FC Neftchi Ferghana (Uzbek: 'Neftchi Fargʻona futbol klubi', Uzbek Cyrillic: Нефтчи Фарғона футбол клуби; Russian: футбольный клуб Нефтчи Фергана)(Tajik: naftchi forghaneh) is an Uzbekfootball club based in Fergana. They play in the top division in Uzbekistani football and are multiple champions of Uzbekistan.
Neftchi was founded 1962 and appeared in the Soviet Second League (Central Asian Division) from 1962 to 1991 under the name Neftyanik Fergana. In 1990, the club advanced to the Soviet First League, winning Soviet Second League, conference East. In 1991 Soviet First League Neftchi ranked at 7th place which was club's highest achievement in Soviet football history. Since 1992, the club has been playing in the Uzbek League, and along with Pakhtakor Tashkent and Navbahor Namangan, continuously participated in all seasons of the Uzbek League without a break.
Traditionally there is always rivalry between two strongest teams in any League in club football. Since 1992 in Oliy League in Uzbekistan those two clubs were Neftchi and capital club Pakhtakor. Already in first edition of Oliy League in 1992 bothe teams finished first with the same points and were recognised as champions. This competition goes on over the years. The match between Pakhtakor and Neftchi is held since 1992. The first match between the two clubs was played on 25 May 1992 in Tashkent. The match of two rivals became later the name O'zbek Classikosi by analogy with spanish Clasico.
Neftchi's biggest local rival has always been Navbahor Namangan, club from Fergana Valley region. Like Neftchi also Navbahor along Pakhtakor continuously is playing in Uzbek League since 1992 without any break. This rivalry was always of enormous interest of both fans sides.
Another Neftchi's Valley rival is FK Andijan. Andijan was founded in 1964.
Neftchi played ist home matches initially at Fargona Stadium. Fargona Stadium was built in 1932 and was home ground of the club until 2012. The stadium was closed for reconstruction. The plans for construction of the new arena in another location were unveiled in 2011. The construction works for new 20,000 seater arena named Istiqlol Stadium in Fergana started in January 2012 and were finished at the end of 2014. It was planned Neftchi would play its home matches at new stadium in 2015. Neftchi played its home matches in 2012-14 and some matches of 2015 seasons at Kirguli SM Stadium and Kokand Stadium.
The opening match of the stadium was held on 3 April 2015 with a friendly between Uzbekistan U-20 and New Zealand U-20 which ended with 1:0 victory of host team. The first official League match at the new stadium was played on 18 April with match Neftchi - Mash'al Mubarek.