FK Spartaks Jūrmala were founded at the start of 2007 as participants of the third tier of Latvian football. They won the Latvian Second League championship in the first year of their existence. The next 4 seasons were spent in the Latvian First League. In 2011, the club made its greatest leap since its foundation, managing to finish the season in the third position right behind Metta/Latvijas Universitāte and Liepājas Metalurgs-2. As reserve teams were not eligible to participate in the top tier championship, Spartaks were promoted via play-offs against JFK Olimps, which they won 4–1 on aggregate. Since 2012 Spartaks Jūrmala have been playing in the Latvian Higher League. Spartaks finished their first season in the Latvian top tier football in the fifth position of the league table, remaining in a middle-table position in the following two seasons as well, placing 7th in 2013 and 6th in 2014, respectively.
FK Spartaks have an engagement with the Jūrmala Swimming and Football School, the name of which is included in the official name of the club (Latvian: Jūrmalas Peldēšanas un Futbola skola).
From 2012 to 2014 Spartaks Jūrmala was one of two clubs representing the city in the Latvian Higher League and using the Sloka Stadium as their home-ground. After the relegation of FC Jūrmala in 2014, as of 2018 Spartaks remains as the sole representative of the coastal city in Latvian top tier football.