FMA IA 50 Guaraní II

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
IA 50 Guarani II
FMA IA-50B Guarani II.jpg
Role Multi-purpose aircraft
Manufacturer Fabrica Militar de Aviones (FMA)
Designer n/a
First flight 26 April 1963
Introduction 1966
Retired 7 January 2007
Status Retired
Primary user Fuerza Aérea Argentina
Number built 3 prototypes + 32 series aircraft
Developed from IAe 35 Huanquero

The I.A. 50 Guaraní II was an Argentine utility aircraft designed at the DINFIA (successor to the "Instituto Aerotecnico" - AeroTechnical Institute) in the early 1960s.

History[edit]

The FMA Guaraní I

In the early 1960s, the Argentine state aviation conglomerate, DINFIA, realised that its IA 35 Huanquero twin-piston engined light transport was becoming outdated, and it was decided to develop a turboprop-engined derivative. While of similar layout to the Huanquero, with both aircraft being twin-engined low-wing monoplane of all metal construction with a twin tail, the new aircraft, the Guaraní, shared only 20% of the structure of the Huanquero. It was powered by two Turbomeca Bastan III engines each rated at 850 shaft horsepower (630 kW).[1][2] It first flew on 6 February 1962.[3]

The aircraft was further developed as the Guaruani II; the main difference being a single swept fin and a shortened rear fuselage. It also used more powerful (930 shaft horsepower (690 kW)) Bastan VIA]] engines. The fuselage was semi-monocoque with a squared cross-section, having unswept wings and swept tailplanes. The prototype Guaraní was rebuilt to this standard and flew in this form on 26 April 1963.[3][4]

Operations[edit]

The prototype Guarani II on exhibit at the 1965 Paris Air Salon

In June 1965 the Guarani II prototype (serial number TX-01) was exhibited and flown at the Paris Air Show at Le Bourget Airport, France). TX-01 was later flown to the CEV (“Centre d’Essays en Vol”, Air Test Centre) at Istres, France, for technical evaluation, where it was tested for a total of 200 flying hours. It was flown back to the FMA, Argentina in February 1966, being the first Latin American-built aircraft to fly across the Atlantic Ocean.

The last flying example, retired in 2006 at the II Brigada Aérea (IInd Air Brigade), at Paraná, Entre Rios, Argentina, is currently preserved at the National Aeronautics Museum ("Museo Nacional de Aeronáutica") of the Argentine Air Force (Fuerza Aérea Argentina), at Morón, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Users[edit]

I.A. 50 Guarani II at the 1966 Paris Air Show

Specifications (IA 50)[edit]

Data from Jane's All The World's Aircraft 1965-66 [5]

General characteristics

Performance

See also[edit]

Comparable aircraft

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ Magnusson 2010, p. 5.
  2. ^ Taylor 1962, pp. 4–5.
  3. ^ a b Taylor 1965, p.3.
  4. ^ Magnusson 2010, p. 6.
  5. ^ Taylor 1965, pp. 3–4.
Bibliography
  • Article on the 50th anniversary of the "Fabrica Militar de Aviones" - listing all the aircraft developed and manufactured there since 1927, Aerospacio, Buenos Aires, 1977. (in Spanish)
  • Magnusson, Michael (March 2010). "FMA: from 1945: The story of Fabrica Militar de Aviones, Argentina: Part 10: The IA-50 Guarani". Air Britain Archive: 5–12. ISSN 0262-4923. 
  • Taylor, John W. R. (1962). Jane's All The World's Aircraft 1962-63. London: Samson Low, Marston. 
  • Taylor, John W. R. (1965). Jane's All The World's Aircraft 1965-66. London: Samson Low, Marston. 
  • The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft (Part Work 1982-1985). Orbis Publishing. 

External links[edit]