FMRIB Software Library
|Developer(s)||FMRIB Analysis Group|
6.0.1 / 11 March 2019
|Written in||C++, TCL|
|Operating system||Linux, macOS|
|Type||Scientific visualization and image computing|
FSL is available as both precompiled binaries and source code for Apple and PC (Linux) computers. It is freely available for non-commercial use.
|FEAT||Model-based FMRI analysis with straightforward but powerful GUI: data preprocessing (including slice timing correction, MCFLIRT motion correction and PRELUDE+FUGUE EPI unwarping); FILM GLM timeseries analysis with prewhitening; registration to structural and/or standard space images; and fully generalised mixed-effects group analysis using advanced Bayesian techniques.|
|MELODIC||Model-free FMRI analysis using Probabilistic Independent Component Analysis (PICA). MELODIC automatically estimates the number of interesting noise and signal sources in the data and because of the associated "noise model", is able to assign significances ("p-values") to the output spatial maps.|
|FLOBS||Generation of optimal HRF basis functions and Bayesian activation estimation.|
|SMM||Spatial mixture modelling - alternative hypothesis testing using histogram mixture modelling with spatial regularisation of the voxel classification into activation and non-activation.|
|Brain Extraction Tool - segments brain from non-brain in structural and functional data, and models skull and scalp surfaces.|
|SUSAN||Nonlinear noise reduction.|
|FAST||FMRIB's Automated Segmentation Tool - brain segmentation (into different tissue types) and bias field correction.|
|FLIRT||FMRIB's Linear Image Registration Tool - linear inter- and intra-modal registration.|
|FUGUE||Unwarps geometric distortion in EPI images using B0 field maps.|
|SIENA||Structural brain change analysis, for estimating brain atrophy.|
|FDT||FMRIB's Diffusion Toolbox - tools for low-level diffusion parameter reconstruction and probabilistic tractography.|
|TBSS||Tract-Based Spatial Statistics (part of FMRIB's Diffusion Toolbox) - voxelwise analysis of multi-subject diffusion data.|
|Inference||Various inference/thresholding tools, including: Randomise (permutation-based inference tool for nonparametric statistical thresholding), cluster (cluster-based thresholding using GRF theory for inference), FDR (false discovery rate inference) and Glm (a GUI for creating model design matrices).|
|FSLeyes||Interactive display tool for 3D and 4D data.|
|AVWUTILS||Misc utils for converting and processing images.|
History and Development
FSL is written mainly by members of the FMRIB (Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Brain) Analysis Group, Oxford University, UK. The first release of FSL was in 2000; there has been approximately one major new release each year to date. The FMRIB Analysis Group is primarily funded by the Wellcome Trust and the UK EPSRC and MRC Research Councils.
- S.M. Smith. Fast robust automated brain extraction. Human Brain Mapping, 17(3):143-155, November 2002.
- Jenkinson, M., Bannister, P., Brady, J. M. and Smith, S. M. Improved Optimisation for the Robust and Accurate Linear Registration and Motion Correction of Brain Images. NeuroImage, 17(2), 825-841, 2002.
- S.M. Smith, M. Jenkinson, H. Johansen-Berg, D. Rueckert, T.E. Nichols, C.E. Mackay, K.E. Watkins, O. Ciccarelli, M.Z. Cader, P.M. Matthews, and T.E.J. Behrens. Tract-based spatial statistics: Voxelwise analysis of multi-subject diffusion data. NeuroImage, 31:1487-1505, 2006.