FS1 (Austrian TV channel)
|Launched||16 February 2012|
|Owned by||Community TV Salzburg Ltd. (Association of Program Makers 24%, Radiofabrik 24%, IMB 24%. Dachverband 24%, Individuals 4%)|
|Key people||Alf Altendorf (CFO), Markus Weisheitinger-Herrmann (CEO)|
|Broadcast area||Salzburg (state) over Cable, Austria over IPTV|
|A1 Telekom Austria||436|
|FS1 Live||Watch live|
FS1 (or FS1 - Community TV Salzburg) is a non-commercial community television channel in Salzburg (Austria). Next to the Community TV okto in Vienna and dorf in Linz, it is the third non-commercial broadcaster with a 24-hour full (as opposed to specialized) program in Austria.
The original idea and an impulse to create FS1 was given by the Salzburg free radio station Radiofabrik. The project was introduced to the public in 2009 and designed on the legal basis of the Non-Commercial Radio and Television Broadcasting Funding Initiative (NKRF) of the Austrian Republic, created in 2010. This initiative provided a financial opportunity for creating a community television broadcaster in Austria. The Institute of Media Education (Institut für Medienbildung, IMB) was the first organisation to support the project, joined by the Salzburg umbrella organization of cultural sites and individuals (Dachverband Salzburger Kulturstätten, DSK). The community of Salzburg was positive about the idea.
Alf Altendorf (formerly working for TIV, engaged in the establishment of Okto, Radiofabrik commercial director) and Markus Weisheitinger-Herrmann (employee of the former IMB) founded FS1. They remain its managing directors until now. The DSK managing director Thomas Randisek supported the new TV station as an volunteering activist. A sponsoring association was registered in 2010.
The city and state of Salzburg delayed the requested funds, explaining the delay, inter alia, with previous bankruptcies of several commercial television channels such as Salzburg TV, Jedermann TV, and Salzburg Plus.
This situation provoked many disputes about media policy. In mid-2011, the grants previously provided by the Austrian regulatory institution of radio and television broadcasting (Rundfunk und Telekom Regulierungs-GmbH, RTR) were returned due to the lack of local funding and the associated financial risks. The Culture Committee of the City of Salzburg confirmed the partial funding at the end of 2011. Because of the conflicts, the youth organizations akzente and Spektrum withdrew from the sponsoring association.
On February 16, 2012, the FS1 TV station went on air in the cable network of Salzburg AG.
The State of Salzburg has also been involved as a sponsor since April 2012.
In May 2012, the sponsoring association of FS1 was converted into a non-profit organization. Radiofabrik, IMB, DSK, the producers' association, and the founders of the project became its shareholders.
The new studio was designed from scratch and opened in Bergstrasse in June 2012.
The broadcaster's infrastructures have been managed by the subsidiary "FS1 Infrastructure GesmbH" since December 2013.
Since 2014, FS1 has been organizing the Civilmedia conference together with Radiofabrik.
FS1 has been broadcasting in HD since the end of 2016 and can also be received on A1.TV's network.
- Civilmedia, conference, in cooperation with Radiofabrik since 2014
- Medienwerkstatt Salzburg, media education platform, in cooperation with Radiofabrik, DasKino and others (since 2019)
- filmedition: online Salzburg, presentation of Salzburg local films, in cooperation with the city and state of Salzburg (since 2012)
Since the Diagonale festival moved to Graz in 1998, there has been no regular film festival in Salzburg. The international youth film festival Juvinale focuses on young filmmaking and has been held biennially since 2017. Partners of the festival are the city and state of Salzburg as well as the local Economic Chamber. 
The media authority KommAustria classifies the broadcaster within the guideline framework of the Non-Commercial Broadcasting Fund as Community TV. The funding is provided under condition of compliance with the guidelines of the NKRF and the program creation and coordination in the sense of the commitment to the Charter for Community Television in Austria of the Alliance Community Television Austria (Verband Community Fernsehen Österreich, VCFÖ).
The program is ad-free. The shows are produced by the Salzburg locals and civil society organizations on a voluntary basis. The program is focused on the spheres of art and culture, music scene, youth, social affairs and education. All content is coordinated and then broadcast via the station. The FS1 producers receive special training for TV content creation on the workshops and courses of the FS1 Academy.
Owner and editor of FS1 is a non-profit limited company. Shareholders are the association of the program creators, Salzburg´s community radio Radiofabrik, the Institute for Media Education (IMB), the umbrella organization of cultural sites and individuals. Through participation of the producers in the ownership structure of FS1, the station can be considered as the first democratic television in Austria. In September 2018, the IMB sold its shares to the cultural center ARGEkultur Salzburg and Lebenshilfe, the organization training and supporting people with intellectual disabilities. 
Broadcast area and reception
FS1 has been receivable since February 2012 via DVB-C in the cable network of Salzburg AG in the state of Salzburg, Schladming, and Ausseerland. The station also runs a live stream of the program as a simulcast.
Since January 2017, FS1 has been broadcast on A1 Kabel TV's (A1 Telekom Austria) IPTV network.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to FS1.|
- "RTR - Mehr als fünf Mio. Euro Förderungen für den kommerziellen und nichtkommerziellen Rundfunk". www.rtr.at. Retrieved 3 July 2020.
- RTR - Austrian broadcasting authorities entry of FS1 in the directory of TV broadcasters, Retrieved 11 November 2015
- "FS1 - Freies Fernsehen Salzburg (2009 - 2012)". Radiofabrik (in German). Retrieved 3 July 2020.
- "Geschichte FS1". FS1 (in German). Retrieved 3 July 2020.
- "FS1 (Fernsehsender)", Wikipedia (in German), 3 June 2020, retrieved 3 July 2020
- "derStandard.at". DER STANDARD (in German). Retrieved 3 July 2020.
- "Civilmedia - UnConference for Community Media & Civil Society". Civilmedia (in German). Retrieved 3 July 2020.
- "medien.werkstatt Salzburg | Medienbildung und Medienkompetenz aus Salzburg". medien.werkstatt Salzburg (in German). Retrieved 3 July 2020.
- "Salzburg Film Edition Online | Jetzt kostenlos streamen!". Salzburg Film Edition Online (in German). Retrieved 3 July 2020.
- "Juvinale | Salzburger Filmfestival". www.juvinale.at. Retrieved 3 July 2020.
- Krone, Jan. "Community-TV in Österreich – Status Quo und Perspektiven. RTR GmbH, FB Medien, 10. Dezember 012" (PDF). Fachhochschule St. Pölten, Institut für Medienwirtschaft.
- "RTR - Richtlinien für den Fonds zur Förderung des Nichtkommerziellen Rundfunks (NKRF) für die Förderperiode 2019-2021". www.rtr.at. Retrieved 3 July 2020.
- "Sendungen Archiv". FS1 (in German). Retrieved 3 July 2020.
- "Academy: Weiterbildung in der Medienwelt". FS1 (in German). Retrieved 3 July 2020.
- "Democracy Now!". FS1 (in German). Retrieved 3 July 2020.
- "Einstieg Radiofabrik als Hauptgesellschafter von FS1". Radiofabrik (in German). 15 May 2012. Retrieved 3 July 2020.
- "ARGEkultur und Lebenshilfe steigen in FS1 BetriebsgesmbH ein". FS1 (in German). 6 March 2019. Retrieved 3 July 2020.
- "Die GesmbHs von FS1". FS1 (in German). Retrieved 3 July 2020.
- "Empfang: Via Kabel, A1, Livestream oder on Demand". FS1 (in German). Retrieved 3 July 2020.
- "FS1 in HD auf Salzburg AG und A1.TV". FS1 (in German). 16 January 2017. Retrieved 3 July 2020.