FS Class 310

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FS Class 310
Type and origin
Power typeSteam
Build date1894–1901
Total produced69
 • UICC n2v
Gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Driver dia.1,500 mm (59.06 in)
Length8,723 mm (28 ft 7 38 in)
Axle load14.5 tonnes (14.3 long tons; 16.0 short tons)
Loco weight43.5 tonnes (42.8 long tons; 48.0 short tons)
Tender weight33 tonnes (32 long tons; 36 short tons)
Fuel typeCoal
Fuel capacity4,000 kg (8,800 lb)
Water cap12,000 litres (2,600 imp gal; 3,200 US gal)
 • Firegrate area
1.8 m2 (19 sq ft)
Boiler pressure12 kg/cm2 (1.18 MPa; 171 psi)
Heating surface143.2 m2 (1,541 sq ft)
CylindersTwo, compound
High-pressure cylinder460 mm × 640 mm (18.11 in × 25.20 in)
Low-pressure cylinder650 mm × 640 mm (25.59 in × 25.20 in)
Valve gearWalschaerts
Performance figures
Maximum speed60 km/h (37 mph)
Power output500 CV (368 kW; 493 hp) at 30 km/h (19 mph)
Tractive effort6,620 kgf (64.9 kN; 14,600 lbf)

The Ferrovie dello Stato Italiane (FS; Italian State Railways) Class 310 (Italian: Gruppo 310), formerly Rete Mediterranea Class 380, was a 0-6-0 steam locomotive; they were the first Italian as-built compound locomotives.

Design and construction[edit]

After modifying six of the pre-existing Class 255 to a compound arrangement as an experiment, with positive results, the Ufficio d'Arte di Torino of the Rete Mediterranea designed a two-cylinder compound locomotive meant for mixed service; this design also saw the beginning of the adoption of the Walschaerts valve gear on Italian locomotives.

The round-topped boiler on the first 49 units had standard tubes; however, on the last 20 units it was replaced by one with Serve tubes, which brought the power of these locomotives from the original 430 CV (316 kW; 424 hp) to 500 CV (368 kW; 493 hp).

These locomotives were built between 1894 and 1901 by Ernesto Breda and MÁVAG.[1][2]


The Class 310, while an important step in Italian locomotive design, was not a thoroughly successful design; the unique cut-off command for both cylinders made it difficult to equalize the work being done, the starting valve design did not prove entirely successful, and the proportions of the cylinders were also less than optimal. The need to obviate these inconvenients led to the development of the more successful Class 320.

The Class 310 locomotives served on both passenger and freight trains on secondary lines for their whole career; the last units survived till the early 1930s around Asti, but were withdrawn soon after. No locomotive survived into preservation.[3][2]


  1. ^ Cornolò 2014, pp. 170-171.
  2. ^ a b Kalla-Bishop 1986, p. 26.
  3. ^ Cornolò 2014, pp. 171-172.
  • Cornolò, Giovanni (May 2014). "Locomotive a vapore". TuttoTreno (2).
  • Kalla-Bishop, P.M. (1986). Italian state railways steam locomotives : together with low-voltage direct current and three-phase motive power. Abingdon: Tourret. ISBN 0905878035.