In both the Divergent book and film trilogies, factions are societal divisions that classify citizens based on their aptitudes and values. The factions are Dauntless (the brave), Amity (the kind), Erudite (the intelligent), Abnegation (the selfless), and Candor (the honest). On an appointed day of every year, all sixteen-year-old young adults must select the faction to which they will devote for the rest of their lives after taking a placement test.
In an interview Roth describes the factions to have expanded from her initial conception when doing world building. She added Candor to fill "a gap in the reasoning behind the world that needed to be filled."
Many reviews for the Divergent novels criticize the social structures creating the factions within the novel. For example, the Kirkus Review, when talking about the first novel, called the social structure a "preposterous premise."
There are flaws in every faction. The Amity (peaceful) are passive, while the Dauntless (brave) are cruel. The Erudite (intelligent) are power-hungry/vain. The Candor (honest) are inconsiderate. The Abnegation (selfless) are stifling.
- Roth, Veronica. "Bonus materials: Q&A with Veronica Roth". Divergent. New York: Harper Collins, 2011. 8.
- Kirsch, Becky. "Divergent Author Veronica Roth Says "All the Pressing Questions That You Have Will Be Answered" in Allegiant". POPSUGAR Entertainment. Retrieved 2014-03-27.
- "Divergent". Kirkus Reviews. Retrieved 28 December 2012.