Ravanelli in May 2012.
|Full name||Fabrizio Ravanelli|
|Date of birth||11 December 1968|
|Place of birth||Perugia, Italy|
|Height||1.88 m (6 ft 2 in)|
|* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only|
A former striker, Ravanelli started and ended his playing career at hometown club Perugia Calcio, and also played for Middlesbrough, Juventus and Marseille. He won five titles with Juventus, including a Serie A championship in 1995 and a Champions League title in 1996 where he scored in the final. In all, during his career he played with twelve clubs from four countries; his native Italy, England, France and Scotland. Nicknamed 'The White Feather', he earned 22 caps for the Italian national team, scoring 8 goals, and was a member of the Italian squad that took part at UEFA Euro 1996.
Early career in Italy
Ravanelli began his club career with his hometown club Perugia Calcio in 1986, where he remained until 1989. He had a spell with Avellino later that year, and subsequently played with Casertana for a season. In 1990, he moved to Reggiana, where he remained for two seasons.
After joining Juventus in 1992, he formed a formidable offensive line alongside players such as Roberto Baggio, Gianluca Vialli, Paolo Di Canio, Pierluigi Casiraghi, Andreas Möller, and Alessandro Del Piero. Affectionately known as the "White Feather" (in Italian: Penna Bianca) in recognition of his prematurely white hair (a nickname which had also previously belonged to former Juventus legend Roberto Bettega), he was one of Europe's top goalscorers in the mid-1990s. After initially struggling to obtain a starting spot under Giovanni Trapattoni, due to competition from several other strikers, he eventually managed to break into the starting line-up. During the 1994–95 season, under Marcello Lippi, he played a key role as the club claimed a domestic double, playing in an attacking trident, alongside Vialli, and either Baggio or Del Piero. With the Turin club, Ravanelli won one Serie A title (1994–95), one Coppa Italia (1994–95), one Supercoppa Italiana (1995), one Champions League (1995–96), where he scored in the final against Ajax, and one UEFA Cup (1992–93). On 27 September 1994, he memorably scored all five goals for Juventus against CSKA Sofia in a 5–1 win. In the 1996 UEFA Champions League Final, he put Juventus 1–0 up at the Stadio Olimpico in Rome. Ajax subsequently equalised, but Juventus still won the game through a penalty shootout.
Ravanelli made an immediate positive impact on moving to the Premier League with Bryan Robson's Middlesbrough on a £7 million transfer in 1996, where his success was sustained. He scored a hat-trick on his league debut against Liverpool on the opening day of the 1996–97 season. Despite being one of the league's top scorers, Middlesbrough were relegated in the year that he joined. He did, however, help them to the final of both domestic cup competitions that season. He started both finals, as Middlesbrough lost 2–0 against Chelsea in the FA Cup Final, and Leicester City 1–0 in the replay of the League Cup Final. Against Leicester, he scored the first goal in the final of the first meeting, only for Emile Heskey to equalise and send the game to a replay, which Leicester subsequently won. He alienated himself from teammates and fans, with his constant complaints and criticisms of the club's training regime and facilities, as well as the town itself, despite being the highest paid footballer in the Premiership at the time. Whilst at the club, he resided in the local small North Yorkshire village of Hutton Rudby, where Middlesbrough football associates, such as Paul Merson, Gordon McQueen and several other notable individuals have had residences.
Olympique de Marseille
After Middlesbrough's relegation, Ravanelli moved to Olympique de Marseille. In the 1998–99 season, Marseille finished in second place in the French Division 1, one point behind Girondins de Bordeaux. The following season l'OM competed in the 1999–2000 UEFA Champions League, with Ravanelli scoring once against Sturm Graz at the Stade Vélodrome.
In January 2000, Ravanelli returned to Italy to sign for Lazio. Ravanelli won his second Scudetto as Lazio ended the 1999–2000 season as champions, also winning the Coppa Italia, and the Supercoppa Italiana.
In July 2001, Ravanelli joined Derby County on a free transfer, signing a two-year deal, but could not save the club from relegation in 2002. Due to Derby's financial problems, they had to defer his wage payments which they paid for several years.
He then joined Dundee, following the end of his Derby contract, but was sacked after the club released all of their top earners. The only game in which Ravanelli scored for Dundee was against Clyde in a League Cup match, when he scored a hat-trick.
After the experience in Scotland, he returned to Italy to finish his career with his hometown club Perugia, with whom he had also started his professional career, with the aim of trying to save the club from relegation.
Ravanelli earned 22 caps for the Italian national team between 1995 and 1999, under managers Arrigo Sacchi, Cesare Maldini, and Dino Zoff, scoring eight goals. He made his international debut under Sacchi on 25 March 1995, in a 4–1 home victory over Estonia, in an UEFA Euro 1996 qualifying fixture in Salerno, also scoring his first international goal during the match. He was a member of the Italian squad that took part at UEFA Euro 1996, and made two appearances throughout the tournament, which came in Italy's opening two group matches, a 2–1 win over Russia, and a 2–1 loss against the Czech Republic, as Italy were eliminated in the first round. He missed out on a spot at the 1998 FIFA World Cup, however, as striker Enrico Chiesa was selected by Maldini in his place.
Style of play
Ravanelli was a quick, dynamic, physically strong, and hardworking left-footed striker, with notable temperament, who was known for his eye for goal, as well as his energy and defensive contribution off the ball, which often saw him drop back into deeper possessions in order to help his team win back possession. Although he was initially not the most naturally talented or skilful player, he was able to improve his technique and movement significantly during his time with Juventus, where he established himself as a top striker. A prolific goalscorer, who was good in the air, and who possessed a powerful and accurate shot, in addition to his ability to score goals, Ravanelli was also capable of playing off of his teammates, due to his link-up play, which, combined with his other skills, made him a complete forward; this also enabled him to play in a supporting role, as a second striker or even as a winger, positions in which he often utilised his ability in the air to get on the end of high balls and create chances for other strikers by providing them with headed assists from knockdowns.
Ravanelli's signature goal celebration involved him pulling his shirt over his head and running around the field. He was therefore a strong opposer of the new FIFA regulation, which impeded players from removing their shirts during post goal-celebrations, and which punished any violators with a yellow card.
On 8 June 2013, Ravanelli signed a two-year contract as the new head coach of Ligue 1 club AC Ajaccio. On 2 November 2013, he was sacked from his post after his club had suffered its fifth consecutive Ligue 1 defeat (this time losing 3–1 at home against Valenciennes FC) on the same day that left them in 19th (second from bottom) position (1 win, 4 draws and 7 defeats in 12 Ligue 1 matches) in the Ligue 1 standings. "It is not an easy decision (to sack Ravanelli) for a number of reasons. I really appreciated Fabrizio Ravanelli, I really wanted it to work. I do not remember seeing a staff work that much, from morning till night without stopping. You know what football is like. If things are not going well, the only solution is to change the staff," said Alain Orsoni, the president of AC Ajaccio.
|Derby County||2001–02||Premier League||31||9||1||1||2||1||–||–||34||11|
|Dundee||2003–04||Scottish Premier League||5||0||0||0||1||3||–||–||6||3|
|Italy national team|
- Scores and goals list Italy's goal tally first.
|1.||25 March 1995||Stadio Arechi, Salerno||Estonia||4–1||4–1||Euro 1996 qualifier|
|2.||6 September 1995||Stadio Friuli, Udine||Slovenia||1–0||1–0||Euro 1996 qualifier|
|3.||11 November 1995||Stadio San Nicola, Bari||Ukraine||1–1||3–1||Euro 1996 qualifier|
|5.||24 January 1996||Stadio Libero Liberati, Terni||Wales||2–0||3–0||Friendly|
|6.||5 October 1996||Stadionul Republican, Chişinău||Moldova||1–0||3–1||1998 World Cup qualifier|
|8.||9 October 1996||Stadio Renato Curi, Perugia||Georgia||1–0||1–0||1998 World Cup qualifier|
- As of 22 September 2018.
|Ajaccio||8 June 2013||2 November 2013||13||1||4||8||8||19||−11||7.69|
|Arsenal Kyiv||22 June 2018||22 September 2018||9||1||1||7||5||19||−14||11.11|
- Serie A: 1994–95
- Coppa Italia: 1994–95
- Supercoppa Italiana: 1995
- UEFA Champions League: 1995–96
- UEFA Cup: 1992–93
- Stefano Bedeschi (11 December 2013). "Gli eroi in bianconero: Fabrizio RAVANELLI" (in Italian). Tutto Juve. Retrieved 3 December 2014.
- "Will the White Feather deliver?". BBC Sport. BBC Sport. 18 July 2001. Retrieved 5 March 2012.
- Davies, Christopher (14 January 2002). "White Feather is no grey man". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 5 March 2012.
- Emanuele Gamba (27 December 2009). "vizi e virtù DI Bobby gol" (in Italian). La Repubblica. Retrieved 23 August 2016.
- "27 September 1994, Ravanelli hits five". Juventus F.C. official website. 27 September 2011. Archived from the original on 6 September 2012. Retrieved 5 March 2012.
- "1995/96: Juve hold their nerve". UEFA.com. Union of European Football Associations. Retrieved 5 March 2012.
- Duxbury, Nick (5 July 1996). "Middlesbrough spend pounds 7m on Ravanelli". The Independent. Independent Print Limited. Retrieved 5 March 2012.
- Turnbull, Simon (19 August 1996). "Silver hair, silverware?". The Independent. Independent Print Limited. Retrieved 5 March 2012.
- Brewin, John (24 April 2009). "Big-spending Boro undone by no-show". ESPN Soccernet. ESPN. Retrieved 5 March 2012.
- Ridley, Ian (18 May 1997). "The Chelsea Power Show". The Independent. Independent Print Limited. Retrieved 5 March 2012.
- Moore, Glenn (7 April 1997). "Football: Heskey levels at the last to deflate Juninho". The Independent. Independent Print Limited. Retrieved 5 March 2012.
- "Ravanelli outbursts adds to Boro woes". 4thegame.com. 24 December 1996. Archived from the original on 14 October 2007. Retrieved 30 October 2008.
- Moore, Glenn (17 May 1997). "Football: FA Cup Final: Azzurri return to the twin towers". The Independent. Independent Print Limited. Retrieved 5 March 2012.
- Fabrizio Maffei. "Ravanelli, Fabrizio" (in Italian). Treccani: Enciclopedia dello Sport. Retrieved 20 January 2017.
- "Derby axe Ravanelli". BBC Sport. British Broadcasting Corporation. 9 May 2002. Retrieved 5 March 2012.
- "Ravanelli completes Rams switch". BBC Sport. British Broadcasting Corporation. 27 July 2001. Retrieved 5 March 2012.
- "Liverpool relegate Derby". BBC Sport. British Broadcasting Corporation. 20 April 2002. Retrieved 5 March 2012.
- "Ravanelli joins Dundee". BBC Sport. British Broadcasting Corporation. 20 September 2003. Retrieved 5 March 2012.
- "No way back for Ravanelli". BBC Sport. British Broadcasting Corporation. 26 November 2003. Retrieved 5 March 2012.
- "Ravanelli thumps Clyde". BBC Sport. British Broadcasting Corporation. 29 October 2003. Retrieved 6 November 2009.
- "Ravanelli joins Perugia". BBC Sport. British Broadcasting Corporation. 14 January 2004. Retrieved 5 March 2012.
- "Nazionale in cifre: Ravanelli, Fabrizio". www.figc.it (in Italian). FIGC. Retrieved 22 April 2015.
- "Italia-Estonia 4-1" (in Italian). Italia1910.com. Retrieved 20 January 2017.
- "Chiesa could steal show in Euro 96". The Irish Times. 21 May 1996. Retrieved 7 November 2015.
- "Italia-Russia 2-1" (in Italian). Italia1910.com. Retrieved 20 January 2017.
- "Repubblica Ceca-Italia 2-1" (in Italian). Italia1910.com. Retrieved 20 January 2017.
- Dario Pelizzari. "Italia-Germania in 10 partite. Azzurri mai piegati ai Mondiali e agli Europei" (in Italian). Il Sole 24 Ore. Retrieved 20 January 2017.
- "Ravanelli a casa, Chiesa acciuffa l'ultimo tram" [Ravanelli sent home, Chiesa catches the last tram] (in Italian). Il Corriere della Sera. 11 June 1998. Retrieved 23 December 2014.
- Giorgio Rondelli (5 June 1995). "Vialli Rambo, Tarzan Pagliuca: ecco la nazionale della Forza". Il Corriere della Sera (in Italian). p. 36.
- ""Zola? Spiacente, ma dovevo scegliere"" (in Italian). La Stampa. 25 May 1998. p. 31. Retrieved 23 November 2017.
- "Football fan recreates goal celebrations with Subbuteo players". The Telegraph. 20 February 2009. Retrieved 17 May 2016.
- "Clarification of Law 12: Yellow Card for removal of jersey". FIFA.com. 22 June 2004. Retrieved 17 May 2016.
- "Ravanelli: "Ritorno a casa!"" (in Italian). juventus.com. 13 July 2011. Archived from the original on 24 October 2012.
- "Ravanelli, un aiuto per la Primavera" (in Italian). juventus.com. 17 August 2011. Archived from the original on 24 October 2012.
- "Fabrizio Ravanelli's tenure as AC Ajaccio coach has ended after just 12 games following his side's 3-1 defeat to Valenciennes FC on Saturday". official Ligue 1 website. 2 November 2013.
- "Fabrizio Ravanelli fired as Ajaccio head coach after home defeat". BBC Sport. 2 November 2013.
- На посаду головного тренера "Арсеналу" призначено Фабріціо Раванеллі (in Ukrainian). FC Arsenal Kyiv. 22 June 2018. Retrieved 22 June 2018.
- Фабріціо Раванеллі пішов у відставку з поста головного тренера ФК "Арсенал-Київ" [Fabrizio Ravanelli leaves the post of head coach of FC Arsenal Kyiv]. FC Arsenal Kyiv official website (in Ukrainian). 22 September 2018. Retrieved 22 September 2018.
- Daniele Cavalla (14 February 2015). "L'intenso weekend di calcio in tv" (in Italian). La Stampa. Retrieved 17 May 2016.
- "Padova, l'appello di Luca Ravanelli: "Spero che tutti capiscano che non sono figlio di Fabrizio…"" (in Italian). ItaSportPress. 2 September 2018.
- "Ravanelli, Fabrizio". National Football Teams. Benjamin Strack-Zimmerman. Retrieved 5 March 2012.
- "Fabrizio Ravanelli – Goals in International Matches". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 5 March 2012.
- "Fabrizio Ravanelli". Eurosport. Retrieved 16 December 2015.
- Roberto Di Maggio; Davide Rota (4 June 2015). "Italy - Coppa Italia Top Scorers". RSSSF. Archived from the original on 29 October 2015. Retrieved 15 June 2015.
- Roberto Di Maggio; Igor Kramarsic; Alberto Novello (15 May 2014). "Italy - Serie C2 Top Scorers". RSSSF. Retrieved 16 December 2015.