Fa'side Castle, East Lothian
Fa'side Castle (Faside Estate) has previously been known as Fawside, Falside, Ffauside, Fauxside, or Fawsyde and is a 15th-century keep located in East Lothian in Scotland. The castle is approximately 2 miles (3.2 km) southwest of Tranent, and 2 miles (3.2 km) southeast of Musselburgh. The building was restored in the 1980s and is now protected as a category B listed building.
The name dates from 1189, when the monks of Newbattle Abbey granted land to Saer de Quincy, 1st Earl of Winchester to build the castle on the site. It was in the possession of Alan la Zouche, 1st Baron la Zouche of Ashby, the son in law of Roger de Quincy, 2nd Earl of Winchester, on behalf of his wife, when it was besieged by Sir William Douglas in 1288. The land was lost to Robert the Bruce after the De Quincy family declared their loyalty to Edward I of England. Bruce granted the lands to the Seton family.
The castle was burned by the English before the Battle of Pinkie Cleugh, which was fought nearby on 10 September 1547, suffocating or burning all those inside. Mary, Queen of Scots left Fa'side on the morning of 15 June 1567 for the Battle of Carberry Hill. She changed into a short skirt and left her fine clothes behind in a chest.
The castle was rebuilt and extended to the south in the late 16th century. On 5 November 1620 a number of local and neighbouring landowners had dinner with Janet Lawson, Lady Fawside, at the castle and illegally combined together to set and raised the price of coals from their coalmines. The Privy Council of Scotland found their actions unlawful and the lairds were ordered to pay a fine of £2,000 and be imprisoned in Edinburgh Castle. In defence the landowners claimed their coal was unprofitable, that the workings of Little Fawside (belonging to the Master of Elphinstone) were on fire, and the Fawside coal mine had bankrupted the old laird.
The Fawsydes sold the castle in 1631 to an Edinburgh burgess and merchant called Hamilton. By the 19th century it had fallen into ruin, and was close to being demolished altogether in the 1970s. However, the castle was bought and restored by Thomas Moodie Craig. Author and historian Nigel Tranter set up the Fa'side Restoration Society in 1970 through the St. Andrews Society of East Lothian, and introduced Craig to the castle in 1975. After investigation it was discovered that the original name of the castle was Fawside Castle. The restoration work began in 1976 was completed by 1982. The castle remains in private ownership. Faside Estate includes a stud farm and a bed & breakfast business.
Fa'side is an L-plan building, being a fifteenth-century four-storey keep with a later turreted block added. There is a vaulted basement. The castle stands on a high ridge with extensive views over East Lothian and the Firth of Forth.
- "Falside Castle". Historic Scotland.
- Bedford, Charles (1889). "Notice of the Fawsydes of that ilk". Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland. 24: 370–383.
- Cameron, Annie I., Warrender Papers (SHS, Edinburgh, 1931), 50, inventory of the chest: Calderwood, Historie of the Kirk of Scotland, vol. 2, (1843), 363: Aikman, James, trans., History of Scotland by George Buchanan, vol. 2 (1827), p. 522.
- Register of the Privy Council of Scotland, vol. 12 (Edinburgh, 1895), p. 388, 418-9, 433-5.
- Coventry, Martin (2001) The Castles of Scotland. Goblinshead.
- Lindsay, Maurice (1986) The Castles of Scotland. Constable.
- Salter, Mike (1994). The Castles of Lothian and The Borders. Folly Publications. ISBN 1871731208.
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