FIVB Volleyball Men's World Cup

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FIVB Volleyball Men's World Cup
Current season, competition or edition:
Current sports event 2019 FIVB Volleyball Men's World Cup
SportVolleyball
Founded1965
Inaugural season1965
CEOBrazil Ary Graça
No. of teams12
ContinentInternational (FIVB)
Most recent
champion(s)
 United States (2nd title)
Most titles Russia (6 titles)
Official websiteFIVB Volleyball Men's World Cup

The FIVB Volleyball Men's World Cup is an international volleyball competition contested by the senior men's national teams of the members of Fédération Internationale de Volleyball (FIVB), the sport's global governing body. Initially the tournament was played in the year following the Olympic Games, except for 1973 when no tournament was held, but since 1991 the World Cup has been awarded in the year preceding the Olympic Games. The current champion is United States, which won its second title at the 2015 tournament.

The current format of the competition involves 12 teams, including the automatically qualifying host nation Japan, competing in the tournament phase for the title at venues within the host nation over a period of about two weeks. The World Cup (with exception of the 2019 edition) acts as the first qualification event for the following year's Olympic Games with the top two teams qualifying.

The 13 World Cup tournaments have been won by six different national teams. Russia have won six times (four as Soviet Union). The other World Cup winners are Brazil and United States, with two titles each; and Cuba, Italy and Germany (as East Germany), with one title each.

This tournament should not be confused with the FIVB Volleyball Men's World Championship.

History[edit]

Origins[edit]

The World Cup was created in 1965 with the purpose of partially filling the gap between the two most important volleyball tournaments, the Olympic Games and the World Championship, which take place in alternating 4-year cycles. The establishment of a third international competition would leave only one in every four years with no major events. The World Cup has a smaller entry than the World Championship, with at most 12 teams.

The World Cup was to be held in the year following the Olympic Games. The first two tournaments were for men's volleyball only; in 1973, a women's tournament was also introduced. Originally, each tournament had a different host, but in 1977 the competition was transferred to Japan on a permanent basis.

In the 1990s, the installment of annual international events such as the World League and the Grand Prix made the original motivations for the creation of the World Cup obsolete. Instead of letting a consolidated event disappear for lack of interest, the FIVB decided to change its format in 1991: it would be held in the year preceding, and not following, the Olympic Games; and it would be considered a first international Olympic qualification tournament, granting the winners a direct berth in the games.

This move saved the competition. The possibility of securing an early berth for the Olympic Games, thus avoiding extraneous and in some cases tight continental qualification procedures, became a consistent motivation for the national federations to participate in the World Cup. In 1995, the number of Olympic spots granted at the competition was increased to three, as it remained until 2011. In 2015 the number of spots was only two again.

Winners[edit]

Russia (considered as the inheritors of the records of the former Soviet Union), Brazil and United States are the only teams that have won the Men's World Cup more than once.

The Soviets took the gold at the opening edition of the tournament, in 1965. Four years later, the winner was also a socialist nation, East Germany.

Scheduled for Uruguay, the 1973 edition was cancelled. In 1977, competition was resumed in Japan, and the Soviet Union came back for two wins in a row. In 1985, they were once again runners-up, but lost the decisive match to United States in five sets. In 1989, Cuba surprised the world and beat a rising Italy to take the gold.

With the competition now set as a qualifying event for the Olympic Games, the Soviet Union, led by Dmitri Fomin won the title in 1991, at the brink of dissolution. The Italians, who hadn't participated in this edition, finally conquered their gold medal in 1995. Inheriting a large part of the former Soviet volleyball programme, Russia were the winners in 1999.

The following two editions, played in 2003 and 2007 respectively, were won by favorites Brazil. In 2011, Russia regained the title, while the 2015 edition was won by the United States for the second time.

Competition formula[edit]

The World Cup is the most stable from all competition formulas employed by the FIVB. The following rules apply:

  • The competition takes place in Japan.
  • Twelve teams participate in each event: ten qualified, two per invitation.
    • Japan are always pre-qualified as host nation.
    • The winners of the FIVB World Championship in the previous year are automatically granted a spot.
    • The champion and runner-up of each continental tournament of that year are granted two spots.
    • Since the 1999 edition, only teams not yet qualified for the following Olympic Games can compete in the World Cup; hence hosts of the following year's Olympic Games are not allowed to compete. There will be an exception for the 2019 World Cup, as the tournament will be hosted by Japan and the country will host the 2020 Summer Olympics.
  • The competition is divided in exactly two phases (called "legs").
    • Teams are divided in two pools.
      • At the first leg, each team plays one match against all other teams in its pool.
    • At the second leg, each team plays one match against all the teams in the other pool.
    • Matches take place continuously through two weeks, with one-day breaks every two or three days. Each day, six matches are played.
    • Final standings are calculated by usual volleyball criteria: match points, numbers of matches won, sets ratio (the total number of sets won divided by the total number of sets lost), points ratio, direct confrontation.
  • Top two teams in overall standings, regardless of pools, qualify for the following Olympic Games.
  • The tournament implements very tight line-up restrictions: only twelve players are allowed, and no replacement is permitted, even in the case of injuries.

Results summary[edit]

Year Host Final 3rd place match Teams
Champions Score Runners-up 3rd place Score 4th place
1965
Details
Poland
Poland

Soviet Union
Round-robin
Poland

Czechoslovakia
Round-robin
Japan
11
1969
Details
East Germany
East Germany

East Germany
Round-robin
Japan

Soviet Union
Round-robin
Bulgaria
12
1977
Details
Japan
Japan

Soviet Union
Round-robin
Japan

Cuba
Round-robin
Poland
12
1981
Details
Japan
Japan

Soviet Union
Round-robin
Cuba

Brazil
Round-robin
Poland
8
1985
Details
Japan
Japan

United States
Round-robin
Soviet Union

Czechoslovakia
Round-robin
Brazil
8
1989
Details
Japan
Japan

Cuba
Round-robin
Italy

Soviet Union
Round-robin
United States
8
1991
Details
Japan
Japan

Soviet Union
Round-robin
Cuba

United States
Round-robin
Japan
12
1995
Details
Japan
Japan

Italy
Round-robin
Netherlands

Brazil
Round-robin
United States
12
1999
Details
Japan
Japan

Russia
Round-robin
Cuba

Italy
Round-robin
United States
12
2003
Details
Japan
Japan

Brazil
Round-robin
Italy

Serbia and Montenegro
Round-robin
United States
12
2007
Details
Japan
Japan

Brazil
Round-robin
Russia

Bulgaria
Round-robin
United States
12
2011
Details
Japan
Japan

Russia
Round-robin
Poland

Brazil
Round-robin
Italy
12
2015
Details
Japan
Japan

United States
Round-robin
Italy

Poland
Round-robin
Russia
12
2019
Details
Japan
Japan
Round-robin Round-robin 12

Medals summary[edit]

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 Russia[A]62210
2 Brazil2035
3 United States2013
4 Cuba1315
 Italy1315
6 Germany[B]1001
7 Poland0213
8 Japan0202
9 Netherlands0101
10 Czech Republic[C]0022
11 Bulgaria0011
 Serbia[D]0011
Totals (12 nations)13131339

Participating nations[edit]

Legend
  • 1st – Champions
  • 2nd – Runners-up
  • 3rd – Third place
  • 4th – Fourth place
  •  •  – Did not enter / Did not qualify
  •    – Hosts
  • = – More than one team tied for that rank
  • Q – Qualified for forthcoming tournament
Team[1] Poland
1965
(11)
East Germany
1969
(12)
Japan
1977
(12)
Japan
1981
(8)
Japan
1985
(8)
Japan
1989
(8)
Japan
1991
(12)
Japan
1995
(12)
Japan
1999
(12)
Japan
2003
(12)
Japan
2007
(12)
Japan
2011
(12)
Japan
2015
(12)
Total
 Algeria 9th 1
 Argentina 5th 7th 9th 7th 7th 5th 6
 Australia 8th 9th 2
 Brazil 6th 8th 3rd 4th 5th 6th 3rd 5th 1st 1st 3rd 11
 Bulgaria 9th 4th 6th 3rd 4
 Cameroon 8th 1
 Canada 12th 10th 8th 7th 7th 5
 Chile 12th 1
 China 5th 5th 9th 11th 10th 11th 6
 Cuba 9th 3rd 2nd 1st 2nd 6th 2nd 5th 8
 Egypt 11th 8th 11th 12th 10th 12th 10th 7
 France 11th 5th 2
 Germany See  East Germany and  West Germany 7th 1
 Hungary 7th 1
 Iran 11th 9th 8th 3
 Italy 7th 2nd 1st 3rd 2nd 4th 2nd 7
 Japan 4th 2nd 2nd 6th 6th 6th 4th 5th 10th 9th 9th 10th 6th 13
 Mexico 9th 10th 2
 Netherlands 10th 2nd 2
 Poland 2nd 8th 4th 4th 2nd 3rd 6
 Puerto Rico 6th 1
 Romania 6th 7th 2
 Russia See  Soviet Union 1st 2nd 1st 4th 4
 Serbia See  Yugoslavia See  SCG 8th 1
 South Korea 7th 7th 7th 5th 8th 7th 6th 11th 8
 Spain 6th 5th 2
 Tunisia 11th 8th 8th 12th 12th 11th 12th 12th 9
 United States 10th 1st 4th 3rd 4th 4th 4th 4th 6th 1st 10
 Venezuela 8th 11th 2
Discontinued nations
 Czechoslovakia 3rd 5th 3rd See  Czech Republic 3
 East Germany 5th 1st See  Germany 2
 Serbia and Montenegro See  Yugoslavia 3rd See  Serbia 1
 Soviet Union 1st 3rd 1st 1st 2nd 3rd 1st See  Russia 7
 West Germany 10th See  Germany 1
 Yugoslavia 8th See  SCG See  Serbia 1

MVP by edition[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ FIVB considers Russia (since 1993) as the inheritor of the records of Soviet Union (1948-1991) and CIS (1992).
  2. ^ After the German reunification, West Germany (1949-1990) was renamed Germany (since 1991) and absorbed East Germany (1949-1990) with the records.
  3. ^ FIVB considers Czech Republic (since 1994) as the inheritor of the records of Czechoslovakia (1948-1993).
  4. ^ FIVB considers Serbia (since 2007) as the inheritor of the records of Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (1948-1991), Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (1992-2002) and Serbia and Montenegro (2003-2006).

References[edit]

  1. ^ "FIVB Volleyball Men's World Cup 2011". fivb.org. Retrieved 2016-08-25.

External links[edit]