Fabrika automobila Priboj

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Coordinates: 43°34′10″N 19°31′43″E / 43.56944°N 19.52861°E / 43.56944; 19.52861

Korporacija FAP
Native name
Корпорација ФАП
Joint-stock company
IndustryAutomotive
Founded29 July 1952; 66 years ago (1952-07-29)
Headquarters
Radnička bb, Priboj
,
Serbia
Area served
Worldwide
Key people
Ranko Vuković (General director)
ProductsTrucks, Buses, Chassises, Truck trailers
RevenueIncrease 2.39 million (2017)[1]
Positive decrease -€1.59 million (2017)[1]
Total assetsIncrease €26.94 million (2017)[2]
Total equityIncrease €15.34 million (2017)[2]
OwnerGovernment of Serbia (43.22%)
PIO Fond (17.65%)
Priboj (12.39%)
RFZO Fond (11.95%)
Others
(as of June 2018)
Number of employees
270 (November 2017)[3]
SubsidiariesFAP Stan
FAP - Livnica Prijepolje
FAP Lim
FAP Transport
Websitewww.fap.co.rs
Footnotes / references
Business ID: 07210434
Tax ID: 101206591
[4]

Fabrika automobila Priboj (Serbian Cyrillic: Корпорација Фабрика Аутомобила Прибој а.д.; abbr. FAP) is a Serbian automotive manufacturer of trucks with the headquarters in Priboj, Serbia.

Initially producing licensed copies of Saurer trucks, it produced Mercedes-Benz NG trucks under license. FAP is now majority owned by the Government of Serbia and it is part of "Defense Industry of Serbia".[5]

History[edit]

1952–1970s: Early years[edit]

FAP 6G on May Day parade in Ljubljana, 1961.

Founded in 1952 by decree of Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia SFRJ. On 30 October 1953, the first trucks were produced based on licence from Saurer.[6] Models were 4G and 6G (4 and 6 tonnes). In 1959 factory was extended and capacity growth on 3600 vehicles per year. In 1961 vehicles and engines manufacturers cluster "ITV" was formed with FAP as member. First domestically designed FAP vehicles where FAP 10B and FAP 15B introduced in serial production by 1965.[6] The FAP 18B was made with a Leyland engine licence built by FAMOS. In 1970 a production, technical and financial cooperation contract was signed with Daimler-Benz.[6] First product from FAP based on contract with Daimler-Benz was LP1113 and it was followed by MB 1213 and O 302. By 1975 new manufacturing plant with 50.000 square meters was built and 150 new machines installed. New projected capacity was 10.000 vehicles/year. Licence contract with Mercedes-Benz was extended in 1976.[6] for production of vehicle from 12 to 26 tonnes weight; many new vehicles are produced like FAP 1616, 1620, 1626, 1921, 1926, 2226 and 2626. With collaboration of FAP with Military Technical Institute Belgrade in 1978 it is developed special military vehicles FAP 2026/6×6 and it is produced in following years in different variants to satisfy various roles in military. FAP was producing many different chassis that were used in factories in Zagreb, Skopje, Belgrade as bases for producing buses and other vehicles. In 1986 licence with Mercedes-Benz was extended for producing 12-26 tonnes gross vehicle weight.[6] In 1984 FAP was again extending factory in newly built industrial zone "Manovica". By their own design center trailers where developed from 20–70 tonnes gross weight. Until 1991 FAP had 16,468 square meters of factory space. Trucks and other FAP products were exported worldwide.[7][8][9] The strongest one of the all FAP trucks was FAP 3642 which could resist 75 tons of the load.

1970s–1990s: Export success and international expedition[edit]

On 15 July 1970 FAP started production and financial cooperation, with other Yugoslavian enterprises: "FAMOS" (SR Bosnia and Herzegovina), "Autokaroserija" (SR Croatia), "11 oktomvri" (SR Macedonia). On international plan, FAP achieved export on African market: Egypt, Tanzania, Sudan, Tunis, Libya, Nigeria and Sudan.

Endurance of the FAP trucks was tested in the Gobi Desert during 1995–96 expedition "Putevi sveta (On Pathways of the World")". It is FAP 2026 GC/B 6X6 which was produced in cooperation with Ikarbus. Aim of this expedition was to cross roat Priboj-Belgrade-Moscow-Ulan Bator-Beijing-Dalyan-Belgrade-Priboj. This aim was accomplished for only 139 days in the winter season.[10]

Among all FAP trucks, great success in sport activities had FAP 1626,[11] with V8 Mercedes engine. During the 80s some local enterprises PIK "Belje" (Subsidiary "Beljetrans") advantage great success on FIA European Truck Racing Championship in Hungary and Spain with 22 people crew and Vlado Čugalj at the wheel. Championship in Germany was delayed due to financial problems of the PIK "Belje". FAP 1626 probably was the only truck which returned his original purpose-transportation of the load.

1990s–2010s: Limited operation[edit]

FAP 2640 dump rigid truck three-axle at exhibition IAA 2012 in Hanover, Germany.

After period of sanctions imposed on Yugoslavia during the 1990s, FAP lost many markets and significantly deteriorated in terms of research and production. During the 2000-s, it offered many variants of vehicles, with different engines manufactured by Mercedes-Benz, Cummins, MAN and Famos,[12] FAP was producing vehicles for domestic use and export. Exported vehicles could be found in many countries worldwide like Egypt, Nigeria, Libya, Sudan, Syria, etc.[13]

Production lines consisted of military and civilian vehicles. FAP also built chassis, trailers aggregates(axles, transmissions, spare parts, cabins, shipbuilding parts etc.). All produced vehicles had EURO 3, EURO 4 or EURO 5 engines type.[14]

2014–present: Military-oriented production[edit]

In 2014, Finnish truck maker Sisu Auto has placed offer to buy FAP, in cooperation with the Government of Serbia.[15] However, the negotiations were shut down due to disagreements in strategy between the parties. Over the years, the Government of Serbia has worked to place the company on healthy grounds; in the process more than 1,000 employees have left the company with severance payments.[3]

Today, FAP is operating as manufacturer and overhaul provider for the Serbian Army.[3] In December 2017, FAP delivered ten new trucks to the Serbian Army, as part of $2.5 million deal with the Ministry of Defence of Serbia.[16]

Production lines[edit]

Military production line[edit]

FAP 1318 BDS-AV on defense fair Partner 2017

Civilian production program[edit]

Lorries/trucks[edit]

Tractors[edit]

Dump trucks[edit]

Buses[edit]

FAP produces variety of buses: City buses, Suburb buses, Intercity buses, Minibuses.

Chassis[edit]

There is also a chassis in production. They are used as bases for different kind of vehicles and special upgrades.

Vehicles history production lines[edit]

List of vehicles which are no longer in production.

Military[edit]

List of produced military vehicles in past:

Civilian[edit]

FAP 1414

List of produced civilian vehicles in past:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "БИЛАНС УСПЕХА (2017) - FAP". apr.gov.rs (in Serbian). Retrieved 20 July 2018.
  2. ^ a b "БИЛАНС СТАЊА (2017) - FAP". apr.gov.rs (in Serbian). Retrieved 20 July 2018.
  3. ^ a b c "U FAP- se lakše diše, svakome po 6.000 EUR". b92.net (in Serbian). 26 November 2017. Retrieved 27 November 2017.
  4. ^ "Основни подаци о привредном друштву". apr.gov.rs (in Serbian). Serbian Business Registers Agency. Retrieved 28 February 2018.
  5. ^ http://www.politika.rs/sr/clanak/393061/FAP-osloboden-dugova-proizvodi-kamione-za-vojsku
  6. ^ a b c d e Istorija at FAP official website, retrieved 1-12-2018 (in Serbian)
  7. ^ http://www.motorna-vozila.com/motorna-vozila-u-srbiji-6-deo/
  8. ^ http://www.fap-nezavisnost.ag.rs/IstorijaPreduzeca.htm
  9. ^ http://www.vrelegume.rs/strana.php?rubrika=12&tip=kamioni_testovi&tip_id=23
  10. ^ FAP expedition "On Pathways of the World"|http://putevimasveta.blogspot.com/p/19941995-sibirjaki-ii-beograd-peking.html%7CRetrieved January 2015
  11. ^ FAP Sport success|http://www.priboj033.com/fap-1626/%7CRetrieved January 2015
  12. ^ "Vehicle manufacturer profiles" (PDF). p. 8. Retrieved 22 June 2013.
  13. ^ http://www.b92.net/biz/vesti/srbija.php?yyyy=2007&mm=12&dd=20&nav_id=277340
  14. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-02-08. Retrieved 2009-02-21.
  15. ^ Sisu auto wants to take over FAP - Government negotiates sale of Priboj-based factory to Finns
  16. ^ "Нови ФАП камиони за Војску Србије". mod.gov.rs (in Serbian). 9 December 2017. Retrieved 9 December 2017.
  17. ^ http://www.vti.mod.gov.rs/index.php?view=actuality&type=reference&category=4&id=130
  18. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-06-29. Retrieved 2013-06-24.
  19. ^ http://www.vti.mod.gov.rs/index.php?view=actuality&type=reference&category=4&id=132&page=2

External links[edit]