Filesystem in Userspace
A flow-chart diagram showing how FUSE works
2.9.7 / 20 June 2016
|Type||File system driver|
|License||GPL for kernel part, LGPL for Libfuse, Simplified BSD on FreeBSD, ISC license on OpenBSD|
Filesystem in Userspace (FUSE) is a software interface for Unix-like computer operating systems that lets non-privileged users create their own file systems without editing kernel code. This is achieved by running file system code in user space while the FUSE module provides only a "bridge" to the actual kernel interfaces.
FUSE was originally released under the terms of the GNU General Public License and the GNU Lesser General Public License, later also reimplemented as part of the FreeBSD base system and released under the terms of Simplified BSD license. An ISC-licensed re-implementation by Sylvestre Gallon was released in March 2013, and incorporated into OpenBSD in June 2013.
FUSE is particularly useful for writing virtual file systems. Unlike traditional file systems that essentially save data to, and retrieve data from, mass storage, virtual filesystems do not actually store data themselves. They act as a view or translation of an existing file system or storage device.
In principle, any resource available to a FUSE implementation can be exported as a file system.
- Keybase filesystem (KBFS): A distributed filesystem with end-to-end encryption and a global namespace that uses FUSE to create cryptographically secure file mounts.
- Wuala: A multi-platform, Java-based fully OS integrated distributed file system. Using FUSE, MacFUSE and Callback File System respectively for file system integration, in addition to a Java-based app accessible from any Java-enabled web browser.
- WebDrive: A commercial filesystem implementing WebDAV, SFTP, FTP, FTPS and Amazon S3
- Transmit: A commercial FTP client that also adds the ability to mount WebDAV, SFTP, FTP and Amazon S3 servers as disks in Finder, via MacFUSE.
- ExpanDrive: A commercial filesystem implementing SFTP/FTP/S3/Swift using FUSE
- GlusterFS: Clustered Distributed Filesystem having ability to scale up to several petabytes.
- SSHFS: Provides access to a remote filesystem through SSH
- GmailFS: Filesystem which stores data as mail in Gmail
- GVfs: The virtual filesystem for the GNOME desktop
- EncFS: Encrypted virtual filesystem
- NTFS-3G and Captive NTFS, allowing access to NTFS filesystems
- WikipediaFS: View and edit Wikipedia articles as if they were real files
- Lustre cluster filesystem will use FUSE to allow it to run in userspace, so that a FreeBSD port is possible. However, the ZFS-Linux port of Lustre will be running ZFS's DMU (Data Management Unit) in userspace.
- Sector File System: Sector is a distributed file system designed for large amount of commodity computers. Sector uses FUSE to provide a mountable local file system interface
- CloudStore (formerly, Kosmos filesystem): By mounting via FUSE, existing Linux utilities can interface with CloudStore
- MooseFS: An open source distributed fault-tolerant file system available on every OS with FUSE implementation (Linux, FreeBSD, NetBSD, OpenSolaris, OS X), able to store petabytes of data spread over several servers visible as one resource.
- GDFS: Filesystem which allows you to mount your Google Drive account on Linux.
- "Home - FUSE for OS X".
- "Some technical advantages of the Hurd". May 15, 2011. Retrieved March 28, 2016.
- "WhatsNew/FreeBSD10 - FreeBSD Wiki".
- "openbsd dev - tech - Fuse (and sshfs) support for OpenBSD".
- "'CVS: cvs.openbsd.org: src' - MARC".
- "file-systems.fuse.devel - FUSE merged to 2.6.14! - msg#00021 - Recent Discussion OSDir.com".
- "Lustre FreeBSD". Retrieved 2008-03-02.
- "Architecture ZFS for Lustre". Sun Microsystems. Retrieved 2008-03-02.
- Official website
- Develop your own filesystem with FUSE by Sumit Singh
- List of FUSE filesystems
- Documentation/filesystems/fuse.txt documentation in Linux source tree
- a FUSE-like system for Windows (a FUSE compatibility layer is provided for Cygwin)