F (New York City Subway service)
The F Queens Boulevard Express/Sixth Avenue Local is a rapid transit service in the B Division of the New York City Subway. Its route bullet is colored orange since it uses the IND Sixth Avenue Line in Manhattan.
The F operates at all times between 179th Street in Jamaica, Queens and Stillwell Avenue in Coney Island, Brooklyn, making express stops in Queens (between Forest Hills–71st Avenue and 21st Street–Queensbridge) and local stops in Manhattan and Brooklyn.
From 1968 to 1976, the F ran express along the IND Culver Line in Brooklyn. The F also ran via the 53rd Street Tunnel until 2001. Since the 2010s, there have been calls to restore partial express service from Jay Street–MetroTech to Church Avenue, although this has been controversial.
F service officially began on December 15, 1940, operating between Parsons Boulevard and Church Avenue via the Queens Boulevard, Sixth Avenue, and Culver Lines. It ran express in Queens and local in Manhattan and Brooklyn.
During World War II, by January 10, 1944, trains were extended to 169th Street during evenings, late nights, and Sunday mornings. Temporarily in 1948, as shown in a map from that year, the D and F service switched, with the F terminating at Second Avenue, but this was subsequently rescinded. On December 11, 1950, trains were extended to the newly opened 179th Street on evenings, nights, and Sunday mornings. On May 13, 1951, all trains outside of rush hour were extended to 179th Street using the local tracks beyond Parsons Boulevard. On October 8, 1951, trains were extended to 179th Street at all times. During rush hours F trains skipped 169th Street running via the express tracks. At other times, the F stopped at 169th Street.
In 1953, the platforms were lengthened to 660 feet at 75th Avenue and Sutphin Boulevard so that F trains could run eleven car trains, which began during rush hours on September 8. The extra train car increased the total carrying capacity by 4,000 passengers.
On October 30, 1954, the connection between the IND Culver Line and BMT Culver Line opened, with the IND taking over the elevated section. All F service began terminating at Broadway–Lafayette Street with D service entering Brooklyn via the Rutgers Street Tunnel. In addition, all except weekday daytime trains were rerouted via the local tracks between Continental Avenue and Parsons Boulevard. On April 29, 1956, trains were extended to Second Avenue.
Beginning on October 6, 1957, trains terminated at 34th Street–Herald Square evenings, nights and weekends. On November 10, 1958, F service was cut back from Second Avenue and started terminating at Broadway–Lafayette Street weekdays. Then, beginning on July 11, 1967, trains no longer ran express between 179th Street and 71st–Continental Avenues weekday midday, and were extended weekdays daytime from Broadway-Lafayette Street back to Second Avenue. When, on November 26, 1967, the Chrystie Street Connection was completed, D service was rerouted via this connection, over the north side of the Manhattan Bridge, and via the BMT Brighton Line in Brooklyn. F service replaced it on the IND Culver Line.
Beginning on August 19, 1968, rush hour express service was added, in both directions, between Jay Street-Borough Hall and Church Avenue, and in rush hours, peak direction trains to/from Stillwell Avenue (alternating with those terminating at Kings Highway) ran express as well between Church Avenue and Kings Highway.:18:5 Beginning on June 16, 1969 express service was modified with Kings Highway trains operating as locals along the entire route Bergen Street to Kings Highway. Express service was further modified December 31, 1972 when all trains began making local stops between Bergen Street and Church Avenue in the rush direction because of complaints of reduced numbers of trains at local stations. At the same time, all trains were rerouted via the express tracks between Continental Avenue and Parsons Boulevard in Queens.
On January 18, 1976, F express service between Bergen Street and Church Avenue was discontinued during rush hours in the non-peak direction. On August 30, 1976, express service between Bergen Street and Church Avenue was completely discontinued, with all trains making all stops. Rush direction alternate-train express service between Ditmas Avenue and Kings Highway was retained. This was due to budget cuts and continuing complaints about reduced Manhattan service by riders at local stations.:18:5
On May 24, 1987, N and R services swapped terminals in Queens. As part of the reroute plan, F service terminated at 57th Street / Sixth Avenue during late nights. Peak-direction F express service on the Culver Line in Brooklyn, between Kings Highway and 18th Avenue, was suspended in 1987 because of reconstruction along that part of the Culver Line.:20:5 On December 11, 1988, as part of the Archer Avenue Subway service changes, F trains began skipping 169th Street during rush hours because R trains were extended to 179th Street to run local. On October 29, 1989, the IND 63rd Street Line opened and late night F service was cut back to 47th–50th Streets–Rockefeller Center. Service was extended to 21st Street–Queensbridge in 1993.
On September 30, 1990, R service was cut back to Continental Avenue from 179th Street at all times except rush hours. As a result, F trains began running local east of 71st Avenue during middays, evenings, and weekends. On October 25, 1992, R rush hour service was cut back from 179th Street to Continental Avenue, and the F was made local from 179th Street to Continental Avenue during rush hours as well.
In December 2000, the F service started being rerouted via the new 63rd Street connector during some nights and weekends. On December 16, 2001, the 63rd Street Connector officially opened, connecting the IND 63rd Street Line with the IND Queens Boulevard Line. In a controversial move, the new local V service replaced the express F service in the heavily trafficked 53rd Street Tunnel between Manhattan and Queens, while F service was rerouted to the 63rd Street Tunnel and ran express in Queens between 71st Avenue and 21st Street–Queensbridge at all times.
On September 8, 2002, Stillwell Avenue was closed for reconstruction. F service was cut back to Avenue X, and service to Stillwell Avenue was replaced by a shuttle bus. F service returned to Stillwell Avenue on May 23, 2004, upon completion of the construction work.
Proposed Brooklyn express service
There has been community support for resuming express service on the Culver Line between Jay Street–MetroTech and Church Avenue, including from Mayor Michael Bloomberg and Senator Daniel Squadron. The MTA announced that after the elevated Culver Viaduct underwent extensive renovations from 2009 to 2012, "There will be no impediment to implementing the F express."
While F express service was contested for four years by some residents on the Culver Line who feared they would lose a one-seat ride into Manhattan, some politicians drafted a letter in 2014 petitioning for express service. In late October 2015, city officials considered the implementing express service. Some rush-hour peak-direction F trains ran express between Jay Street and Fourth Avenue since at least 2015 and the MTA once planned to use expanded rush-hour express service (Jay Street to Church Avenue) in both directions in the summers of 2016 and 2017. In May 2016, the MTA announced half of all rush-hour F trains may start running express in fall 2017, with the train frequency on the rest of the F's route remaining the same. However, this service still remained "under consideration" as of 2017.
The F uses the following lines with the same service pattern at all times.
|IND Queens Boulevard Line||Jamaica–179th Street||75th Avenue||local|
|Forest Hills–71st Avenue||36th Street||express|
|IND 63rd Street Line (full line)||21st Street–Queensbridge||57th Street||all|
|IND Sixth Avenue Line||47th–50th Streets–Rockefeller Center||Second Avenue||local|
|Delancey Street||York Street||all|
|IND Culver Line (full line)||Jay Street–MetroTech||Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue||local|
For a more detailed station listing, see the articles on the lines listed above.
|Station service legend|
|Stops all times|
|Stops all times except late nights|
|Stops late nights only|
|Stops late nights and weekends only|
|Stops weekdays only|
|Stops rush hours only (limited service)|
|Stops rush hours/weekdays in the peak direction only|
|Time period details|
|Station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act|
|↑||Station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act|
in the indicated direction only
|Elevator access to mezzanine only|
|Queens Boulevard Line|
|Jamaica–179th Street||E||Q3 bus to JFK Int'l Airport|
|169th Street||Q3 bus to JFK Int'l Airport|
|Sutphin Boulevard||Q44 Select Bus Service|
|Briarwood||E||Q44 Select Bus Service|
|Kew Gardens–Union Turnpike||E||Q10 bus to JFK Int'l Airport|
|Forest Hills–71st Avenue||E M R||LIRR Main Line at Forest Hills|
|Jackson Heights–Roosevelt Avenue||E M R
7 (IRT Flushing Line)
|Q47 bus to LaGuardia Airport Marine Air Terminal|
Q53 Select Bus Service
Q70 Select Bus Service to LaGuardia Airport
|63rd Street Line|
|Roosevelt Island||Roosevelt Island Tramway|
|Lexington Avenue–63rd Street||F N Q R
Out-of-system transfers with MetroCard:
4 5 6 <6> (IRT Lexington Avenue Line at 59th Street)
N R W (BMT Broadway Line at Lexington Avenue/59th Street)
|Sixth Avenue Line|
|57th Street||Station is closed for renovations as part of the Enhanced Station Initiative until December 2018.|
|47th–50th Streets–Rockefeller Center||B D M|
|42nd Street–Bryant Park||B D M
7 <7> (IRT Flushing Line at Fifth Avenue)
|34th Street–Herald Square||B D M
N Q R W (BMT Broadway Line)
|M34 / M34A Select Bus Service|
PATH at 33rd Street
Amtrak, LIRR, NJ Transit at Pennsylvania Station
|23rd Street||M||M23 Select Bus Service|
PATH at 23rd Street
Station is closed for renovations as part of the Enhanced Station Initiative until December 2018.
1 2 3 (IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line at 14th Street)
L (BMT Canarsie Line at Sixth Avenue)
|PATH at 14th Street|
|West Fourth Street–Washington Square||B D M
A C E (IND Eighth Avenue Line)
|PATH at 9th Street|
|Broadway–Lafayette Street||B D M
4 6 <6> (IRT Lexington Avenue Line at Bleecker Street)
|Houston Street Branch|
|Second Avenue||F||M15 Select Bus Service|
|Delancey Street||J M Z (BMT Nassau Street Line at Essex Street)|
|Jay Street–MetroTech||A C
N R W (BMT Fourth Avenue Line)
D N R W (BMT Fourth Avenue Line at Ninth Street)
|15th Street–Prospect Park||G|
|Fort Hamilton Parkway||G|
|Church Avenue||G||One a.m. rush hour trip in each direction begins and ends its run to Manhattan and Queens at this station[a]|
|Kings Highway||B82 Select Bus Service|
Some rush hour trips in either direction begin and end their runs to Manhattan and Queens at this station[b]
|Avenue X||Some northbound a.m. rush hour trips begin at this station.|
|West Eighth Street–New York Aquarium||Q (BMT Brighton Line)|
|Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue||D (BMT West End Line)
N (BMT Sea Beach Line)
Q (BMT Brighton Line)
- One southbound train terminates at this station during a.m. rush hours; one northbound train originates at this station during a.m. rush hours.
- Some southbound trains terminate at this station during a.m. and p.m. rush hours; some northbound trains originate at this station during a.m. and p.m. rush hours.
- Korman, Joe (January 12, 2018). "BMT-IND Car Assignments". JoeKorNer.
- "F Subway Timetable, Effective June 24, 2018" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved June 24, 2018.
- "mta.info - Line Colors". mta.info.
- "The New Subway Routes". The New York Times. 1940-12-15. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016-06-20.
- "NYCT Line by Line History". erictb.info.
- "New Subway Link Opened In Queens: Mayor, Not Using His Own Dime, Dedicates Hillside Extension and Pledges Fine Service" (PDF). New York Times. December 12, 1950. Retrieved January 25, 2016.
- "All 'F' Trains Will Run to 179 Street". Long Island Star-Journal. Fultonhistory.com. October 4, 1951. p. 1. Retrieved 12 August 2016.
- "Queens Subway Changes: Parsons Boulevard, 179th Street Stations Are Accepted" (PDF). New York Times. October 4, 1951. Retrieved January 25, 2016.
- Ingalls, Leonard (August 28, 1953). "2 Subway Lines to Add Cars, Another to Speed Up Service" (PDF). New York Times. Retrieved January 25, 2016.
- "Bronx to Coney Ride In New Subway Link" (PDF). New York Times. October 18, 1954. Retrieved February 20, 2016.
- "New Subway Routes Brochure". www.thejoekorner.com. New York City Transit Authority. November 26, 1967. Retrieved 2016-01-24.
- "Feasibility and Analysis of F Express Service in Brooklyn" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. May 2016. Retrieved June 24, 2016.
- "Review of F Line Operations, Ridership, and Infrastructure" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. October 7, 2009. Retrieved December 10, 2016.
- Burks, Edward C. (December 18, 1975). "Subways to Trim Service In Rush Hours on Jan. 18". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved December 25, 2016 – via New York Times Archive.
- "Service Adjustments on the BMT and IND Lines Effective Midnight, Saturday, August 27 New York City Transit Authority (1977)". Flickr - Photo Sharing!. Retrieved 2016-06-09.
- "N and R Service changes". subwaynut.com.
- "System-Wide Changes In Subway Service Effective Sunday, December 11, 1988". Flickr - Photo Sharing!. Retrieved 2016-06-17.
- "Archer Avenue Extension Subway Service December 11, 1988 New York City Transit Authority". Flickr - Photo Sharing!. Retrieved 2016-05-01.
- Lorch, Donatella (October 29, 1989). "The 'Subway to Nowhere' Now Goes Somewhere". The New York Times. Retrieved September 26, 2009.
- Chiasson, George (October 2010). "A History Of The R Train". New York Division Bulletin. New York Division, Electric Railroaders' Association. 53 (10). Retrieved August 31, 2016 – via Issu.
- "Service Changes September 30, 1990" (PDF). subwaynut.com. New York City Transit Authority. September 30, 1990. Retrieved May 1, 2016.
- "October 1992 New York City Subway Map". Flickr. New York City Transit Authority. October 1992. Retrieved October 30, 2016.
- "The JoeKorNer Brochures". www.thejoekorner.com. Retrieved July 3, 2016.
- "Starting August 30, there will be changes in late-night service along Queens Boulevard". New York Daily News. September 2, 1997. Retrieved September 30, 2018.
- "E,F Detour in 2001, F trains via 63 St, E no trains running, take R instead-The Subway Nut". subwaynut.com.
- "The Opening of the New 63 St Connector New Routes More Options Less Crowding". thejoekorner.com. New York City Transit. November 2001. Retrieved June 9, 2016.
- "The Opening of the New 63 St Connector". thejoekorner.com. New York City Transit. November 2001. Retrieved June 9, 2016.
- "NO TRAINS OVER THE WILLIAMSBURG BRIDGE TAKE ONE(jpg)-The Subway Nut". subwaynut.com.
- Michael M. Grymbaum (October 8, 2009). "Bring Back F Express? Not So Fast". New York Times. Retrieved 23 July 2015.
- Cohen, Ariella (June 23, 2007). "Can I get an express, please". The Brooklyn Paper. Retrieved November 27, 2007.
- "Who needs an F express?". The Brooklyn Paper. September 15, 2007. Retrieved November 27, 2007.
- McLaughlin, Mike (November 24, 2007). "Fix for Fourth Avenue station looks F'ing great". The Brooklyn Paper. Retrieved November 27, 2007.
- Matthew Taub (September 16, 2014). "Coalition Urging MTA to Restore "Express" F Train Service". Brooklyn Brief. Retrieved 23 July 2015.
- "F Train Express Will Return For Summer Of 2016, 2017". Gothamist. 2016-05-17. Archived from the original on 2016-05-20. Retrieved 2016-05-17.
- Durkin, Erin (2016-05-17). "MTA to run express F train service in Brooklyn in 2017". NY Daily News. Retrieved 2016-05-17.
- Barone, Vincent (April 10, 2017). "F train express service restoration remains 'under consideration,' MTA says". am New York. Retrieved 2017-04-30.
- "Subway Service Guide" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. June 25, 2017. Retrieved July 1, 2017.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to F (New York City Subway service).|
- MTA NYC Transit – F Sixth Avenue Local
- MTA Subway Time – F Train
- "F Subway Timetable, Effective June 24, 2018" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved June 24, 2018.
- "Review of F Line Operations, Ridership, and Infrastructure" (PDF). nysenate.gov. MTA New York City Transit Authority. October 7, 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-05-31. Retrieved 28 July 2015.