoFernando Torres (ESP) England Liverpool
2009  Messi, LionelLionel Messi (ARG) Spain Barcelona  Ronaldo, CristianoCristiano Ronaldo (POR) England Manchester United  Xavi (ESP) Spain Barcelona

Wins by player[edit]

# Player First place Second place Third place
1 France Zinedine Zidane 3 1 2
2 Brazil Ronaldo 3 1 1
3 Brazil Ronaldinho 2 0 1
4 Argentina Lionel Messi 1 2 0
5 Portugal Cristiano Ronaldo 1 1 1
6 Portugal Luís Figo 1 1 0
Brazil Romário 1 1 0
Liberia George Weah 1 1 0
9 Brazil Rivaldo 1 0 1
Italy Roberto Baggio 1 0 1
11 Brazil Kaká 1 0 0
Italy Fabio Cannavaro 1 0 0
Netherlands Marco van Basten 1 0 0
Germany Lothar Matthäus 1 0 0
15 France Thierry Henry 0 2 0
England David Beckham 0 2 0
Bulgaria Hristo Stoichkov 0 2 0
18 England Frank Lampard 0 1 0
Germany Oliver Kahn 0 1 0
Brazil Roberto Carlos 0 1 0
Italy Paolo Maldini 0 1 0
France Jean-Pierre Papin 0 1 0
23 Netherlands Dennis Bergkamp 0 0 2
24 Spain Xavi 0 0 1
Spain Fernando Torres 0 0 1
Cameroon Samuel Eto'o 0 0 1
Ukraine Andriy Shevchenko 0 0 1
Spain Raúl 0 0 1
Argentina Gabriel Batistuta 0 0 1
Croatia Davor Šuker 0 0 1
England Alan Shearer 0 0 1
Germany Jürgen Klinsmann 0 0 1
Germany Thomas Häßler 0 0 1
England Gary Lineker 0 0 1

Wins by country[edit]

Table of winners categorised by the player's nationality (not the nationality of his club).

# Country First place Second place Third place
1  Brazil 8 (1994, 1996, 1997, 1999, 2002, 2004, 2005, 2007) 3 (1993, 1997, 1998) 3 (2000, 2003, 2006)
2  France 3 (1998, 2000, 2003) 4 (1991, 2003, 2004, 2006) 2 (1997*, 2002)
3  Portugal 2 (2001, 2008) 2 (2000, 2009) 1 (2007)
4  Italy 2 (1993, 2006) 1 (1995) 1 (1994)
5  Argentina 1 (2009) 2 (2007, 2008) 1 (1999)
6  Germany 1 (1991) 1 (2002) 2 (1992, 1995)
7  Liberia 1 (1995) 1 (1996) 0
8  Netherlands 1 (1992) 0 2 (1993, 1997*)
9  England 0 3 (1999, 2001, 2005) 2 (1991, 1996)
10  Bulgaria 0 2 (1992, 1994) 0
11  Spain 0 0 3 (2001, 2008, 2009)
12  Croatia 0 0 1 (1998)
12  Ukraine 0 0 1 (2004)
12  Cameroon 0 0 1 (2005)

* There was a tie for that place

Wins by club[edit]

# Club First place Second place Third place
1 Spain Barcelona 7 (1994, 1996*, 1997**, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2009) 6 (1992, 1993*, 1994, 2000**, 2007, 2008) 4 (2000, 2005, 2006, 2009)
2 Spain Real Madrid 4 (2001, 2002*, 2003, 2006*) 4 (1997, 2000*, 2006***, 2009*) 3 (1998, 2001, 2003)
3 Italy Juventus 4 (1993, 1998, 2000, 2006**) 0 2 (1994, 1997)
4 Italy Milan 3 (1992, 1995*, 2007) 2 (1995, 1996) 1 (2004)
5 Italy Internazionale 3 (1991, 1997*, 2002**) 1 (1998) 1 (1993*)
6 England Manchester United 1 (2008) 3 (1999, 2001, 2009**) 1 (2007)
7 Netherlands PSV Eindhoven 1 (1996**) 1 (1993**) 0
8 France Paris Saint-Germain 1 (1995**) 0 0
9 England Arsenal 0 2 (2003, 2004) 1 (1997)
10 Germany Bayern Munich 0 1 (2002) 1 (1995*)
11 France Marseille 0 1 (1991) 0
11 England Chelsea 0 1 (2005) 0
13 England Tottenham Hotspur 0 0 2 (1991, 1995**)
14 Italy Roma 0 0 1 (1992)
14 Netherlands Ajax 0 0 1 (1993**)
14 England Blackburn Rovers 0 0 1 (1996**)
14 England Newcastle United 0 0 1 (1996*)
14 Italy Fiorentina 0 0 1 (1999)
14 England Liverpool 0 0 1 (2008)

*Player was a member of the club for the second half of the calendar year (The first part of a new season - August to December)
**Player was a member of the club for the first half of the calendar year (The second part of a finished season - January to May)
***Player retired halfway through the calendar year so was a member of the club only for the first half of the calendar year (The second part of a finished season - January to May)

List of female winners[edit]

Marta, the 2006–10 winner
Nadine Angerer, 2013 win­ner and first goalkeeper to win
Year 1st 2nd 3rd
2001 United States Mia Hamm (Washington Freedom) United States Tiffeny Milbrett (New York Power) China Sun Wen (Atlanta Beat)
2002 United States Mia Hamm (Washington Freedom) Germany Birgit Prinz (1. FFC Frankfurt) China Sun Wen (Atlanta Beat)
2003 Germany Birgit Prinz (1. FFC Frankfurt) United States Mia Hamm (Washington Freedom) Sweden Hanna Ljungberg (Umeå IK)
2004 Germany Birgit Prinz (1. FFC Frankfurt) United States Mia Hamm (Washington Freedom) Brazil Marta (Umeå IK)
2005 Germany Birgit Prinz (1. FFC Frankfurt) Brazil Marta (Umeå IK) United States Shannon Boxx
2006 Brazil Marta (Umeå IK) United States Kristine Lilly (KIF Örebro DFF) Germany Renate Lingor (1. FFC Frankfurt)
2007 Brazil Marta (Umeå IK) Germany Birgit Prinz (1. FFC Frankfurt) Brazil Cristiane (VfL Wolfsburg)
2008 Brazil Marta (Umeå IK) Germany Birgit Prinz (1. FFC Frankfurt) Brazil Cristiane (Linköping, Corinthians)
2009 Brazil Marta (Los Angeles Sol, Santos) Germany Birgit Prinz (1. FFC Frankfurt) England Kelly Smith (Boston Breakers)
2010 Brazil Marta (FC Gold Pride, Santos) Germany Birgit Prinz (1. FFC Frankfurt) Germany Fatmire Bajramaj (Turbine Potsdam)
2011 Japan Homare Sawa (INAC Kobe Leonessa) Brazil Marta (Western New York Flash) United States Abby Wambach (magicJack)
2012 United States Abby Wambach Brazil Marta (Tyresö FF) United States Alex Morgan (Seattle Sounders Women)
2013 Germany Nadine Angerer (1. FFC Frankfurt, Brisbane Roar) United States Abby Wambach (Western New York Flash) Brazil Marta (Tyresö FF)
2014 Germany Nadine Keßler (VfL Wolfsburg) Brazil Marta (Tyresö FF, FC Rosengård) United States Abby Wambach (Western New York Flash)

Wins by player[edit]

# Player First place Second place Third place
1 Brazil Marta 5 4 2
2 Germany Birgit Prinz 3 5 0
3 United States Mia Hamm 2 2 0
4 United States Abby Wambach 1 1 2
5 Japan Homare Sawa 1 0 0
Germany Nadine Angerer 1 0 0
Germany Nadine Keßler 1 0 0
7 United States Tiffeny Milbrett 0 1 0
United States Kristine Lilly 0 1 0
9 China Sun Wen 0 0 2
Brazil Cristiane 0 0 2
11 England Kelly Smith 0 0 1
United States Shannon Boxx 0 0 1
Germany Renate Lingor 0 0 1
Sweden Hanna Ljungberg 0 0 1
Germany Fatmire Bajramaj 0 0 1
United States Alex Morgan 0 0 1

Wins by country[edit]

Table of winners categorised by the player's nationality (not the nationality of her club).

# Country First place Second place Third place
1  Germany 5 (2003, 2004, 2005, 2013, 2014) 5 (2002, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010) 2 (2006, 2010)
2  Brazil 5 (2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010) 4 (2005, 2011, 2012, 2014) 4 (2004, 2007, 2008, 2013)
3  United States 3 (2001, 2002, 2012) 5 (2001, 2003, 2004, 2006, 2013) 3 (2005, 2011, 2012, 2014)
4  Japan 1 (2011) 0 0
5  China PR 0 0 2 (2001, 2002)
6  England 0 0 1 (2009)
7  Sweden 0 0 1 (2003)

Wins by club[edit]

# Club First place Second place Third place
1 Germany 1. FFC Frankfurt 4 (2003, 2004, 2005, 2013) 5 (2002, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010) 1 (2006)
2 Sweden Umeå IK 3 (2006, 2007, 2008) 1 (2005) 2 (2003, 2004)
3 United States Washington Freedom 2 (2001, 2002) 2 (2003, 2004) 0
4 Brazil Santos 2 (2009, 2010) 0 0
5 Germany VfL Wolfsburg 1 (2014) 0 1 (2007)
6 Japan INAC Kobe Leonessa 1 (2011) 0 0
United States FC Gold Pride 1 (2010) 0 0
United States Los Angeles Sol 1 (2009) 0 0
Australia Brisbane Roar 1 (2013) 0 0
10 Sweden Tyresö FF 0 2 (2012, 2014) 1 (2013)
United States Western New York Flash 0 2 (2011, 2013) 1 (2014)
12 Sweden FC Rosengård 0 1 (2014) 0
Sweden KIF Örebro DFF 0 1 (2006) 0
United States New York Power 0 1 (2001) 0
15 United States Atlanta Beat 0 0 2 (2001, 2002)
16 United States Seattle Sounders Women 0 0 1 (2012)
United States magicJack 0 0 1 (2011)
Germany Turbine Potsdam 0 0 1 (2010)
United States Boston Breakers 0 0 1 (2009)
Sweden Linköping 0 0 1 (2008)
Brazil Corinthians 0 0 1 (2008)
Unattached 1 (2012) 0 1 (2005)

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ FIFA.com - The FIFA Ballon d'Or is born
  2. ^ "FIFA World Player". FIFA.com. Retrieved 1 April 2013
  3. ^ "FIFA Awards". RSSSF.com. Retrieved 1 April 2013
  4. ^ "Brazil legend Ronaldo retires from football" BBC. Retrieved 17 November 2013
  5. ^ "Cannavaro discusses highs and lows". Football Federation Australia. Retrieved 18 November 2013
  6. ^ FIFA.com - Thirty-five stars make Zurich shortlist