FM- and TV-mast Helsinki-Espoo

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FM- and TV-mast Helsinki-Espoo

FM- and TV-mast Helsinki-Espoo is a mast located on Harmaakallio hill near Latokaski, Espoo, Finland. Its current height is 326 metres (1,070 ft).

When the mast was first built in 1971, its height was 303 metres. Its height was increased to 326 metres in 1988, when the station was expanded, and the present mast was erected. It shares the title of third highest structure in Finland, after the Tiirismaa (in Hollola), and Haapavesi radio and TV masts. The radio mast in Kiiminki has the same height.[1]

Controversy with regard to the Estonian SSR in the 1980s[edit]

The Helsinki-Espoo FM- and TV-mast originally used American technology, and since it also transmitted, unintentionally however, the Finnish TV broadcasts to TV sets in northern Estonia, there was a suspicion in the Estonian SSR, and more specifically, within the Estonian Communist Party, that Americans had something to do with this FM- and TV-mast, and that it was in their interests that Finnish television broadcasts could be seen in Estonia, and that they had perhaps funded the mast. However, Sakari Kiuru, who functioned as the CEO of the Finnish state broadcasting corporation Yle during 1980–1989, stated to the Yle TV-news in February 2011, that this transmitter did not use excessive power and that the Americans had nothing to do with it: “We really needed this mast, we had to reach the interior of the country and long distances to the west and the east. It is located near the shoreline, there’s nothing more to it, and the talk that the Americans would have funded it … they had nothing to do with it, the mast was funded from the Yle budget.” Yrjö Länsipuro, who worked as the Yle correspondent in Moscow during 1981–1978, said in the same broadcast on 24 February 2011, that as far as he could recall, the Soviet Union tried to influence Yle concerning the use of the Espoo TV-mast, but the Finns had a clear answer to them: “This is what technology is like, we can’t do anything about it.”[2]

Besides American TV series such as Dynasty and Finnish TV commercials, the Soviet authorities were annoyed at the Eurovision Song Contest being seen in Estonia. In a 2011 documentary on the song contest, an anonymous Estonian commentator said the following: “The Eurovision fan club in Estonia was secret, because Estonia was not part of the Eurovision network, the Soviet Union did not buy into Eurovision at all, so they watched Eurovision on Finnish television. It almost represented a symbol of resistance of the Soviet regime, it was almost like a window on the West. And they would have secret ‘Eurovision parties’, and it was very much seen as an illicit thing.”[3]

Another curious episode took place in 1984, when the Soviet Union boycotted the Olympic Games that were held in Los Angeles. Many people from the Moscow elite travelled to Tallinn in order to see the games from the Finnish television, as they were not broadcast in the Soviet Union. The most popular place for them to stay was Hotel Viru.[4]

Radio transmissions of the Helsinki-Espoo Mast[edit]

Station Frequency for “Main Programme”
(now Yle Radio 1)
Transmission power for “Main Programme” Frequency for “Parallel Programme” Transmission power for “Parallel Programme” Frequency for “Swedish Language Programme” Transmission power for “Swedish Language Programme”
(now Yle Vega)
Frequency for “Local programme” Transmission power for
“Local programme”
Height of mast Elevation of the location
Espoo 94,0 MHz
Stereophonic sound
91,9 MHz
Stereophonic sound
(1 June 1982)[5]
106,2 MHz (1 August 2010)[6]
92,5 MHz (1 August 2010) )[6]
96,2 MHz Regional, licensed (1 August 2010)[6]
60 000 W 91,9 MHz Stereophonic sound
94,0 MHz Stereophonic sound (1 June 1982)[5]
60 000 W 98,8 MHz Stereophonic sound 60 000 W 90,3 MHz Monophonic sound and
97,5 MHz Monophonic sound
(1 June 1982)[5]
10 000 W with a directional antenna 303 m
326 m
44 m

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Digita Oy press release, 20 March 2002.
  2. ^ TV News, Yle TV1, 24 February 2010, 20.30.
  3. ^ An anonymous Estonian commentator in The Secret History of Eurovision, SBS Television documentary (Australia), broadcast by Yle in Finland on 30 April 2011.
  4. ^ Film director Taru Mäkelä in an interview with Yle TV News, broadcast on Feb. 18, 2013.
  5. ^ a b c Yle distribution technique 1 June 1982.
  6. ^ a b c Decree of Finnish Ministry of Traffic and Communication on changing the decree on the general plan of the use of radio frequencies, § 4 and 5, Minister of Communications Suvi Lindén, 23 June 2010, Helsinki.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 60°10′39″N 24°38′24″E / 60.17750°N 24.64000°E / 60.17750; 24.64000