The Fabulous Furry Freak Brothers
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|Fabulous Furry Freak Brothers|
The Fabulous Furry Freak Brothers #1, Feb. 1971. Artwork by Gilbert Shelton
|Publisher||Rip Off Press|
|Publication date||February 1971 - 1997|
|Number of issues||14|
The Fabulous Furry Freak Brothers are a trio of underground comic strip characters created by the United States artist Gilbert Shelton. The Freak Brothers first appeared in The Rag, an underground newspaper published in Austin, Texas, beginning in May 1968; and were regularly reprinted in underground papers around the United States and in other parts of the world. Later their adventures were published in a series of comic books.
The lives of the Freak Brothers revolve around the procurement and enjoyment of recreational drugs, particularly marijuana. None of them has the slightest concern about gainful employment and the only use for money is to procure food and drugs without getting "burned" by unscrupulous dealers or busted by the police. Other storylines involve Fat Freddy's Cat and occasionally a military empire of cockroaches in the kitchen. The comics present a critique of the establishment, while satirizing counterculture.
The Freak Brothers first appeared in The Rag, an underground newspaper published in Austin, Texas, beginning in May 1968, and were regularly reprinted in underground papers around the United States and in other parts of the world.
Their first comic book appearance was in Feds 'n' Heads, published by Berkeley's Print Mint in 1968. In 1969 Shelton and three friends from Texas founded Rip Off Press in San Francisco, which took over publication of all subsequent Freak Brothers comics. The first compilation of their adventures, The Collected Adventures of the Fabulous Furry Freak Brothers, had its first printing in 1971 and has been continually in print ever since. In addition to underground and college weekly newspapers, new adventures appeared in magazines such as Playboy, High Times, and Rip Off Comix; these too were collected in comic book form. Shelton continued to write the series until 1992, in collaboration with Dave Sheridan (1974–1982) and Paul Mavrides (since 1978). The works enjoy a sizable cult following and the magazines are widely available in comic stores.
The majority of the comic books consist of one or more multi-page stories together with a number of one-page strips. Many of the latter have a one-row skit featuring Fat Freddy's Cat at the bottom of the page. Some of the titles also contain a small number of strips featuring completely unrelated characters.
- Freewheelin' Franklin Freek, although laid-back, is the most street-smart of the trio. Apparently he has always been on the streets and it appears that he is several years older than the others. He is certainly old enough to be troubled at times by impotence. In one story he reveals that he grew up in an orphanage and never knew his parents. Tall and skinny, he has a big bulbous nose, a waterfall mustache and a ponytail. He wears cowboy boots and a cowboy hat. In one strip, he runs into an ex-girlfriend who has a child that bears a striking resemblance to him. He does his best to evade them and is relieved when she doesn't recognize him. In another strip, when he meets his own (possible) father, the same story line is inverted. Depending on the level of colorisation used in the strip in question, or perhaps the use of dye, Franklin's hair is red, blonde, or light brown.
- Phineas Phreak is the intellectual and idealist of the group. He has enough mastery of chemistry to create new drugs and takes an avid interest in politics. Of the three, he is the most committed to social change and environmental issues. He is from Texas and while his mother is relaxed and open-minded, his father is a card-carrying member of the John Birch Society. He is the hairiest of the brothers - tall and skinny with a thick bush of black hair, a beard, and glasses. He is the stereotypical left-wing radical, bearing a superficial resemblance to Abbie Hoffman or Jerry Rubin.
- Fat Freddy Freekowtski is the least intelligent of the trio and is most likely to be preoccupied with food. He is fat, with curly yellow hair. His compulsion to eat is the subject of several of the adventures of the group. Fat Freddy frequently gets "burned" during drug transactions; when he does "score" he typically contrives to lose the drugs in various ways, such as by dumping them out of a shopping bag in front of a cooling fan, which then blows them out the window onto a police car. Fat Freddy comes from an unexceptional, large family in Cleveland. In The Idiots Abroad, Freddy visits the Polish village of Gfatsk, where everybody happens to look like him. He is driven away by an angry mob as soon as they hear the name Freekowtski.
Other recurring characters include:
- Fat Freddy's Cat appears mainly in his own, separate strip at the bottom of the one-page Freak Brothers strips (getting his start just as Krazy Kat did). He also has several multi-page stories devoted to him. Many of his strips parallel a storyline in the corresponding Freak Brothers story, and often have themes of a scatological nature. The cat is sometimes known as "Fat Freddy Scat" and has used the alias "F. Frederic Skitty". He has several "nephews" who refer to him as "Uncle F." and sometimes finds himself confronting an organized army of cockroaches or a huge tribe of mice who share the apartment with the Freak Brothers. He is far smarter than his owner (whom he frequently refers to as "the obese one") and regards the Freak Brothers with amused contempt. He is also the subject of several spin-off collections of stories.
- Norbert the Nark, an inept DEA agent who is continually trying, and failing, to arrest the Freak Brothers.
- Hiram "Country" Cowfreak, a hippy who grows vast quantities of marijuana at his isolated farmstead. He is referred to as the Freak Brothers' "cousin".
- Dealer McDope, one of the trio's dealers. He is often name-checked in the magazines but rarely appears in person. The character was initially created by Dave Sheridan for the Rip Off Press title Mother's Oats Comix.
- Tricky Prickears, a blind and deaf detective, sometimes billed as "The Freak Brothers' favorite law enforcement officer" (a parody of Dick Tracy).
- Governor Rodney Richpigge, a stereotypical rich, corrupt politician whom the Freak Brothers hold in general contempt. The Governor's son is a cocaine dealer.
Storylines and themes
Drug use is the predominant theme that runs throughout all volumes of this title. The protagonists "live in a state of blissful torpor relieved only by bursts of paranoia or stimulant-induced frenzy." Marijuana is the most frequently mentioned, but numerous other stimulants and hallucinogens are mentioned as well. Heroin is usually missing from the list. In one adventure, Franklin is shown to turn down an offer of "smack" when hitching a ride.
Food is a recurring subject. These stories most often involve Fat Freddy and his marijuana-induced "munchies" (increased appetite). The squalor engendered by the Brothers' indolence is often highlighted; several strips feature the household's cockroach population, ruled over by a fascist monarchy. Several stories satirise governments, particularly the U.S. government. These stories invariably show politicians and their agents as corrupt, incompetent, or both. The theme of foreign travel is sometimes explored, most notably in the three-part Idiots Abroad series.
It is common for the storylines to begin with an air of realism, but rapidly descend into comic pantomime.
Freak Brothers stories include:
- Grass Roots: The Brothers find a year's supply of cocaine and move to the country with the proceeds. They snort it all in two days.
- Chariots of the Globs: Fat Freddy's Cat is abducted by aliens.
- Mexican Odyssey: The Brothers holiday in Mexico, are thrown in jail and escape with the help of shaman Don Longjuan, in an oblique parody of the Carlos Castaneda books.
- The Idiots Abroad: The Brothers are split up attempting to travel to Colombia hoping to score cheap dope down there, yet none of them manages to reach Bogotá; Fat Freddy accidentally joins a group of nuclear terrorists in Scotland before disrupting the International Workers' Day military parade in Moscow, USSR and being subsequently sold to slavery in Africa; Franklin is almost killed by a native apocalyptic South American cult before joining a group of pirates; while Phineas ends up in Mecca and becomes the world's richest man after founding a new religion.
The Freak Brothers comics include several catchphrases:
- "Dope will get you through times of no money better than money will get you through times of no dope."—Freewheelin' Franklin. The Los Angeles Public Library featured Anne Herbert's modification of the original quote written by Gilbert Shelton: "Books will get you through times of no money better than money will get you through times of no books"; this was used on a in-library poster featuring the likeness of the Freewheelin' Franklin character.
- "Don't get burned!" (usually aimed at Fat Freddy as he sets out to purchase drugs)
- "Smoking grass and drinking beer is like pissing into the wind."
- "While you're out there smashing the state, don't forget to keep a smile on your lips and a song in your heart!"
In 1973, without permission from Gilbert Shelton, The Fabulous Furry Freak Brothers appeared in the full-length pornographic film Up in Flames, although two of them were given different names. The story involved the brothers' attempts to raise cash to make their rent deadline (the trio being in danger of being evicted from their apartment). Fat Freddy gains employment at a local food store run by graphic artist Robert Crumb's character Mr. Natural (also used without permission).
Director Paul Thomas Anderson said the look of Joaquin Phoenix's lead character, Larry "Doc" Sportello, in Anderson's 2014 adaptation of the Thomas Pynchon novel Inherent Vice, was based in part on characters in the comics. "[T]here's this documentary on Daniel Ellsberg, called The Most Dangerous Man in America. There's a great picture of a buddy of his who has this great set of glasses, a floppy hat and these mutton chops. I took a still frame from that and I sent it to [Phoenix], along with the omnibus collection of The Fabulous Furry Freak Brothers comic, by Gilbert Shelton — and that's probably the most we really talked about [Phoenix's portrayal of the character]."
In 2006, the company Grass Roots Films began production on a feature-length clay-animation film based on the series, called Grass Roots, co-produced by German distribution company X Filme. In 2013 work on the film had stopped and conversion of the script to a musical had started.
In The Simpsons episode "The Lastest Gun in the West", ca. 10 min. 56 sec into the episode, all three Freak Brothers can be seen in a clip from the 1970s detective show "McTrigger", where they are shot at, and Franklin killed, by the eponymous hero, McTrigger.
Fat Freddy's Restaurant, in Galway, Ireland, described as "Galway’s favourite restaurant", is extensively decked out with arcana and other memorabilia relating to the Fabulous Furry Freak Brothers and Fat Freddy's Cat.
List of Fabulous Furry Freak Brothers titles
Titles in the series are often referred to by their number, but almost all of them additionally have a title in words.
- Underground Classics (Freak Brothers No.0) (issues 0 to 7 are in black and white)
- The Collected Adventures Of... (Freak Brothers No.1)
- Further Adventures of those... (Freak Brothers No.2)
- A Year Passes Like Nothing (Freak Brothers No.3)
- Brother, Can You Spare 75¢ for the... (Freak Brothers No.4)
- Grass Roots (Freak Brothers No.5)
- Six Snappy Sockeroos (Freak Brothers No.6)
- Several Short Stories (Freak Brothers No.7)
- The Idiots Abroad, Part I (Freak Brothers No.8) (both color and black and white editions)
- The Idiots Abroad, Part II (Freak Brothers No.9) (both color and black and white editions)
- The Idiots Abroad, Part III (Freak Brothers No.10) (both color and black and white editions)
- Freak Brothers No.11 (both color and black and white editions)
- Freak Brothers No.12 (black and white only)
- Freak Brothers No.13 (reprints in black and white of stories from Thoroughly Ripped plus new cover and one story never before printed in the US, The Plant.)
Also, there have been two full color books:
- Thoroughly Ripped (1978) ISBN 0-89620-077-9 (2 editions, one with the board game, one without)
- Grass Roots (1984) ISBN 0-89620-090-6
And a Fat Freddy spinoff:
- Fat Freddy's Comics & Stories No.1 (Collector's Item), Pub. Knockabout, UK, 1983, ISBN 086166 011 0
Several compilation titles have been published that merge several of the original titles into one book. There have been two large collections, the first reprinting comic book covers in color, the second entirely in color.
- The Complete Fabulous Furry Freak Brothers, Volume One (2001) ISBN 0-86166-146-X (reprints comic books 0 through 7 and 12)
- The Complete Fabulous Furry Freak Brothers, Volume Two (2003) ISBN 0-86166-149-4 (reprints comic books 8 - 11 and 13) (note: according to the reverse title pages, the second volume has the same ISBN 0-86166-146-X)
An omnibus edition (ISBN 978-0-86166-159-6) of the entire series was published in late 2008.
Compilations of Fat Freddy's Cat stories have also been published.
- Randy Duncan; Matthew J. Smith (29 January 2013). Icons of the American Comic Book: From Captain America to Wonder Woman: From Captain America to Wonder Woman. ABC-CLIO. p. 245. ISBN 978-0-313-39924-4.
- Nicholas Lezard (8 December 2001). "Reefer madness". The Guardian. Retrieved 13 October 2015.
- Fear, David (January 15, 2015). "Paul Thomas Anderson Reveals Secrets of Stoner Odyssey 'Inherent Vice'". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on January 16, 2015. Retrieved March 4, 2015.
- A three-minute piece of test animation can be seen here.
- "Fat Freddy's Restaurant". Retrieved 2014-02-12.
- Rip Off Press, Inc., publishers of the Freak Brothers comics in the U.S.
- Knockabout Comics, publishers of the Freak Brothers comics in the U.K.
- The Fabulous Furry Freak Brothers at Don Markstein's Toonopedia. Archived from the original on April 13, 2012.