Red Star Belgrade
This article uses HTML markup. (February 2019)
|Full name||Фудбалски клуб Црвена звезда / Fudbalski klub Crvena zvezda (Red Star Belgrade)|
|Nickname(s)||Звезда / Zvezda (The Star) |
Црвено-бели / Crveno-beli (The Red-Whites)
|Short name||CZV, ZVE (In European competitions)|
|Founded||4 March 1945|
|Ground||Rajko Mitić Stadium|
|Head Coach||Vladan Milojević|
|2018–19||Serbian SuperLiga, 1st of 16 (champions)|
|Active sport clubs of SD Crvena zvezda|
Fudbalski klub Crvena zvezda (Serbian Cyrillic: Фудбалски клуб Црвена звезда, IPA: [fûdbalskiː klûːb tsř̩ʋenaː zʋěːzda]), commonly known in English as Red Star Belgrade (Serbian: Црвена звезда Београд / Crvena zvezda Beograd) or simply Red Star, is a Serbian professional football club based in Belgrade, the major part of the Red Star multi-sport club. They are the only Serbian and ex-Yugoslav club to have won the European Cup, having done so in 1991, and the only team to have won the Intercontinental Cup, also in 1991. With 30 national championships, 24 national cups, 2 national supercups and one league cup between Serbian and the former Yugoslav competitions, Red Star was the most successful club in former Yugoslavia and finished first in the Yugoslav First League all-time table, and is the most successful club in Serbia. Since the 1991–92 season, Red Star's best results are in the UEFA Champions League group stage and UEFA Europa League knockout phase.
According to 2008 polls, Red Star Belgrade is the most popular football club in Serbia, with 48.2% of the population supporting them. They have many supporters in all other former Yugoslavian republics and in the Serbian diaspora. Their main rivals are fellow Belgrade side Partizan. The championship matches between these two clubs are known as The Eternal derby.
According to the International Federation of Football History & Statistics' list of the Top 200 European clubs of the 20th century, Red Star is the highest-ranked Serbian and ex-Yugoslavian club, sharing the 27th position on the list with Dutch club Feyenoord.
- 1 History
- 2 Crest and colours
- 3 Stadium
- 4 Youth school
- 5 Supporters
- 6 The Eternal derby
- 7 Honours and achievements
- 8 Club records
- 9 Current squad
- 10 Club officials
- 11 Notable players
- 12 Kit manufacturers and shirt sponsors
- 13 In popular culture
- 14 References
- 15 External links
In February 1945, during World War II, a group of young men, active players, students and members of the Serbian United Antifascist Youth League, decided to form a Youth Physical Culture Society, that was to become Red Star Belgrade on 4 March. Previously, as of December 1944, all pre-war Serbian clubs were abolished, and on 5 May 1945, communist Secretary of Sports Mitra Mitrović-Djilas signed the decree dissolving formally all pre-war clubs on the territory of Socialist Republic of Serbia. The clubs were dissolved because during the German occupation, there was an attempt to organize the league so all the clubs were labelled collaborators by Josip Broz Tito's communist regime. Two of the most popular clubs from Belgrade were SK Jugoslavija and BSK Belgrade. Red Star was formed on the remains of SK Jugoslavija and they were given SK Jugoslavija's stadium, offices, players and even their red and white colours, along with the logo with addition of a red star. The entire BSK Belgrade squad also joined along with some other players from Belgrade and Central Serbia.
The name Red Star was assigned after a long discussion. Other ideas shortlisted by the delegates included "People's Star", "Blue Star", "Proleter", "Stalin", "Lenin", etc. The initial vice presidents of the Sport Society – Zoran Žujović and Slobodan Ćosić – were the ones who assigned it. Red Star was soon adopted as a symbol of Serbian nationalism within Yugoslavia and a sporting institution which remains the country's most popular to this day. On that day, Red Star played the first football match in the club's history against the First Battalion of the Second Brigade of KNOJ (People's Defence Corps of Yugoslavia) and won 3–0.
Red Star's first successes involved small steps to recognition. In the first fifteen years of existence, Red Star won one Serbian championship, six Yugoslav championships, five Yugoslav Cups, one Danube Cup and reached the semi-finals of the 1956–57 European Cup. Some of the greatest players during this period were Kosta Tomašević, Branko Stanković, Rajko Mitić, Vladimir Beara, Bora Kostić, Vladica Popović, Vladimir Durković and Dragoslav Šekularac. As champions, Red Star were Yugoslavia's entrants into the 1957–58 European Cup where they were famously beaten 5–4 on aggregate by English champions Manchester United in the quarter-finals. Manchester United, managed by Matt Busby defeated Red Star 2–1 in the first leg in England before drawing 3–3 with them in Yugoslavia in the return match on 5 February at JNA Stadium. The second leg is notable for being the last match played by the Busby Babes: on the return flight to England the following day, the plane crashed in Munich, resulting in the deaths of 23 people, including eight Manchester United players.
During the Miljan Miljanić era, Red Star won four Yugoslav championships, three Yugoslav cups, two Yugoslav supercups, one Yugoslav league cup, one Mitropa Cup and reached the semi-finals of the 1970–71 European Cup. A new generation of players emerged under Miljanić's guidance, led by Dragan Džajić and Jovan Aćimović. Red Star eliminated Liverpool in the second round of the 1973–74 European Cup and Real Madrid in the quarter-finals of the 1974–75 European Cup Winners' Cup. Branko Stanković, whose reign as head coach was to last four years, brought Red Star three trophies and the first great European final. After eliminating teams like Arsenal, West Bromwich Albion and Hertha BSC, Red Star made for the first time the UEFA Cup final. There, Red Star met Borussia Mönchengladbach, who played five European finals from 1973 to 1980. The Germans fell behind one goal from Miloš Šestić, but Ivan Jurišić’s own goal gave Gladbach a psychological advantage before the rematch. This game was played at the Rheinstadion in Düsseldorf, where the Italian referee Alberto Michelotti gave a questionable penalty to the Germans, and the Danish player Allan Simonsen sealed Red Star's fate. The Foals won 2–1 on aggregate.
After the 1970s, historical matches against Udo Lattek's Barcelona followed during the 1982–83 European Cup Winners' Cup. In both matches, Barcelona were the better team and Red Star was eliminated. Remarkably, when Barça's Diego Maradona scored his second goal in front of approximately 100,000 spectators at the Marakana, the Belgrade audience were so excited about the goal that even the loyal Belgrade fans applauded Maradona. Gojko Zec returned to the team in 1983, finding only one player from the champions generation he was coaching back in 1977, Miloš Šestić. Zec similarly repeated the club's triumph from his previous mandate by winning the championship immediately upon his arrival. Zec would later leave the club in a controversial Šajber's case-style scandal which was the result of irregularities in the 1985–86 season.
After Zec left in 1986, there were great changes in the club. The management of the club, run by Dragan Džajić and Vladimir Cvetković, began to build a team that could compete with some of the most powerful European sides. During that summer, Velibor Vasović became coach and the side was strengthened by acquiring a number of talented young players, among whom Dragan Stojković and Borislav Cvetković stood out. In the first season that started with penalty points, Red Star focused on the European Cup and achieving good results. In 1987, a five-year plan was developed by the club with the only goal being to win the European Cup. All that was planned was finally achieved. On the club's birthday in 1987, it started. Real Madrid were defeated at the Marakana. From that day through to March 1992, Red Star enjoyed the best period of success in its history. In these five seasons, Red Star won four National Championships; in the last of those four years of heyday, the club won the 1991 European Cup Final, played in Bari, Italy.
Red Star coach Ljupko Petrović brought the team to Italy a week before the final in order to peacefully prepare the players for a forthcoming encounter with Marseille. By that time, Red Star had 18 goals in 8 matches, whereas the French champions had 20. Therefore, the 100th European competing final was expected to be a spectacle of offense. Nonetheless, both Petrović and Raymond Goethals opted for defence and the match settled down into a war of attrition. After this match the rule was passed that the ball must not be returned to the goalkeeper. After a 120-minute match and only few chances on both sides, the match was decided following the penalty shootout. After several minutes of stressful penalties, one of Marseille's players, Manuel Amoros, missed a penalty, and Darko Pančev converted his penalty to bring the European Cup to Yugoslavia for the first time. Red Star won the shootout, 5–3, on 29 May 1991 in front of 60,000 spectators and the millions watching on television around the world. Twenty-thousand Red Star fans at the Stadio San Nicola and millions of them all over Yugoslavia and the world celebrated the greatest joy in Red Star's history. Red Star went unbeaten at the 1990–91 European Cup in Bari and the 1991 Intercontinental Cup in Tokyo.
In 1992, the club was weakened by the departure of numerous players from the champions generation (new players were added, such as Dejan Petković and Anto Drobnjak). The success in the previous season caught the attention of European giants which rushed making lucrative offers to sign Red Star's best players. In addition, Red Star had to defend the continental trophy playing its home games in Szeged, Budapest and Sofia due to the war in former Yugoslavia, thereby reducing their chances of defending their title. UEFA changed the format of the competition that year and the 1991–92 European Cup was the first to be played in a format with two groups each having four teams. Despite the disadvantage of playing its home games abroad, Red Star still did well and finished second in the group behind Sampdoria. In domestic competition, main rivals Hajduk Split and Dinamo Zagreb left the league, just as all the other clubs from Croatia, Macedonia and Slovenia did, and the championship in Yugoslavia that was cut in size was played on the edge of observance of regulations around the beginning of the Bosnian War. At the end of May, the United Nations had the country under sanctions and dislodged Yugoslav football from the international scene. The Breakup of Yugoslavia, the Yugoslav Wars, the inflation and the UN sanctions have hit Red Star hard. In the period between May 1992 and May 2000, only one championship victory was celebrated at the Marakana. However, they did manage to win five cups, along with several glorious European performances, including the famed 1996 UEFA Cup Winners' Cup showdown against Barcelona side which featured Ronaldo and Hristo Stoichkov.
Immediately after the NATO bombing of Yugoslavia ended, Red Star won the 17th cup in its history by winning 4–2 against Partizan. Two seasons later, the club returned to the European spotlight by making it to the 2001–02 UEFA Champions League qualifying rounds, where Red Star was eliminated by Bayer Leverkusen (0–0 and 0–3), which would later be a finalist in the Champions League that year. Slavoljub Muslin left the bench in September 2001, after which Red Star's subsequent seasons became more volatile.
In the 2006–07 UEFA Champions League qualifying rounds, Red Star was barely eliminated (3–1 on aggregate) by the same Milan side which ultimately won that year's competition. Furthermore, the campaign in Group F of the 2007–08 UEFA Cup was a large disappointment, especially given that the first game against Bayern Munich was a sensational last-minute loss (by a score of 2–3 in Belgrade). In those years, Red Star's teams featured the likes of Nikola Žigić, Boško Janković, Milan Biševac, Dušan Basta, Dejan Milovanović, Segundo Castillo, Ibrahima Gueye, Nenad Milijaš and Ognjen Koroman. After a six-year drought, Red Star won their 26th league title in 2013–14 season.
Despite Red Star's success on the pitch in 2013–14, the financial situation at the club has worsened, so much so that the club were banned from participating in the 2014–15 UEFA Champions League for which they qualified by winning the Serbian SuperLiga. The UEFA Club Financial Control Body found Red Star's debts to players, some of whom had not been paid for at least six months, staff and other clubs, totalled €1.86 million. The club board were also alleged to have hidden debts and falsified documents. This, on top of an earlier UEFA disciplinary measure in 2011, meant Red Star did not meet the necessary Club Licensing and Financial Fair Play criteria and, as such, should not have been granted a UEFA license by the Serbian FA. Rivals Partizan took Red Star's place in the UEFA Champions League second qualifying round.
After ten years of waiting, Red Star qualified for the 2017–18 UEFA Europa League group stage. Red Star progressed through four qualifying rounds and reached the knockout phase of the tournament, becoming the first team in competition's history to reach the knockout phase after starting their season in the first qualifying round. Although Red Star played in the group stage of the first edition in which groups format was introduced in the European Cup, 1991–92 European Cup, the designation "Champions League" was only adopted a season later in which Yugoslav clubs were already banned from participating in. Thus, when Red Star eliminated Red Bull Salzburg in the 2018–19 UEFA Champions League play-off round, and qualified for the UEFA Champions League group stage, it meant that Red Star will compete for the first time since the new format was introduced. Red Star became the first Serbian team to win a match in the UEFA Champions League when they defeated Liverpool. On 14 May 2019, the 1946 People's Republic of Serbia League title was officially recognized by the Serbian FA, meaning that Red Star's triumph in the 2018–19 Serbian SuperLiga was their 30th national championship.
Crest and colours
At the end of the World War II, several of pre-war Yugoslav clubs were dissolved because they had played matches during the war and were labelled collaborators by Josip Broz Tito communist authorities. One of these clubs was SK Jugoslavija from Belgrade. Red Star was formed from the remains of Jugoslavija and they were given their red and white colours. The typical kit of Red Star is a shirt with red and white vertical stripes, and red or white shorts and socks. Sometimes the club also used an all-red one next to the all-white one. Red Star also used, as away kit or third kit, an all-blue jersey, but very rarely, so that the club used all the colours of the Serbian flag. The crest is a red five-pointed star, white framed, on a red-white background. In addition, the whole crest is framed with gold colour. There are three golden stars on the top of their emblem, symbolizing the 30 titles won.
Red Star's home ground is the Rajko Mitić Stadium (since 21 December 2014), formerly known as Red Star stadium. With a seated capacity of 55,538, it is the largest stadium in Serbia and in the former Yugoslavia. The stadium was opened in 1963, and in the course of time and due to the fact that stadium's former capacity was about 110,000, it got the unofficial moniker Marakana, after the large and famous Maracanã Stadium in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, and Belgrade's sold-out Marakana garnered the reputation of being a very tough ground for visiting teams to play in. During the mid-1990s, in order to meet UEFA demands for spectators comfort and security, standing places at the stadium were completely done away with and seats were installed on all four stands. In the years, since the stadium's capacity was gradually decreased, followed different stadium modernisations.
In 2008, the club reconstructed the stadium's pitch, under-soil grass heaters, improved drainage systems were installed and new modern turf replaced the old surface. The training pitch, located next to the stadium, was also renovated by laying down synthetic turf and installing new lighting equipment. In 2011, the stadium received also a new modern LED scoreboard. Today, the stadium has a central lodge, named 5 Zvezdinih Zvezda (English: 5 Stars of Red Star), which consist of five segments, each bears the name of one of Red Star's legendary players (Mitić, Šekularac, Džajić, Petrović, Stojković), two other VIP lounges and a special VIP gallery with over 450 seats. It has also a modern press box with a capacity of 344 seats including seven extra-comfortable seats, an extra media center, the Red Cafe and a restaurant. On the west stand of the stadium exist also an official Red Star shop along with a Delije shop. The playing field measures are 110 × 73 m, and is illuminated by 1,400 lux floodlights. According to the known German Web portal "Stadionwelt", Belgrade's "Marakana" is in the top 50 football stadiums in Europe. In 2012, American Bleacher Report ranked the Red Star Stadium, especially if it is sold out, as among the most intimidating stadiums in the world.
Some of the most notable home-grown players are Dragan Džajić, named the best player in the history of Serbia (the choice of the Football Association on the 50th anniversary of UEFA, known as the Golden Player), who reached third place at the election for the European Footballer of the Year in 1968, then Dragoslav Šekularac – a runner-up with Yugoslavia at 1960 European Nations' Cup, Vladimir Petrović – the fourth Star of Red Star, Vladimir Jugović – two times the European Cup winner (with Red Star and Juventus), as well as Dejan Stanković and Nemanja Vidić.
Further notable home-grown players include Vladica Popović, Ratomir Dujković, Stanislav Karasi, Slobodan Janković, Ognjen Petrović, Vladislav Bogićević, Dušan Nikolić, Zoran Filipović, Dušan Savić, Milan Janković, Boško and Milko Gjurovski, Stevan Stojanović, Vladan Lukić, Zvonko Milojević, Zoran Jovičić, Ivan Adžić, Nebojša Krupniković, Goran Drulić, Nenad Lalatović, Marko Pantelić, Ognjen Koroman, Vladimir Dišljenković, Marko Perović, Dejan Milovanović, Dragan Mrđa, Boško Janković, Dušan Basta, Vujadin Savić, Slavoljub Srnić, Filip Stojković, Marko Grujić and Luka Jović.
Former Red Star and Real Madrid coaching legend Miljan Miljanić was also a member of Red Star's youth school.
Current coaching staff
The organized supporters of Red Star are known as Delije, the plural of the singular form Delija, which in Serbian generally signifies a courageous, brave, strong or even handsome young man. A rough English translation might be simply "Heroes", "Braves", "Hardman" or "Studs". The name Delije first began to be used by hardcore Red Star supporters during the late 1980s, with official inauguration taking place in 1989. Up to that point, the Red Star fans were scattered amongst several organized fan groups that shared in the north stand of Red Star's stadium. The Delije are today one of the most famous supporter groups in the world, who support all clubs in the Red Star multi-sport club. Their style of supporting includes the use of large and small flags, displaying of banners and especially the creation of colorful and large choreographies, noisy and constant cheering and other supporters stuff. The acoustic support is often coordinated by a so-called "Vođa" (Serbian: leader) by a megaphone and accompanied by drums. Subgroups of Delije exist outside of Belgrade as well, in cities across Serbia and all other ex-Yugoslav republics. As a sign of appreciation, Red Star painted in the late 1990s, the word Delije in block letters across their stadium's north stand.
Since the mid-1980s the supporters maintain brotherhood relations with Olympiacos ultras – a friendship based on common Orthodox faith and same club colours. Since the mid-2000s FC Spartak Moscow fans are also included in this friendship.
The Eternal derby
Red Star's fiercest and long standing city rival is FK Partizan, the other large and popular sport society in Serbia. They also have many supporters in all other former Yugoslavian republics and also in the Yugoslavian diaspora. The rivalry started immediately after the creation of the two clubs in 1945. Red Star was founded with close ties to the Interior ministry and Partizan as the football section of the Yugoslav People's Army. Since then, both clubs have been dominant in domestic football. The match is particularly noted for the passion of the Red Star's supporters, called Delije, and Partizan's supporters, the Grobari (English: "Gravediggers" or "Undertakers"). The stands of both teams feature fireworks, coloured confetti, flags, rolls of paper, torches, smoke, drums, giant posters and choreographies, used to create visual grandeur and apply psychological pressure on the visiting teams, hence the slogan, "Welcome to Hellgrade." Some fans also sometimes use trumpets, similar to the supporters in South America. This creates for the region a typical and distinctive Balkan Brass Band atmosphere. Both sets of supporters sing passionate songs against their rivals, and the stadiums are known to bounce with the simultaneous jumping of the fans. The duel is regarded as one of the greatest football rivalries in the world and the matches between these rivals have been labeled as the Eternal derby. Given its widespread touch on the entirety of a major city, it's dubbed one of, along with the Old Firm, the Rome derby and the Istanbul derby, the most heated rivalries in European football. In 2009, British newspaper Daily Mail ranked the Eternal derby as fourth among the ten greatest football rivalries of all-time. The biggest attendance for a Red Star – Partizan match was about 108,000 spectators at the Red Star Stadium.
Honours and achievements
Red Star has won 4 international and 57 domestic trophies, making them the most successful football club in Serbia and the former Yugoslavia.
Domestic competitions (57)
National Championships – 30 (record)
- People's Republic of Serbia League
- Winners (1): 1945–46
- Yugoslav First League
- First League of Serbia and Montenegro
- Serbian SuperLiga
National Cups – 24 (record)
- Yugoslav Cup
- Serbia and Montenegro Cup
- Serbian Cup
National Super Cups – 2 (record)
- Yugoslav Super Cup
- Winners (2): 1969, 1971
National League Cup – 1
- Yugoslav League Cup
- Winners (1): 1973
International competitions (4)
Red Star is the most successful club from Serbia (and former Yugoslavia) in all European competitions, and the only club from Eastern Europe that has won both the European Cup and the Intercontinental Cup. On 27 October 2017, FIFA officially recognized all winners of the Intercontinental Cup as club world champions, in equal status to the FIFA Club World Cup. The club competed in 56 European seasons, and the most notable results are:
- European Cup / UEFA Champions League
- Winners (1): 1990–91
- UEFA Cup / UEFA Europa League
- Runners-up (1): 1978–79
- UEFA Super Cup
- Runners-up (1): 1991
- Intercontinental Cup
- Winners (1): 1991
- Mitropa Cup
Friendly tournaments (19)
- Darko Pančev (1991)
- Dragan Džajić (2003)
Dragan Džajić is Red Star's record appearance holder with 389 matches. The goalscoring record holder is Bora Kostić with 230 goals. Numerous Red Star players were in the Yugoslavian national team and Branko Stanković, Rajko Mitić, Vladimir Beara, Bora Kostić, Vladimir Durković, Dragoslav Šekularac, Miroslav Pavlović, Jovan Aćimović, Dragan Džajić, Vladimir Petrović, Dragan Stojković and Dejan Savićević are among them. Dragan Džajić played 85 matches for the Yugoslavian national football team, a national record.
Red Star holds records such as to be only the second foreign team that could beat Liverpool at Anfield (after Ferencváros in the 1967–68 Inter-Cities Fairs Cup), which was also the only defeat of Liverpool at home in the European Cup history in the whole 20th century (during the 1973–74 European Cup). Red Star was also the first team that could beat Bayern Munich on the Olympiastadion in its long UEFA competition history (during the 1990–91 European Cup).
They are the only Serbian (and ex-Yugoslav) club, and only the second team from this southern corner of Europe and Southeast Europe, to have won the European Cup, having done so in 1991, which was also the 100th UEFA competing final. Red Star is among the nine clubs, which have ever won the European Cup unbeaten. They are also the only team from the Balkans and Southeast Europe to have won the Intercontinental Cup, also in 1991. Red Star is the most successful club from the Balkans and Southeast Europe, being the only club to win both the European Cup and Intercontinental Cup. The Romanian football player Miodrag Belodedici was the first ever Red Star player to have won the European Cup with two different teams, Steaua București and Red Star, and very curious both of the team's names mean "Star". Later, the double winners were also Dejan Savićević (Red Star and Milan) and Vladimir Jugović (Red Star and Juventus).
Top ten most appearances of all-time
|1||Dragan Džajić||1963–75; 1977–78||389|
|2||Bora Kostić||1951–61; 1962–66||341|
Top ten scorers of all-time
|1||Bora Kostić||1951–61; 1962–66||230|
|2||Dragan Džajić||1963–75; 1977–78||155|
|6||Vojin Lazarević||1966–70; 1972–74||134|
Club all-time European record
|Red Star Belgrade||Seasons||P||W||D||L||GF||GA||Match %W|
|Representing Serbia and Montenegro||11||66||26||20||20||109||80||39.39|
|European Cup / UEFA Champions League||126||62||25||39|
|UEFA Cup / UEFA Europa League||140||58||36||46|
|UEFA Cup Winners' Cup||34||12||10||12|
|UEFA Super Cup||1||0||0||1|
- As of 11 December 2018
- As of 14 March 2019
|84||Red Star Belgrade||16.750|
Best results in International competitions
|European Cup / UEFA Champions League|
|1990–91||Winners||defeated Marseille 0–0 in Bari, 5–3 pen.|
|1956–57||Semi-finals||lost to Fiorentina 0–1 in Belgrade, 0–0 in Firenze|
|1970–71||Semi-finals||lost to Panathinaikos 4–1 in Belgrade, 0–3 in Athens|
|1991–92||Semi-finals||2nd in Group A with Sampdoria, Anderlecht and Panathinaikos|
|1957–58||Quarter-finals||lost to Manchester United 1–2 in Manchester, 3–3 in Belgrade|
|1973–74||Quarter-finals||lost to Atlético Madrid 0–2 in Belgrade, 0–0 in Madrid|
|1980–81||Quarter-finals||lost to Internazionale 1–1 in Milan, 0–1 in Belgrade|
|1981–82||Quarter-finals||lost to Anderlecht 1–2 in Brussels, 1–2 in Belgrade|
|1986–87||Quarter-finals||lost to Real Madrid 4–2 in Belgrade, 0–2 in Madrid|
|UEFA Cup / UEFA Europa League|
|1978–79||Runners-up||lost to Borussia Mönchengladbach 1–1 in Belgrade, 0–1 in Düsseldorf|
|UEFA Cup Winners' Cup|
|1974–75||Semi-finals||lost to Ferencváros 1–2 in Budapest, 2–2 in Belgrade|
|1971–72||Quarter-finals||lost to Dynamo Moscow 1–2 in Belgrade, 1–1 in Moscow|
|1985–86||Quarter-finals||lost to Atlético Madrid 0–2 in Belgrade, 1–1 in Madrid|
|UEFA Super Cup|
|1991||Runners-up||lost to Manchester United 0–1 in Manchester|
|1991||Winners||defeated Colo-Colo 3–0 in Tokyo|
|Inter-Cities Fairs Cup|
|1961–62||Semi-finals||lost to Barcelona 0–2 in Belgrade, 1–4 in Barcelona|
|1962–63||Quarter-finals||lost to Roma 0–3 in Rome, 2–0 in Belgrade|
|1958||Winners||defeated Rudá Hvězda Brno 4–1 in Belgrade, 3–2 in Brno|
|1967–68||Winners||defeated Spartak Trnava 0–1 in Trnava, 4–1 in Belgrade|
|1957||Semi-finals||lost to Vasas 1–3 in Budapest, 2–3 in Belgrade|
Biggest win in UEFA competition:
|European Cup / UEFA Champions League|
|1957–58||Red Star – Stade Dudelange||9–1|
|1969–70||Red Star – Linfield||8–0|
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
Domestic & UEFA Reserves
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
Players with multiple nationalities
- Srđan Babić
- Dejan Joveljić
- Stefan Hajdin
- Vujadin Savić
- Filip Stojković
- Nemanja Supić
- Milan Borjan
- El Fardou Ben Nabouhane
- Lorenzo Ebecilio
- Jonathan Cafú
- Mirko Ivanić
Out on loan
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
For recent transfers, see List of Serbian football transfers winter 2018–19.
Since 2014, Red Star Belgrade have not issued the squad number 26 in the Serbian SuperLiga. It was retired in memory of Goran Gogić, who died on 3 July 2015, aged 29. Gogić had also been assigned with jersey 25 for the 2014–15 season, which had worn in Jagodina previously. Since then some of players, like Marko Marinković and Milan Jevtović used to be registered for the UEFA competitions. Jevtović also made his debut for the club with 26 jersey in summer 2018, but later chose number 33 in the domestic competition.
For details see List of Red Star Belgrade football coaches
- Branislav Sekulić (1946)
- Svetislav Glišović (1946–48)
- Aleksandar Tomašević (1948–50)
- Ljubiša Broćić (1951)
- Žarko Mihajlović (1951–53)
- Branislav Sekulić (1953)
- Ljubiša Broćić (1953–54)
- Boško Ralić (1954)
- Milovan Ćirić (1954–57)
- Milorad Pavić (1957–64)
- Ivan Toplak (1964–66)
- Miljan Miljanić (1966–74)
- Miljenko Mihić (1974–75)
- Milovan Ćirić (1975–76)
- Gojko Zec (1976–78)
- Branko Stanković (1978–82)
- Stevan Ostojić (1982–83)
- Gojko Zec (1983–86)
- Velibor Vasović (1986–88)
- Branko Stanković (1988–89)
- Dragoslav Šekularac (1989–90)
- Ljupko Petrović (1990–91)
- Vladica Popović (1991–92)
- Milan Živadinović (1992–94)
- Ljupko Petrović (1994–96)
- Vladimir "Pižon" Petrović (1996–97)
- Vojin Lazarević (1997)
- Milorad Kosanović (1997–98)
- Vojin Lazarević (1998–99)
- Miloljub Ostojić (1999)
- Zvonko Radić (caretaker) (1999)
- Slavoljub Muslin (1999–01)
- Zoran Filipović (2001–03)
- Slavoljub Muslin (2003–04)
- Ljupko Petrović (2004)
- Milovan Rajevac (caretaker) (2004)
- Ratko Dostanić (2004–05)
- Walter Zenga (2005–06)
- Dušan Bajević (2006–07)
- Boško Gjurovski (2007)
- Milorad Kosanović (2007)
- Aleksandar Janković (2007–08)
- Zdeněk Zeman (2008)
- Čedomir Janevski (2008–09)
- Siniša Gogić (caretaker) (2009)
- Vladimir "Pižon" Petrović (2009–10)
- Ratko Dostanić (2010)
- Aleksandar Kristić (2010)
- Robert Prosinečki (2010–12)
- Aleksandar Janković (2012–13)
- Ricardo Sá Pinto (2013)
- Slaviša Stojanović (2013–14)
- Nenad Lalatović (2014–15)
- Miodrag Božović (2015–17)
- Boško Gjurovski (caretaker) (2017)
- Vladan Milojević (2017–present)
- Mita Miljković (1948–51)
- Isa Jovanović (1951–52)
- Sava Radojčić (1952–54)
- Dragoslav Marković (1954–55)
- Milić Bugarčić (1955–56)
- Dragoje Đurić (1956)
- Dušan Blagojević (1956–60)
- Milić Bugarčić (1960–63)
- Radovan Pantović (1963–65)
- Dušan Blagojević (1965–68)
- Nikola Bugarčić (1968–77)
- Radovan Pantović (1977–81)
- Brana Dimitrijević (1981–82)
- Vlastimir Purić (1982)
- Miladin Šakić (1982–87)
- Svetozar Mijailović (1987–93)
- Dragan Džajić (1998–04)
- Dragan Stojković (2005–07)
- Toplica Spasojević (2007–08)
- Dan Tana (2008–09)
- Vladan Lukić (2009–12)
- Dragan Džajić (2012–14)
- Svetozar Mijailović (2014–present)
Stars of Red Star
Red Star has almost a 50-year-long tradition of giving the title of the Star of Red Star (Serbian: Звездина звезда / Zvezdina zvezda) to the players that had a major impact on the club's history and have made the name of the club famous around the globe. So far, five players and the entire 1991 team were officially given the title. They are:
- The 1st Star of Red Star: Rajko Mitić
- The 2nd Star of Red Star: Dragoslav Šekularac
- The 3rd Star of Red Star: Dragan Džajić
- The 4th Star of Red Star: Vladimir Petrović "Pižon"
- The 5th Star of Red Star: Dragan Stojković "Piksi"
- The 6th Star of Red Star: The 1991 European Cup Winner Generation
The 1991 European Cup Winner Generation
- To appear in this section a player must have played at least 80 matches for the club.
- Flags indicate national teams they played for, not nationality.
- Jovan Aćimović
- Zoran Antonijević
- Petar Baralić
- Vladimir Beara
- Dejan Bekić
- Cvijetin Blagojević
- Vladislav Bogićević
- Zdravko Borovnica
- Jovan Cokić
- Borislav Cvetković
- Milan Čop
- Kiril Dojčinovski
- Ratomir Dujković
- Vladimir Durković
- Predrag Đajić
- Ranko Đorđić
- Milovan Đorić
- Žarko Đurović
- Marko Elsner
- Zoran Filipović
- Boško Gjurovski
- Milko Gjurovski
- Milan Janković
- Slobodan Janković
- Rajko Janjanin
- Zoran Jelikić
- Živorad Jevtić
- Nikola Jovanović
- Milan Jovin
- Ivan Jurišić
- Stanislav Karasi
- Mihalj Keri
- Branko Klenkovski
- Bora Kostić
- Zlatko Krdžević
- Miodrag Krivokapić
- Petar Krivokuća
- Srboljub Krivokuća
- Zlatko Krmpotić
- Vojin Lazarević
- Ljubomir Lovrić
- Živan Ljukovčan
- Dušan Maravić
- Vojislav Melić
- Trifun Mihailović
- Dragan Miletović
- Tomislav Milićević
- Goran Milojević
- Nedeljko Milosavljević
- Đorđe Milovanović
- Mitar Mrkela
- Husref Musemić
- Slavoljub Muslin
- Dušan Nikolić
- Jovica Nikolić
- Mile Novković
- Tihomir Ognjanov
- Stevan Ostojić
- Béla Pálfi
- Aleksandar Panajotović
- Miroslav Pavlović
- Ognjen Petrović
- Vladimir Popović
- Slavko Radovanović
- Branko Radović
- Srebrenko Repčić
- Antun Rudinski
- Dušan Savić
- Ljubiša Spajić
- Branko Stanković
- Nikola Stipić
- Aleksandar Stojanović
- Sead Sušić
- Miloš Šestić
- Slobodan Škrbić
- Miroslav Šugar
- Lazar Tasić
- Kosta Tomašević
- Novak Tomić
- Ivan Toplak
- Branislav Vukosavljević
- Miljan Zeković
- Siniša Zlatković
- Todor Živanović
- Ivan Adžić
- Srđan Bajčetić
- Dušan Basta
- Dragan Bogavac
- Branko Bošković
- Goran Bunjevčević
- Vladimir Dišljenković
- Goran Drulić
- Ivan Dudić
- Milan Dudić
- Slavoljub Đorđević
- Goran Đorović
- Jovan Gojković
- Ivan Gvozdenović
- Dejan Ilić
- Ilija Ivić
- Branko Jelić
- Dragoslav Jevrić
- Zoran Jovičić
- Aleksandar Kocić
- Ognjen Koroman
- Nenad Kovačević
- Radovan Krivokapić
- Nebojša Krupniković
- Nenad Lalatović
- Leo Lerinc
- Aleksandar Luković
- Vinko Marinović
- Marjan Marković
- Dragan Mićić
- Zvonko Milojević
- Dragan Mladenović
- Zoran Njeguš
- Perica Ognjenović
- Miodrag Pantelić
- Dejan Petković
- Mihajlo Pjanović
- Nikola Radmanović
- Nenad Sakić
- Dejan Stanković
- Nemanja Vidić
- Milivoje Vitakić
- Nikola Žigić
- Bratislav Živković
- Dušan Anđelković
- Milan Biševac
- Boško Janković
- Darko Lazović
- Nikola Mikić
- Nenad Milijaš
- Dejan Milovanović
- Dragan Mrđa
- Pavle Ninkov
- Marko Perović
- Marko Petković
- Ivan Ranđelović
- Mihailo Ristić
- Vujadin Savić
- Slavoljub Srnić
- Saša Stamenković
- Đorđe Tutorić
Notable foreign players
- To appear in this section a player must have played at least 30 matches for the club.
- Luis Ibáñez
- Miloš Degenek
- Milan Ivanović
- Srđan Pecelj
- Milan Borjan
- Cristian Borja
- El Fardou Ben Nabouhane
- John Jairo Ruiz
- Segundo Castillo
- Damien Le Tallec
- Guélor Kanga
- Marko Marin
- Lee Addy
- Richmond Boakye
- Abraham Frimpong
- Mohammed-Awal Issah
- Blaže Georgioski
- Mitko Stojkovski
- Ivan Tričkovski
- Boban Bajković
- Igor Burzanović
- Filip Kasalica
- Nemanja Nikolić
- Savo Pavićević
- Milan Purović
- Vukan Savićević
- Filip Stojković
- Marko Vešović
- Mitchell Donald
- Abiola Dauda
- Hugo Vieira
- Ibrahima Gueye
- Milenko Ačimovič
- Nejc Pečnik
Kit manufacturers and shirt sponsors
|Period||Kit Manufacturer||Shirt Sponsor|
|2010||2344 – Za moju Zvezdu|
In popular culture
The club's name in Serbian is also the title of the 2013 Italian novel Crvena Zvezda by Enrico Varrecchione. Written in the alternate history genre, utilizing elements of uchronia, its story is based on the premise of what if the 9 November 1988 return leg of the European Cup second round clash between Red Star and AC Milan hadn't been ordered abandoned by German referee Dieter Pauly in the 65th minute due to thick fog that night in Belgrade. Red Star were leading 1–0 after a goal by Dejan Savićević and were also a man up due to Milan striker Pietro Paolo Virdis receiving a red card. After abandonment, UEFA cancelled the match and ordered it replayed in full the next day. This time it finished 1–1 and went to penalties (the first leg in Milan also ended 1–1) where Milan won and went through to the quarter-finals, eventually winning the European Cup — thus getting the coveted trophy again after twenty years, the club's first under its recently arrived owner, ambitious businessman Silvio Berlusconi. In the novel's parallel universe, Red Star won the 8 November 1988 match in Belgrade and eliminated AC Milan, which thus never won its 1989 European Cup, meaning that Berlusconi's ultimate entry into Italian politics had a much weaker background push, which adversely affected his performance at the 1994 Italian general election. The novel also follows the fate of Red Star's fictional striker, loosely based on Savićević, Jovan Eldzic who scored the famous goal in the fog and later went on to transfer to AC Milan where he achieved more accolades, eventually taking Italian citizenship, remaining living in Italy upon retiring from football before entering politics and running for mayor of a small town in Piedmont's Alessandria province.
Billy Bragg's 1991 UK top thirty hit song "Sexuality" contains the lyric "I had an uncle who once played for Red Star Belgrade." When interviewed many years later Bragg was asked if this was true, to which he replied that his uncle actually played for Fulham but that did not fit the rhyme with played.
A football club in Ecuador, in the city of Cuenca, created in 1961, is inspired in Red Star Belgrade. It is named CDS Estrella Roja. Estrella Roja is the translation and the way Red Star is known in Spanish speaking countries. The club crest is even the same as the one Red Star had between 1995 and 2011.
- "Stadion Rajko Mitić (Marakana)". Retrieved 25 June 2015.
- Svaki drugi Srbin navija za Crvenu zvezdu retrieved from b92.net, 18 March 2008
- "Sa proslave 57. rođendana crveno-belih: Lenjin i Staljin bili u "igri" za ime Crvene Zvezde". Politika. 6 March 2002. Retrieved 24 July 2017.
- "History of Crvena zvezda". crvenazvezdafk.com. Retrieved 26 June 2018.
- "Red Star claim gold for the Balkan peninsula". FIFA.com. Retrieved 25 June 2015.
- Crvena Zvezda - Manchester United 3:3 (1958.). YouTube. 19 February 2018. Retrieved 6 June 2018.
- Crvena zvezda - Borusija (M) 1:1, 0:1 (oba meča). YouTube. 22 May 2018. Retrieved 6 June 2018.
- Crvena Zvezda - FC Barcelona 2:4 (1982.). YouTube. 10 February 2018. Retrieved 6 June 2018.
- Crvena zvezda - Olimpik 0:0 (5:3). YouTube. 28 May 2015. Retrieved 6 June 2018.
- "Red Star players pay a hefty price". fifpro.org. 18 June 2014.
- "Niko kao Zvezda – crveno-beli u istoriji LE!". b92.net. 7 December 2017. Retrieved 2 July 2018.
- "Istorija u Salcburgu, Zvezda u Ligi šampiona". rts.rs. 29 August 2018. Retrieved 30 August 2018.
- "Red Star Belgrade 2-0 Liverpool: Reds 'lost mojo' in shock defeat". bbc.com. 6 November 2018. Retrieved 7 November 2018.
- "Champions!". crvenazvezdafk.com. 5 May 2019. Retrieved 7 May 2019.
- "Blic Sport – Stadion Zvezde među 50 najznačajnijih u Evropi". Blic Sport. Retrieved 25 June 2015.
- Allan Jiang. "10 Most Hostile World Football Stadiums". Bleacher Report. Retrieved 25 June 2015.
- "Живковић није више тренер омладинаца" (in Serbian). crvenazvezdafk.com. Retrieved 25 December 2018.
- "Кренули кадети" (in Serbian). crvenazvezdafk.com. Retrieved 10 July 2018.
- "Пионири најбољи и у Србији" (in Serbian). crvenazvezdafk.com. Retrieved 10 July 2018.
- "The Inferno At Yesterday's Biggest Rivalry Game". theoffside.com. Archived from the original on 12 September 2012. Retrieved 9 April 2009.
- "THE LIST: The greatest rivalries in club football, Nos 10–1". Mail Online. Retrieved 25 June 2015.
- "Champions 1946". crvenazvezdafk.com. Retrieved 9 May 2018.
- "Red Star, Roter Stern, Stella Rossa, Estrella Roja, Etoile Rouge, … Crvena zvezda" (in Serbian). strategija.org. Retrieved 7 May 2019.
- Liverpul - Crvena zvezda 1:2. YouTube. 7 November 2017. Retrieved 6 June 2018.
- Bajern - Crvena zvezda 1:2. YouTube. 9 April 2017. Retrieved 6 June 2018.
- "Club coefficients". uefa.com. Retrieved 23 September 2018.
- "First Team". FK Crvena zvezda. Retrieved 9 July 2016.
- "Licensed for UEFA Champions League". UEFA. Retrieved 9 July 2018.
- "Licensed for the Serbian SuperLiga". superliga.rs. Retrieved 21 July 2018.
- "Владан Милојевић извршио прозивку". FK Crvena zvezda. Retrieved 11 June 2018.
- "Милијаш и Анђелковић о жребу". Red Star Belgrade official website (in Serbian). 19 June 2017. Retrieved 27 July 2017.
- "Кафу стигао у Звезду!". Red Star Belgrade official website (in Serbian). 10 August 2018. Retrieved 11 August 2018.
- "Стојковић – Капитенска трака испуњен сан". Red Star Belgrade official website (in Serbian). 18 February 2018. Retrieved 19 February 2018.
- "Рашид Сумаила потписао!". Red Star Belgrade official website (in Serbian). 28 June 2018. Retrieved 28 June 2018.
- "PRIZNANJE Gobeljić za Blicsport: Ja kapiten Zvezde? San mi se ispunio". Blic (in Serbian). 22 July 2018. Retrieved 11 August 2018.
- "Vujadin Savić kao 2010". mondo.rs (in Serbian). 5 November 2017. Retrieved 16 November 2017.
- "Zvezdina formula za kvalifikacije 23+5: Nema Degeneka, Ilića i Hajdina". mozzartsport.com. 7 July 2018. Retrieved 9 July 2018.
- «Πράσινοι» Kone & Meleg at Levadiakos F.C. official website, 25-1-2018 (in Greek)
- "Фудбал, 33/18" (PDF). Football Association of Serbia (in Serbian). 15 August 2018. Retrieved 1 September 2018.
- "Фудбал, 35/18" (PDF). Football Association of Serbia (in Serbian). 29 August 2018. Retrieved 1 September 2018.
- Зе Маркос није прошао у Земуну, Звезда га позајмила Грбљу at Sportski Žurnal, 11-2-2019 (in Serbian)
- "Терзић - Сад правимо тим за Европу". www.crvenazvezdafk.com (in Serbian). 3 February 2019. Retrieved 4 February 2019.
- "Фудбал, 34/18" (PDF). Football Association of Serbia (in Serbian). 22 August 2018. Retrieved 1 September 2018.
- "Фудбал, ванредни број 22/18" (PDF). Football Association of Serbia (in Serbian). 31 August 2018. Retrieved 6 September 2018.
- Iznenađenje - Zvezda dovela napadača iz Bugarske! at mozzartsport.com, 16-1-2019 (in Serbian)
- Вукановић ново Звездино појачање at Red Star Belgrade official website, 18-1-2019 (in Serbian)
- Крстовић потписао за Звезду at Red Star Belgrade official website, 25-2-2019 (in Serbian)
- "Dve godine tuge: Zvezda i Delije su na današnji dan ostali bez Gorana Gogića (VIDEO)". telegraf.rs. 3 July 2017. Retrieved 21 July 2018.
- Goran Gogić at Soccerway
- "Jevtović, Milan 2018–19 season". Serbian SuperLiga official website. 21 July 2017. Retrieved 21 July 2018.
- "Crvena Zvezda 09/11/1988". Crvena Zvezda 09/11/1988. Retrieved 25 June 2015.
- "Q Magazine – Music news & reviews, music videos, band pictures & interviewsQ Magazine". Archived from the original on 2 October 2013. Retrieved 25 June 2015.
- Too Far, Red Star Belgrade. YouTube. 9 November 2011. Retrieved 25 June 2015.
- "Red Star Belgrade". musicfromtheeastzone.co.uk. Retrieved 2 August 2016.
- Jason Ankeny. "Red Star Belgrade – Music Biography, Streaming Radio and Discography – AllMusic". AllMusic. Retrieved 25 June 2015.
- CSD Estrella Roja official Facebook page, retrieved 24 July 2017 (in Spanish)