F (New York City Subway service)

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"F" train symbol
Queens Boulevard Express/
Sixth Avenue Local
MTA NYC Subway F train arriving at Avenue P.JPG
Manhattan and Queens-bound F train of R160s arriving at Avenue P
Map of the "F" train
Northern end Jamaica–179th Street
Southern end Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue or Kings Highway
Stations 45
Rolling stock 64 R46s (8 trains)
360 R160A/Bs (36 trains)[1]
(Rolling stock assignments subject to change)
Depot Jamaica Yard
Started service December 15, 1940; 77 years ago (1940-12-15)
Route map

Down arrow  F 
( E  rush hours)
Jamaica–179th Street
169th Street
Parsons Boulevard
Sutphin Boulevard
Briarwood
Kew Gardens–Union Turnpike
75th Avenue
Down arrow  M  R 
Forest Hills–71st Avenue
bypassed local section
Jackson Heights–Roosevelt Avenue
bypassed local section
21st Street–Queensbridge
Roosevelt Island
Lexington Avenue–63rd Street
57th Street (December 2018)
47th–50th Streets–Rockefeller Center
42nd Street–Bryant Park
34th Street–Herald Square
23rd Street (December 2018)
14th Street
West Fourth Street–Washington Square
Broadway–Lafayette Street
Second Avenue
Delancey Street
East Broadway
York Street
Jay Street–MetroTech
Bergen Street
Carroll Street
Smith–9th Streets
4th Avenue
Seventh Avenue
15th Street–Prospect Park
Fort Hamilton Parkway
Church Avenue
Up arrow  G 
Ditmas Avenue
18th Avenue
Avenue I
Bay Parkway
Avenue N
Avenue P
Rush hour
short turns
Kings Highway
Avenue U
Avenue X
Neptune Avenue
West Eighth Street–New York Aquarium
Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue
Up arrow  D  F  N  Q 
Legend

Lines used by the "F" train
Other services sharing tracks with the "F" train
Unused lines, connections, or service patterns
 F 
Termini of services

Cross-platform interchange

Platforms on different levels

The F Queens Boulevard Express/Sixth Avenue Local[2] is a rapid transit service in the B Division of the New York City Subway. Its route bullet is colored orange since it uses the IND Sixth Avenue Line in Manhattan.[3]

The F operates at all times between 179th Street in Jamaica, Queens and Stillwell Avenue in Coney Island, Brooklyn, making express stops in Queens (between Forest Hills–71st Avenue and 21st Street–Queensbridge) and local stops in Manhattan and Brooklyn.

From 1968 to 1976, the F ran express along the IND Culver Line in Brooklyn. The F also ran via the 53rd Street Tunnel until 2001. Since the 2010s, there have been calls to restore partial express service from Jay Street–MetroTech to Church Avenue, although this has been controversial.

History[edit]

A poster notifying the opening of the Sixth Avenue Subway at 12:01 AM, Sunday, Dec. 15, 1940

F service officially began on December 15, 1940, operating between Parsons Boulevard and Church Avenue via the Queens Boulevard, Sixth Avenue, and Culver Lines. It ran express in Queens and local in Manhattan and Brooklyn.[4]

During World War II, by January 10, 1944, trains were extended to 169th Street during evenings, late nights, and Sunday mornings. Temporarily in 1948, as shown in a map from that year, the D and F service switched, with the F terminating at Second Avenue, but this was subsequently rescinded.[5] On December 11, 1950, trains were extended to the newly opened 179th Street on evenings, nights, and Sunday mornings.[6] On May 13, 1951, all trains outside of rush hour were extended to 179th Street using the local tracks beyond Parsons Boulevard. On October 8, 1951, trains were extended to 179th Street at all times.[7] During rush hours F trains skipped 169th Street running via the express tracks. At other times, the F stopped at 169th Street.[8]

In 1953, the platforms were lengthened to 660 feet at 75th Avenue and Sutphin Boulevard so that F trains could run eleven car trains, which began during rush hours on September 8. The extra train car increased the total carrying capacity by 4,000 passengers.[9]

On October 30, 1954, the connection between the IND Culver Line and BMT Culver Line opened, with the IND taking over the elevated section. All F service began terminating at Broadway–Lafayette Street with D service entering Brooklyn via the Rutgers Street Tunnel. In addition, all except weekday daytime trains were rerouted via the local tracks between Continental Avenue and Parsons Boulevard.[10] On April 29, 1956, trains were extended to Second Avenue.[citation needed]

Beginning on October 6, 1957, trains terminated at 34th Street–Herald Square evenings, nights and weekends. On November 10, 1958, F service was cut back from Second Avenue and started terminating at Broadway–Lafayette Street weekdays. Then, beginning on July 11, 1967, trains no longer ran express between 179th Street and 71st–Continental Avenues weekday midday, and were extended weekdays daytime from Broadway-Lafayette Street back to Second Avenue. When, on November 26, 1967, the Chrystie Street Connection was completed, D service was rerouted via this connection, over the north side of the Manhattan Bridge, and via the BMT Brighton Line in Brooklyn. F service replaced it on the IND Culver Line.[11]

F Train (1967-1979).svg
1967–1979 bullet

Beginning on August 19, 1968, rush hour express service was added, in both directions, between Jay Street-Borough Hall and Church Avenue, and in rush hours, peak direction trains to/from Stillwell Avenue (alternating with those terminating at Kings Highway) ran express as well between Church Avenue and Kings Highway.[12]:18[13]:5 Beginning on June 16, 1969 express service was modified with Kings Highway trains operating as locals along the entire route Bergen Street to Kings Highway. Express service was further modified December 31, 1972 when all trains began making local stops between Bergen Street and Church Avenue in the rush direction because of complaints of reduced numbers of trains at local stations. At the same time, all trains were rerouted via the express tracks between Continental Avenue and Parsons Boulevard in Queens.[citation needed]

On January 18, 1976, F express service between Bergen Street and Church Avenue was discontinued during rush hours in the non-peak direction.[14] On August 30, 1976, express service between Bergen Street and Church Avenue was completely discontinued, with all trains making all stops. Rush direction alternate-train express service between Ditmas Avenue and Kings Highway was retained. This was due to budget cuts and continuing complaints about reduced Manhattan service by riders at local stations.[12]:18[13]:5

Starting on August 27, 1977, F was made a local in Queens between Continental Avenue and Queens Plaza, late nights, replacing the GG service.[15]

On May 24, 1987, N and R services swapped terminals in Queens. As part of the reroute plan, F service terminated at 57th Street / Sixth Avenue during late nights.[16] Peak-direction F express service on the Culver Line in Brooklyn, between Kings Highway and 18th Avenue, was suspended in 1987 because of reconstruction along that part of the Culver Line.[12]:20[13]:5 On December 11, 1988, as part of the Archer Avenue Subway service changes, F trains began skipping 169th Street during rush hours because R trains were extended to 179th Street to run local.[17][18] On October 29, 1989, the IND 63rd Street Line opened and late night F service was cut back to 47th–50th Streets–Rockefeller Center.[19] Service was extended to 21st Street–Queensbridge in 1993.

On September 30, 1990, R service was cut back to Continental Avenue from 179th Street at all times except rush hours. As a result, F trains began running local east of 71st Avenue during middays, evenings, and weekends.[20][21] On October 25, 1992, R rush hour service was cut back from 179th Street to Continental Avenue, and the F was made local from 179th Street to Continental Avenue during rush hours as well.[20][22]

On August 30, 1997, late night F service was again routed to 179th Street as a local, with service on the 63rd Street Line being provided by a shuttle.[23][24]

In December 2000, the F service started being rerouted via the new 63rd Street connector during some nights and weekends.[25] On December 16, 2001, the 63rd Street Connector officially opened, connecting the IND 63rd Street Line with the IND Queens Boulevard Line. In a controversial move, the new local V service replaced the express F service in the heavily trafficked 53rd Street Tunnel between Manhattan and Queens, while F service was rerouted to the 63rd Street Tunnel and ran express in Queens between 71st Avenue and 21st Street–Queensbridge at all times.[26][27]

On September 8, 2002, Stillwell Avenue was closed for reconstruction. F service was cut back to Avenue X, and service to Stillwell Avenue was replaced by a shuttle bus.[28] F service returned to Stillwell Avenue on May 23, 2004, upon completion of the construction work.

Proposed Brooklyn express service[edit]

Coney Island-bound F train of R46s at Avenue P

There has been community support for resuming express service on the Culver Line between Jay Street–MetroTech and Church Avenue, including from Mayor Michael Bloomberg and Senator Daniel Squadron.[29][30][31] The MTA announced that after the elevated Culver Viaduct underwent extensive renovations from 2009 to 2012, "There will be no impediment to implementing the F express."[32]

While F express service was contested for four years by some residents on the Culver Line who feared they would lose a one-seat ride into Manhattan, some politicians drafted a letter in 2014 petitioning for express service.[33] In late October 2015, city officials considered the implementing express service.[34] Some rush-hour peak-direction F trains ran express between Jay Street and Fourth Avenue since at least 2015 and the MTA once planned to use expanded rush-hour express service (Jay Street to Church Avenue) in both directions in the summers of 2016 and 2017.[35] In May 2016, the MTA announced half of all rush-hour F trains may start running express in fall 2017, with the train frequency on the rest of the F's route remaining the same.[36] However, this service still remained "under consideration" as of 2017.[37]

Route[edit]

Service pattern[edit]

The F uses the following lines with the same service pattern at all times.[38]

Line From To Tracks
IND Queens Boulevard Line Jamaica–179th Street 75th Avenue local
Forest Hills–71st Avenue 36th Street express
IND 63rd Street Line (full line) 21st Street–Queensbridge 57th Street all
IND Sixth Avenue Line 47th–50th Streets–Rockefeller Center Second Avenue local
Delancey Street York Street all
IND Culver Line (full line) Jay Street–MetroTech Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue local

Stations[edit]

For a more detailed station listing, see the articles on the lines listed above.

Station service legend
Stops all times Stops all times
Stops all times except late nights Stops all times except late nights
Stops late nights only Stops late nights only
Stops late nights and weekends Stops late nights and weekends only
Stops weekdays only Stops weekdays only
Station closed Station closed
Stops rush hours only Stops rush hours only (limited service)
Stops rush hours in peak direction only Stops rush hours/weekdays in the peak direction only
Time period details
Handicapped/disabled access Station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act
Handicapped/disabled access ↑ Station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act
in the indicated direction only
Handicapped/disabled access ↓
Aiga elevator.svg Elevator access to mezzanine only
F service Stations Handicapped/disabled access Subway transfers Connections
Queens
Queens Boulevard Line
Stops all times Jamaica–179th Street Handicapped/disabled access E rush hours Q3 bus to JFK Int'l Airport
Stops all times 169th Street Q3 bus to JFK Int'l Airport
Stops all times Parsons Boulevard E rush hours
Stops all times Sutphin Boulevard Q44 Select Bus Service
Stops all times Briarwood Elevator access to mezzanine only E nights after 9:00 p.m. and weekends Q44 Select Bus Service
Stops all times Kew Gardens–Union Turnpike Handicapped/disabled access E all times Q10 bus to JFK Int'l Airport
Stops all times 75th Avenue E nights after 9:00 p.m. and weekends
Stops all times Forest Hills–71st Avenue Handicapped/disabled access E all times ​​M weekdays until 11:00 p.m.R all hours except late nights LIRR Main Line at Forest Hills
Stops all times Jackson Heights–Roosevelt Avenue Handicapped/disabled access E all times ​​M weekdays until 11:00 p.m.R all hours except late nights
7 all times (IRT Flushing Line)
Q47 bus to LaGuardia Airport Marine Air Terminal
Q53 Select Bus Service
Q70 Select Bus Service to LaGuardia Airport
63rd Street Line
Stops all times 21st Street–Queensbridge Handicapped/disabled access
Manhattan
Stops all times Roosevelt Island Handicapped/disabled access Roosevelt Island Tramway
Stops all times Lexington Avenue–63rd Street Handicapped/disabled access F all timesN limited weekday rush hour service onlyQ all timesR one a.m. rush hour trip in the northbound direction only
Out-of-system transfers with MetroCard:
4 all times5 all times except late nights6 all times <6> weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction (IRT Lexington Avenue Line at 59th Street)
N all timesR all except late nightsW weekdays only (BMT Broadway Line at Lexington Avenue/59th Street)
Sixth Avenue Line
Station closed 57th Street Station is closed for renovations as part of the Enhanced Station Initiative until December 2018.
Stops all times 47th–50th Streets–Rockefeller Center Handicapped/disabled access B weekdays until 11:00 p.m.D all times ​​M weekdays until 11:00 p.m.
Stops all times 42nd Street–Bryant Park Elevator access to mezzanine only B weekdays until 11:00 p.m.D all times ​​M weekdays until 11:00 p.m.
7 all times <7> rush hours until 9:30 p.m., peak direction​ (IRT Flushing Line at Fifth Avenue)
Stops all times 34th Street–Herald Square Handicapped/disabled access B weekdays until 11:00 p.m.D all times ​​M weekdays until 11:00 p.m.
N all timesQ all timesR all except late nightsW weekdays only (BMT Broadway Line)
M34 / M34A Select Bus Service
PATH at 33rd Street
Amtrak, LIRR, NJ Transit at Pennsylvania Station
Station closed 23rd Street M weekdays until 11:00 p.m. M23 Select Bus Service
PATH at 23rd Street
Station is closed for renovations as part of the Enhanced Station Initiative until December 2018.
Stops all times 14th Street M weekdays until 11:00 p.m.
1 all times2 all times3 all except late nights (IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line at 14th Street)
L all times (BMT Canarsie Line at Sixth Avenue)
PATH at 14th Street
Stops all times West Fourth Street–Washington Square Handicapped/disabled access B weekdays until 11:00 p.m.D all times ​​M weekdays until 11:00 p.m.
A all timesC all except late nightsE all times (IND Eighth Avenue Line)
PATH at 9th Street
Stops all times Broadway–Lafayette Street Handicapped/disabled access B weekdays until 11:00 p.m.D all times ​​M weekdays until 11:00 p.m.
4 late nights6 all times <6> weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction (IRT Lexington Avenue Line at Bleecker Street)
Houston Street Branch
Stops all times Second Avenue F all times M15 Select Bus Service
Stops all times Delancey Street J all times M all times except late nights Z rush hours, peak direction​ (BMT Nassau Street Line at Essex Street)
Stops all times East Broadway
Brooklyn
Stops all times York Street
Culver Line
Stops all times Jay Street–MetroTech Handicapped/disabled access A all timesC all except late nights
N late nights R all timesW limited rush hour service only (BMT Fourth Avenue Line)
Stops all times Bergen Street G all times
Stops all times Carroll Street G all times
Stops all times Smith–Ninth Streets G all times
Stops all times Fourth Avenue G all times
D late nightsN late nightsR all timesW limited rush hour service only (BMT Fourth Avenue Line at Ninth Street)
Stops all times Seventh Avenue G all times
Stops all times 15th Street–Prospect Park G all times
Stops all times Fort Hamilton Parkway G all times
Stops all times Church Avenue Handicapped/disabled access G all times One a.m. rush hour trip in each direction begins and ends its run to Manhattan and Queens at this station[a]
Stops all times Ditmas Avenue
Stops all times 18th Avenue
Stops all times Avenue I
Stops all times Bay Parkway
Stops all times Avenue N
Stops all times Avenue P
Stops all times Kings Highway B82 Select Bus Service
Some rush hour trips in either direction begin and end their runs to Manhattan and Queens at this station[b]
Stops all times Avenue U
Stops all times Avenue X Some northbound a.m. rush hour trips begin at this station.
Stops all times Neptune Avenue
Stops all times West Eighth Street–New York Aquarium Q all times (BMT Brighton Line)
Stops all times Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue Handicapped/disabled access D all times (BMT West End Line)
N all times (BMT Sea Beach Line)
Q all times (BMT Brighton Line)

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ One southbound train terminates at this station during a.m. rush hours; one northbound train originates at this station during a.m. rush hours.
  2. ^ Some southbound trains terminate at this station during a.m. and p.m. rush hours; some northbound trains originate at this station during a.m. and p.m. rush hours.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Korman, Joe (January 12, 2018). "BMT-IND Car Assignments". JoeKorNer.
  2. ^ "F Subway Timetable, Effective June 24, 2018" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved June 24, 2018.
  3. ^ "mta.info - Line Colors". mta.info.
  4. ^ "The New Subway Routes". The New York Times. 1940-12-15. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016-06-20.
  5. ^ "NYCT Line by Line History". erictb.info.
  6. ^ "New Subway Link Opened In Queens: Mayor, Not Using His Own Dime, Dedicates Hillside Extension and Pledges Fine Service" (PDF). New York Times. December 12, 1950. Retrieved January 25, 2016.
  7. ^ "All 'F' Trains Will Run to 179 Street". Long Island Star-Journal. Fultonhistory.com. October 4, 1951. p. 1. Retrieved 12 August 2016.
  8. ^ "Queens Subway Changes: Parsons Boulevard, 179th Street Stations Are Accepted" (PDF). New York Times. October 4, 1951. Retrieved January 25, 2016.
  9. ^ Ingalls, Leonard (August 28, 1953). "2 Subway Lines to Add Cars, Another to Speed Up Service" (PDF). New York Times. Retrieved January 25, 2016.
  10. ^ "Bronx to Coney Ride In New Subway Link" (PDF). New York Times. October 18, 1954. Retrieved February 20, 2016.
  11. ^ "New Subway Routes Brochure". www.thejoekorner.com. New York City Transit Authority. November 26, 1967. Retrieved 2016-01-24.
  12. ^ a b c "Feasibility and Analysis of F Express Service in Brooklyn" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. May 2016. Retrieved June 24, 2016.
  13. ^ a b c "Review of F Line Operations, Ridership, and Infrastructure" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. October 7, 2009. Retrieved December 10, 2016.
  14. ^ Burks, Edward C. (December 18, 1975). "Subways to Trim Service In Rush Hours on Jan. 18". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved December 25, 2016 – via New York Times Archive.
  15. ^ "Service Adjustments on the BMT and IND Lines Effective Midnight, Saturday, August 27 New York City Transit Authority (1977)". Flickr - Photo Sharing!. Retrieved 2016-06-09.
  16. ^ "N and R Service changes". subwaynut.com.
  17. ^ "System-Wide Changes In Subway Service Effective Sunday, December 11, 1988". Flickr - Photo Sharing!. Retrieved 2016-06-17.
  18. ^ "Archer Avenue Extension Subway Service December 11, 1988 New York City Transit Authority". Flickr - Photo Sharing!. Retrieved 2016-05-01.
  19. ^ Lorch, Donatella (October 29, 1989). "The 'Subway to Nowhere' Now Goes Somewhere". The New York Times. Retrieved September 26, 2009.
  20. ^ a b Chiasson, George (October 2010). "A History Of The R Train". New York Division Bulletin. New York Division, Electric Railroaders' Association. 53 (10). Retrieved August 31, 2016 – via Issu.
  21. ^ "Service Changes September 30, 1990" (PDF). subwaynut.com. New York City Transit Authority. September 30, 1990. Retrieved May 1, 2016.
  22. ^ "October 1992 New York City Subway Map". Flickr. New York City Transit Authority. October 1992. Retrieved October 30, 2016.
  23. ^ "The JoeKorNer Brochures". www.thejoekorner.com. Retrieved July 3, 2016.
  24. ^ "Starting August 30, there will be changes in late-night service along Queens Boulevard". New York Daily News. September 2, 1997. Retrieved September 30, 2018.
  25. ^ "E,F Detour in 2001, F trains via 63 St, E no trains running, take R instead-The Subway Nut". subwaynut.com.
  26. ^ "The Opening of the New 63 St Connector New Routes More Options Less Crowding". thejoekorner.com. New York City Transit. November 2001. Retrieved June 9, 2016.
  27. ^ "The Opening of the New 63 St Connector". thejoekorner.com. New York City Transit. November 2001. Retrieved June 9, 2016.
  28. ^ "NO TRAINS OVER THE WILLIAMSBURG BRIDGE TAKE ONE(jpg)-The Subway Nut". subwaynut.com.
  29. ^ Michael M. Grymbaum (October 8, 2009). "Bring Back F Express? Not So Fast". New York Times. Retrieved 23 July 2015.
  30. ^ Cohen, Ariella (June 23, 2007). "Can I get an express, please". The Brooklyn Paper. Retrieved November 27, 2007.
  31. ^ "Who needs an F express?". The Brooklyn Paper. September 15, 2007. Retrieved November 27, 2007.
  32. ^ McLaughlin, Mike (November 24, 2007). "Fix for Fourth Avenue station looks F'ing great". The Brooklyn Paper. Retrieved November 27, 2007.
  33. ^ Matthew Taub (September 16, 2014). "Coalition Urging MTA to Restore "Express" F Train Service". Brooklyn Brief. Retrieved 23 July 2015.
  34. ^ http://brooklyn.news12.com/news/city-officials-to-restore-express-f-train-service-to-coney-island-1.11012183
  35. ^ "F Train Express Will Return For Summer Of 2016, 2017". Gothamist. 2016-05-17. Archived from the original on 2016-05-20. Retrieved 2016-05-17.
  36. ^ Durkin, Erin (2016-05-17). "MTA to run express F train service in Brooklyn in 2017". NY Daily News. Retrieved 2016-05-17.
  37. ^ Barone, Vincent (April 10, 2017). "F train express service restoration remains 'under consideration,' MTA says". am New York. Retrieved 2017-04-30.
  38. ^ "Subway Service Guide" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. June 25, 2017. Retrieved July 1, 2017.

External links[edit]