FK Spartaks Jūrmala were founded at the start of 2007 as participants of the third tier of Latvian football. They managed to win the Latvian Second League championship in the first year of their existence. The next 4 seasons were spent in the Latvian First League. In 2011, the club made its greatest leap since foundation managing to finish the season in the third position right behind Metta/Latvijas Universitāte and Liepājas Metalurgs-2. As reserve teams were not eligible to participate in the top tier championship, Spartaks were promoted via play-offs against JFK Olimps, which they managed to win 4–1 on aggregate. Since 2012 Spartaks Jūrmala have been playing in the Latvian Higher League. Spartaks finished their first season in the Latvian top tier football in the fifth position of the league table, remaining a middle-table position in the following two seasons as well, 7th in 2013 and 6th in 2014, respectively.
FK Spartaks have an engagement with Jūrmala Swimming and Football School, which they get their full name from (Latvian: Jūrmalas Peldēšanas un Futbola skola).
From 2012 to 2014 Spartaks Jūrmala was one of two clubs representing the city in the Latvian Higher League and using the Slokas Stadium as their home-ground. After the relegation of FC Jūrmala in 2014 Spartaks now remain the only representative of the coastal city in the top tier championship.