Fabiola Gianotti

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Fabiola Gianotti
Portrait of Fabiola Gianotti.jpg
Born (1960-10-29) October 29, 1960 (age 55)
Rome, Italy
Fields Particle physics
Alma mater University of Milan
Known for ATLAS experiment at the CERN Large Hadron Collider
Notable awards

Fabiola Gianotti (Italian: [faˈbiːola dʒaˈnɔtti]; born October 29, 1960) is an Italian particle physicist, currently CERN ( European Organization for Nuclear Research) Director-General and the first woman to hold this position[1][2]. Her mandate began on 1 January 2016 and runs for a period of five years.

Biography[edit]

Fabiola Gianotti received a Ph.D. in experimental particle physics from the University of Milan in 1989.

Since 1996, following several postdoctoral positions, including a fellowship at CERN, she has been a research physicist in the Physics Department of CERN, the European Organization for Nuclear Research, and since August 2013 an honorary Professor at the University of Edinburgh.[3] She is also a member of the Italian Academy of Sciences (Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei),[3] foreign associate member of the US National Academy of Sciences[4] and foreign associate of the French Academy of Science.[5]

Gianotti has worked on several CERN experiments (WA70, UA2 experiment, ALEPH, ATLAS), being involved in detector R&D and construction, software development and data analysis.

From March 2009[6] to February 2013[7] she held the elected position of project leader (”Spokesperson”) of the ATLAS experiment. The ATLAS Collaboration consists of 3000 physicists from 40 countries. On 4 July 2012 she presented the ATLAS results on the search for the Higgs boson in an historic seminar at CERN.[8] This event marked the announcement of the discovery of the Higgs boson by the ATLAS and CMS experiments.

Gianotti is the author or co-author of more than 500 publications in peer-reviewed scientific journals. She has given more than 30 invited plenary talks at the major international conferences in the field. A list of her scientific publications is recorded in the database Inspire HEP.

She was/is a member of several international committees, such as the Scientific Council of the CNRS[9] (France), the Physics Advisory Committee of the Fermilab Laboratory (USA), the Council of the European Physical Society, the Scientific Council of the DESY Laboratory[10] (Germany), the Scientific Advisory Committee of NIKHEF[11] (Netherlands). She is a member of the Scientific Advisory Board [12] of the UN Secretary-General, Mr Ban Ki-moon.

Gianotti was included among the “Top 100 most inspirational women” by The Guardian newspaper (UK, 2011),[13] ranked 5th in Time magazine’s Personality of the Year (USA, 2012),[14] included among the “Top 100 most influential women” by Forbes magazine (USA, 2013)[15] and considered among the “Leading Global Thinkers of 2013” by Foreign Policy magazine (USA, 2013).[16]

Religious views

In a 2010 interview, Gianotti said that she saw no contradiction between science and faith and they belong to "two different spheres".[17] In an interview by la Repubblica, she said that "Science and religion are separate disciplines, though not antithetical. You can be a physicist and have faith or not."[18]

Honours and awards[edit]

Honorary academic degrees[edit]

Awards[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Fabiola Gianotti signs her contract as CERN's new Director-General". CERN Bulletin. Retrieved 28 August 2015. 
  2. ^ Castelvecchi, Davide (2014). "Higgs hunter will be CERN's first female director: Italian physicist Fabiola Gianotti will take the reins at the European physics powerhouse in 2016.". Nature. doi:10.1038/nature.2014.16287. 
  3. ^ a b c "Honorary Professor: Fabiola Gianotti". University of Edinburgh. Archived from the original on August 28, 2015. Retrieved 28 August 2015. 
  4. ^ "National Academy of Sciences Members and Foreign Associates Elected". National Academy of Sciences. Archived from the original on August 31, 2015. Retrieved 31 August 2015. 
  5. ^ http://www.academie-sciences.fr/pdf/communique/election_AE_2015.pdf
  6. ^ "ATLAS makes a smooth changeover at the top". CERN Courier. Retrieved 28 August 2015. 
  7. ^ "Passing the torch at ATLAS". Symmetry. Archived from the original on April 28, 2015. Retrieved 28 August 2015. 
  8. ^ "4th July 2012, Seminar at CERN". CERN. Retrieved 28 August 2015. 
  9. ^ "Arrêté du 29 novembre 2005 portant nomination au conseil scientifique du Centre national de la recherche scientifique". CNRS. Archived from the original on August 31, 2015. Retrieved 31 August 2015. 
  10. ^ "Members Scientific Council (as of January 2015)". DESY. Archived from the original on August 31, 2015. Retrieved 31 August 2015. 
  11. ^ "Scientific Advisory Committee (SAC)". NIKHEF. Archived from the original on August 31, 2015. Retrieved 31 August 2015. 
  12. ^ "The members of the Scientific Advisory Board". German Commission for UNESCO. Archived from the original on March 21, 2014. Retrieved 31 August 2015. 
  13. ^ "Top 100 women: science and medicine". Guardian News. Archived from the original on April 16, 2015. Retrieved 28 August 2015. 
  14. ^ "Runner-Up: Fabiola Gianotti, the Discoverer". Time. Archived from the original on March 21, 2015. Retrieved 28 August 2015. 
  15. ^ "#83 Fabiola Gianotti". Forbes. Archived from the original on May 31, 2015. Retrieved 28 August 2015. 
  16. ^ "François Englert, Peter Higgs, and Fabiola Gianotti". The FP Group. Archived from the original on August 28, 2015. Retrieved 28 August 2015. 
  17. ^ "La signora dell'universo" (in Italian). Famiglia Cristiana. 20 August 2010. 
  18. ^ ""Io, tra Dio e il Big Bang". Fabiola Gianotti, direttrice del Cern: la signora dell'Universo" (in Italian). la Repubblica. 28 December 2014. 
  19. ^ "Teknik och naturvetenskap utser hedersdoktorer". uu.se. Uppsala universitet. Archived from the original on August 31, 2015. Retrieved 31 August 2015. 
  20. ^ "EPFL awards Fabiola Gianotti honorary doctorate". EPFL. Archived from the original on October 21, 2013. Retrieved 31 August 2015. 
  21. ^ "14 individuals to receive honorary degree from McGill". McGill University. Archived from the original on August 14, 2014. Retrieved 31 August 2015. 
  22. ^ "Fabiola Gianotti: The Higgs boson and our life". UiO, Dep. of Phys. Archived from the original on June 26, 2015. Retrieved 31 August 2015. 
  23. ^ "Honorary graduates 2014/15". The University of Edinburgh. Archived from the original on August 31, 2015. Retrieved 31 August 2015. 
  24. ^ "Fabiola Gianotti". Biografieonline.it. Biografieonline. Archived from the original on August 29, 2015. Retrieved 29 August 2015. 
  25. ^ "Premio "Enrico Fermi"". sif.it. Società Italiana di Fisica. Archived from the original on November 10, 2014. Retrieved 29 August 2015. 
  26. ^ "Fabiola Gianotti awarded the Niels Bohr Institute Medal of Honour". Niels Bohr Institute. University of Copenhagen. 1 November 2013. Archived from the original on December 15, 2014. Retrieved 31 August 2015. 
  27. ^ "Laureates: Fabiola Gianotti". breakthroughprize.org. Fundamental Physics Prize Foundation. Archived from the original on July 25, 2015. Retrieved 29 August 2015. 
  28. ^ "L'ambrogino d'oro a Fabiola Gianotti". INFN. Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare. Archived from the original on August 31, 2015. Retrieved 31 August 2015. 

External links[edit]