Luisi was born in Genoa. He attended the Conservatorio Nicolò Paganini and was a student of Memi Schiavina. After receiving his degree in piano studies, he continued piano instruction with Aldo Ciccolini and Antonio Bacchelli.
Luisi developed an interest in conducting while working as a piano accompanist, and he studied conducting at the conservatory in Graz with Milan Horvat. He worked at the Graz Opera as an accompanist and conductor. His first conducting appearance was in Italy in 1984. From 1990 to 1995, he was principal conductor of the Graz Symphony Orchestra. From 1995 to 2000, he served as Artistic Director and Chief Conductor of the Tonkünstlerorchester in Vienna. From 1996 to 1999, he was one of three main conductors (Hauptdirigenten) of the MDR Symphony Orchestra (Mitteldeutscher Rundfunk Sinfonieorchester) in Leipzig, along with Marcello Viotti and Manfred Honeck. From 1999 to 2007, he was sole principal conductor of the MDR orchestra. He was the principal conductor of l'Orchestre de la Suisse Romande from 1997 to 2002.
In January 2004, Luisi was named chief conductor of both the Staatskapelle Dresden and of the Semperoper, Dresden. He assumed both posts in September 2007. With the Staatskapelle Dresden, Luisi conducted commercial recordings of music by Richard Strauss and Anton Bruckner. Luisi was originally scheduled to step down as chief conductor of the Staatskapelle Dresden in 2012, at the expiration of his contract. However, he resigned from both Dresden posts in February 2010, with immediate effect, after reports that the Staatskapelle's management had secured a contract with the ZDF network for a scheduled televised concert on New Year's Eve, 2010 with Christian Thielemann as conductor, without consulting him at all in his capacity as the orchestra's GMD.
Luisi served as Chief Conductor of the Vienna Symphony from 2005 to 2013 season. He became Generalmusikdirektor (General Music Director) of the Zurich Opera in 2012, which also includes orchestral concert work with the opera orchestra under the name of the Philharmonia Zurich. Luisi first conducted the Danish National Symphony Orchestra in 2010. In August 2014, the orchestra announced the appointment of Luisi as its next principal conductor, effective in 2017, with an initial contract through 2020. In January 2016, the Opera di Firenze announced the appointment of Luisi as its next music director, the first conductor to hold that title with the company, and in parallel, as director of the Maggio Musicale Fiorentino, as of April 2018, with an initial contract of 5 years.
In the United States, Luisi made his Metropolitan Opera conducting debut in March 2005, with Giuseppe Verdi's Don Carlo. In April 2010, Luisi was named the Met's principal guest conductor, for an initial contract of three years, effective with the 2010-2011 season. Luisi is the second conductor to be named to this post at the Metropolitan Opera, after Valery Gergiev. He was elevated to the post of Principal Conductor in September 2011, when Music Director James Levine withdrew from his scheduled fall 2011 performances. Luisi stood down from his Metropolitan Opera post at the close of the 2016-2017 season.
Luisi has conducted several opera recordings, including Giuseppe Verdi's Aroldo, Jérusalem and Alzira, and Gioacchino Rossini's William Tell. He won a Grammy Award for his leadership of Siegfried and Götterdämmerung on a Deutsche Grammophon DVD release of Richard Wagner’s operatic cycle, Der Ring des Nibelungen. This was recorded live at the Metropolitan Opera and named Best Opera Recording of 2012.
Honours and awards
- Honorary Professor of Conducting at the University of Music and Theatre Leipzig (2001)
- Austrian Cross of Honour for Science and Art (2000)
- Supersonic Award for Record of the Month (music magazine Pizzicato, January 2006) for the recording "Beethoven: Mass in C Major"
- Officer of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic (2 June 2006)
- Bruckner Ring (Vienna Symphony, 2007)
- Commander of the Order of the Star of Italian Solidarity (2008)
- Echo Klassik (2008), for surround recording of the year: "Strauss: An Alpine Symphony / Four Last Songs"
- Echo Klassik Orchestra of the Year (2009) with the Staatskapelle Dresden for "Bruckner: 9 Symphony"
- Grammy Award for Best Opera Recording (2013) with the Metropolitan Opera for Richard Wagner's Der Ring Des Nibelungen.
- Tim Ashley (11 January 2008). "Strauss: An Alpine Symphony/Four Last Songs; Harteros/Staatskapelle Dresden/Luisi". The Guardian. Retrieved 6 February 2010.
- Fiona Maddocks (13 September 2009). "Bruckner: Symphony No 9". The Observer. Retrieved 6 February 2010.
- "Christian Thielemann wird Chefdirigent der Staatskapelle Dresden" (Press release). Staatskapelle Dresden. 9 October 2009. Retrieved 13 October 2009.[permanent dead link]
- Daniel J. Wakin (4 February 2010). "Saxon State Opera’s Music Director Quits". New York Times. Retrieved 6 February 2010.
- Ernst Naredi-Reiner (18 January 2011). "Umzug nach New York". Kleine Zeitung. Retrieved 23 April 2011.
- Daniel J. Wakin (21 April 2011). "On Deck, the Met's Pinch-Hitter". New York Times. Retrieved 23 April 2011.
- "Fabio Luisi appointed General Music Director at Zurich Opera House as of 2012" (Press release). Zurich Opera. 30 June 2009. Retrieved 13 October 2009.
- "DR SymfoniOrkestret får ny italiensk chefdirigent". Danish Broadcasting Corporation. 31 August 2014. Retrieved 2 September 2014.
- Emil Bergløv (1 September 2014). "DR hyrer stjernedirigent med faible for parfume". Politiken. Retrieved 2 September 2014.
- "Fabio Luisi Named as Music Director Designate of Florence's Opera di Firenze and Maggio Musicale Fiorentino". Opera News. 28 January 2016. Retrieved 6 February 2016.
- Anthony Tommasini (5 March 2005). "Can't Make Up His Mind, Just Like That Other Prince". New York Times. Retrieved 8 September 2007.
- Daniel J. Wakin (27 April 2010). "The Met Anoints a Guest Conductor". New York Times. Retrieved 9 May 2010.
- Zachary Woolfe (4 February 2016). "Fabio Luisi's Future Looks Bright, Wherever It Is". New York Times. Retrieved 6 February 2016.
- Tim Ashley (17 August 2001). "A brave new world". The Guardian. Retrieved 8 September 2007.
- Tim Ashley (15 July 2005). "Rossini: Guillaume Tell, Gustafson/ Kotoski/ Ungureanu/ Sabbatini/ Hampson/ Vienna Staatsoper Orchestra and Chorus/ Luisi". The Guardian. Retrieved 8 September 2007.
- Kathryn Shattuck (5 March 2014). "Notes Composed for the Nose". New York Times. Retrieved 9 May 2010.
- "Reply to a parliamentary question" (pdf) (in German). p. 1379. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
- "ONORIFICENZE: parametri di ricerca" (in Italian). Italian Presidency. Retrieved 20 November 2012.[permanent dead link]
- "55th Annual GRAMMY Awards Nominees: Classical". Grammy.com. Retrieved 10 February 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Fabio Luisi.|
- Vienna Symphony, Fabio Luisi biography
- MDR Sinfonieorchester official website (in German)
- Fabio Luisi at AllMusic
- Fabio Luisi on IMDb
|Principal Conductor, MDR Sinfonieorchester
Rafael Frühbeck de Burgos
|Principal Conductor, Danish National Symphony Orchestra