October 29, 1960 |
|Alma mater||University of Milan|
|Known for||ATLAS experiment at the CERN Large Hadron Collider|
Fabiola Gianotti (Italian: [faˈbiːola dʒaˈnɔtti]; born October 29, 1960) is an Italian particle physicist and the Director-General of the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN). Her mandate began on 1 January 2016 and runs for a period of five years. She is the first woman to hold the position of CERN Director-General.
Since 1996, following several postdoctoral positions, including a fellowship at CERN, she has been a research physicist in the Physics Department of CERN, the European Organisation for Nuclear Research, and since August 2013 an honorary Professor at the University of Edinburgh. She is also a member of the Italian Academy of Sciences (Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei) and foreign associate member of the US National Academy of Sciences.
From March 2009 to February 2013 she held the elected position of project leader (”Spokesperson”) of the ATLAS experiment. The ATLAS Collaboration consists of 3000 physicists from 40 countries. On 4 July 2012 she presented the ATLAS results on the search for the Higgs boson in an historic seminar at CERN. This event marked the announcement of the discovery of the Higgs boson by the ATLAS and CMS experiments.
Gianotti is the author or co-author of more than 500 publications in peer-reviewed scientific journals. She has given more than 30 invited plenary talks at the major international conferences in the field. A list of her scientific publications is recorded in the database Inspire HEP.
She was/is a member of several international committees, such as the Scientific Council of the CNRS (France), the Physics Advisory Committee of the Fermilab Laboratory (USA), the Council of the European Physical Society, the Scientific Council of the DESY Laboratory (Germany), the Scientific Advisory Committee of NIKHEF (Netherlands). She is a member of the Scientific Advisory Board  of the UN Secretary-General, Mr Ban Ki-moon.
Gianotti was included among the “Top 100 most inspirational women” by The Guardian newspaper (UK, 2011), ranked 5th in Time magazine’s Personality of the Year (USA, 2012), included among the “Top 100 most influential women” by Forbes magazine (USA, 2013) and considered among the “Leading Global Thinkers of 2013” by Foreign Policy magazine (USA, 2013).
- Religious views
In a 2010 interview, Gianotti said that she saw no contradiction between science and faith and they belong to "two different spheres". In an interview by la Repubblica, she said that "Science and religion are separate disciplines, though not antithetical. You can be a physicist and have faith or not."
Honours and awards
Honorary academic degrees
- She received honorary doctoral degrees from the University of Uppsala, École polytechnique fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), McGill University (Montreal), Oslo University and University of Edinburgh.
- Since 2013 she is honorary professor at the University of Edinburgh.
- In December 2014 Gianotti was awarded the honour of “Cavaliere di Gran Croce dell’ordine al merito della Repubblica” by the Italian President Giorgio Napolitano.
- In September 2013 Gianotti was awarded The Enrico Fermi Prize of the Italian Physical Society (2013).
- In December 2012 Gianotti was awarded the Fundamental Physics Prize: Special Breakthrough Prize.
- In December 2012 Gianotti was awarded the Gold Medal (known as "Ambrogino d'oro", named after the patron saint of Milan, Saint Ambrose) by the Milan Municipality.
- "Fabiola Gianotti signs her contract as CERN's new Director-General". CERN Bulletin. Retrieved 28 August 2015.
- Castelvecchi, Davide (2014). "Higgs hunter will be CERN's first female director: Italian physicist Fabiola Gianotti will take the reins at the European physics powerhouse in 2016.". Nature. doi:10.1038/nature.2014.16287.
- "Honorary Professor: Fabiola Gianotti". University of Edinburgh. Retrieved 28 August 2015.
- "National Academy of Sciences Members and Foreign Associates Elected". National Academy of Sciences. Retrieved 31 August 2015.
- "ATLAS makes a smooth changeover at the top". CERN Courier. Retrieved 28 August 2015.
- "Passing the torch at ATLAS". Symmetry. Retrieved 28 August 2015.
- "4th July 2012, Seminar at CERN". CERN. Retrieved 28 August 2015.
- "Arrêté du 29 novembre 2005 portant nomination au conseil scientifique du Centre national de la recherche scientifique". CNRS. Retrieved 31 August 2015.
- "Members Scientific Council (as of January 2015)". DESY. Retrieved 31 August 2015.
- "Scientific Advisory Committee (SAC)". NIKHEF. Retrieved 31 August 2015.
- "The members of the Scientific Advisory Board". German Commission for UNESCO. Retrieved 31 August 2015.
- "Top 100 women: science and medicine". Guardian News. Retrieved 28 August 2015.
- "Runner-Up: Fabiola Gianotti, the Discoverer". Time. Retrieved 28 August 2015.
- "#83 Fabiola Gianotti". Forbes. Retrieved 28 August 2015.
- "François Englert, Peter Higgs, and Fabiola Gianotti". The FP Group. Retrieved 28 August 2015.
- "La signora dell'universo" (in Italian). Famiglia Cristiana. 20 August 2010.
- ""Io, tra Dio e il Big Bang". Fabiola Gianotti, direttrice del Cern: la signora dell'Universo" (in Italian). la Repubblica. 28 December 2014.
- "Teknik och naturvetenskap utser hedersdoktorer". uu.se. Uppsala universitet. Retrieved 31 August 2015.
- "EPFL awards Fabiola Gianotti honorary doctorate". EPFL. Retrieved 31 August 2015.
- "14 individuals to receive honorary degree from McGill". McGill University. Retrieved 31 August 2015.
- "Fabiola Gianotti: The Higgs boson and our life". UiO, Dep. of Phys. Retrieved 31 August 2015.
- "Honorary graduates 2014/15". The University of Edinburgh. Retrieved 31 August 2015.
- "Fabiola Gianotti". Biografieonline.it. Biografieonline. Retrieved 29 August 2015.
- "Premio "Enrico Fermi"". sif.it. Società Italiana di Fisica. Retrieved 29 August 2015.
- "Fabiola Gianotti awarded the Niels Bohr Institute Medal of Honour". Niels Bohr Institute. University of Copenhagen. 1 November 2013. Retrieved 31 August 2015.
- "Laureates: Fabiola Gianotti". breakthroughprize.org. Fundamental Physics Prize Foundation. Retrieved 29 August 2015.
- "L'ambrogino d'oro a Fabiola Gianotti". INFN. Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare. Retrieved 31 August 2015.
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