FRTB

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The Fundamental Review of the Trading Book (FRTB), is a set of proposals by the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision for a new market risk-related capital requirement for banks. [1][2] This reform, often referred to as "Basel IV", is one of the initiatives taken to strengthen the financial system, noting that the previous proposals (Basel II) did not prevent the financial crisis of 2007–2008. [3][4] It was initially published in January 2016 [5] and revised in January 2019. [6]

The FRTB revisions address deficiencies relating to the existing Standardised approach[7] and Internal models approach[7][8] and particularly revisit the following:

FRTB sets a "higher bar" for banks to use their own, internal models for calculating capital, as opposed to the standardised approach.[2] The Logic: the standardised approach is directly implementable, but, at the same time, carries more capital; the internal models approach, by contrast, carries less capital, but the modelling is more complex, requiring that expected shortfall is applied, together with add-ons for the "non-modellable risk factors" that lack sufficient data. Given this complexity, for a desk to qualify for the internal models approach, its model must pass two tests: a profit and loss attribution test and a backtest.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Minimum Capital Requirements for Market-Risk. International Monetary Fund, 2016
  2. ^ a b Fundamental Review of the Trading Book (FRTB). risk.net
  3. ^ "The Basel Committee - overview". The Basel Committee on Banking Supervision. Retrieved 5 April 2019.
  4. ^ Explanatory note on the minimum capital requirements for market risk (PDF). Basel Committee on Banking Supervision. 2019. ISBN 978-92-9259-236-3.
  5. ^ Minimum capital requirements for market risk (PDF). Basel Committee on Banking Supervision. 2016. ISBN 978-92-9197-416-0.
  6. ^ Minimum capital requirements for market risk (PDF). Basel Committee on Banking Supervision. 2019. ISBN 978-92-9259-237-0.
  7. ^ a b International Convergence of Capital Measurement and Capital Standards. Basel Committee on Banking Supervision, 2006
  8. ^ An internal model-based approach to market risk capital requirements. Basel Committee on Banking Supervision, 1995
  9. ^ Banking book, bankpedia.org

Bibliography[edit]