Fadogiella

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Fadogiella
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Gentianales
Family: Rubiaceae
Subfamily: Ixoroideae
Tribe: Vanguerieae
Genus: Fadogiella
Robyns

Fadogiella is a small genus of flowering plants in the Rubiaceae family. It was descripted by Walter Robyns in 1928.[1]

Distribution[edit]

It is found in Central and East Tropical Africa: Democratic Republic of the Congo, Tanzania, Angola, Malawi, and Zambia.[2]

Bacterial leaf symbiosis[edit]

Endophytic bacteria are housed in the intercellular space of the leaf mesophyll tissue. The presence of these bacteria can only be microscopically ascertained. The bacteria are identified as Burkholderia, which is a genus that is also found in the leaves of other Rubiaceae species.[3][4] The hypothesis is that these endophytic bacteria provide chemical protection against insect herbivory.[5]

Taxonomy[edit]

This genus is morphologically similar to and related to Fadogia,[6] but Fadogiella is (3-)4-5 locular, while Fadogia is 3-4(-5) locular.[1]

Species[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Robyns W (1928). "Tentamen monographiae Vanguerieae generumque affinium". Bulletin du Jardin Botanique de l’état Bruxelles. 11: 1–359. doi:10.2307/3666476. 
  2. ^ "Fadogiella in the World Checklist of Rubiaceae". Retrieved October 2013.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  3. ^ Verstraete B, Janssens S, Smets E, Dessein S (2013). "Symbiotic beta-proteobacteria beyond legumes: Burkholderia in Rubiaceae". PLoS ONE. 8: e55260. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0055260. PMC 3555867Freely accessible. PMID 23372845. 
  4. ^ Verstraete B, Janssens S, Lemaire B, Smets E, Dessein S (2013). "Phylogenetic lineages in Vanguerieae (Rubiaceae) associated with Burkholderia bacteria in sub-Saharan Africa". American Journal of Botany. 100: 2380–2387. doi:10.3732/ajb.1300303. PMID 24275705. 
  5. ^ Sieber S, Carlier A, Neuburger M, Grabenweger G, Eberl L, Gademann K (2015). "Isolation and total synthesis of kirkamide, an aminocyclitol from an obligate leaf nodule symbiont". Angewandte Chemie International Edition. 54: 7968–7970. doi:10.1002/anie.201502696. 
  6. ^ Lantz H, Bremer B (2004). "Phylogeny inferred from morphology and DNA data: characterizing well-supported groups in Vanguerieae (Rubiaceae)". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 146 (3): 257–283. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2004.00338.x. 

External links[edit]