FNSS Pars

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FNSS Pars
Pars-iii-6x6-02.jpg
FNSS Pars 6x6
TypeArmoured combat vehicle
Place of originTurkey
Service history
In service2005 - Present[1]
Used bySee Operators
Production history
DesignerFNSS Defence Systems
ManufacturerFNSS Defence Systems
No. built172 ordered by Oman[1]
VariantsArmored personnel carrier, Infantry fighting vehicle
Specifications
Mass16,000 to 24,500 kg[1]
Length6.6 (6×6), 8 m (8×8) [1]
Width2.7 m[1]
Height2.17 m[1]
Crew10 (6×6), 14 (8×8)[1]

ArmorBaseline 7.62mm AP all-around up to STANAG-4569 Level 4[1]
Main
armament
25 mm FNSS Sharpshooter Turret[1]
Secondary
armament
7.62 mm coaxial machine gun[1]
EngineDeutz or Caterpillar Diesel[1]
500-600 hp (6×6 and 8×8)[1]
Power/weight20.4 to 24.5 hp/ton[1]
Suspensionsemi-automatic computer-controlled pneumatic suspension[1]
Operational
range
1,000 km (620 mi)[1]
Speed100 km/h (62mph) [1]
FNSS Pars 4x4 Anti-tank at the IDEF 2019.
FNSS Pars II 8x8 at the IDEF 2019.
FNSS Pars 8x8 rear view


The Pars (Turkish for Anatolian Leopard) is an amphibious Armoured combat vehicle[2][3] family with 6×6 and 8×8 versions, produced by FNSS Defence Systems of Turkey.

Development[edit]

The development of the PARS vehicles commenced in 2002, based on a design by US company GPV (General Purpose Vehicles), and in cooperation with GPV.[4][5] PARS 6x6 is being proposed for the Turkish Army. PARS 8x8 was first displayed in February 2005 during the IDEX defence equipment exhibition held in Abu Dhabi. Since the first PARS vehicles were shown in 2005 development and further enhancements have been carried out on a continuous basis.[6]

It was demonstrated in the deserts of the UAE in 2008 covering 11,000 km of desert and road trials. Further testing was again carried out in the UAE deserts in 2010. The PARS 8x8, fitted with a 25mm gun turret, was also successfully tested by another Middle Eastern country in the summer of 2010.[6]

Design[edit]

The baseline PARS has a hull consisting of a steel armour.[6]

The driver and commander are seated in a cockpit at the front of the vehicle. Each has a single-piece roof hatch that opens to the side. Both have access to flat-panel displays, on which all relevant information is shown. The seating arrangement depends on the role but the troops are normally seated on individual seats down each side of the hull facing inwards. These shock-absorbing seats are fitted with five-point seatbelts as standard. A large ramp fitted at the rear section will be used for entry and exit of troops. The modular design of the PARS will incorporate external turrets or weapon stations depending on user requirements. It could be a one or two-man turret or a remotely operated weapon station. To allow for PARS to be rapidly reconfigured for different operational roles, all members of the PARS family have removable roofing so that they can be quickly converted for a wide range of specialist roles.[6]

AV8 Gempita[edit]

The PARS 8x8 vehicle was examined by the Malaysian Army competing with the Swiss Mowag Piranha and the Finnish Patria AMV for the implementation of technology to the first Malaysian indigenous amoured vehicle. AV8 Gempita was the resulted of Malaysian-Turkey collaboration in Malaysia first indigenous amoured vehicle project with the implementation of PARS technology to the new Malaysian army amoured vehicle.

Operators[edit]

Current operators[edit]

  •  Oman - 172 vehicles in both 6x6 & 8X8 configuration. First delivery on 12 July 2017[7][8]

Potential operators[edit]

Technical[edit]

Engine 525 hp Diesel
Transmission Fully Automatic
Number of Forward and Reverse Speed 7 Forward 1 Reverse
Power-to-Weight Ratio 20.4 to 24.5 hp/ton
EURO Norm of Power Pack EURO 3 Power Pack Compliant with NATO Single Fuel Concept Aviation F34 Fuel
Number of Axles 2 (4×4), 3 (6×6), 4 (8×8),
Driven Axles All
Steered Axles 1,2,3,4 (All wheel steering)
Transfer Case (Shift on Fly) 2 Speed
Suspension Semi-Automatic Pneumatic Computer-Controlled & Adjustable
Brakes In Board Disc, Air/Hydraulic with ABS at Each Wheel
Electrical System (Available Power) 3 KW 220 V AC
Tire Type Heavy Duty 1600 R20

Performance[edit]

Max. Road Speed 100 km/h
Creep Speed 3 km/h
Swimming 8 km/h
Fording 1.70 m
Range 1000 km
Angle of Approach 50˚
Angle of Departure 45˚
Gradient % 60
Side Slope % 30
Vertical Obstacle 0.70 m
Trench 2 m

General[edit]

Crew 14
Combat Weight 24,494 kg
Empty Weight 16,130 kg
Length 7.96 m
Width 2.7 m
Height 2.17 m
Ground Clearance 0.500 m
Payload 8,364 kg
Air Transportation C130, A400, C17 & C5

References and notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p "FNSS Pars". Military Factory. Retrieved 4 June 2014.
  2. ^ http://www.fnss.com.tr/en/product/pars-6x6
  3. ^ http://www.fnss.com.tr/en/product/pars-8x8
  4. ^ GPV Colonel 8x8x8 Armoured Personnel Carrier. Army-technology.com. Retrieved 24 June 2014.[unreliable source?]
  5. ^ "The Pars ... is based on a design made by the US company GPV". Defense-update.com. Retrieved 24 June 2014.
  6. ^ a b c d "Pars Combat Vehicle". Army-Technology. Retrieved 9 May 2014.[unreliable source?]
  7. ^ "FNSS Umman'a ilk PARS'ı teslim etti". SVT | Savunma ve Teknoloji (in Turkish). Retrieved 12 July 2017.
  8. ^ Binnie, Jeremy (12 July 2017). "Oman receives First Pars III IFVs". IHS Jane's 360. Archived from the original on 14 July 2017. Retrieved 14 July 2017.
  9. ^ Azerbaijan could be interested to purchase the PARS armoured produced by FNSS of Turkey - Armyrecognition.com, 7 February 2014

External links[edit]